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NEW YORK, N. Y.. JANUARY 7, 1944 




^TojzisekUrges 
►U. S.-Far East 
Business Ties 

Proposal for formation . of "a 
powerful business concern for the 
- exclusive purpose of doing business 
* e Orient” has been set for- 

■f war'' by Oldrich Mojzisek, 20 years 
^^^^^sident of the Far East, in a 
to Gov. Arthur B. Langlie of 
^Washington. : Gov. Langlie has re- 
cently been active in seeking to 
show industrial and commercial 
circles of his state how they may 
benefit in future by participating 
actively in the future development 
of the Orient and India. 

"It would be rational to realize 
I from the start,” wrote Mr. Mojzisek, 
"that the Oriental countries are 
not likely to be impressed by our 
own interpretation of their needs 
arrived at in the vacuum of aca- 
demic discussions and our precon- 
ceived ideas as to the way in- which 
business should be done with them. 
It is more likely that the Orient 
and India — comprising about one 
billion potential customers — will be- 
come an economic battleground 
^^on which all great industrial na- 
Ptions will maneuver for the chance 
w of getting the largest possible share 
of the pie.” 

England Has Strong Foothold 
After mentioning that Great Brit- 
ain already has a strong Far East 
foothold and that Germany is well 
liked there, Mr. Mojzisek went on: 
"Abstract discussions, by varie- 
gated groups, of the problems in- 
volved in foreign trade will have 
only limited value If the a ate: is 
left in ‘hr tnpd* of asso< ations. 



China , Militarily and Politically Strong, 
Sees Inflation as Chief Problem of 1944 



j By FREDERICK B. OPPER 

j CHUNGKING (By Radio) — 1 
! China is looking forward to the j 
j new year with hope and confidence, i 
The year 1944 may not see Japan's 
I defeat, the Chinese recognize, but j 
| it will see Allied victories in Asia 
insuring Japanese defeat as cer- 
tainly as a mathematical solution. 
It will be a good year-^a year of 
victories for Allied arms — that will 
underwrite the total victory of all 
when Chinese and American troops 
march down the Ginza in Tokyo, 
Chungking is sure. 

Militarily the situation in China 
is satisfactory. At the end of 1943 
Chinese armies in the field scored 
one of their biggest triumphs in six 
years — the “rice bowl” campaign in 
Northern Hunan along the western 
shores of T.ungting Lake. Many 
American skeptics in the past have 
been doubtful of Chinese victory 
claims but at Changteh in Decem- 
ber there was no doubt that Chi- 
nese troops fought magnificently, 
that they overpowered the Japa- 
nese and that they scored a clear- 
cut victory which has thrilled all 
of China. 

I feel that this should be em- 



phasized because like all allies in 
war time China and the U. S. 
sometimes raise an eyebrow at 
each other's methods, actions and 
assertions. To doubt that Changteh 
was a first-class victory is to doubt 
something that deserves only 
praise. 

Splendid Job in Changteh 

Admittedly the Chinese had more 
troops in the field than the Japa- 
nese and admittedly they lost -more 
men than did the enemy but by 
every indication that is available 
here in Chungking, and there are 
many, they did a splendid job. Let 
Americans who scoff remember 
that in six weeks in northern Hu- 
nan the Japanese lost more men 
killed and wounded than they had 
lost in any similar campaign 
against the American Army since 
Pearl Harbor. 

Changteh was a symbol, too, of 
something better to come, for, for 
the first time, Chinese ground 
troops had effective aerial support. 
The 14th Air Force and Chinese 
Air Force did yoeman work and 
perhaps provided the difference 
that meant victory. 

Every person in China naturally 
hopes that supplies will come to 



China in greater quantities during 
the coming year. The more sup- 
plies that come the greater will be 
China’s contribution to the war 
against Japan, and there is good 
reason to believe that there will 
be an increase which will enable 
China to provide even heavier 
blows than that struck at Chang- 
teh. 

China has accepted the Allied 
global strategy of German defeat 
before concentrating everything 
available against Japan. It is quite 
natural that China wishes it were 
the other way around but, the de- 
cision taken, China is willing to 
pull in her belt and wait and work 
patiently. She is sure that German 
defeat will come in 1944. 

Occupied China Confident 

In the occupied areas there is 
even greater confidence. The re- 
ports reaching here from Shanghai 
and Hongkong agree without ex- 
ception on one specific point: per- 
sons living in areas where Japan 
is in temporary control are un- 
reservedly sure that Allied victory 
will come within a matter of 
months. 

Last October Jack Lou, brother 
( Please turn to pane 7) 






1 Pos- 



session of valuable and learned in- 
formation. statistics and erudite re- 
ports, but no action. It is my 
opinion that action will have to be 
originated by progressive business- 
men who have a global economic 
outlook and thoroughly persuaded 
that the Orient is a market of para- 
mount importance to the U. S. econ- 
omy.” 

He then advocated immediate for- 
mation of a business concern for 
doing Far East business, having 
shareholders desiring to participate 
:n such business, and continued: 
Flexible Flans 

"It is true that it would be a 
v/aste of effort for the officers of 
such a corporation to make rigid 
plans for the conduct of its busi- 
ness before it is more clear whether 
and how far the Peace Conference 
will take steps towards stabilization 
of world currencies; whether and 
to what extent international credit 
will be regulated; whether there 
will be new forms of settlement of 
international balances; how far 
governments will interfere with the 
activities of private enterprises; but 
they would have to begin immedi- 
ately to collect all possible data on 
trends in those fields and, where 
possible, influence the attitude of 
the Government to them. 

“In its preliminary work the cor- 
poration would need all the in- 
genuity of alert businessmen to ac- 
( Please turn to page 7) 



3rd Exchange 
HopesBrigh+er 

(Post Special Correspondence) 

WASHINGTON— -Prospects ' a 

tYr .5 repatriation ex •han*' r 
tween this country and Japan -ver 
believed to have brightened! con- 
siderably this week as a result of 
these developments: 

1. The Spanish investigation of 
conditions in internment camps 
and relocation centers in the United 
States — demanded by the Japanese 
as a prior condition to further ex- 
change negotiations — has been com- 
pleted: and, 

2. Conditions were found to be so 
good that it is expected to be 
possible for the Spanish to report 
complaints of any sort to the Japa- 
nese, for whom they provide neu- 
tral representation in this country 
during the war. 

Reports Confirmed 

The Shanghai Evening Post was 
able to confirm from authoritative 
sources this week the press and 
radio reports circulated late last 
week that the Spanish investigation 
had been completed. At that time, 
inquiries in official quarters here 
met with the response that nothing 
definite was known in substantia- 
tion of the reports. 

It is now known, however, that 
C. C. Eberhardt, along with other 
officials assigned by the State De- 
partment to help facilitate the 
Spanish investigation, have return- 
ed to Washington, while the Span- 
ish representatives likewise have 
returned to their posts. Whether 
the Spanish had made their report 
( Please turn to page 6) 



I . S. Sets lip Legal Section 
To Handle Chinese Affairs 



- (Post Special Correspondence) 
WASHINGTON - A new legal 
section dealing with Chinese af- 
fairs was set up by the Department 
of Commerce this week in its 
Bureau of Foreign and Domestic 
Commerce. 

Iziaslav -V. Slepak, who practised 
law in China for nine years, was 
designated as head of the section. 
Dr. Meredith P. Gilpatrick. legal 
economist and formerly with the 
Foreign Economy Administration, 
was named assistant to Mr. Slepak. 

The role of the new legal section 
■will be to study China’s new com- 
■mercial code, it was explained by 
■officials here. The section also will 



assist American business firms do- 
ing business, or planing to do busi- 
ness, in China: 

It was indicated in quarters close 
to the Department of Commerce 
that the creation of the new legal 
section for Chinese affairs was one 
of the initial steps aimed at 
ordinating this country's postwar 
business relations with China in 
the light of the abolition of extra- 
territoriality. Many new problems 
have been created as a result of the 
relinquishment of extraterritorial 
rights, and a close study of such 
problems in the light of all new 
factors bearing upon them will be 
necessary as a prelude to the lay- 
ing down of g'^eral policies. 



Co-eds in Szechuen 
Volunteer for Army 

Word has been received in 
Chungking that many co-eds in 
the university town of Chengtu 
and i,n other towns of Szechuen 
Province ha e, " ' ,n the 
limitary ami- . t omis- 
sion to join the army. 

As the conscription law has 
not yet made provision for wom- 
en to participate actively in mili- 
tary service, Chengtu military 
authorities ha\v> asked their su- 
periors for instructions regard- 
ing the applications. They have 
promised that, in case of neces- 
sity, the girl students may be- 
summoned to do auxiliary war 
service. 



Tokyo Works 
To Hold Gains 



Clan Head Asks 
Light onBataan 

Albert C. MeArthur, president of 
the American Bataan Clan, said 
Chicago last week that “someone 
in Washington made a costly mis- 
take” in the Philippine campaign 
at the start of the war, “and wants 
to forget all about it.” He urged 
that the whole story of Bataan be 
told the American people. 

The American Bataan Clan is 
organization consisting of some 400 
Midwesterners whose sons fought 
on Bataan Peninsula. The nucleus 
of the Clan is 150 parents of May- 
wood, 111., boys who were in the 
192nd Tank Battalion on Bataan. 
Mr. McArthur’s son, Staff Sgt. Al- 
bert C. McArthur, Jr., of that bat- 
talion, died in a Japanese prison 
camp on June 11. 

Mr. McArthur charged that a 
policy existed which demanded si- 
lence from those returning from 
the Philippines. He gave as ex- 
ample the case of Lt. Col. William 
E. Dyess, Army Air Force hero of 
the Philippine campaign, who was 
killed week before last in a plane 
ciash at Burbank, Calif. Lt. Col. 
Dyess escaped from a Japanese 
prison camp and returned to the 
U. S. When he reached Washing- 
ton he was not received as a war 
hero Mr. McArthur charged, but 
was told that he "knew too much” 
and was cautioned against giving 
information for publication. 

Mr. McArthur continued: 

"Our thought is that Washington 
officials and brass hats made one 
big mistake at Bataan — we don’t 
know what — whether or not it was 
failure to furnish ample equipment 
to the boys there, but they want to 
forget the whole thing, and want 
the nation to forget Bataan. And 
we won’t do it.” 



CHUNGKING — Japan is working 
1 and by_ no means without re- 
sult to consolidate her power in re- j 
cently occupied areas which she 
ho.'cs to hold despite anticipated 
counter-offensives, according to re- 1 
ports recently received in Chung- 1 
king from sources well informed 
concerning the so-called "co-pros- 
perity sphere.” 

In spite of Japan's puerile prop- j 
aganda, so childish as to lead many j 
to think it veils complete failure to I 
consolidate anything, it is stressed 
that Japanese efforts are feverish, 
untiring and not to be under- 
estimated. Their work is stated to 
be both purposeful and practical. 

A bustle of ant-like activities in 
every center of Japan’s newly-won 
and probably temporary empire is 
now reported. There is a constant 
disturbance of the Japanese ant- 
hill, but just ,as constantly there 
are efforts to find and try new 
solutions. 

Working at this task is a whole 
army of slick little businessmen, 
experts in various countries, men 
whom the militaristic powers be- 
hind Japan’s vast prewar export 
trade educated according to plan 
through many years of effort es- 
pecially directed to the task of in- 
heriting. exploiting and developing 
the richest of the South Seas. 

Jealous Competition 

These representatives of Japan's 
giant trusts, the Mitsui, Mitsu- 
bishi, Sumitomo and many smaller 
firms, are more greedily and jeal- 
ously competing among themselves 
(Please turn to page 7) 



Chiang V iews 
Defeat of Japs 
As Inevitable 

The outlook was on 1944, and the 
accent was on action. 

In a double salvo of messages 
marking the Chinese observance of 
the New Year, President Chiang 
Kai-shek foresaw this week the 
total destruction of Japanese mili- 
tarism, and declared that China's 
major task in 19'44 should be the 
launching of “a large-scale counter- 
offensive” to bring this objective 
about. 

The first of the messages was a 
New Year’s radio address to the 
Chinese Army and people, in which 
the Generalissimo said that Presi- 
dent Roosevelt had fully agreed at 
Cairo with his (Chiang's) idea that 
"all Japanese militarists must be 
wiped out and the Japanese politi- 
cal system purged of every vestige 
of aggressive elements." 

Addresses Officials 

And again, in addressing a gath- 
ering of more than 600 high Gov- 
ernment officials at the National 
Government headquarters in Chung- 
king, President Chiang, according 
to the Chinese News Service, de- 
clared that since the outbreak of 
the Pacific War all the United Na- 
tions had been fighting shoulder to 
shoulder for the extermination of 
the aggressors in the East and the 
West and the realiation of perma- 
nent peace in the world. And he 
added: 

"In 1944 there will be only one 
war and one strategy. For China 
it is now not only a question of co- 
Drdinatioii but also one ot joining 



her 



this 



bring uvVrWTreTiiiing loice U/nJgaiT 
upon from all sides. 

“This coming year will see the 
beginning of the decisive stage 
when the land, sea and air forces 
of the United Nations Avill carry 
the war to Japan's home island and 
to all the seas surrounding her. 

Jap Defeat Certain 
“If we prosecute the war in strict 
accordance with the strategy we 
have agreed upon, we can certainly 
defeat Japan in the Pacific Ocean, 
to such an extent that either she 
will have to surrender uncondition- 
ally or none of her forces will be 
able to survive the impact of our 
pressure." _ 

The Generalissimo’s words were 
echoed by Gen. Ho Ying-chin, Min- 
ister of War, who was quoted by 
the Chinese News Service in a 
Chungking dispatch as reviewing 
war developments in China in 1943 
with the comment: 

"Under constant hammering by 
China’s War of Resistance during 
the last seven years, the fighting 
strength of the enemy has dwindled 
considerably as compared to Chi- 
na’s ever-growing strength as time 
goes by. This change of situation 
has become more apparent during 
the past year.” 

Gen. Ho observed that “the 
United Nations have already at- 
tained complete coordination as re- 
gards their military, political and 
diplomatic policies,” and he added: 
“We must concentrate our efforts 
in building up our strength for the 
( Please turn to page 7) 



Post’s Headquarters Flooded; 
But S-h-h, No Ilamage Caused! 



The Shanghai Evening Post and 
Mercury’s offices at 101 Fifth Ave., 
New York, were flooded last week, 
but it wasn't a flood we could 
blame the weatherman for. 

■In fact it was a pleasant sort of 
a flood— the kind caused by dollar 
bills in pairs and $2 — bankchecks 
in a steady stream — just such a 
flood as would be calculated to 
thaw the stony hearts of bankers 
in their counting houses and be- 
hind their exchange shelves! The 
flood, to get in on the low $2 sub- 
scription rate which had been ef- 
fective during the last year. 

As a matter of fact, the flood 
started several weeks ago when the 
initial announcement was made 



that the price of Post subscriptions 
would be raised, from $2 to $3 a 
year, effective on Jan. 1, with the 
price of individual copies advanc- 
ing from five to 10 cents. Almost 
immediately the steady weekly flow 
of new subscriptions was augment- 
ed by a wave of subscription re- 
newals from old subscriber's, and 
from recipients of the former News 
Letter which preceded establish- 
ment of the Post. 

By last week, the volume of sub- 
scription renewals was averaging 
more than 100 daily. The Post’s 
circulation staff worked late of eve- 
nings recording and checking the 
renewals, and extra help was need- 
ed at the height of the rush. 




THE SHANGHAI 



Fr 



%he ws tHW smrS 



/ 



3>35355573E3E3P3C 



Joy Lacks of Shanghai newspic- 
ture fame is now at 1549 N. West- 
ern Ave., Hollywood 28, Calif. 

A. R. Richards, formerly of 
Shanghai, is a captain in the In- 
telligence Corps, British Army, in 
India. 

"Art from Fighting China,” a 
Museum of Modern Art circulating 
collection, was on exhibition at the 
Illinois State Museum, Springfield, 
Hi.', until New Year’s Day. 

The Karl Eslcelunds have been 
telling about Chungking in Mont- 
clair, N. J., but should be addressed 
in care of United Press, Daily News 
Bldg., New York City. 

Drama. Day and Art Day in China 
have been designated for Feb. 15 
and March 25, respectively, by the 
■ministries of Education and Social 




Bernard Covitt, United Press cor- 
respondent, repatriated from Manila 
by the Gripsholm, is leaving New 
York for Kentucky this week at the 
start of a lecture tour for which 
he has three months' leave. 

Frederick Marquardt, formerly of 
Manila and recently with the Chi- 
cago Sun, is departing for the 
Southwest Pacific on an OWI as- 
signment after a period in New 
York City. 

Bette Richardson spent the holi- 
days with Detroit relatives who 
■wanted sight of her after long 
Shanghai captivity but she expects 
to be back in New York about mid- 
January. 

A poem by Miss Jollta Coughlin, 
formerly of the Shanghai American 
School, was read recently at Puna- 
hou Academy, Honolulu, in the 
course of ceremonies honoring an 
ex-student pilot killed in action. 

Capt. Ronnie Mayne, formerly 
Shanghai -who married Betty Har- 
rop, also of Shanghai, in India in 
February, 1943 — after a course at 
the Tactical School (somewhere in 
India) is now an instructor. 

Lockwood A. McCants, repatri- 
ated on the Gripsholm, returned to 
the home of his mother, Mrs. 
Thomas G. McCants, Mount Pleas- 
ant, S. C.. where he is reported to 




To see what is right and not to 
do it is want of courage. 

Confucius, B.C. 551-479. 



supervised the Ministry's senior 
animal husbandry training institute. 

Chungking reports that 7000 
ounces of silk worm eggs valued at 
NC3>3,696,000 will be exported to 
Cashmere, the silk-producing cen- 
ter. of India, by the Szechuen Silk 
Co. The exportation, which will be 
made in three consignments, is the 
first of its kind. 

Dr. Claude Forkner, a director of 
the China Medical Board of the 
Rockefeller Foundation and an ac- 
tive leader in medical relief for 
China, has just completed a survey 
of health work in Hunan Province 
and is now enroute to Kiangsi for 
further inspection. 

A cable has been received by the 
Methodist Board of Missions an- 
nouncing the safe arrival of the 
Rev. Mr. Stanley Thoburn in India, 
where he will work in the Leonard 
Theological College, Jubbulpore. 
Mrs. Thoburn and the children are 
remaining in this country for the 
present. 

Mrs. Thelma R. Pinney, Shanghai 
and Manila resident for many years, 
1253 VV\ 31st St., Los Angeles, 
Calif., reports that when her sons, 
Charles W. Case, Pilot USAAF, and 
Boyd W. Case. USMMS, come home 
I they "spend hours going through 



Mrs. W. T. Alexander (Anne) re- 
ports that her husband, repatriated 
on the Gripsholm, is looking and 
feeling exceptionally well in spite 
of nine months in Pootung Camp. 
They live at 6435 Stewart Ave., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

The Peiping Palace Museum 
opened an art exhibit on Christmas 
Day at the Central Library in 
Chungking. Paintings and Calligra- 
phy of well-known ancient painters 
include the work of Wang Yu-chun, 
Ou Yang-Hsiu and Su Tung-po. 

Miss Doris Kavanagh of New 
York City, who was sent to open 
the first OWI library in New Zea- 
land, was married to Lt. George 
Metcalfe of California, at Saint 
Andres. Wellington, after only five 
weeks in her new job. 

Miss Charlott Westrup, mission- 
ary, and Miss Meriel McCall, Public 
Health nurse, who started out re- 
cently for India under the Method- 
ist Church have cabled from Lis- 
bon that they completed the first 
lap of their journey safely. 

"Our Friend China" is the subject 
of one of the four exhibitions re- 
cently prepared by the Education 
Department of the Museum of Art, 
Rhode Island School of Design, 
Providence. The exhibits will be 
circulated among the eight junior- 
high schools of the city. 



The Rev. Mr. Plumer Mills of 
the Presbyterian Mission, Nan- 
king, who returned on the Grips- 
holm. is now in New York City 
where Mrs. Mills has been asso- 
ciated for some time with the Gin- 
ling College office. The Mills’ ad- 
dress is 435 W. 119 St. 

Griffith McGinnis, with Texaco 
in Singapore at the time of the 
bombing, escaped with a suitcase, 
which he lost enroute to Java. In 
Java, he joined the army and later 
flew to Australia. His mother, Mrs. 
Mi^i McGinnis ’ lives in Hammond 



Mrs. Philip B. Sullivan re 
that her husband, a Gripsholr 
patriate, is resting and catchir 
on good food for the present. 
Sullivans live at 1114 Wood] 
Ann Arbor. Mich. Their daug 
Elizabeth, is a freshman at" W 
ley. 

It is reported from Chung 
that W. R. Phillips, Americar 
v isox- to the Ministry of Agricu 
and Forestry, will soon retur 
the U. S. Mr. Phillips is an au: 
ity on animal husbandry and 



Alan Pennell, son of W. V. Pen- 
nell who was formerly editor of 
the Peking & Tientsin Times, has 
■been twice decorated for his ser- 
vices with the Eighth Army. Mr. 
Pennell himself is with the British 
Ministry of Information at New 
Delhi, and his wife and youngest 
daughter arc in Johannesburg, 
South Africa. 

Mrs. W. R. Clay, long time resi- 
dent of Shanghai, is living at 2271 
16th Ave., San Francisco, Calif. At 
the outbreak of the war, her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. P. La,uriston-Capon, then 
in Quetta with her children, Helen 
Mary and Peter, came to- live with 
her. L t . Col. Lauriston-Capon, 
RAMC, is now on duty in the Wat- 
Office in London. 

San Francisco held its 19th East- 
West Shriner’s football game on New 
Year’s Day at Kezar Stadium. More 
than 100 drill teams took part in 
the pre-game pageantry, the smart- 
est among them being the St. 
Mary’s Chinese drill team. The 
team was led by three girls in man- 
darin outfits, lending an Oriental 
touch to the pageantry. 

Stanley Ward, formerly Jardine 
Matheson & Co., Ltd., Shanghai, es- 
caped from the Germans after 
Italy collapsed. When last heard 
from he was in a hospital in Sicily 
receiving attention for a poisoned 
foot. His parents are in Lunghwa 
Civil Assembly Center, Shanghai, 
and Gripsholm repatriates report 
them very well. 

Russell L. Dur'gin, formerly in 
Tokyo with the International Com- 
mittee of the YMCA, has been 
loaned to Yale University at New 
Haven for the present collegiate 
year, and is associated with Hugh 
Byas in the Foreign Area Studies 
Program there. Mr. Durgin was 
r epatriated on the first Gripsholm 
exchange. 

The first ‘‘March of Time” with a 
spoken commentary in Mandarin 
and Chinese sub-titles has now 
reached Chungking. It will be 
shown in about a hundred theaters 
in Free China which still have 
workable projectors and also cir- 
culated by mobile projection units 
on trucks to men at the front and 
to villages. 

Laselle Gilman, city editor be- 
fore the war of the Shanghai Eve- 
ning Post and Mercury in Shang- 
hai, has become city editor of the 
Honolulu Advertiser. He had been 
on the Advertiser's editorial staff 




On Jan. 23, Philip Lin will speak 
at the Museum of the University 
of Pennsylvania on "The Music of 
the Chinese.” This is one in ' a 
es of Sunday afternoon pro- 
grams on the arts and culture of 
the Chinese people in - connection 
with the Chinese exhibition in the 
galleries. On Jan. 30 Weng Hsing- 
shing will discuss and demonstrate 
“Technique of Chinese Painting.” 

V. R. Butts, Gripsholm repatriate 
( Imperial Chemical Industries, 
Shanghai) and Mrs. Butts are liv- 
ing at 340 Spadina Rd„ Toronto. 
They expect to visit Mrs. Butt’s 
brother, Comdr. James L. McCart- 
ney (MC)USNR and Mrs. McGart- 
ney, 122 Roxbury Rd., Garden City, 
N. Y., later this month, at which 
time it i_s hoped that Lt. Victor R. 
Butts, Jr. (Royal Canadian Artil- 
-y) will be able to join them. 

Mrs. J. W. Morcher (Gwen) is 
H-king in Hollywood for the Sound 
Equipment Co. of Calif., where 
radios are assembled for the Navy. 
Mr. Marcher is still in Shanghai, 
where he was treasurer and comp- 
troller of the Shanghai Municipal 
Council. Their son, Christopher, is 
in Hollywood with his mother, de- 
veloping into a “real American’’ ac- 
cording to his mother who says 
“Americans are just ‘tops.' " 

A number of relief gifts are re- 
ported from Chungking. The 
Church Committee for China Re- 
lief received 28,9“ ‘ powk 



— Photo bv A. J. Edwards. 

Irina Oholianinoif, formerly of Harbin, gives instruction fen Russian 
to Pearl Sui Ying Sun, niece of Mme. Chiang Kai-shek and grand- 
daughter of the late Dr. Sun Yat Sen, at Mills College in (California. 

the Mills 



Pearl Sui Ying Sun. niece of 
Mme. Chiang Kai-shek and grand- 
daughter of the late Dr. Sun Yat 
Sen, is making plans for tomor- 
row's world at Mills College in 
California, where she is preparing 
for social work in postwar China. 

The 19-year-old daughter of Dr. 
Sun Fo, president of the Legisla- 
tive Yuan in Chungking, entered 
Mills from the True Light School 
in Hongkong, after a year's study 
in Paris. She graduated with med- 
al honors and was head of the so- 
cial department in the student self- 
government organization. Now she 
is concentrating on Japanese and 
Russian and is enrolled in La 



Maison Francaise 
campus. 

“I wish to be a useful citizen 
and to do some good things for 
my own country” is the way Miss 
Sun sums up her purpose, admit- 
ting with that desire a "liking for 
politics and laboratory experiment^ 
mg." 1 

While studying in the United 
States her brother, a graduate stu- 
dent at the University of Califor- 
nia, is her guardian. Together 
they are having a “wonderful 
time" going to college and doing 
the extra things that appeal to 
them. The daughter of China’s 
“first family" enjoys concerts, 
movies, parties, swimming, read- 
ing. conversation and winter sports. 



for some time, and was promoted 
when Robert (“Bob") Trumbull, 
former city editor, resigned to be- 
come a New York Times correspon- 
dent. 

Mrs. Ernest G. Popple is living 
at 617. Palm View PI., Pasadena, 
Calif., with her daughter, Doreen, 
and Mrs. Jean Hillman and her son, 
Ronnie. Their husbands, both BAT, 
are interned; Worn came in No- 
vember from Mr. Popple and his 
brother's wife and family through 
the Red Cross. The message, sent 
last March, reported that they were 
well at the time. 

The India Famine Relief Commit- 
tee, Inc., 40 E. 49th St., New York 
City, has been approved by the 
President's War Relief -Control 
Board as a central agency and 
channel for American contributions 
for relief in India. The activities 
of the committee will be financed 
for the time being by the national 
war fund through the British War 
Relief Society. 



Sun Yat Sen’s Granddaughter Studyh 



j the A, '.i: 



f Fund of Melbourne, 'n Mny 

: Australian Reu Cross conn-m- 
uted 8000 pounds for Honan famine 
relief. A contribution of NC$250,000 
was received last month for Honan 
relief from the Launceston-Tas- 
mania-China Relief Fund. 

Dr. J. B. Hipps. for many years 
at the University of Shanghai, left 
last week for Chungking, where he 
will be connected with the same 
university in its wartime location. 
Mrs. Hipps, who is now in Asheville, 
N. C., expects to join Dr. Hipps this 
summer. The older son, Owen, is 
cadet in the Air Corps, Macon, 
Ga., and expects to receive his 
wings this spring. Jack is in Mt. 
Hermon Boys’ School, Mt. Hermon, 
Mass. 



Mr. and Mrs. J. H. McCallum, 
iormerly of the Christian Mission 
n Nanking, now live in Pasadena, 
2190 Loma Vista St. Mr. McCal- 
i is traveling and speaking in 
the interests of China. David is 
i tenth grader. Harlan is a soph- 
omore in Redlands University, de- 
ferred for educational preparation 
for missionary service in China. 
"Bob” has finished army basic 
training and is studying electrical 
mgineering at Stanford University. 

A Philippine Postwar Planning 
Board, headed by Vice President 
Sergio Osmena has been created to 
study and recommend plans for re- 
lief of the population immediately 
after occupation of the Philippines, 
the rapid rehabilitation and recon- 
struction of the Philippine economy, 
post war trade and other relation- 
ships of the Philippine Republic 
and other countries, and security of 
the Philippines after the defeat of 
Japan. 

Diana Cannon, daughter of W. J. 
Cannon, was married in Wasbing- 
on Dec. 8 to Ensign Earle J. 
Johnson, Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs. 
E. J. Johnson of Los Angeles. Jean 
was maid of honor for her sister. 
The wedding took place at the 
home of Mr. and Mrs. Charles G. 
Morgan, friends of the bride’s par- 
ents since their college days. Mr. 
and Mrs. /Cannon and their daugh- 
ter Jean are now living at 1775 N. 
Bronson Ave., Los Angeles 28, 

H. R. S. Benjamin, formerly of 
Ningpo, China, reports that he 
and Mrs. Benjamin have been at 
Bacone College, Bacone, Okla., 
since the fall of 1942. Their 
daughter, Betty Jane, is With 
them while her husband is in the 
southwest Pacific. Bob is a divi- 



for Navy Aviation at California 
Tech in Pasadena; Jack is await- 
ing induction into service. 



A delegation of monks from 108 
monastaries under the Labrang 
Monastery, 104 miles southwest of 
Lanchow, are enroute to Chung- 
king to visit President Chiang Kai- 
shek, according to a report from 
the Kangsu capital. The monks are 
said to be bringing a large flag as 
a gift for President Chiang. Monks 
in the border region's of Szechuen, 
Sikang, Kansu and the Chinghai 
under the jurisdiction of the La- 
brang Monastery are also donating 
a plane in evidence of their sup- 
port of the war of resistance. 



-a-iy vouched J 

by your kind message and by the I 

' good wishes of the President and 
j yourself for the welfare and the 
health of the King. I hasten to 
j thank you and wish to inform you 
that His Majesty has completely 1 
recovered. The King and I regret ^ 
very much that circumstances 

should have deprived us of the 

pleasure of seeing you during your 
sojourn in Egypt.” 



Dr. T. F. Tsiang, accompanied by 
Robert Wong, arrived in San 
Francisco from Los Angeles on 
New Yea r's Eve, and was greeted by 
Consul General C. T. Feng. A New 
Year’s Day dinner was extended Dr. 
Tsiang by B. S. Fong, chairman of 
the China War Relief Assn., which 
was attended by James Shen, Con- 
sul Patric Sun. Y. C. Yu, Ira C. 
Lee, Dr. C. M. Lee. Cnan Dook Jow 
and Robert Lee. On Jan. 2, Consul 
General Feng gave a luncheon in 
honor of Dr. Tsiang at the Far East 
Cafe. 



Dr. and Mrs. Chester W. Lawson, 
and their son, John, left New York 
this week for Havre, Mont., for a 
visit with Dr. Lawson’s parents, Mr. 
and Mrs. W. D. Lawson. They 
were repatriated from Hongkong in 
the second Gripsholm exchange, 
and spent the Christmas holidays at 
Providence, R. I., with Mrs. Law- 
son’s father, J. I. Haswell, and her 
sister, Miss Thelma Haswell. Be- 
fore the war, Dr. Lawson was with 
the Presbyterian Board of Foreign 
Missions in Canton, China, and was 
on the staff of the Hackett Medical 
Center there. His temporary ad- 
dress in Box 841, Havre, Mont. 



Graham Peck, head of the Kwei- 
lin Office of the American Infor- 
mation Service, gave a reception re- 
cently to Chinese press representa- 
tives. Among other guests were 
F. M. Fisher, director of the AIS, 
William Sloane, representative of 
the American Publishers Associa- 
tion. now visiting in Kweilin, and 
William J. Powell, new head of the 
Kweilin Office of AIS. Mr. Powell 
is the son of Mr. J. B. Powell, vet- 
eran American newspaper and for- 
merly editor of The China Weekly 
Review in Shanghai. 

In reply to a message of good- 
will and concern for the health of 



ELMOOICIik. 




Active Representation 
throughout South Amtrica 
EXPORTERS ❖ IMPORTERS 
SALES AGENTS 



50 CHURCH STREET 
New York City 



CHINESE FOOD 
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220 Canal Pi. 
New York 



WOrth 2-6850 



COCKTAIL BAR and RESTAURANT 

'~'PEN TILL 4 AM. 






) 





Friday, January 7, 1944 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Three 



WASH IN GTON WALLA WALLA 



BY ERNA CARSON 



Here is a recipe for ‘‘a first rate 
meal” prepared by a Dutch house- 
wife in Occupied Holland: 

“Take your meat rationing card, 
roll it in your flour coupon and 
put both inside your fat card. 
Bi-oil it on your coal card to a 
gentle brown. Next take your po- 
tato card, and put it in your but- 
ter card, bringing the potatoes to 
a simmer oh your petroleum cou- 
pon. Afterwards, take your ersatz 
coffee card, add milk and sugar 
coupons, and dip your bread card 
into it. Then wipe your mouth 
with your pedigree 
sh your! 
hands with your 
soap coupons and 
dry them with your 
textile card." 

ago the 

Shanghai Evening ' ' - 

Post reported these 
persons as being in 
Washington. Now 
they a 



Engle 



nd. Col. 




Bernard Johnson: 

Spain, Bess Barnes: 

India. Charles 
Spl ague; China. Krna Carson 
Ben Sehaberg: Pacific, Lt. Comdr. 
William Coltman; Africa. Mr. and 
Mrs. J- K. Caldwell; Costa Rica. 
Mr. and Mrs. H, Gordon Minne- 
gerode. 

Gripsholm Splashes: 

Maj. and Mrs. E. P. Macaulley 
are staying here at the Lafayette 
Hotel. Maj. MacCaulley, who was 
with the Marine Corps in Peiping, 
has unfortunately been quite ill. 

Mrs. Miriam Ingram Pratt and 
her three daughters, Jane, Nancy 
and Peggy, have been visiting rela- 
tives in town. Mrs. Pratt is the 
daughter of the late Dr. James H. 
Ingram, who lived in China for so 
many years — first as medical mis- 
sionary; later as translator of med- 
ical books and other educational 
projects. • Mrs. Pratt was dietitian 
at PUMC until the hospital was 
closed by the Japanese. She and 
-her daughters have been the guests 
of her sister, Isabel Ingram Mayer 
and Col. William Mayer, both from 
Peiping where Col. Mayer was mil- 
itary attache to the American Em- 
bassy. 

Ruth Kunkle. of Peiping, ex- 
porter of Chinese arts, is on her 
way to visit her family in Florida. 

Dr. and Mrs. McClelland Fellows, 
Shanghai, have been house guests 
across the river in Virginia, but 
have drifted to Washington to se< 
many an old China friend. 
Washington Is Fun: 

It is. The bad thing about liv 
ing here right now is that most 
women see the place through their 
kitchen windows only, and most 
men know only the house-to-office 
path, 

The good thing about living here 
right now is a wartime awareness 
and appreciation of small, simple 
things. Things like sunsets seen 1 
from Foxhall Road, the only place 
where you can look down on the 
city; historically famous bean and 
onion soups in the House and Sen- 
ate restaurants; the traveled feel- 
ing when you drive across the D. C. 
line into Maryland or Virginia; 
sitting in a hotel lobby and seeing 
Mrs. Paul McNutt or Sergio Os- 
mena, Vice President of the Philip- 
pines, or other well known public 
figures; hearing the telephone 
ring: "We just got in from Cleve- 
land— -Denver — Omaha.” 

All Far Easterners: 

Gen. William Wyman of the Mil- 
itary Attache’s office, Peiping, and 
Mrs. Wyman are now Washington 
residents. They have been happy 
io welcome home Gen. Wyman's 
sister and brother-in-law, Dr. and 
Mrs. A. M. Dunlap, who returned 
to America on the Gripsholm after 
living in the Orient for 31 years. 

Mr. and Mrs. Herman Young, 
Washington and Tientsin, received 
a Christmas cable from Calvin 
J oyner, Chungking. 

A message also came from "Rod” 
and "Peg” Parker, formerly of 
Peiping. They are living in Chung- 
king now, doing volunteer war 
work. The cable was sent to Mr. 
and Mrs. Edward Martin, holiday 
greetings and “all is well.” 

Lt. Walter Powell, Caltex, of 
various China ports, is stationed 
in Texas. 

Mrs. "Ed" Mills, formerly of 
Tientsin, now of Wynnewood, Pa., 
has renewed her interest in the 
study of painting and is turning 
out some excellent water color 
studies. 

Hollis Arnold, who sold better 
lighting to Shanghai residents. 



made a good speech the other day 
at the FEA. - 

Jack Service is back in the 
Orient, on Lt. Gen. Stilwell's staff. 

John Davies is in India. 

The Rev. Mr. Claude Pickens 
stopped in Washington between 
trains long enough to say hello to 
numerous China friends. He's off 
on a business trip for a few months. 

Maj. Robert S. Gilliam, Jr., is 
stationed in Washington. You may 
have known him when he was 
teaching at St. John's University, 
Shanghai. 

Mrs. Lucy Boothe of Tientsin 
and Montclair is living in Florida 
for the winter. 

Dorothea Wakeman Howe of 
Wuchang, whose husband, Lt. Rob- 
ert Howe, is somewhere in the 
South Pacific, is finding time to re- 
new the study of piano and har- 
mony. She writes songs about the 
activities of her 14-month-old son, 
Mark— and little Mark sings them! 

Both Leon Fritchman and his 
daughter Virginia, Shanghai, who 
have been seriously handicapped by 
"knee" trouble for a number of 
weeks, are recovering satisfactorily. 

"Barney” .Barnard, BAT, is now 
Capt. Barnard, and is said to be 
headed for foreign shores soon. 

Mme. Lina de Garcia, who will 
be remembered by foreigners in 
Hankow as the girl who plays the 
piano so beautifully, is now in Lis- 
bon. Her husband, of China Cus- 
toms, is reported as being in 
Shanghai. 

For Men Only: 

The year is young; there is still 
time to make a resolution or two. 
This may help: 

The other day nine ladies from 
China met at lunch. -They said: 
“You come too, but don't write us 
up.” 

"Even if I mention no names?” 

"If you mention no names, there 
will be nothing to write about. 

Ah. but. there is. Over the last 
cigarette, conversations drifted to 
husbands and their endearing pe- 
culiarities. 



[Chinese News 
Reaches N. Y. 
By Direct Wire 

Distribution in the United States 
of Chinese News Service dispatches 
from Chungking was speeded up 
this week with the establishment of 
teletype communication over a di- 
rect conference wire from Ventura. 
Calif., point of receptio-n in this 
country, to San Francisco, Chicago 
and New York. 

The service will shorten the time 
it takes to receive news from 
Chungking by at least 25 hours, ac- 
cording to Dr. C. L. Hsia, director 
of the Chinese News Service, with 
headquarters in New York’s Radio 
City. 

News Broadcast. 

The Voice of China, the name 
given news broadcasts over Govern- 
ment Station XGOY in Chungking, 
picked up at the official listen- 
ing post for this country, which is 
operated in Ventura by Dr. Charles 
Stuart. 

broadcasts ave recorded on 
acetate Instantaneous discs. Dr. 
Stuart’s secretary transcribes the 
phonograph records berore noon 
each day. Until the installation of 
the new conference wire, she sent 
the news by airmail to New York, 
the more important items going 
special by teletype. The new hook- 
up enables all news to go directly 
onto the teletype to all three offices 
of the Chinese News Service, thus 
enabling the Office of War Infor- 
mation, other U. S. government 
agencies, and others served by the 
broadcasts to receive their material 
at least a full day earlier than be- 
fore. 

A test of the wire arangement 
was made on New Year’s Day by 
Dr. Hsia when he sent greetings 
to the Chinese News Service branch 
offices in San Francisco and Chi- 
cago, as well as to Dr. Stuart 
Ventura. The first actual Voice of 
China news story carried over the 
hookup was that of the bombing on 
Jan. 1 and 2 of Indo-China by the 
14th U. S. Army Air Force. 



193 



Daily Reception 

Stuart has bee 



Broadcasting from China 




Familiar to countless radio listeners in 
Network broadcasts from Chungking ever 
voice of Peng LO-shan, known in China as 
acteristic pose at right, he is program dire 
tional Broadcasting station XGOY. Left, 
voice, is often heard over station, WI.W in 
ing from XGOY. 



this country — through Blue 
y Saturday morning — is the 
“Mike" Pong. Seen in char- 
dor of the Chinese Interna- 
Fioyd Rogers, Jr., Whose 
Cincinnati, seen broadcast- 



often by a Chinese broadcaster, 
Peng Lo-shan. Spot news comes 
over first, then more detailed in- 
formation is given, with the spell- 
ing of difficult names. About 7 
o'clock there is a broadcast of the 
texts of important speeches or ar- 
ticles and other material for the 
Chinese News Service. 

Hospitals Operated 
Under Eyes of Japs 

From Free China comes word of 
conditions in Occupied China in a 
letter dated A,ug. 25. 1943, from Dr. 
and Mrs. John Davies, Baptist mis- 
sionaries in East China. They 



"Pure Japanese’ Urged 
In N. China Schools 

The T.okyo Radio in a broadcast 
to Japanese areas, reported by 1 
United States Government moni- 
tors, said that former Japanese 
Education Minister Kunihiko Ha- 
sh ida, had called for the use of 
“pure Japanese” as the language 
for North China schools. 

The broadcast said that Hashida, 
following an inspection tour, told 
a press conference in Tokyo that 
the schools there were on the 
"right path.” 



rrite: 



hosr 



hon .i 



op go 



the 



“My husband clings to his China 
habit of throwing newspapers, emp- 
ty matchfolders and suits on the 
floor, and he still changes his un- 
derwear daily and sometimes twice 
daily!” 

"Every night when I say, 'Dinner 
is ready,' my husband starts to 
hunt for an interesting radio pro- 
gram.” 

"My husband writes notes all 
over the house. On my grocery 
list of butter and nuts. I find: 
'Butter, what's that? 

Nuts, to you.' 

"On my engagement pad. ‘Lunch 
with so and so,' I find, ‘Nice lady, 
but who buys her hats'?" 

Chaucer was certainly wrong 
when he said: "We wedded men 
live in sorrow and care.” 

King George Replies 
To Chiang’s Greetings 

King George VI has sent a mes- 
sage to President Chiang Kai-shek 
expressing his thanks for the 
President's greeting on the anni- 
versary of his birthday. The mes- 
sage reads: "It has given me great 
pleasure, Mr. President, to receive 
your kind message on the anniver- 
sary of my birthday. I share your 
confidence that the execution of 
the plans devised for the overthrow 
of the common enemy will greatly 
hasten the eagerly awaited libera- 
tion of the people now suffering 
under the oppressor’s yoke, and 
that the United Nations having 
collaborated to such good effort in 
time of war will then be free to 
apply their efforts in the. same 
spirit of mutual understanding and 
cooperation in the task of peace 
which will lie ahead of them.” 

japs in P. I. Order 
‘New Order’ Sermons 

WASHINGTON (RNS) — Japa- 
nese authorities in the Phillippines 
have instructed “ministers and 
priests” to preach sermons explain- 
ing "the basic ideas and philoso- 
phy” of the Japanese “new order” 
in East Asia, according to news 
broadcasts over the Manila Radio 
reported by U. S. Government moni- 
tors here. 

"All church officials,” an order 
by Arsensio Bonifacio, acting Min- 
ister of the Interior says, "should 
emphasize these principles in every 
sermon they preach, whenever and 
wherever the opportunity presents 
itself, and by. every means in their 
power.” 



essliii deni 

:a, lie. has spent a small for- 
m the equipment which made 
until recently, when new 
equipment was installed in Chung- 
king, the only radio operator who 
could hear and copy the Chung- 
king broadcasting stations. Even 
powerful Federal Communications 
Commission stations in Portland, 
Ore., and elsewhere could not hear 
Chungking broadcasts regularly. 

At 6 In the morning Dr. Stuart 
at the receiving station, listening 
to these broadcasts which are some- 
times by an American, but more 



ring 



reception S.haohing ar£ c 
•.iitist in original Chines 



Ningpo and 

_ liiH ig with their 

original Clunese staff s, under Jap- 
anese surveillance Our Kinhwa 
hospital is manned by Japanese 
and used as a military hospital. 
Several of our Kinhwa hospital 
staff are carrying on medical work 
at Lishui in he China Inland Mis- 
sion premises. The town has been 
badly bomlbed and the people are 
quite impoverished. 

“W v e have heard that the com- 
mon Japanese soldiers know little 
of world conditions but many of 
the officers realize that it is just 
a matter of time until their sun 
will set.” 



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Page Four 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday , January 7, 1944 



. AMERICAN EDITION 

Shanghai Ensuing iflnat 
anil iBri'turg 

Published weekly by the Post-Mercury Co.. Inc., 
101 5th Ave., New York 3, N. Y. Tel. ALgonquin 4-4300 
Cornelius V. Starr, President 

Randall Gould, Editor 
Henry Cavendish, Neios Editor 

Earl H. Leaf, Associate Editor 
F. B. Opper, Associate Editor 
Editor Chungking Edition 

6, .ascription rate, S3 a year postpaid; 10c a copy. Advertising 
rates on application to Business Manager. Entered as Second 
Class matter Mar. 22, 1943, at the Post Office at New York, 
New York, under the Act of Mar. 3, 1S79. The Editor assumes no 
responsibility for return of or payment for unsolicited manuscript. 



Rizal's Memory 

Tribute was paid in New York last week, by the 
Filipino National Council, to the memory of Dr. 
Jose Rizal y Mercado, patriot of the Philippines 
who was executed in 1896 toy the Spaniard^ and 
whose memory has since remained enshrined in the 
heart of every Filipino. 

Formerly there was devout annual observance of 
Rizal Day throughout the Philippines. Japan has 
“freed” the Philippines and one would logically ex- 
pect that such observance would now be doubly 
important. But we have heard no reports from 
the islands of any such celebration this year and 
we imagine we are not likely to hear of any — for 
Rizal stands for something breaking clear through 
the hypocritical pretensions of the Japanese. He 
stands for rebellion against the hand of the op- 
pressor. 

Somehow, we suspect that the Japanese will not 
care to bring such thoughts to the mind of the 
“freed” Filipinos. 



For Postwar China Trade 

A number of plans are being put forward in 
various parts of the United States for promoting 
postwar trade between this country and the Far- 
East, especially China. Both New York and Wash- 
ington have been hotbeds of discussion and there 
have been some efforts at forming new organiza- 
tions toward this end, or at least strengthening 
e’-eqdv exis ting. • -wanizat.ions. Out in the .Far 
East a veteran years’ Far East life, Oldrich 

Mojzisek (whose last ten years in China were de- 
voted to supplying war materials from Czecho- 
slovakia) is starting a tour to discuss these trade 
possibilities with leading business men. His think- 
ing strikes us as hardboiled, but not more so than 
the facts. 

Though the expulsion of the Japanese from 
China is regarded toy Mr Mojzisek as likely to 
usher in a period of strong Chinese nationalistic 
spirit, perhaps leading at some places to outbreaks 
of anti-foreignism, toe feels that the need for assis- 
tance from abroad will be so great as to provide 
a generally effective curb. This should make pos- 
sible deals with foreign agents, both public and pri- 
vate, for participation of foreign capital and 
“technical know-how” in the reconstruction and, 
eventually, industrialization of China. 

The share Americans are able to secure for 
themselves in this important market, says Mr. 
Mojzisek, will depend on their correct interpreta- 
tion of developments where the interests of great 
industrial nations are bound to clash. He feels 
that there is no time like the present for starting 
preliminary work and he suggests as basic that it 
is advisable not to count on specially favorable 
treatment merely because of the help China will 
have received from the United States for the suc- 
cessful prosecution of the war. 

Going on the assumption that the foreign enter- 
priser won’t want to run a charitable institution, 
but to realize profit and secure his investment, Mr. 
Mojzisek suggests that no time be lost in collection 
of data on trends, and in influencing governmental 
attitude where possible, keeping in mind that it 
would toe waste of effort to make rigid plans before 
it is more clear whether and how far the peace 
conference will take steps toward stabilization of 
world currencies, whether and to what extent inter- 
national credit will be regulated, whether there will 
Toe new forms of settlement of international bal- 
ances, and how far governments will interfere with 
the activities of private enterprisers. He thinks 
that though the present trend in China seems to 
toe to regulate and supervise the employment of 
foreign capital after the war, this does not neces- 
sarily mean that the Chinese Government would 
discourage such capital. It merely reflects that 
Government’s feeling that every important indus- 
trial country in the world will try to get a share 
in the reconstruction of China in one field or an- 
other. 

These facts and views seem to us to be thor- 
oughly sound. The question is whether America 
is going to be left at the post when the field 
breaks to a fast start. We are eminently qualified 
to supply many of China’s needs. It will be a par- 



ticularly punishing form of irony if, after having 
provided China with millions of American dollars 
through outlays of the U. S. Army during this pres- 
ent war period, Americans stand back at the be- 
ginning of peace and see those dollars flow into 
the trade channels of other countries. 



Up To Tokyo 

What Tokyo asked for in the way of informa- 
tion about U. S. internment camp conditions has 
now been provided. Representatives of the Span- 
ish Government have seen and reported. Their 
findings are toeing cleared through the Spanish 
Embassy to the Japanese Government. 

In view of the fact that Japan held up prepara- 
tions for a third repatriation on the excuse that 
this investigaion must first take place, because it 
was feared that Japanese internees were being sub- 
jected to inhumane conditions, it would be interest- 
ing to learn what was learned by the Spanish repre- 
sentatives. 

Of course the precise text cannot toe given out. 
But from sources declared to be reliable, the San 
Francisco Examiner says that the report clearly 
bares the fact that the internees have been getting 
civilized treatment. According to the Examiner, 
the report "declares in clear, precise terms that the 
Japanese at Tule Lake and four other Relocation 
Centers for Japanese are receiving a generous suf- 
ficiency of food; that sanitation facilities, including 
light and recreation, are ‘excellent’; that, in effect, 
all five camps are characterized by ‘favorable’ con- 
ditions." 

The Army was credited with giving the same 
"favorable” treatment to the Japanese at Tule 
Lake as the War Relocation Authority, formerly in 
charge there, tout it was said Army control was 
“firmer.” 

The next move is up to Japan and we hope it 
won’t be long delayed. Having asked for some- 
thing, and got it promptly, Tokyo should in turn 
show corresponding speed and efficiency. There 
is no further excuse for any delay in moving to- 
ward a third evacuation of Americans from Japa- 
nese-held territory and Japanese from the United 
States. 



Inept Experts 

In annual balloting toy 40 well-known American 
fasuion experts. Madame Ohjang Kai-shek was 
rt *i . 'UKity-fot-lier g. -. flbtio.i in Oless, 
her color sense and her perception r. f the part which 
dressing beautifully plays in wartime morale," ac- 
cording to the New York Herald-Tribune. 

We don’t believe Madame Chiang would thank 
anybody for this kind of honor. It is true that as a 
guest in this country she dressed well, to fit in with 
the general surroundings. Today she is in Chung- 
king, where people are lucky to have enough clothes 
of any kind and where wartime morale is not being 
maintained through ostentatious display. Her 
clothing at home is simple enough to shock the lace 
off the costly lingerie of the 40 American fashion 
experts. If she dressed otherwise it would not 
heighten the morale of her people, it would hurt it 
— which she knows, if the fashion experts don’t. 



Petty Business 

A reader expresses himself as shocked at the sug- 
gestion of Columnist Danton Walker “that the 
Gripsholm repatriates had to pay for their passage 
. . . The repatriation was after all conducted under 
State Department auspices. I hope the State De- 
partment calls Mr. Walker's attention to the virtues 
of accuracy,” 

Unfortunately the question is not one of Mr. 
Walker’s accuracy but of Uncle Sam's generosity— 
or, rather, lack of generosity. Gripsholm repatri- 
ates are billed. They are not people of means, some 
are virtually destitute, a few made the voyage 
against their own, in our opinion, misguided wishes, 
but they're all billed. How collections are proving 
we don’t know. But nobody likes to be in the posi- 
tion of owing money to his Government over and 
beyond what we all are mixed up in through the 
mysterious, inexorable operations of the tax col- 
lector. 

Gripsholm repatriates are actually war casualties. 
We don't bill our service wounded for ship travel. 
Why be so petty and ungenerous as to try to cash 
in on the plight of those who aren’t even drawing 
pay of $50 a month in many a case? The whole 
thing should be washed up as a wartime expense 
properly to toe charged against the country as a 
whole, and any money paid in thus far by individual 
repatriates on either trip should toe refunded with 
apologies. 



Conquering Cruelty 

( Christian Science Monitor) 

It is fortunate that the Americans on the Grips- 
holm, returning from interment in Japan, have not 
inflamed public opinion with atrocity tales. Firm 
determination to free the lands enchained by 
Japan's conquests and clear-cut plans to destroy 
her power of aggression — such as were set forth 
at Cairo — can bring peace. Stirring up hate and 
the cruelty hate invokes only begets more war. 




Let Freedom Ring! 



"The Philippines 

ARE HERESY 

<seantep 

£E“ 



— MacGovern In New York Post. 

THE POST BOX H) 



NEW YEAR’S GREETINGS 
To the Editor: 

Mrs. Fette and I wish to join the 
many who will express thsir ap- 
pieewiiiaTi 0 r news of Far East- 
s'- net'. Jon; dned in tin weekly edi- 
tions v.liii- ; we rca<r Xfom begin- 
ning to ei.o as soon as they are 
received. 

It was a particularly fine thing 
which you did in keeping all your 
subscribers informed about the sec- 
ond evacuation trip of the M. S. 
Gripsholm — from your air mail let- 
ter advising us of the advanced 
sailing date to the date of arrival 
and the arrangements made for the 
reception of the passengers upon 
disembarking Dec. 20. 

With all good wishes for the suc- 
cess and prosperity of The Shang- 
hai Evening Post & Mercury, your- 
self and staff. 

FRANKLIN C. FETTE. 
Palo Alto, Calif. 

SATISFIED CUSTOMER: 

To the Editor: 

I greatly enjoy reading your 
paper as I find time, and regret 
that I can't always read and digest 
every line. Every page seems to 
breathe a sincere and disinterested 
desire to toe helpful where help is 
needed. I don’t see how anyone 
can ever make any money out of 
it. but it certainly deserves to live 
and prosper on account of its un- 
selfish spirit and its friendly atti- 
tude. 

L. F. CAVENDISH. 
Huntington, W. Va. 

“CAN DO" BRIGADE 
To the Editor: 

We nominate the Shanghai Eve- 
ning Post and Mercury for mem- 
bership in the “Can Do" brigade be- 
cause it provides such splendid ser- 
vice with cheerfulness and good 
grace in the face of untold hazards 
and difficulties and with no thought 
of reward. It is a true demonstra- 
tion of "goodwill toward men." 

We wish the Post, with all the 
staff, continued success for the 
New Year. 

MR. and MRS. D. D. YODER. 
Seattle, Wash. 

WAKE ISLAND ECHO 

To the Editor: 

In the Dec. 17 issue of The 
Shanghai Evening Post, I read the 
letter sent to you by Leola Mc- 
Donald in behalf of Wake Island 
men. My brother George V. Bonat 
was one of the superintendents of 
construction on Wake Island when 
it was captured. We had a few 
short lines from him, the last ones 
written in May and June, 1943, and 
arriving on the Gripsholm. I too 
feel that something should be done, 
some concerted effort, for the re- 
patriation of those men who are in 
prison camps (Kiangwan) held by 



the Japanese. They have been 
there for two years. 

I recently met a friend who re- 
turned on the Gripsholm (second 
trip) and had only been Interned 
five and a half months. He seemed 
•."nr dead thf : li- 

the pounds he had put on while on 
board the Gripsholm. If h •• ••3 
that way alter only five and a half 
months’ internment, what must be 
the condition of those poor men 
interned for two years under much 
worse conditions. 

Ambassador Grew made the state- 
ment upon his return to the U. S. 
that if we did not get the boys from 
Wake Island and Guam within a 
few months, we would not get them 
home at all. Surely there must be 
some way! They will not be able 
to stand much more! I, too, hope 
and pray that something will be 
done about it. 

MAE G. BONAT. 

Portland, Ore. 

WAKE CIVILIANS 
To the Editor: 

I am anxious to get in touch with 
someone who has been in Shanghai 
near the Kiangwan prison camp 
as my husband and brother, Lester 
W. Harbeck, civilians from Wake, 
are reported to be there. 

Any information will be deeply 
appreciated. 

MRS. FRED G. HALL. 
P. O. Box 150, 

Grants Pass, Ore. 

MORE HELP FOR CHINA 

To the Editor: 

The writer is an old China resi- 
dent — 13 years in Hwanghien, and 
17 in Chefoo. Met Sun Yat Sen in 
Chefoo. and followed reform in 
China from the first, which began in 
1893. Was in Dalny when Hwang 
Shu died, and in a day or two the 
noted- Empress Dowager also 
passed away in Peking. Pleased to 
call Dr. William Malcolm my 
friend, he having been most sym- 
pathetic and helpful to me in my 
work (port physician). 

The main object in writing this 
letter is again to .urge and pray 
that Congress and our Government 
listen to the clarion call of the Hon. 
A. B. Chandler, senator from Ken- 
tucky, and at once come to the aid 
of China against the Japanese. 
There is a mere trickle passing into 
China. Miss Yen said China was 
at her Valley Forge, but we have 
hppe. 

The Chinese stand for everything 
that we stand for. In my 30 years' 
residence in China, I was struck 
with the similarity of the Chinese 
people to Americans in generosity, 
in democracy, in idealism. And 
since my return to America, I can 
testify that China in her marvellous 
modern strides is thinking and act- 
ing as we would do in our noblest 
endeavors to help the world. 

PEYTON STEPHENS. 
Columbia, Mo. 





Friday, January 7, 1944 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Five 




The Post -Reviews 



Far East Books 



WINNING THE PEACE IN THE 

PACIFIC, by S. R. Chow. The 

Mac-millan Co., New York. S1.50. 

In a foreword to this slim vol- 
ume published by the International 
Secretariat of the Institute of Pa- 
cific Relations, Dr, Hu Shih points 
out that practically all writing- on 
postwar planning and peace prob- 
lems has come from Anglo-Saxon 
writers or European scholars in 
exile, but almost none from Chinese 
authors. He also points out that 
even in this book, Prof. Chou Keng- 
sheng (to use the Chinese form 
of his name) cannot speak for the 
National Government of China. — 
but nevertheless he "best reflects 
the desires and hopes of a great 
many of China’s intellectual lead- 

This elucidation should be noted 
and pondered. Chungking cor- 
respondents have found themselves 
rather thoroughly stymied in seek- 
ing to fill orders for an officially 
endorsed postwar program— espe- 
cially as regards the slightest men- 
tion of Hongkong, to which Britain 
retained title in renouncing extra- 
territoriality. The reason of course 
lies partly in China’s obviously 
delicate position which recent in- 
ternational conferences have in 
measure eased, at least to the ex- 
tent of giving assurance that Japan 
is to be thoroughly whipped and 
that Russia has no designs on 
China. 

Distinguished Mind 

Prof. Chou, who was Hu Shih’s 
house guest in Washington “for 
nearly three years” (can it have 
been he who "came to dinner?”), 
has a distinguished mind. Not only 
has he put forward his own ideas 
lucidly but, as noted by W. L. Hol- 
land of the IPR. he has also criti- 
cally analyzed a number of other- 
studies on related topics. The book 
is outgrowth and enlargement of 
a paper called "A Permanent Order 
For the Pacific” which was pre- 
sented before the Mount. Tremblant 
Conference of the IPR in Dec., 
1942. 

Stating the general problem,' 
Prof. Chou finds that Japan must 
be completely disarmed after her 
defeat; there must be a fundamen- 
tal readjustment in the relation- 
ship of China to other powers; the 
racial and national problems of the 
region must be solved equitably; 
and a. regional organization must 
be formed to establish security and 
maintain peace. He points out that 
the shape of the postwar Pacific 
Order must greatly determine the 
world order after the war. 

Some of the foregoing has al- 
ready been attended to at least in 
part. However, not much has been 
done on his initial point — the de- 
feat of Japan — and his views on 
the whole issue are timely. He isn’t 
optimistic about profitable indem- 
nities but understandably feels that 
.China should get back her own plus 
some share of what is Japan's, in- 
cluding at least part of her mer- 
chant marine (now rapidly vanish- 
ing!). 

Claim to Hongkong 

The “abolition of unequal treat- 
ies” has now taken place, but with- 
out affecting British claims to 
Kowloon and Hongkong. The au- 
thor doesn’t dodge away from the 
necessity for a “fundamental” set- 
tlement and he candidly states that 
what the Chinese expect is a simple 
and immediate agreement to its re- 
trocession. Their expectations as 
regarding anything immediate are 
not now apparent, but Prof. Chou's 
view is significant of what lies be- 
neath. 

On racial and national problems 
the author takes a civilized, com- 




S. R. Chow 



monsense view. Korea must be free 
wdth the United States lending aid 
during the transition period. Prof. 
Chou does not exclude India from 
his thinking although he is careful 
and moderate in seeking to break 
the present political deadlock; 
ahead, he sees political reconstruc- 
tion. He takes issue with Fortune 
Magazine’s plan for an Indonesian 
or South China Seas Area State, 
chiefly because it presumes de- 
struction of an independent Thai- 
land. He feels that Britain can't 
get Burma back on the old terms. 

The author does, however, take 
a lively interest in the general no- 
tion of regional organization for 
peace of the Pacific so long as it 
is sanely done. A Pacific Associa- 
tion, as outlined before the IPR 
conference, could key into a world 
order, he feels. In all this China 
would, says the author, lead the 
way to democracy in Asia. It is to 
be hoped that current Chungking 
trends will be guided in this direc- 
tion. — R.G. 

CHIAN G'S BOOK REVISED 

CHUNGKING (ONfD — The re 
vised edition of Gencialissimo 
Chiang Kai-shek’s kw'. . ■iChioa’-a 
Destiny,” was published hcte an 
New Year’s Day. Since its origin'll' 
publication on March 10, 1943, this 
book has gone into more than 200 
editions. 

— 

! College Operates 
Experimental Farm 

(Religious News Service ) 

An experimental farm center and 
nursery to facilitate joint plant ex- 
change between the United States 
and China has been set up on a 
five and one-half acre tract of land 
along Sarasota Bay on^the West 
Coast of Florida, according to the 
Associated Boards of Christian Col- 
leges in China. 

Under the direction of a mem- 
ber of the staff of Lignan Agri- 
cultural College, the station is ex- 
perimenting with the culture of the 
lychee, the matai (water chest- 
nut), Chinese ginger, Chinese veg- 
etables, and the Canton rose for 
possible introduction into this 
country. 

It is expected that the station 
will provide practical horticultural 
experience to foreign students com- 
ing to this country for advanced 
agricultural training. 

Lignan Agricultural College was 
established in 1921 in Canton, and 
was one of the first Christian mis- 
sion institutions to introduce ag- 
riculture into the college curricu- 
lum. The institution, now evacuat- 
ed from Canton, has established 
headquarters in Northern Kwang- 
tung Province*in Free China. 



Japanese Taught in One Year 
tty Nary's Language System 



A “revolutionary approach to the 
entire foreign-language problem" 
has been developed through which 
Navy personnel is taught to read 
and speak Japanese in a year, the 
Navy reported last week. 

As a result of this program, it 
“has fully fulfilled the Navy's 
gent needs for large numbers 
competent translators and inter- 
preters.” In December, 1940, out of 
65 naval officers trained in Japa- 
nese, only about 12 were regarded 
as “fully competent in the use of 
spoken and written Japanese,” 

The method was developed by 
the Navy Department in late 1941 
when "it became painfully obvious 
that the teaching methods and 
techniques in the Japanese lan- 
guage courses in American univer- 



sities were in a state of confu- 
sion.” At the end of a year the 
student is expected to be able to 
read and write about 1800 charac- 
ters and use about 7000 words in 
speaking. 

Waves and British officers as 
well as U. S. Navy men are ad- 
mitted to the courses. Instruction 
is cQncentrated in the University 
of Colorado. “The significance of 
this new approach to foreign-lan- 
guage study in the postwar era 
cannot be overemphasized." the 
Navy Department states, "as it is 
an essential today to know our 
enemies by knowing their language, 
it will be equally essential in the 
future preservation of world peace 
to know our neighbors by the same 
linguistic means.” 



P. I. Captains 
Enlist Ships 

In U. S. Service 

Three Filipino marine captains 
are in the service of the United 
States for the duration of the war, 
together with their large and valu- 
able ships, according to a San 
Francisco report by a special cor- 
respondent of The Christian Sci- 
ence Monitor. 

They are Capt. Ramon Pons and 
Capt. Cornelio Joaquin of the De 
la Rama SS Co., of Manila, and 
Capt. Ramon Silos of the Nonsuco 
Co. (North Segros Sugar Co.). 

Proudest of Trio 

Capt. Pons is perhaps the proud- 
est man in the trio, says the re- 
port, because the Navy gun crew 
on his ship has bagged quite a re- 
spectable number of enemy planes 
and hopes to get more. The ship 
had a dramatic taste of enemy 
aerial fire, and while the gun crew 
worked valiantly, Capt. Pons zig- 
zagged out of danger. 

Capt. Silos is the dean of the 
captains, all of them graduates of 
the Philippine Nautical School. Ja- 
pan tries to say that? 6 Am erica did 
nothing for Philippine shipping, but 
this remarkable school and fleets 
of Filipino inter-island and ocean 
ships prove that what Japan says 
is not true, according to the Moni- 
tor writer. Filipinos, natural sea- 
men, had every encouragement in 
shipping from the United States 
from the beginning. The Philip- 
pines also had their own registra- 
tion of ocean ships, just as inde- 
pendent countries have. 

Training Was Thorough 

In the years that these three cap- 
tains went to the Nautical School, 
it was under Capt. Carl Rydell, a 
famous Norwegian seaman whose 
training of his students was hard 
and thorough. Capt. Silos was 
graduated by Capt. Rydell in 1920. 
At once he sought an American 
ship, and shipped for two years as 
an able-bodied seaman. Then he 
took his officer’s 'examination at 
Manila and got his mate's papers, 
qualifying in later examinations as 
a captain of ocean vessels on any 

His c • -i. LrT&’ent through' V 

similar .cutine, says the Monitor's 
correspondent. Capt. Silos’s early 
ships plied to Japan from Manila 
for coal and took him to many 
minor ports on coastal islands as 
well as to the big ports known to 
all Pacific ship captains. Going to 
Australia for coal and cattle taught 
Capt. Silos those waters too. He 
knows various routes for Allied 
ships back to Manila, when the 
United Nations are ready for that 
offensive. 

Japs Report Resistance 
By Commonwealth Unit 

The Japanese-controlled Manila 
Radio said late this week that a 
unit of the pre-war Philippines 
Commonwealth Government still 
was offering resistance in the 
mountains of Cagayan, northern 
Luzoh, under the leadership of the 
former Provincial Gov. Marcelo 
Adduru. 

The broadcast, directed in Eng- 
lish to the islands and recorded by 
the Federal Communications Com- 
mission, said that Gen. Adduru's 
men were “not in any way a guer- 
illa outfit like those found in other 
provinces, but supposedly a con- 
tinuation of the Commonwealth 
Government.” 

The broadcast asserted that Gen. 
Adduru's patriots were sur- 
rendering or seeking terms of sur- 
render under an amnesty grant- 
ed guerilla bands by Presi- 
dent Jose P. Laurel, who is head 
of the Japanese-controlled puppet 
Government. The amnesty first 
was announced Oct. 18 for a period 
of thirty days and has been ad- 
vanced to Jan. 25 under its most 
recent extension. 

Japs Reported Banning 
Interest on Deposits 

The Nazi Transocean Agency 
transmitted a dispatch by wireless 
to North America this week say- 
ing that the Japanese Association 
of Financial Control had decided 
to stop interest payments on bank 
deposits “to simplify banking” be- 
cause of “scheduled reduction of 
banking staffs.” 

The dispatch, recorded by the 
United States Foreign Broadcast 
Intelligence Service, added that the 
exact date of “this innovation" is 
to be announced in the near future. 



IN LEXINGTON, MO. 
Friends of Elinore Lynch note 
that she is in Lexington, Mo., not 
Ky., as previously reported in these 
columns. 



Bataan Relives In Namesake 




Philippine and American officials joined recently in ceremonies 
marking the commissioning of the inew U. S. aircraft carrier Bataan. 
Left to right, Philippines Vice President Sergio Osmena; Rear Adml. 
F. Draemel, commandant, of the Philadelphia Navy Yard, where the 
commissioning took place; Miss Maria Osmena, daughter of the Vice 
President, and Capt, V. H. Scliaaffer, of the USS Bataan. 



Japan Reorganizes 
Puppet Cabinet 

The Japanese Domei agency said 
this week that the "independent” 
Philippine government had com- 
pleted an administrative reorgani- 
ation with Puppet President Jose 
Laurel's announcement of the cre- 
ation of nine government minis- 
tries. These will include, the Japa- 
nese dispatch said, foreign affairs, 
home affairs, finance, justice, ag- 
riculture and natural resources, 
education, public works and com- 
munications, economic affairs, and 
health, labor and public welfare. 

The new administrative setup 
thus embraces nine instead of sev- 
en ministries. Appointments of the 
new ministers, it was said, would 
be made later. Laurel at present 
heads the home affairs and educa- 
tion ministries. 

The Japanese dispatch, which 
was in English for Pacific areas, 
was recorded by United States Gov- 
ernment monitors. 



New Jap Envoy 
Capt. Hideo Hiraide, recently xje- 
plaped as Japanese naval spokes- 
man, has been appointed naval at- 
tache to the Japanese “ambassa- 
dor" in the occupied Philippine Isl- 
ands, the Domei agency said in a 
wireless dispatch to North America 
recorded by the United States For- 
eign Broadcast Intelligence Serv- 
ice. 



Postwar Naval Bases 




Commemorating the 47th anni- 
versary of the marytyrdom of 
Jose Rizal, Filipino patriot, Ser- 
gio Osmena, Vice President of 
the PhiIIippin.es, said in a Chi- 
cago address this week that the 
maintenance of adequate naval 
and air bases in the Philip- 
pines after the war would as- 
sure the mutual protection of 
both the Philippines and the 
United States. 

Mr. Osmena also pointed out 
the strong need for cultural and 
political collaboration after the 
war and declared that by being 
close allies the U. S. and the 
Philippines “will go a long way 
toward the building up of a [new 
world peace, justice, democracy 
and freedom." 



chief civilian adviser to the mili- 
tary administration until Japan 
granted “independence” to the isl- 
ands. Following this step by the 
Japanese, Murata remained at his 
post with a new title. 

Hiraide. who is 48 years old, was 
naval attache at the Japanese em- 
bassy in Rome, prior to his ap- 
pointment as chief of the Navy 
Press Section in 1940. He was -suc- 
ceeded as Navy press chief by Capt. 
Etsuzo Kurihara. 



The Japanese "ambassador” 
Manila is Shozo Murata, who a 



j n Your country calls: Buy War 
■as 1 Bonds and War Savings stamps! 



Whose "Payroll 

will you be on 

WHEN YOU REACH ' 60? 

Why not ours? 

for that’s Our Business 

and has been since 1850 

W e specialize in pro viding 
Guaranteed Retirement 
Income for People like 
You l 




The United States Life I nsurance Co. 

IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK 





Page Six 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, January 7, 1944 



Grew Opposes 
Making Japan 
Outcast Nation 

"Armchair statesmen" who would 
condemn the Japanese people per- 
manently by putting a “fence 
around Japan" and letting her 
"stew in her own juice” would be 
•'creating a festering sore." in the 
opinion of Joseph C. Grew, former- 
ly Ambassador to Japan, outlined 
in a speech last week at the an- 
nual banquet of the Illinois Educa- 
tion Assn. 

The proper attitude to take in 
the postwar reeducation of Japan 
is a "helpful, cooperative, common 
sense spirit, devoid of browbeat- 
ing or vindictiveness.” 

Speech Unofficial 
Emphasizing that he was speak- 
ing for himself and not as a Gov- 
ernment official Mr. Grew suggest- 
ed that the Japanese institution of 
emperor worship might become a 
force for good if the Emperor 
were a “peace-seeking ruler not 
controlled by the military.” 

He disagreed with the idea that 
Shintoism, which involves Emperor 
worship, was the “root of all evil 
in Japan” and maintained that the 
Japanese people are docile and 
could be turned from their present 
warlike ways by an Emperor in- 
clined to peace. ^ 

Japan must be allowed, to de- 
velop normal commercial and 
dustrial relations, he declared, after 
a period of probation during which 
she is purged of her fanatic mili- 
tarism. 

■N. V. Times Disagrees 
Commenting editorially on Mr. 
Grew's speech, the N. Y. Times 
agreed on that point but disagreed 
with his opinions on Shintoism. In 
this regard there are two political 
considerations which cannot be ig- 
nored, the Times observed. 

Firstly, Japan is a theocracy in 
which all sovereign powers are vest- 
ed not ~in the people tout in the 
Emperor; secondly, modern Shinto 
has become a doctrine of expan- 
sion which calls for the unifica- 
tion of the entire world under the 

\nvthing res ding defense or 

concluded the Times, "seems out of 
place while our forces in the Pa- 
cific are fighting against every- 
thing they symbolize.” 

Eliminate Emperor 
Recent Gripsholm arrivals seem 
to be of the same mind, according 
to interviews by Bernard Covitt, 
United Press staff correspondent 
who was aboard the exchange ves- 
sel. Among the more than 130 re- 
patriates from Japan the most com- 
mon view was that it is essential 
in the postwar period to control 
the Japanese Government in its 
present form. 

As one businessman who lived 
in Tokyo for 25 years put it to Mr. 
Covitt: “For the good of the Japa- 
nese people as well as our own 
peace of mind in the next 150 years j 
we must eliminate the Emperor j 
and royal family from rule and sub- 
stitute some kind of government | 
whereunder the people have an op- | 
poriunity for decent living without 
fes r of being changed into mur- 
derers under the guise of patrio- 
tism.” 

Exchange Prospect 
Believed Brighter 

(Continued from page 1) 
to the Japanese, however, was, as 
yet. not clear. 

On the other hand, well informed 
sources appeared optimistic over 
the prospects that continuance of : 
third exchange negotiations had 
been registered during the camp 
vi?;:s of the Spanish consular rep- 
resentatives. As a result, confi- 
dence was expressed that the re- 
po: ; the Spanish would submit to 
the Japanese would prove satisfac- 
tory. in so far as this particular 
obstacle raised by Tokyo was likely 
tr be concerned. 

British Stalemate 
‘eanwhile, no further progress 
v : - reported in negotiations for a 
S' nd British repatriation ex- 
c* ■ nge. Well informed British 
qt : ters intimated that certain 
p:. is on the conditions of the 
V . osed exchange - about which it 
v - impossible to particularize — 
tot not been agreed upon. 

:e negotiations, it was hinted, 
s proving extremely difficult, but 
?. proceeding. The British, it i: 
v: u stood, are hoping to issue s 

s :ment on the course of thei: 
iu: itiations, but this is likely to 
j ve impossible as long as thi 
<i :uted points remain at issue. 



Helping Out in Exclusion Repeal Fight 



■ *OW THAT'S WHAT I s , 
yb' CALL PRACTISING WHAT , 
/ WE PREACH ABOUT < 

(winning the confidence / 

rt^OFOUR ALLIES ! 




Requests Received 
For Internee Neivs 



Thi? above cartoon, depicting Sen. Charles O. Andrews of Florida, 
and Rep. Warren G. Magnuson helping lift Chinese exclusion barriers, 
was published by the Washington Evening 5n*r at the height of the 
exclusion repeal fight. The cartoon was inscribed by Jim Berryman, 
famous editorial cartoonist for the Evening Star, to .Sen. Andrews, who 
sponsored the legislation in the Upper House. 



•- 4 

| Internment News 

; ; ■ 



A. W. Barnes, publisher of The 
Gallup Independent, Gallup, N. 
Mex., recently received the first 
letter from his son, a Suyoc Con- 
solidated Mines engineer, since the 
latter and his wife were interned in 
Santo Tomas after the fall of 
Manila. 

"We were much relieved to get 
your cable (probably Christmas. 
1942!) and hope that you received 
the message we sent at various 
times,” he wrote. (His father re- 
ports that they did not.) "Eloise 
and I continue in excellent health 
and you have no cause for anxiety 
on any score. I lead an active life 
here, which, with sunshine and 



i I lei 



the r 



I s 



make a small income from con- 
struction work of various kinds. We 
have ample leisure to read, etc., and 
have found it best to attempt to 
plan the future, retrospection prov- 
ing to be useless and bad for the 

Mr. Barnes learned from Grips- 
holm repatriates that the construc- 
tion work to which his son refers 
is the building of shacks in the 
Santo Tomas compound for those 
who have funds to do so. Over 600 
such shacks, simple one-room na- 
tive huts, have been built within 
the camp. 

News has been received that 
Ruth Case Gibson is still interned 
in Manila. She is reported to be 
taking care of children and work- 
ing very hard at the Holy Ghost 
Convent. Her father. Harold E. 
Case, formerly of Everett Steam- 
ship Co.. Shanghai, Hongkong and 
Manila, is also interned in Santo 
Tomas, and her husband, W. D. 
Gibson, of R.C.A. Victor Co., is in- 
terned in Military Prison Camp 3, 
the Philippines. 

Describing conditions in Canton 
and Hongkong, in a broadcast over 
CBS from Rio de Janeiro, when 
the Gripsholm was in port there, 
James McClure Henry, of Lingnan 
University, said: 

“I should like to tell you some- 
thing about Canton where I have 
spent some 35 years of my life. 
Today it is but a city of the dead, 
the merest shadow of its former 
self. Ricksha men can hardly run 
the necessary distances. Starved, 
skinny children wander listlessly 
along the streets, while on street 
corners old as well as young are 
visibly shriveling away. Yet the 
controlled press tells of the won-! 
derful co-prosperity sphere and 
boasts that China is being the 
granary and arsenal of East Asia. 

“I have seen on occasions as 
many as 150 steamships in the har- 
bor of Hongkong. In September 
when I left, that harbor was as 
bare as though it had been swept 
by a typhoon. And the waterfront - 
and Des Voeux Rd.. which in ordi- 
nary times could challenge any ; 
.thoroughfares in the world for! 
traffic, were so far as I could see 
the boat as quiet as if it were' 
midnight. 

| “It is a curious fact that wher- 
ever the Rising Sun takes control, 

! the real sun ceases to shine. Life 
I becomes grim. People almost -for- 
get how to smLe; and hate, self- 



sponsored, and self-fed, is steadily 
engendered.” 

The Missionary Oblates of Mary 
Immaculate ih the Philippines are 
reported safe, according to a let- 
ter received from the Rev. Mr. 
Joseph F. Boyd, OMI, Santo 
Tomas internment camp, Manila. 
The Very Rev. James T. McDer- 
mott, OMI, provincial of the First 
American Province of the Oblates. 
Lowell. Mass., received last week 
this first direct Word since the 
outbreak of the war. He was re- 
quested to notify all relatives of 
Oblate tathei.- in the Philippines. 

In addition to Fr Boyd, who is 



Mongeau. Joliette. Queb . 

Bolduc, Edward Gordon, Joseph 
Quinn, Edward McMahon, and 
James Burke, all of Lowell; Elgide 
Beaudoin. Manchester, N. H.; 
George Dion. Central Falls, R. I.: 
Emile Laquerre, Central Falls, 
Mass.; George Baynes, Chicago; 
Paul Drone, Belleville, 111.; Cuth- 
bert Billman, Milton, Mass.; Fran- 
cis McSorley, Philadelphia; John 
Sheehan. Brockton, Mass.; Bernard 
Clancy. Boston, and Robert Sulli- 
van, Weymouth, Mass. 

Gripsholm repatriates report that 
Bishop Ralph A. Ward is in the 
camp at Haiphong Road, Shang- 
hai. Bishop Ward was in the camp 
yard to wave farewell to the group 
starting for the Teia Maru. He 
is reported to be in fairly good 
health. The Rev. Mr. F. C. Gale 
and Prof. A. N. Steward. Methodist 
missionaries in Nanking, chose to 
remain. They too are reported in 
good health. The three men are 
in three separate camps. 

More than 14,000 American sol- 
diers out of the 18,000 at first re- 
ported as missing in action in the 
Philippines are now accounted for 
as prisoners of war. Of the 65 
army nurses listed as missing, 55 
are prisoners. Of those who have 
lost their lives, 1555 are reported 
to have died from disease in Japa- 
nese prison camps and 300 from 
wounds. This report makes it pos- 
sible to account for 77 out of the 
87 nurses who were on Bataan and 
Corregidor. Most of the others 
are believed to be alive. 

Maj. Calvin C. Jackson, medical | 
doctor, is reported to be in Mili- 
tary Prison Camp No. 2 in the 
Philippines. 



I Gripsholm repatriates who have 
| information about the persons list- 
] ed below are asked to write to the 
inquirers whose names and ad- 
dresses are also given: 

News of Mrs. Mary Watson, 
British subject; sought by her 
daughter. Mrs, I. M. Schaberg, Apt. 
426. 2500 Que St.. Washington. D. C. 

News of Mr. and Mrs. Knud E. 
Jordan. Commissioner of Customs, 
Chinese Maritime Customs, Amoy, 
China; sought by James F. Jordan, 
JBrookevilie, Md. 

News of Mrs. H. Rodda, of 
| Shanghai, interned in Manila and 
eported to be living in the YWCA 
j there; sought by her daughter-in- 
1 law, Mrs. A. Rodda, 1727 Dufferin 
■ St., Toronto 10, Canada, 
j News of Mr. and Mis. E. Well- 
1 belove. and daughter Betty, report- 
ed to be in Shanghai; sought by 
Mrs. A. Rodda, 1727 Dufferin St.,. 
Toronto 10, Canada. 

News of Mr. and Mrs. Herman 
H. Fricke, representative of Pa- 
I eific Commercial Co., Manila, re- 
ported to be interned near Manila; 
sought by Mr. Fricke’s sister. Mrs. 
Dora E. Allwardt, Matron. I. O. P. 

I Barracks No. 12. Burlington, Iowa, 
j News of Mrs. Franz (Jean) Mol- 
| litz. who formerly lived at the Pic- 
ardie Apts., \ve. Petain, Shanghai; 
j sought by her brother. John G. 
i Reilly. It is reported that Franz 
| Mollitz died recently, 
j News of Miss Rita Adams, of 
j Patons and Baldwins, Ltd., Shang- 
hai; sought by Mrs. G. Adams. 
947-F Fifth St., Santa Monica, 
Calif. 

News of Alan S. (“Dick”) New- 
comb, believed to be interned at 
the Columbia Country Club, Shang- 
hai; sought by his wife, Mrs. Alan 
S. Newcomb, 1025 N. Highland Ave., 
j Hollywood, Calif. 

j News of a repatriate who disem- 
I barked from the Gripsholm at Port 
| Elizabeth, from where he hoped to 
I get to Australia, called “W. Rod- 
; way Meatmel” or “W. Rodway 
Meathrel;” sought by Mrs. Alan S. 
Newcomb, 1025 N. Highland Ave.. 
j Hollywood, Calif. He was reported 
I lo bo in same camp with Mr New 

of the Diinlo; Rubber Co., Huug- i 
, kong, (previously in Mukden), re- 
i ported to be interned in Hongkong, 

| sought by Mrs. Alan S. Newcomb, 
1025 N. Hi chlan rl Avo ‘HYiIIv-w'/m-iH 



Hope Still Held 
Of Vladivostok 
As Mail Route 

(Post Special. Correspondence) 
WASHINGTON— Negotiations for 
the routing of mail to prisoners of 
war in the Far East by way of 
Vladivostok are continuing, it was 
learned here this week. And while, 
little progress of an immediate na- 
ture was reported, officials still 
were inclined towards optimistic 
attitudes. 

The situation at the moment is 
substantially as follows: 

As a result of negotiations be- 
tween the United States and Rus- 
sia last summer, a single shipment 



Send Valentines Now l 

Send your Valentines to friends 
and members of the armed forces 
in the Pacific and Far East be- 
fore Jail. 15. This is the iadvice 
of Army postal officials in Wfxsh- 
ington. Valentine mail will reach 
service men in the Pacific and 
Far East as well as those in 
other theaters of war. 

Because of the beneficial ef- 
fect of Valentine mail on the 
-morale of men overseas, wives 
and sweethearts were urged to 
send greetings and letters. 



IG 

j News of Mr. and Mrs. Kaytang 
i (Jahton-g) Woo, Shanghai; sought 
by Justice Edward S. Matthias, The 
Supreme Court of Ohio. Columbus, 
Ohio. Mrs. Woo is the daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Hart of Kansas 
City. 

News of Mr. and (Mrs. Robert R. 
Calder-Marshall. Shanghai; sought 
by Justice Edward S. Matthias, The 
Supreme Court of Ohio, Columbus, 
Ohio. Mf. Calder-Marshall was rep- 
resentative of Craig-Marshall & Co., 
London, and Mrs. CSlder-Marshal! 
is an American. 

News of two persons in Peiping — 
Miss Liu Ching Ho, chief nurse at 
PUMC and Mrs. Linaida Poletti, 
wife of the Peiping postmaster- 
general; sought by Mrs. Percy 
Finch, Hotel Algonquin, West 44th 
St., New York City. 

News of Mrs. William Ford, for- 
merly of Tsingtao; sought by her 
daughter, Mrs. Edith Lansdowne, 
2056 Granite St., Victoria. B. C. 

News of Mr. and Mrs. Vivian 
Eckford, of Chefoo; Reggie Eck- 
ford, of Tsingtao; Mr. and Mrs. 
Sayle (parents of R. Sayle), of 
Shanghai; Mr. and Mrs. Ward (pa- 
rents of Stanley Ward), of Shang- 
hai; sought by Mrs. H. H. Lennox, 
The Berkshire, 21 E. 52nd St.. New 
York City. 

News of Pere Teillhard de Char- 
din. of Peiping; sought by Mrs. 
Gordon Bolitho, 311 E. 72nd -St., 
New York City. 



of prisoner of war mail went 
through to Vladivostok. Subse- 
quently, however, the Russian ship 
captains plying the West Coast- 
Vladivostok run refused to accept 
further prisoner of war mail con- 
signments on the grounds they had 
received no confirmation from Rus- 
sian authorities of the conclusion 
of an agreement covering such 
shipments. 

At the present time, the Russians 
still have not agreed to handle 
Vladivostok mail; but Washington 
observers emphasize that, on the 
other hand, they have not refused, 
and that the negotiations are con- 
tinuing. 

Quarters close to official life 
here intimated that the present ob- 
stacle obviously was created hv 

Japr ik-sc objections to such mail 

Ti e regular route for prisoner of 
, wa, ‘ •>'- •> ’• ' -"e 1* ar is uy way 
I of Switzerland and the Trans-Si- 
j * >erian Railway to a point West of 
I Harbin, where the mail is trans- 
I f erred into Japanese hands. The 
| principal objection to this route is 
the much longer time required for 
mail in transit as compared with 
| the time lapse required by the 
j Vladivostok route. 

China Conference 
Asks Church Union 

CHUNGKING (RNS)— Holding 
of a postwar conference to con- 
sider proposals for the establish- 
ment of a United Church in China 
was urged in Chengtu at an all- 
day retreat attended by some 60 
Chinese church leaders and mis- 
sionaries representing 13 different 
denominations and church organ- 
izations. The Chengtu gathering 
climaxed a two-month series of 
group meetings called to consider 
various problems of postwar plan- 
ning. 

The conferees also- gave warm 
approval to a suggestion that Negro 
missionaries be welcomed into 
China and endorsed proposals that 
“goodwill missions” be sent out 
from the Chinese church to the- 
churches of the West. 

It was the consensus of delegates 
that there “should be a flow of mis- 
sionaries from every nation and to 
every nation in order to build the 
sense of the church as a world com- 
munity in ..which every nation and 
race has its full and proper share.” 



fr 



Sydney Bureau Seeks 
Internees in Far East 

A bureau has been functioning 
in Sydney, Australia, for the past 
year with the chief objective I 
of collecting and sifting all possible 
information concerning civilian 
men and women who have been 
missing in Malaya, Borneo and the I 
Netherlands East Indies since the 
fall of Singapore and Java. 

The organization is known as the 
Malayan Research Bureau with 
headquarters at 90 Pitt St., Sydney, 
and functions under the auspices 
of the Far East Welfare Auxiliary, j 

Your country calls: Buy War 
Bonds and War Savings stamps'. 



ASIA and the AMERICAS 

You have known it in Shanghai, Peking, Tientsin and 
Chungking. 

You cannot do without it in the States. 

From One Old Timer to the Others . . . 

Special Auld Lang Syne Offer to Old China Hands 
8 MONTHS FOR $2 

ASIA and the AMERICAS 

40 East 49th Street, New York 17, N. Y. 

Please send me ASIA AND THE AMERICAS for eight months, I enclose 
check for $2.00 in full payment. 





maay, January 7 , 194 ^ 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Seven 




Japanese Busy 
Consolidating 
War Winnings 

( Continued from page 1) 



than ever before. More than i 
they are said to be fighting 



'ith 



and scheming against each othei 
as well as the Japanese Army. 
Navy and consular authorities who 
are trying to maintain mastery 
over their hated yet indispensable 
business people. But most often 
*/“- t fhcy merely sheepishly look on at 
a. frank display of the old profit 
motive which must be grudgingly 
given an ever greater scope in the 
} attempted consolidation of Japan's 
conquest, although it is increasing- 
ly contributing to corruption of the 
conquerors themselves. 

Initial attempts of the local Japa- 
nese militarists to run the eco- 
nomic machine in large parts of 
the economy of the occupied coun- 
m tries have frequently proved to be 
9 failures, recently entailing the 
transfer of an increasing number 
of the activities of economic na- 
I ture to the hands of private firms 
i or business associations. At the 
same time, the lack of cooperation 
of the natives is requiring certain 
concessions to native enterprise, 
which’ gives rise to a further in- 
crease in confusion and possibility 
for sabotage. 

Such confusion is worse con- 
founded by the growing urgency 
of Japan's demand for hundreds of 
native supply items and substi- 
tutes, and by ever more desperate 
demands from the "co-prosperity" 
centers for indispensable Japanese 
machinery, key materials and ex- 
pert technicians for execution of 
lagging development plans. How- 
ever, the flow of materials either 
way, and even of personnel, is bad- 
ly hampered by a steadily growing 
shipping shortage. Allied subma- 
rines and warplanes are doing their 
job. 

Shipping Shortage 

Japan's fatal shipping shortage 
causes a subsidized development of 
rice, hemp and other cultures in 
areas which otherwise would be, 
specialized on other things more 
readily produced, while stocks of 
rice, hemp, etc., are helplessly ac- 
cumulating in the ports of Burma 

inc could l>e transpo: ■ d to 
■ would 

see prospectors for minerals 
searching far afield for new riches, 
agriculturists commandeering un- 
willing farmers to plant strange 
new crops needed by Japan, en- 
gineers staking out the sites of 
factories, power plants and rail- 
way lines — although all these ex- 
perts are more or less aware of 
the fact that their efforts will 
need many years to materialize 
even if Japan can meanwhile send 
sufficient equipment and if help- 
less puppets can succeed in forcing 
ihe natives to work, thus overcom- 
ing a growing problem of absentee- 
ism of longshoremen, coolies and 
semi-skilled laborers who prefer to 
return to their villages rather than 
endure bad treatment by the Japa- 
nese in the cities. 

Yet best information is that the 
busy Japanese ants are undoubted- 
ly producing some results. There 
are fewer and fewer steamships, 
but greatly increasing numbers of 
local-built wooden sailing vessels, 
bringing and taking fairly consid- 
erable cargoes over long distances. 
While there are restricted quanti- 
ties of the traditional staple prod- 
ucts of the respective occupied 
countries, there are occasional first 
fruits of newly developed branches 



: 



of agricultural and industrial pro- 
duction being shipped to Japan. 
Discarded spindles, looms, small 
motors and all sorts of workshop 
equipment are arriving in the 
South Seas and also some parts of I 
Occupied China from Japan, where [ 
the shortage of raw materials and : 
the ruthless industrial war policies i 
have almost destroyed countless j 
formerly prosperous small-scale in- 
dustries. 

Aim Is Self-Sufficiency 

Here and there the new enter- j 
prises, especially in the South Sea 
can begin turning out m 
factures, even some like shoes, 
cloth and cigarettes, for local use 
of Japan's troops, or cement, iron 
and other materials for increasing 
fostifications. Some bigger plants 
for production of carbide, iron 
nails, matches, etc., are slowly de- 
veloping in spite of appalling fric- 
tion, confusion and the growing 
supply problems 

The Japanese know what is com- 
ing to them at the hands of Allied 
bomber pilots and submarine crews. 

They are daily rubbing in their au j 

slogans to teach that every region I 

must transform its manpower and 
material into fighting strength on 
the spot. Every region, the frame 
as Japan proper, mus: 
maximum self-Bufficieni • 



Cnurlr.ay Of Her of IVor Information. 

A general view of the office building occupied by the l'. S. Office 
of War Information in Chungking is seen above. Chungking’s famous 
parachute jumping tower is in the background at left. Below, one of 
the entrances to tile OWI air raid dugout. A stairway goes down about 
30 feet from this entrance. 



Scientists Mobilized 
Tokyo Radio Reports 



Inflation China’s 
Big 1944 IVJ.km 

( Continued, from page 1) 



A Tokyo broadcast to Japanese j 
areas said this week that 
line for the drawing up 
forcement of a comprehensive plan 
for scientific technical mobiliza- j recent 
tion” was approved at a meet: 



of Alice Shin, left Hongki 
Chungking. 

"Why do you want to go 
out- j his friends asked. "You'll only 
j have to come back by Christmas." 
In Shanghai, according to one 
•ival here, the Japanese 
re of Germany's defeat 



of leading Japanese scientists and | that they have started preparing 



government leaders at the official 
esidence of Premier Hideki Tojo. 
"Important research topics pro- 



internment camps for them 
the Germans, not wishing to 
aught short, have in many 



posed by the Army and Navy and j converted their property into cash 
by government ofices were dis- or valuables or have banked with 
cussed," said the broadcast which the Swiss. 



; recorded by United States Gov- 
ernment monitors. The meeting was : 



Italy’s defeat came as a shock to 
ly Japanese who had not been 



ering of Japan’s Scientific Mobili- 
zation Society. 

PARK’S NAME CHANGED 

A Chilean home broadcast, re- 
corded by United States Govern- 
ment monitors from Radio Agricul- 
tura in Santiago, said that Chile’s 
President Juan Antonio Rios had 
signed a decree changing the name 
of Japanese Park in Santiago to 
Greater Britain Park. 

Buy United States War Bonds 
and Savings Stamps. 



i gath- prepared for it and there is a gro’ 



CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING 

ords or less — $1.00. Each additional 10 words — 25c 

'lean Edition, The Shanghai Evening Post & Mercury, 



RATE: 25 

Address. Am 

101 Fifth Avenue, New T 
PERSONAL 
any Grlpsholi 



rk City. 

PERSONA!, 



ig anxiety all through the 
pied - regions by Japanese officers 
and carpet-baggers. Some have de- 
liberately attempted to win person- 
al friends among the Chinese as a 
sort of insurance when the day of 
vengeance comes. 

Politically 1944 should see little 
change in the Chinese picture. 
There will be some changes and 
shifts of government officials. 

Economic Problem 
Internally the Kuomintang-Com- 
I munist uneasy truce has been 
j maintained during the past year 
with clashes but with nothing that 
was considered grave. The Gen- 
eralissimo has been the steadying 
influence. There is little likelihood 
that he will change his attitude 
j during the new year. 

| The Chinese frankly say that the 
biggest problem facing the nation 
at the moment is not the military 
or political situation but the eco- 
nomic one. Prices are rifeing to 
high levels and people in many 
walks of life are finding it a 
struggle to make ends meet. 

But professional propagandists to 
the contrary, any possibility. that 
China will be forced to quit the 
•eason 



If not China will still carry her 
j share of the war. 

; in any case, the Chinese feel 
< i . i, is the year that will see 
ii: '-'.ginning of the end for Japan. 

| Nazis in Occupied China 
Disposing of Properties 

Radio Chungking broadcasted to 
Eairope last week that many Ger- 
man owners of factories in Japa- 
nese-occupied Chinese areas had 
been selling their properties to Chi- 
nese in an effort^ to avoid confisca- 
tion by the Japanese after a Nazi 
defeat. 

“The latest military developments 
on the European front have greatly 
disheartened the Germans in the 
occupied areas, who are entertain- 
ing the fear that Nazi Germany 
will collapse next May,” the broad- 
cast, recorded by the U. S. Foreign 
Broadcast Intelligence Service, 
said. 

Strong Ties Urged 
With Far East 

< Continued from page 1) 



fight for such 
untenable. 

Many will go hungry and many 
others will have to scratch hard j and 
living but there is enough 



this 



complish the following initial tasks: 
Establish contact with the Chinese 
Government (later with others in 
the Orient as soon as they are 
liberated) for the purpose, of ascer- 
taining their requirements in vari- 
ous fields of reconstruction, and 
where possible, negotiate prelimi- 
nary contracts and methods of fi- 
nancing, establish personal contacts 
with persons of special importance, 
gather information on similar ac- 
tions emanating from competitors 
in other industrial countries and 
watch political developments in the 
Orient, and in China in particular. 
Talks With Business Leaders 
"This letter was prompted by my 
untiring interest in trade with the 
Orient and by my admiration for 
your foresight in making practical 
planning for international trade 
part of your policy. There is no 
doubt that enterprisers who wish to 
simply j take your initative to hear will not 
only reap personal benefit but will 
■ender signal service to our State 
ir country.” 

Mojzisek is living at 2203 



country for the vast j Federal Ave., Seattle, Wash. He 



majority to eat sufficiently 
enough aims for the Chinese troops 
to fight. China will not quit by 
any means. 

If new routes are opened up dur- j up new American trade contacts 
ing 1944 giving China access to her j China and should be in Washingti 
: allies both the military and eco- j and New York sometime in Fe 
j nomic problems will be largely met. | ruary. 



ntends to visit various parts of the 
country seeking pei-sonal interviews 
with business leaders with a view 
to moving concretely toward setting 



Headquarters of the OWI in Chungking 



Chiang Views 
Defeat of Japs 
As Inevitable 

(Continued from page 1) 
decisive counter-attack in the Far 
East. Only by destroying Japan 
can we expect to lay the founda- 
'tion for a permanent peace, and 
only through peace c=n we hope to 
preserve the civilization of man- 
kind.” 

Liang Optimistic 

Liang Han-tsao-, Minister of In- 
formation, also sounded a note of 
optimism in a New Year’s review 
of the United Nations war picture 
as viewed at Chungking, according 
to the Chinese New Service. And, 
pointing to other factors, he added: 

"Politically, the signing of the 
new Sino-American and Sino-Brit- 
ish treaties at the beginning of the 
year (abolishing extraterritoriality) 
has further strengthened the soli- 
darity and cooperation between the 
leading Allied nations on the basis 
of complete equality. 

“The Moscow Declaration of gen- 
eral security laid a.fiiyn foundation 
for the joint and sincere efforts of 
four nations in establishing the 
future peace and order of the 
world. 

“The spirit of the United Nations 
food and relief and rehabilitation, 
conferences (at Atlantic City), and 
the idea underlying the forthcom- 
ing United Nations currency con- 
ference aie in perfect harmony 
with our ideal of building up a new 

"In the sequel to the momentous 
decisions reached at Cairo and Te- 
heran, resolute and mighty actions 
will, during the next year, continue 
to unfold themselves till the day of 
the unconditional surrender of our 
common enemy." 

Dual Occasion 

The dual occasion of New Year's 
Day and the 22nd anniversary of 
the founding of the Chinese Re- 
public was celebrated in Chungking 
with the greatest display of en- 
thusiasm shown by the populace 
since the war started. The city be- 
came a labyrinth of national flags 
and lanterns, and the streets were 
jammed with merry-makers and on- 
lookers eager to catch a glance of 
President Chiang from the early 
morning hours. ----- 

In his 6000-word radio message to 
the Chinese Army and people, the 
Generalissimo recalled that “it was 
exactly 50 years ago today that Dr. 
Sun Yat Sen started the revolution- 
ary movement for the salvation of 
China by organizing the Hsing 
Chung Hui.” He continued: 

“Through seven years of bitter 
resistance against Japan we have 
laid a solid foundation for victory. 
We and our Allies are now ex- 
changing news of military success 
and preparing for an all-front of- 
fensive. This New Year’s Day 
marks the dawn of a new era, and 
its celebration, which the Army ana 
people in our country share with 
comrades in arms of all other 
peace-loving and anti-aggression 
nations, should be of special sig- 
nificance." 

The Generalissimo reviewed the 
war record of the past year, and 
concluded that tne defeat of the 
enemy was inevitable. 

ARRIVE FROM AUSTRALIA 

Emmanuel Yanno-ulatos, former 
Consul General for Greece, and 
Mrs. Yannoulatos have recently ar- 
rived in Canada from Australia. 
They may be addressed in care of 
the Royal Greek Legation, Ottawa. 



on $ 

Hongkong& Shanghai 
Banking Corporation 

72 Wall Street 
New York, 5, N. Y. 

• 

361 CaliforniaStreet 
San Francisco 
Chungking, China 

Ti'nipornvfi Haul Office 

9, Gracecliurch 
Street 
London 





Page Eight 



THE SHANGHAI 



AS A BKITON SEES. IT 

Hirohito & The War — Powerless Monarch 



By H. G. W. Woodhead, C.B.E. ; 



I N HIS ADDRESS to the Illinois 
Education Association at Chi- 
cago on Dec. 29, Mr. Joseph Grew. 
ex-Amtoassador to Japan, aroused 
some criticism by his remark that 
Shintoism "under the aegis of a 
peace-seeking ruler not controlled 
by the military; that phase of Shin- 
toism can become an asset, not a 
liability, in a reconstructed nation.” 
Mr. Grew has never underestimated 
the formidable nature of the task 
of completely defeating and shat- 
tering Japan's armed forces or the 
necessity of doing this to ensure fu- 
ture. peace in the Far East. His 
suggestion that Shintoism might be- 
come a reconstructive factor under 
a peace-seeking ruler was accom- 
panied by a reiteration of his con- 
viction that Japan's armed forces 
must be reduced to impotence, and 
that any "phoney” peace offers 
must be flatly rejected. Is it pos- 
sible then, to envisage a “peace- 
seeking” Emperor in postwar 
Japan ? 

* * * 

T HERE IS some— I”, might even 
say considerable — evidence that 
the Emperor was opposed to war 
with the Anglo-Saxon Powers to the 
very last moment, and that he was 
tricked into agreeing to it by 
Japan's militarist clique. Follow- 
ing the signature of the Tripartite 
Pact between Japan, Germany and 
Italy in Dec., 1940, a usually well- 
informed Japanese correspondent 
contributed an article to my jour- 
nal, Oriental Affairs, in the course 
of which he stated that at the im- 
portant Imperial Conference held 
on the 20th of that month, the Em- 
peror "grilled” Mr, Matsuoka on the 
possibility of the Alliance leading 
to a war with the United States, 
and that "Mr. Matsuoka went on 
record by telling the Sovereign then 
and there that no armed conflict 
in the Pacific would arise because 



of our fraternization with Germans 
and Italians.” 

I was interested to see that the 
recently-issued collection of Ameri- 
can State Papers contains another 
version of this action of the Em- 
peror in a report sent to Washing- 
ton by Mr. Grew, on Oct. 25, 1941. 
Mr. Grew’s "reliable Japanese infor- 
mant" told him that just prior to 
the fall of the Konoye Cabinet a 
few days previously the Emperor 
presided over a meeting of the 
Privy Council at which he inquired 
whether its members were prepared 
to follow a policy which would 
guarantee that there would be no 
war with the United States, and 
that when the Service Councillors 
failed tp reply, he Issued definite 
orders to the armed forces to obey 
his wishes. 

It was, so it is stated, to fulfill 
these orders, that General Tojo re- 
placed Prince Konoye as Premier. 
And it seems reasonable to believe 
that when the President’s personal 
appeal for peace was transmitted 
to Tokyo for presentation to the 
Emperor, Mr. Grew was denied au- 
dience .until the attack upon Pearl 
Haitoor had made it impossible, in 
order that the Emperor might be 
committed to war in ignorance of 
Mr. Roosevelt's action. 

T HAT MESSAGE was delayed in 
the cable office during several 
critical hours, and it is safe to as- 
sume that the hypocritical reply 
tendered to Mr. Grew several hour: 
after Pearl Harbor had been bomb- 
ed — while keeping him in ignorance 
of this development — had been con- 
cocted in the Foreign Office, and 
had never even been seen by the 
Emperor. If this assumption be 
correct, the Emperor was deliber- 
ately tricked by his Ministers, and 
may quite well have been a “peace- 
seeking ruler" to the very end. 



Out Where We Live 



By GRACE COOK ; 



H IS New Year's resolution, I 
heard an editor say in a radio 
symposium New V ear's Eve, was to 
make no newspap- i ••• pheclefl 
about when the war would end, and 
to play up none toy anyone else. 
The President and the Chief of 
Staff, said he, aren't making any, 
and neither will I. Let us rather 
just plug along for as long as it 
turns out to take. 

This is a natural reaction to the 
number of prophecies which, in the 
last two years, have not come true; 
it is arguable that they have done 
actual harm. Yet some degree of 
looking ahead is inevitable when a 
new year looms; and it is observ- 
able that, though our top men make 
no prophecies, several recent fore- 
casts by commanders working 
closely with them must have been 
approved at headquarters before 
made public. 

For our chiefs know that stock- 
taking at New Year's time is a 
deep-seated and inevitable custom. 
They know we’ll do it anyhow, and 
they'd like us to do it right. 

We do it for the nation and the 
world at large; we do it also for 
ourselves. We laugh ruefully at the 
traditional New Year’s resolution, 
which won't last out the first week. 
Yet, in one way or another, all of 
us rise to the stimulus of a fresh 
start. We know so well the short- 
comings and failures of the year 
that is gone; it is good to turn the 
page. 

A NGELO PATRI, in a recent col- 
umn, tells how he used to do 
long division on a slate. When the 
problems were done, he took them 
to the teacher, who wiped out those 
which, were correct, leaving the 
-wrong ones to be done over again. 
On this occasion, back and back 
again came all of Angelo’s problems, 
more and more smudged and con- 
fused, because he did not know long 
division very well. At last the teach- 
er took the sponge, erased the whole 
sorry mess, set down one new prob- 
lem and said, kindly, "Now you 
will get it.” 

And so he did. The clean slate, 
says the grown-up Angelo, made all 
the difference. 

“Every day is a fresh beginning," 
chirped the old verse we learned 
when we were children. And even 
that small new start helps. But 
we need larger units also. Why is 
Monday wash-day in our mores t 
It is not that with the new week, 
despite the counter-tradition of blue 
Monday, we take on, a certain im- 
petus? We get up promptly, we 



dig into the tough jobs; then, as the 
week wears on. we slip a little — five 
minutes more in bed, for the house- 
: f c an extra to- gcribg cup of cof- 
fee over the r lorning paper — oh 
well, it's almost the weekend now. 

Then with Number One Day 
comes the monthly fresh start: This 
month we will keep the bills down; 
this month we will paint the furni- 
ture; this month we will make a 
blood donation and do a lot more 
Red Cross work; this month we 
will write that piece we promised 
for “some time soon." Then the 
month slips toy. 

But the yearly fresh start is the 
real one. New figures help, espe- 
cially neat even ones; does not 1944 
sound and look like a better year 
than 1943? New desk calendars and 
diaries and engagement pads are 
not all cluttered up with past neg- 
lects and unfinished business. This 
is the new deal; life begins at 
wherever we are. 

W E KNOW it doesn’t, of course. 

Our mirrors and our muscles 
tell us that, let alone the psycholo- 
gists with their complexes and be- 
havior patterns. No mother, sedu- 
lously warned by child-training 
books that her child’s personality 
will be irrevocably fixed at the age 
of five, can consistently expect that 
her own bedraggled self is going to 
emerge transformed and sparkling, 
forceful and serene, at the turn of 
a calendar page. 

And yet — year after year, we 
try again. That is something. And 
sometimes, all of us can testify, 
people really do improve. We have 
all seen them do it. Perhaps, we 
too can change. Perhaps, even a 
world of people can. 



Chinese Make ] 
Further Gains 
On the Yangtze 

Chinese troops have captured all 
villages surrounding Owchihkow, 
the Japanese-held port on the 
Yangtze River north of Tungting 
Lake, and are advancing on the 
suburbs of the city itself, the Chi- 
nese High Command announced 
this week. 

A 52-ton bombing attack on rail- 
road installations and ammunition 
supplies at Lampang, deep in Thai- 
land, was the 1943 finale for the 
14th U. S. Air Force, according -to 
a statement from Lt. Gen. Joseph 
W. Stilwell’s headquarters earlier 
in the week. 

Fighter-bombers of the 14th Air 
Force also attacked the Japanese- 
held town of Pingka in western 
Yunnan Province, hitting an am- 
munition dump and causing a large 
fire from which smoke rose 10,000 
feet in the air, another communique 
declared. The fighters then strafed 
the town and reported they left 
most of it in flames. 

Named Stilwell's Deputy 
Maj. Gen. Daniel Isom Sultan, 
58, has been appointed deputy com- 
mander in chief of U. S. Army 
Forces in China, Burma and India 
under Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell, 
it was announced this week. He is 
the first deputy commander named 
for that area. 

Japan Hopes W.s'll Quit 
Brig. Gen. Merritt A. Edson, 
USMC, who, as chief of staff of 
the Second Marine Division, co- 
ordinated the attack on Tarawa 
said in Washington this week that 
it was the “avowed intention" 
the Japanese to make every battle 
as costly as possible to us • 
cause they don't believe we can 
take it. They are willing to take 
large losses with the hope that 
before we can defeat them we will 
be willing to quit.” 

Attacks on Japan to Increase 
A tremendous offensive against 
Japan in 1944 is planned, it was 
made clear last week by Adml. 
Ernest J. King in a Washington 
press interview. Adml. King said 
the Urd d >7*.'iopB would begin 
shifting” then' power from the At- 
lantic to the Pacific theater before 
the final defeat of Germany. He 
expressed the belief that Germany 
will fall this year and in the mean- 
time "unremitting pressure on Ja- 
pan will be continued and in- 
creased." 

U. S. to Get Pacific Islands 
The Army and Navy Journal re- 
ported this week it was agreed at 
the Cairo-Teheran conferences that 
the United States should acquire 
the Japanese-mandated islands for 
use as military and naval bases in 
any postwar settlement. These 
would include the Caroline Islands 
and all other Pacific Islands north 
of the equator taken from Ger- 
many after the last war. 



Foreign-born Priests 
On Java Are Interned 

WASHINGTON (RNS1— All for- 
eign-born priests on the island of 
Java have been interned by the 
Japanese, according to a Vatican 
Radio Dutch-language -broadcast re- 
ported here by the U. S. Foreign 
Broadcast Intelligence Service. 

The Vatican station announced 
that "native clerics have retained 
their freedom of movement, but 
their church services are under ob- 
servation.” 

TEACHING IN WASHINGTON 

Mrs. R. T. Bryan, Jr., a former 
China resident, has accepted a po- 
sition at the National Cathedral 
School in Washington, D. C. 



* Lost ’ Cooperatives 
Arrive in Free China 

Word has been received by 
Indusco that a group of 51 co- 
operatives cut off in Occupied 
China since early in 1941, has ar- 
rived in Free China. Nothing 
had been heard from them and 
the Chinese industrial coopera- 
tive movement had given them 
up for lost. 

For nearly three years these 
cooperatives had hidden out in 
isolated places in the Chuhg- 
tiaoshan Mountains, in southern 
Shansi Province. Last summer 
supplies were low and they de- 
cided to make a break through 
the enemy lines. The 358 mem- 
bers formed two groups and 
with their machinery weighing 
several hundred pounds moved 
southwards. They reached Free 
China after only one clash with 
the Japanese. 



Thai Puppet Agrees 
To Share Jap Fate 

Thailand is "pledged to survive 
or perish with Japan,” Thai Pup- 
pet Premier Luang Pibul Song- 
gram said in a recent speech in 
Bangkok, according to the Japa- 
nese Domei Agency. 

The Domei dispatch, recorded by 
United States Government moni- 
tors from a wireless transmission 
to the European continent, was one 
of many press and radio reports by 
Japanese propagandists directing 
attention to the second anniversary 
of the “pact tof alliance" between 
Japan and Thailand. 

A Tokyo broadcast in English, 
beamed to the United States, de- 
scribed the Thai "alliance” as “the 
forerunner of the alliances” with 
other Japanese puppet govern- 
ments in Burma, the Philippines 
and northern' China. 

Another Domei dispatch, also di- 
rected to Europe, said that Song- 
gram, Japanese Ambassador Teiji 
Tsubogami and other Japanese of- 
ficials and military representatives 
gathered at the Thai Foreign Of- 
fice following the puppet pre- 
mier's talk "to drink champagne 
toasts” to Songgram’s pledge "to 
fight through the war to crush 
Anglo-American imperialism." 

Congratulatory messages were 
said to have been exchanged be- 
tween Japanese Premier Hedeki 
Tojo and Songgram as well as be- 
tween Japanese Foreign Minister 
Memoru Shigemitsu and Thai For- 
eign Minister Nai Direck Jai- 
yanama. 



Nisei Making Good 
On Midwest Jobs 

Japanese-Americans who have 
come to Chicago in the last year 
from western relocation centers are 
making good, and many of them 
expect to remain in the middle west 
after the war, according to a Chi- 
cago dispatch to the New York 
Herald Tribune. Nearly one-half 
those who came to Chicago are 
women. 

The War Relocation Authority at 
first granted permission to leave 
the camps only to those for whom 
it had found jobs. At that time the 
manpower shortage was not as 
acute as it has become since, and 
most of the jobs available were for 
domestic servants. 

Japanese-American women have 
gone into work in many fields. 
They are employed in offices, in- 
cluding those of the Federal agen- 
cies and departments in Chicago, as 
file clerks, typists, bookkeepers and 
stenographers. Others are working 
in war plants and the food-process- 
ing industry. A number hold pro- 
fessional positions as nurses, la- 
boratory technicians and social 
workers. 

Their success has lead the WRA 
to change some of its original rules 
and practices. No longer, for ex- 
ample, are the women employed as 
domestic servants. It is now easy 

the wtges are better and the train- 
ing more to be desired. 

Besides the 200U Japanese-Amer- 
icans who have settled in the vicin- 
ity of Chicago, where only 300 
Japanese lived before the war. an- 
other 1000 have come to the sur- 
rounding states. Others have come 
farther easfj and recently the first 
Japanese-Americans have been re- 
located in New York, Philadelphia 
and Boston. 

34 Japanese-Americans 
Are Killed In Italy 

Deaths among Japanese-Ameri- 
can soldiers in Italy number 34 of 
the 384 Japanese-American fatali- 
ties on all fronts, according to a 
War Department report recently. 
It was also announced that 130 
Japanese-Americans had be'en 
wounded and that five were miss- 
ing. All were Hawaiian-born. 

This report — made by Secretary 
of War Stimson— • was the first since 
Pearl Harbor, when Pvt. Torao 
Migita was reported killed in the 
defense of Hawaii. Secretary Stim- 
son stated that the Japanese-Amer- 
icans had proved themselves skill- 
ful in scouting and patrolling. They 
are cheerful and uncomplaining, 
and their rate of illness is prac- 
tically zero, he added. 



A. A. Torrance 
Dies; Headed 
Tsinan School 

Andrew A. Torrance, veteran 
China missionary and member of 
the first British repatriation, died 
on Dec. 26 in Pasadena. Calif. He 
was 60 years old. Repatriation took 
Mr. Torrance, with Mrs. Torrance 
and their young daughter, first to 
England. They arrived in the 
United States on March 31, 1943. 

Mr. Torrance was born in Govan, 
Glasgow, Scotland, on July 4. 1883^-* 
but was brought to the U. S. as a 
child. He received his elementary 
education in Huntington. W. Va. 
After finishing the course at Mar- 
shall College State Normal there, 
he attended the University of West 
Virginia at Morgantown. 

In 1910 he was assigned to the 
Shantung Mission of the Presby- 
terian Board, and after language 
study became principal of the Mid- 
dle School for Boys in Tsinan, 
the capital of Shantung Province. 
He held this position until — under 
government registration require- 
ments — it became necessary to ap- 
point a Chinese principal, when he 
became head of the English de- 
partment of the registered school 
in which the girls’ and boys’ high 
schools were united. 

In 1937, when the school was dis- 
banded as a result of the war, Jdr. 
Torrance was the only member of 
his mission not to be evacuated. 
He remained to help in the work 
of East Suburb Church and of the 
community. In 1938 when the school 
reopened. Mr. Torrance was in 
charge. He continued this work 
until Pearl Harbor, when, because 
of his British citizenship, he was 
repatriated to England, arriving 
there in October, 1942. 

He is survived by his widow. May 
Hayes Torrance, and a young 
daughter. 

Services Held for F. H. Wood 

Funeral services for Frederick 
Hill Wood, chairman of the Board 
of Directors of United China Re- 
lief and prominent constitutional 
lawyer, were held last week in St. 
Bartholomew’s Protestant Episco- 
pal Church in New York City, at- 
tended by prominent representa- 
tives of the legal and financial 
world. 

. ; . 

Cal. Alfred McCormick - • ' * ' 
McCloy, Assistant Secretary of 
War, both former partners in Mr. 
Wood's law firm, Cravath, de Gers- 
dorff, Swaine and Wood; Robert T. 
Swaine, Hoyt A. Moore, Douglas 
M. Moffat and Carl W. Painter. 

Dies In London. 

Sir William Holdsworth, Vaner- 
ian Professor of English Law at 
Oxford, died in London this week 
at the age of 73. Sir William was 
Tagore Professor of Law in 1938 at 
the University of Calcutta. 

The English scholar held honor- 
ary degrees from Northwestern 
University of Southern California— 
received while on tour of the U, S. 
in 1927. That same year he re- 
ceived the Ames Prize, a bronze 
medal and $500 award from the 
faculty of Harvard Law School in 
recognition of his monumental 
work "A History of English Law 

Shansi Chairman 

Chao Tai-wen, chairman of the 
Shansi provincial government, died 
this week at Hsingchi at the age of 
77, according to the Chinese News 
Service. He .was a native of W.utai 
in Shansi Province and had a long 
political career as chairman of the 
Chahar provincial government. 



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NEW YORK, N. Y„ JANUARY 14, 1944 


Vol. II, No. 2 



3rd Exchange 
Delay Is Held 
Fault of Japs 

Little hope was held out for an 
early third repatriation !by the 
State Department late this week, 
although it emphasized that every 
effort was being made to obtain 
Japan's consent to further ex- 
changes of American citizens. 

“The responsibility ror this situa- 
tion rests not with the U. S. Gov 
ernment tout with the Government 
of Japan," the Department’s state- 
ment pointed out. The statement 
was issued because of the many 
inquiries from next of kin and 
friends of the 10,000 civilians still 
held captive toy the Japanese. 

Exchange Being Pressed 

"Relatives and friends in the 
United States of American na- 
tionals may be assured that their 
Government will not relax its ef- 
forts to induce the Japanese Gov- 
ernment to agree to the release for 
repatriation of all such Americans 
and to insure that all be given, 
equal consideration in such ar- 
rangements as may be made for 
their repatriation. Meanwhile, the 
Government is persevering in its 
efforts to relieve the situation of 
American nationals still detained 
by Japan.” 

The Spanish Embassy, neutral 
representative for Japan in this 
country, made an investigation of 
Japanese relocation centers here 
which is understood to be favor- 
able. However, the State Depart- 
ment has yet had no official word 
concerning ijt. 

MHmauitariaii T<- - < ~ 

The department attempted to ap- 
ply humanitarian tests, including 
criteria such as age and realth, 
to the selection of Americans who 
returned on the two Gripsholm 
voyages, tout was hindered greatly 
toy the Japanese who often insisted 
on making their own selections. 

In addition to sending large 
amounts of relief supplies on the 
outward-bound trip of the Grips- 
holm the United States also ob- 
tained the consent of Russia to 
build up a stockpile of war relief 
materials in her Far Eastern terri- 
tory, if the Japanese would agree 
to transshipment to the American 
prisoners. Although japan refused 
to do so efforts are still being 
expended in this direction. 

Some financial assistance has 
also been provided for the most 
needy through Red Cross channels. 

Geneva Convention Closely 
Observed, Says Lipphard 

The Geneva Convention for the 
treatment of war prisoners is being 
strictly adhered to by U. S. military 
authorities in charge of such camps, 
declared Dr. William B. Lipphard 
this week at a meeting of the N. Y. 
Schoolmasters Club. 

Editor of Missions, an interna- 
tional Baptist magazine, Dr. Lip- 
hard has just finished a survey of 
prisoner of war camps. He was 
(Please turn to page 5) 



Non-Closing Bank 
Opens in Chungking 

The dreams of all those who 
suddenly caught short without 
cash after a hearty restaurant 
meal only to find themselves 
washing dishes out in the 
kitchen came to life here this 
last week. A bank that never 
closes opened its doors for tousi- 

The result is that depositors 
now are able to sneer at haughty 
restaurateurs and simply by a 
phone call get in touch with 
their bank no matter how late 
at night it is and the bank will 
send a messenger boy scamper- 
ing over with the desired 
money. 

Holidays and Sundays find the 
staff still on duty. Now there is 
no depositor who ever has an 
excuse for being short of cash. 



Drastic Price Rises Shown 
/Is Inflation Grips China 



Chinese Study 
TVA as Model 
For Postwar 

The “particular objective" of the 
recent visit of Chinese engineers to 
Knoxville, Tenn., was to “study all 
phases of the TVA project” which 
would be "useful for China's post- 
war reconstruction work," S. D. 
Ren, vice president of the Universal 
Trading Corp., told the Shanghai 
Evening Post this week. 

Mr. Ren headed the delegation, 
which represented the Universal 
Trading Corp., the official purchas- 
ing' agency in America for me "Chi- 
nese Government. It consisted of 
C. H. T'ang, S. Y. Ma, P. W. Tsou, 
C. Taang, C. Wu and U. K. Chan 
and included power, irrigation, hy- 
draulic and chemical engineers. 
With one exception the entire group 
are graduates of American univer- 
sities. 

“Projects of the nature of TVA 
will be initiated in China after the 
war for the development of 
water power, improvement of ns 
gation on our rivers, flood control, 
soil and forestry conservation and 
reclamation and rural electrific 
tion,’’ Mr. Ren said. 

Cheap Power Vital 

In predicting that TVA-like prc 
ects would be established c 
China's large rivers as part of her 
huge reconstruction program, Mr, 
Ren pointed o.ut that “among the 
objectives we foresee none appears 
to be more important than develop- 
ment of water power. 

“China will need much — and 
i cheap — power to aid in her indus- 
trialization. 

"We shall make detailed studies 
later and it is probable/ that we 
shall station several of our engi- 
neers with TVA for continuous 
studies. We think TVA is indeed a 
unique thing in the modern world." 

All of TVA's activities, if they 
could be duplicated in China, would 
greatly affect the country's agri- 
(Please ttorn to page 5) 




4- 1 '42 >3 



Chart showing the rise in the cost lot living index in China, the 
wholesale price of commodities, and the income of school teachers and of 
Government officers. The period from July, 1936, to June, 1937, equals 1. 



Believe It or Not— A Blonde 
Materializes in Chungking 



By FREDERICK B. OPPER 

CHUNGKING (By Radiol— Last 
week I met a blonde! 

I will repeat that sentence for 
the benefit of those who have re- 
cently been to Chungking and who 
may doubt my sanity or veracity. 
Last week I met a blonde, a young, 
pretty American girl. 

The way it happened was that the 
Red Cross sent three girls out here 
to entertain U. S. soldiers at Christ- 
mas time. Through some lucky mis- 
take one of them got into the 
grounds of the Press Hostel. Cor- 
respondents came streaming from 
their rooms at the first rumor and 
it was promptly arranged to have a 
party the following night with all 
three in attendance. A fine party 
too. 

As "Dick" Watts of the OWI ob- 



served “You know, I never liked 
blondes before particularly but 
when you never see them they cer- 
tainly do look fine at last." 

The Press Hostel, celebrated in 
many a tall tale as the scene of 
foreign newspaper life in China’s 
wartime capital, put on its long 
pants last week with completion of 
a new two-story building complete 
with large dining hall and a social 
room. 

Residents are now contributing 
to a fund for furnishing the com- 
mon rooms and Mrs. Alma Kerr 
of the Red Cross has agreed to 
take the project in hand. There is 
general belief that before very long 
we will be living a better life with 
rugs, curtains and good reading 
light. 



By RANDALL GOULD 

Back in 1938, when China’s war 
with Japan was only a few months 
old and a 3-1 exchange rate against 
the American dollar was still at 
least a recent memory, the ques- 
tion was put to Finance Minister 
H. H. Kung, “Is China in for in- 
flation?" 

Dr. Kung was realistic. Without 
hesitation, he replied: “History 

shows that no nation has ever got 
into a war without suffering some 
degree of inflation.” 

Status Vague 

It is doubtful whether Dr. Kung 
had any idea how far Chinese in- 
flation was going to go. No one 
now knows, in fact, how far it will 
go from here. And a crowning 
touch is the point that the present 
status of inflation is by no means 
clear and known to all — in fact, the 
whole subject is one on which the 
assembling and publication of in- 
formation is not encouraged, per- 
haps on the theory that the more 



such a thing is talked about the 
worse it is likely to grow. 

On some such theory the Chinese 
Government explains its reluctance 
to abandon the present official 
U.S.-China exchange rate of 20-1, 
despite its now completely artificial 
(Please turn to page 7) 



Wei Is Due to Leave 
For Chinese Capital 

Chinese Ambassador Wei, Tao^ 
ming was expected to leave Wash- 
ington for Chungking today, trav- 
elling by air. There has been no 
preliminary announcement and it 
is said that this is the first time 
any Chinese Ambassador has re- 
turned to his home capital while 
still holding his official position. 
Mme. Wei remains in Washington. 

On Wednesday Dr. Wei attended 
a meeting of the Pacific War 
Council, hearing a report by Presi- 
dent Roosevelt on the Cairo and 
Teheran conferences. 



NipponGirding 
For Promised 
Allied Attacks 

(From (lie Chungking Edition. Shanghai 
Evening Post and Mercury) 

CHUNGKING (By Radio)— A Jap- 
anese can see as far through a 
two-inch plank as the next man 
and Japan’s Government is just as 
convinced as the Allied govern- 
ments that 1944 will be a year of 
destiny. The only difference is that 
while the Allies are setting then- 
sights on 1944 as the time of the 
great offensive against Germany 
and stepped-up offensives in the 
Far East, Japan is planning on a 
defensive strategy that will enable 
her to consolidate her position be- 
fore the Allies are able to bring 
their full weight against her. 

Reports reaching here say that 
a recent Japanese military confer- 
ence in Singapore reached agree- 
ment on a three point program for 
the current year: 

1944 Program 

(1) Careful scrutiny of the Euro- 
pean war in order to take immedi- 
ate advantage of any break in Al- 
lied ranks with particular attention 
to Russia’s role once the European 
war is over. 

(2) Complete defensive warfare 
in the Pacific making the U. S. pay 
as dearly as possible for any new 
attack and no Japanese offensives 
beyond nuisance attacks. 

(3) In China forego any large- 
scale military operation and con- 
centrate on economic exploitation 
of the occupied areas. 

To bolster the last point reports 
from those recently in Chekiang 

/ (hat.Uuf J9j 



have taken considerable steps to 
put their plans into operation. 

Produce or Else 

Expropriation of metals and 
other strategic materials on a large 
scale have been started and Japa- 
nese industrialists in those areas 
have been told that unless they can 
make their plants produce this year 
the factories will be dismantled and 
shipped piecemeal to North China. 
Machinery too cumbersome to send 
will be broken down into scrap. It 
is taken for granted that machin- 
ery and scrap sent to North China 
will go to Manchuria, now being 
made into an important industrial 
base, or to Japan proper. 

The Japanese have undertaken 
other steps to drain the wealth 
from occupied Central China, par- 
ticularly the rich Shanghai-Nan- 
lting-Hangchow triangle. Numer- 
ous recent "pacification” campaigns 
are said to be nothing more than 
economic forays. Certain articles 
cannot be transported at all be- 
tween towns while others may be 
brought in on one’s person only in 
limited amount. For example six 
bars of soap, five catties o: salt 
and 100 cigarettes are maximum 
amounts. 

Japs Jittery 

Similar reports of Japan's anxiety 
over the coming year reach here 
from travellers recently from Hong- 
kong. Japanese garrisons there and 
elsewhere in South China and 
(Please turn to page 7) 



Money Like Confetti 
Is Shanghai Report 

(From the Chungking • Edition, Shanghai 

Evening Post and Mercury) 

CHUNGKING— Here’s the lat- 
est on the Shanghai picture as 
reflected in reports of recent ar- 
rivals: Prices are high though 
not as high as in Chungking. 
There are scarcities of coal and 
rice, and a power shortage. 

Complete and utter confidence 
in an Allied victory — and very 
soon at that — is felt in all quar- 
ters. Even the Japanese are be- 
ginning to exhibit considerable 
uneasiness. 

Almost no shipping at present. 
Wild night life prevailing, money 
being scattered like confetti, 
since no one has any confidence 
in it. 



Pyge Two 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, January, Ilf, 19 If If 



CffOP sutrS 



Bette Richardson has returned to 
New York and is at the George 
Washington Hotel. 

C. W. Smith, formerly with the 
Shanghai Power Co. is now in 
Kuraby, Queensland, Australia. 

Hal P. Mills is to be discharged 
from Hines Hospital, 111., Jan. 15 
and hopes to re-enter newspaper 
work in New Orleans. 

The Chinese Government has ap- 
pointed T, T. Li special envoy to 
attend the 100th anniversary of the 
founding of the Dominican Repub- 
lic. 

■‘Bob" Izumi. formerly of Sautelle, 
Calif,, became what is believed to 
be the first Nisei accepted as a 
Civil Air Patrol cadet when he was 
enrolled in Des Moines recently. 

Helen W. Gould left New York 
this week for San Francisco where 
she will continue her work for 
American International Underwrit- 
ers at 340 Pine St. 

A. E. Johnson, formerly with 
Asiatic Petroleum Co., Shanghai, is 
interned in Pootung. His wife, Mrs. 
Florence Johnson, and their two 
children are in Sydney, Australia. 

Current issues of the Shanghai 
Evening Post and Mercury, Amer- 
ican Edition, may be purchased at 
the United Nation Store, 146 Fourth 
St., San Francisco 3, Calif. 

The A. Brock Parks started the 
New Year auspiciously by becom- 
ing parents, in New York, of 7%- 
pound Susan Charlotte Parks 

“Ed” Miller, for many years rep- 
resenting Eli Lilly in the Far East, 
with headquarters in Shanghai, has 
been transferred from San Fran- 
cisco 1 to Indianapolis. 

Koreans of Hawaii honored Fr. 
Noah Cho on the anniversary re- 
cently of his 20th year as head of 
the Korean St. Luke's Episcopal 
Church in Honolulu. 

Mrs. George Flynn, whose hus- 
band is in India, lives with her 
ijour children at 431 Second St., 
Manhattan Beach, Calif., telephone 
Kedondo 3775. 

J | Mrs. W. R. L. Best, formerly of 
Manila and Shanghai, is presently 
Visiting Mr. and Mrs. B. H. Blaisdell 
in Boston and expects to return to 
California shortly. 

|: Mrs. MabeJ S. Geibel has received 
a cable from “Rod” a nd “Peg" 
— 3Pa i ke r—expL essTfig besnCnristmas 
Wishes but the message contained 
fio hint as to point of origin. They 
may be in Chungking, however. 

! Lt. Col. R. L. Evans, is now Dep- 
uty Electrical Commissioner for In- 
dia, and is stationed in Calcutta. He 
^as formerly with the Shanghai 
Power Co. Mrs. Evans lives in 
West Hill, Ont., Canada. 

Marjorie McKillop, formerly of 
PUMC and in late years teaching 
in Turkey, reports that she is doing 
certain overseas duties and may be 
reached c/o Military Attache, APO 
7B7, New York City. 

! Two basketball teams represent- 
ing the Japanese-American Young 
People's Christian Federation of 
New York are entered in the 
.Olyurch of All Nations basketball 
league in New York this season, 
j More than 300 United Nations 
Service members attended the New 
gear’s party given at the Victory 
House in Chungking by the Chi- 
nlese-American Institute of Cultural 
Relations. 

1 Thirty members of the China 
Philharmonic Orchestra have left 
Chungking by bus for a visit to 
dhengtu, the Chinese News Ser- 
vice reported this week. The or- 
chestra will give seven concerts in 
the Szechuen capital. 

| The China Council in Berkeley 
met this week at the International 
House. Members discussed housing 




He that takes medicine and neg- 
lects to diet himself, wastes the 
skill of tire physician. 

Chinese Proverb. 



problems faced by Chinese resi- 
dents in the San Francisco Bay 
area. Julean Arnold, chairman of 
the Council, presided. 

Miss Beatrice Coyle, formerly of 
Shanghai and Manila, was married 
to Percy Shelley Widdup last month 
at the Little Church Around the 
Corner in New York City. The 
couple are at present staying on 
Normandy Isle, Miami Beach. 

J. G. Esparza has been appoint- 
ed by the Mexican Government to 
be the first Mexican Ambassador 
to China, it was learned in diplo- 
matic circles in Chungking this 
week, according to the Chinese 
News Service. 

The Ernest Hayes of Associated 
Mission Treasurers and SAS have 
left the south for Annandale-on- 
Hudson, where Ernest is business 
manager for Bard College. Doro- 
thy says they have a sweet little 
cottage in the center of an apple 
orchard. 

Reported from Palos Verdes is 
the “Ed” Pawley family, back from 
India and Burma where Interconti- 
nent Aviation carries on as Banga- 
lore Aircraft. “Bill” Pawley is out 
India-way now but expected home 
in July when "Ed” will probably 
go back. 

— Sr-dii'esler, formerly proprietor of 
a chain of restaurants known as 
Victoria Cafes, in Harbin, Dairen, 
Mukden, Tientsin and Shanghai, is 
now engaged in manufacturing con- 
fectioneries in San Francisco, 
where he and Mrs. Bresler are liv- 
ing. 

Miss Maude Russell, formerly 
general secretary of the YWCA in 
China, is paying the West her first 
visit since returning from Free 
China. She was the guest of honor 
at a dinner given by the Chinese 
YWCA at the Far East Cafe in 
San Francisco on Jan. 10. 

Chiang Chhxg Kuo. eldest son of 
President Chiang Kai-shek, has re- 
turned to Kanchow after a pro- 
longed visit to Chungking, the Chi- 
nese News Service reports. He will 
proceed shortly to Taiho to assume 
his new office as a member of the 
Kiangsi Provisional Government. 

The Border Education Committee 
of the Chinese Ministry of Educa- 
tion was to hold a two-day meeting 
in Chungking late this week, the 
Chinese News Service reported. The 
Committee has 34 members with 
Chen Li-fu, minister of education, 
as chaiiman. 

Former Ambassador Joseph C. 
Grew will present a report on 
Japan at a forum of the New York 
Newspaper Women’s Club Jan. 23. 
Mrs. Ogden Reid will preside, and 
Quentin Reynolds, Sigrid Schultz 



Jark Smith Hailed in China 
For Pioneering in Insurance 



. CHUNGKING (By Radio)— “Jack” 
Smith left Chungking this week for 
t^ie U. S.. and the day before his 
departure his friends told him 
gOodbye. He said in reply that it 
was an revow because he intended 
t 4 > be back here soon. 

[At a tea' party. “Jack” was feted 
by scores of past and present em- 
ployees of the American Asiatic 
underwriters who lauded him as 
the man who had taught them in- 
surance. Some are now heads of 
insurance firms or of insurance de- 
partments of big concerns while 
others are executives of Chinese 
banks. All of them said they owed 
their success in life to the training 
they had received from "Jack." The 
party ended with a group photo- 



graph that those present asked 
Jack to take back to New York 
with him and to hang on the wall 
in the AAU office. 

Later that evening “Jack” was 
guest of honor at a dinner given 
by executives of insurance com- 
panies here at which C. C. Wang, 
former Ambassador to the United 
States, was the principal speaker 
and in which he referred to “Jack" 
as “the father of insurance in 
China.” 

Mr. Wang bemoaned the fact that 
in the past British and Swiss com- 
panies had been more active in the 
China insux-ance field than Amer- 
ican and asked “Jack" to get to 
work on the problem. He said he 
would, and that that was one of 
the chief reasons for his trip. 

"I'll be back though," he prom- 
ised. 



and Ann O’Hare McCormick will 
give reports on other enemy na- 
tions. 

Stanley F. Howard, who was for 
many years manager of the Amer- 
ican Express Co. in Peiping, is now 
with the American Express ~ 
Portland, Ore. He and Mis. How- 
ard lived at the Fraud Hotel des 
Wagon-Lits in Peiping and 
live at 2015 NE 28th Ave., Port- 
land. 

Janet Casse, for a number 
years a resident of China, is chair- 
man of the Pasadena Chapter of 
the East and West Assn. She will 
speak on Jan. 28 at a benefit in 
Pasadena for China Relief. She 
would like her Shanghai friends to 
know that she is at 454 Ford Place, 
Pasadena 4. Calif. 

Donald Kim, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Paik Soo Kim of Honolulu, has 
joined the U. S. Merchant Marine. 
The elder Mr. Kim is president of 
the Hawaii Music Co. and the son 
was formerly sales manager. He 
has a wife and two children, and is 
a leading figure in the Korean com- 
munity in Hawaii. 

A Chinese consulate was formally 
opened at Willemstad, Dutch West 
Indies, on Jan. 3. The Chinese 
Government last year appointed 
Shih Chao-pai consul at Willemstad 
to make preparations for the estab- 
lishment of the consulate at the 
quest of several thousand Chinese 
residents there. 

A new Chinese language monthly 
magazine, devoted to the promotion 
of the constitutional movement ii 
China, has been established ii 
Chungking. It is called Hsien Cheng 
Yueh Kan (A Monthly Journal on 
Constitutionalism). Huang Yen- 
pei is publisher, and Chang Chih- 
jang is editor. 

Miss Julia Junkin Bradley 
married to Lewis Alexander Robin- 
son, of Glade Spring. Va„ last 
month. Mi's. Robinson is the daugh- 
ter of the late Dr. J. W. Bradley 
and Agnes J. Bradley, who were 
for many years missionaries in 
China. The ceremony was per- 
formed by Dr. Hugh S. Bradley. 

Han Li Wu, member of the 
People's Political Council, has ar- 
rived in Edinburgh, Scotland, 
cording to a Reuter’s dispatch this 
week. He was quoted as saying 
that if Asiatic peace were to be 
maintained in the future, it would 
involve forceful occupation of 
Japan by armed forces of the 
United Nations for a long time. ' 

Shortage of food, caused by 
drought at transplanting time and 
two typhoon* just before- hai vest 
time, is one of the major problems 
in China, writes Dr. John Davies 
from East China. “Even in good 
seasons China needs to import rice 
from ports farther south so now. 
with the blockade and crop failure, 
the rice shortage is unusually 
acute. Another problem is a wide- 
spread plague epidemic. There are 
noisy idol pi'ocessions in the city 
day and night to drive out the 
plague demons but there is little 
effort by the government regarding 
rat extermination and vaccination," 
Dr. Davies says. 



Mine. Wei, Gay and Tireless, 
Outstanding Capital Figure 



Maungdaw Taken 
By Allied Troops 

Allied troops, crossing into west- 
ern Burma in possible preparation 
for a major offensive, have cap- 
tured Maungdaw, 55 miles above 
the Burmese port of Akvab, and are 
driving on down the Mayu Penin- 
sula in the face of heavy Japa- 
nese opposition, Adml. Louis' Mount- 
batten's headquarters announced 
this week. 

“West of the Mayu range." the 
communique added, “our troops 
continued to advance against en- 
emy opposition, capturing a number 
of strong points. On the central 
part of the front (in the Chin hills 
of northern Burma) our troops 
made similar advances." 

Second Formosa Bombing 
The Tokyo Radio reported late 
this week that China-based bomb- 
ers, presumably American, had 
blasted two points on the west 
coast of Formosa. It was the sec- 
ond such raid of the war. 

Only 377 Jap Prisoners 
Thousands of Japanese have been 
killed but only 377 have been taken 
prisoner by American forces in two 
yeax-s of jungle, beach and tundra 
warfare. Robert P. Patterson, Un- 
der-Secretary of War, disclosed last 
week. 

Polish Ace Scores in China 
During the battle for Changteh, 
Maj. Witold Uribanowicz. Polish ace 
and first foreign volunteer to fly 
with Maj. Gen. Chennault’s Eagles, 
shot down two Japanese Zeros, de- 
stroyed 15 Japanese boats on Tung- 
ting Lake, dropped food and ammu- 
nition to the besieged Chinese sol- 
diers in Changteh and escorted a 
bomber. 



By ERXA CARSON 
WASHINGTON— Mine. Wei Tao- 
ming, attractive, brilliant wife of 
the Chinese Ambassador, has been 
one of the outstanding women of 
Washington since she came here 
with her husband about two and a 
half years ago. 

One wet afternoon last spring, 
many Far Easterners met at a tea 
party at which Mme. Wei was 
honor guest. When she came, she 
entered the room swiftly, brushed 
the rain from her coat, looked 
around her and laughed in thor- 
ough enjoyment. “I like this,” she 
said. 

The hostess attempted several 
times to introduce her to the more 
prominent men and women, but 
Mme. Wei had recognized some one 
she knew on the other side of the 
room, and her voice, deep and 
warm, came back, "It has been 

many years ." The hostess 

shrugged her shoulders in amused 
despair. “I suppose we may 
let her go her own way.” 

Friendly Personality 
Mime. Wei stopped to read the 
title of a book. She scanned a pic- 
ture on the wall. And in passing 
the tea table, she took a cookie 
from the cookie plate. When she 
returned to her hostess, 9he folded 
her arms in a manner sedate and 
smiled with unstudied poise, a 
pleased to be there. But she 
not in repose very long. Some 
else she knew had just stepped 
through the doorway! 

This casual glance at Mme. Wei 
shows so clearly some of her domi- 
nant characteristics. She is gay, 
friendly, and charming. She is un- 
conventional. She is unaffected. 
It was such a natural thing to do, 
to snatch a cookie from a loaded 
tea table. 

One bright afternoon last sum- 
mer, Mme. Wei entertained a large 
group of church women. Her eyes 
had that wan, disillusioned look 
which only a bad cold can produce. 
Some one explained, “Mme Wei 
has been ill. She tumbled out of 
sickbed to come here and she has 
been standing in the reception line 
for more than an hour.” 

This engagement had been of 
long standing, so. despite hi 
ness, Mme. Wei wanted to make 
her guests feel welcome 
The event brought to light two 
more characteristics of Mme. Wei's 
dynamic personality — an honest in- 
terest in people, and a deep sense 
of obligation to the country ‘in 
which she lives. Mme. Wei works 
hard for the Washington Commu- 
nity Fund; gives generously of 
both time and money to other 
civic enterprises. She is forever 
loaning the embassy mansion to lor 
cal groups. 

She Carried Bomb 
It is inevitable that a Chinese 
girl who rebelled at having hex- 
feet bound, who refused to marry 
a man she didn’t know, who 
secretly carried bombs from Tient- 
sin to Peking for the_cause of the 
Chinese Republic, should develop 
into a woman of international 
fame. 

She was the first woman lawyer 
i China . . . the first Chinese of 
either sex to serve on the French 
mixed court ... a representative 
of her country at the Peace Con- 
ference . . . the only woman mem- 
ber of the Commission that drew 
up China’s nefa legal code . . . 
the first woman in the Legislative 
Yuan. 

The story of Mme. Wei is inter- 
oven with the story of China. 
She was Soumay Tcheng, a mem- 
ber of a large aristocratic family 
in South China. 

Soumay was alert on political 
problems and soon formed hex- 
own opinions on affairs of state. 
She resented fiercely the wicked- 
and injustice of the old rule 
and she took an active part in the 
Chinese revolution to overthrow 
the Manchu Government. 

■For years she advocated west- 




Mme. Wei Tao-ming 

ern training and education for 
Chinese girls, so they might bring 
new ideas back to their country- 
She, herself, studied at the Sor- 
bonne and received her degree, 
Doctor of Law, at the University 
of Paris. She tx-avelied 19 times 
from China to the western world 
and each time, upon her return, 
she went throughout the country- 
side telling her people about other 
parts of the world. 

Twin Oaks Estate 

In Washington, Mme. Wei lives 
at Twin Oaks, a large, rolling 
estate with a large, rambling 
house in the background. She is 
a gracious hostess, and has had 
many house guests from China, in- 
cluding Mme. Chiang Kai-shek, for 
whom she has great admiration. 

She likes Amexnca very much 
and says. “I am very happy about 
the warm friendship of the Amer- 
ican people for China." She has 
written a number of books and 
recently her “Girl From China" 
appeared in revised form as “My 
Revolutionary Years.” 



Lady C ripps Greets 
Chinese Mission 

Members of the Chinese Mission, 
now touring British war industries, 
were entertained at luncheon in 
London early in January by the 
Committee of the British United 
Aid to China Fund. Lady Cripps, 
president of the Fund, wao presid- 
ed, said the visit marked an epoch 
the progress of the Fund be- 
cause it provided a closer and more 
personal bond with China. 

Han Li-wu, a Mission delegate, 
-eplied that the Mission had re- 
ceived eye-witness proof of the 
great interest in China which the 
Fund has aroused among various 
sections of the British public in 
London and the provinces. The 
value of the Fund was not only the 
immediate financial help it pro- 
vided but the promotion of future 
undei-standing and goodwill in An- 
glo'-Chiaese relations. 

Earlier, King George received the 
Mission at Buckingham Palace. 



Read Held as Pre-war 
Jap Propaganda Agent 

Corp. Arthur Clifford Read, of 
the U. S. Army, who fought in the 
Chinese Army as a brigadier gen- 
eral. was held in New York last 
week under $10,000 bail on Federal 
Bureau of Investigation charges 
that he was a secret propaganda 
agent of Japan until three days 
after Pearl Harbor, 



ELMOOICtaWi 




Active Representation 
throughout South America 

EXPORTERS ❖ IMPORTERS 
SALES AGENTS 

50 CHURCH STREET 
New York City 




Bar & Restaurant 
Chinese Food As 
Prepared In China 

Plan Your Dinner 
Parties in Advance 

UPTOWN DOWNTOWN 

150 W. 52d St. 220 Canal St. 
New York New York 

Circle 6-2123 WOrth 2-6850 



Friday , January lfy, 191/lf 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Three 




Reunion by Christmas 
brought Far Easterners all over 
the world into touch with each 
other. 

“The Turks have a word for it," 
hails Mayelle Byrd from the Ameri- 
can Embassy in Ankara, “Bayra- 
miniz Tebrik Ederim.” Consuelo and 
daughter "Billie” Smith greet one 
with a “Feliz Navidad” from Mex- 
ico City. “Seen en V oorspoed" says 
Florence Sherriff of St. John’s Uni- 
versity, Shanghai, on a card which 
she picked up in Port Elizabeth. 
Travel certainly enlarges the 
vocabulary, 
s Some greetings 
| are real news let- 
| ters. Dr. Luther 
\ Freeman, former 
I pastor of Commun- 
i ity Church, Shang- 
| hai, sends a partic- 
\ ularly happy ptc- 
\ ture of himself and 
I Mrs. Freeman in 
| front of their fire- 
1 place. In his chron- 
icle of the year he 
mentions serving 
interim pastor 
1 of First Church in 
Long Beach during 
May and as supply 
for the Oneonta Church in South 
Pasadena in August. His son Mans- 
field and wife, of New York, were 
with them in Pomona for Christ- 
mas this year. 

The W. W. Peters from New 
Haven where Dr. Peter is professor 
of public health in the Yale School 
of Medicine, report daughter Jane 
and husband, Robert M. Coffin, 
also daughter Deborah, at Arling- 
ton, Va.; son Hollis in the Medical 
Replacement Training Battalion at 
Camp Grant, 111., with wife and 
son in Alexandria, Va., and daugh- 
ter Margaret with husband, S. S. 
Ashelman, Jr., and two sons in 
Media. Pa. 

C. A. ("Jake”) Jacobus writes 
from “somewhere” in the northavest 
of Army and Navy work as field 
' - .t.he jytilitary and 




Ruth Benedict 



Naval welfare service of the Amer- 
ican Red Gioss. 

Mary Oliver Bride 
Holiday festivities tied up with 
repatriation and lately returned 
Far Easterners provided special ex- 
citement for many parties. Take 
Mary Oliver’s marriage to Earl 
Corliss in Los Angeles. She was 
featured as the daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. Jay C. Oliver who re- 
turned on the Gripsholm after 25 
years of service in China with the 
YMCA. Incidentally, she was vice 
president of the Associated Women 
Students at the University of 
Southern California and leader in 
various collegiate activities. The 
-bridegroom was a prominent USC 
student and is now in the medical 
detachment of the aircraft artillery. 

To welcome his sister Jane and 
her husband, Howard Rieber, just 
back from Panama, William Rich- 
ardson tossed a cocktail party 
which lived up to the most exact- 
ing Far Eastern requirements in 
drinks, small chow and lively chit- 
chat. Ralph Schilling represented 
the Gripsholm and a surprising 
proportion of the guests had visited 
the Orient in round the world trip- 
pings. 

Daddy and Mother (C. M.) Camp- 
bell, down from Woodland, Calif, 
to holiday in Long Beach with 
Junior Campbell and the Walter 
McCanns were nabbed when 
Los Angeles for a day by Polly 
Markham for one of her mulled 
wine parties. Gripsholmites present 
were Morley Reid and Ralph 
Schilling with their wives. Other 
Shanghailanders were the Dan 
Gholsons, Mesdames Aldrich Bar- 
ton. R. W. Davis. Sophie Hamilton- 
Hubbard, and the “Ed” Vongehr: 
represented Hankow. 

The Vongehrs and their daughter 
Mrs. Charles Owen, gave a New 
Year's tea, their GHpsholm guest 
being J. J. Brenneman, hide and 
leather exporter of China, who was 



there with his wife, Other guests 
e Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Krisel 
and Mrs. Max Friedman from 
Shanghai and airs. Sarah Cox Sims 
from Kobe. 

Mrs. Hewlett-Smith’s intimate 
little tiffin for Mrs. Ronald Wal- 
lace, just back from Santo Tomas 
and visiting in Los Angeles her 
niece. Mrs. Dorothy Newell, who 
was her houseguest in Shanghai 
in ’36, was a jolly party, remark- 
able for the amount of information 
disseminated. Guests fired ques- 
tions at Clarissa about people in 
Manila and on the Gripsholm until 
any one less informed and sympa- 
thetic would have quailed. 

Among those present were Mrs. 
Reginald Walker, of Hongkong; 
Mrs. Frank Baldwin, of Manila; 
Mi’s. L. D. Gholson of Shanghai 
and Mrs. Newell. Mrs. Wallace has 
now left for a -visit in Vancouver, 
after which she will return to work 
with the American President Lines 
with which company she has been 
associated for years. 

Our Educators 

At tea with Dr. and Mrs. Han Yu- 
shan. formerly of St. John’s Uni- 
versity. Shanghai, were Miss Beth 
Mason, formerly of Peiping, niece 
of Dr. Freeman of Pomona, and 
Miss Kathryn B. Felt, also ex-Peip- 
ing, where she was principal of 
the Boys Higher Primary School. 
She went out for a year to visit 
her brother Carl, who founded Pek- 
ing Theological Seminary, remained 
five years and was then invited 
to become a regular member of 
the Methodist Mission. Dr, and 
Mrs. Carl Felt are now in Madison, 
N. J.; Carl Jr. is in the Army and 
daughter Mildred is married. 

Another of the tea guests was 
Miss Myrth Bartlett who taught 
English and art in the Hui Wen 
Academy of Hua Nan College, Foo- 
chow. She is the author of “By the 
Bridge of a Thousand Ages," the 
life and adventures of Ling-San, a 
Foochow lad. 

At this same tea was displayed 
another charming book, “Human 
Harvest,” poems by Hazel Little- 
field Smith, its proceeds dedicated 
to China relief. She is the wife of 
Dr. Dennis V. Smith and they were 
former residents of China, now liv- 
ing in Palos Verdes. Dr. Smith 
practices as eye-specialist in Long 
Beach. 

At the Krisels 

A holiday tea-table at the Alex- 
ander Krisels in Beverly Hills 
brought together amongst others 
the Shanghai lawyer, F. J. Schul 
and Mrs. Schul, Mi'. Goodman, film 
distributor of Shanghai and Mrs. 
Goodman, and her mother, Mrs. 
Goldman. 

Mr. Krisel first went out to China 
for the State Department, was 
Mixed Court Assessor 1914-18, then 
returned to the States, was sent, 
back to China as U. S. Commisioner 
1928-34, after which he practiced 
law in Shanghai till '37. 

The three Krisel boys, all former 
SAS students, are now in the serv- 
ices. Lionel, commissioned as en- 
sign at Annapolis in April '41, is 
now a lieutenant and has just re- 
turned after 20 months in the 
southwest Pacific, where he was 
for part of the time in command 
of a net-tender, one of the small 
anti-submarine boats protecting 
larger ships. Transferred to the 
Atlantic Coast, he had a fortnight’s 
furlough at home on his way east. 

Henry Krisel is a naval reserve 
cadet in USC and expects his com- 
mission some time this year. Wil- 
liam, the youngest, is in an Army 
specialized training unit at Pomona 
College, majoring in the study of 
the Chinese language. 

Messages from Over There 

Gripsholmites bring back news on 
j the whole reassuring, as for exam- 
( pie the message from Miss Jacque- 
line Plummer who was with the Dol- 
lar Co. Shanghai and later with the 
Marsman Co. in Manila. She says 
she is in good health and getting 
along "as well as can be be expect- 



ed within the confines of our old 
alma mater, the University of Santo 
Tomas." Othei's reported well in 
the same camp are Mrs. Helen 
Cutting and Miss "Sandy” MacDqn- 
old, both old-time Shanghailanders. 

The Kenneth Irles of Shanghai 
brought further news of Jeanne 
Perkins, formerly of the Foreign 
YW, and her husband, H. J. von 
Hengel, who were in their camp at 
Chapei. Both are worknig hard, 
they say, he as sanitary engineer 
drepair ma nand she in charge 
of directing women’s Work. They 
have had some illness but have 
kept fairly well and cheerful al- 
ways. The Irles are expected on 
the West Coast soon. 

George Fryer, superintendent of 
the School for the Chinese Blind, 
reported as still carrying on 
work in Hungjao Road with 
his daughter Roberta. 

Who Was It? 

■Waiting for a bus, which is what 
re does most of the time these 
days, your Far East Reporter so- 
laced herself with the last issue 
of the Shanghai Evening Post. A 
man who was also waiting caught 
sight of the old familiar masthead 
and asked “Didja get that paper 
from Shanghai?” 

‘Published in New York," replied 
your reporter. “Do you know 
Shanghai ?” 

“Know it, lady? Do I, know it? 
Can I buy this paper at the news- 
stands?” 

Take this,” urged your gener- 
> reporter. “Compliments of the 
Post. Only $2 a year.” 

His bus was champing at the 
bit. He jumped aboard waving the 
paper joyously and calling back 
thanks. Had your reporter thought 
quicker she would have boarded 
the same bus and extracted a news 
item. 

However, anyone who knew 
Shanghai so well will certainly be 
subscriber by this time, so how's 
for a PERSONAL: Will the gentle- 
man who received Shanghai Eve- 
ning Post at corner Vermont and 
Monroe, please forward name, dates 
of residence in Far East, business 
connections, present occupation and 
similar items of interest to Far 
West Reporter, 201 No. Rampart 
Blvd., Los Angeles 26. 



Investment Adviser 

Complete Investment and Brokerage Service 

GEORGE 1*1. BARNES 

(Formerly with I. B. C. * N. C. B. London, China, Japan) 

647 SO. SPRING STREET 
LOS ANGELES, CALIF. — TEL. TRINITY 4911 
Inquiries by mail invited 

• 

Direct private wire to New York 
Representing WYETH & CO. (Established 1S931 

NEW YORK — PASADENA — BEVERLY HILLS — SAN DIEGO 



McCarthy Is Among 
East-West Speakers 

George McCarthy, Gripsholm re- 
patriate, formerly with the Dollar 
Line in Shanghai, related his ex- 
pei'iences as a prisoner for two 
rs in Manila at a meeting last 
Saturday of the East and West 
Assn.'s Pasadena Chapter. 

Other speakers included Mr. Hen- 
ley of the American Friends Com- 
mittee and Hei-man Hagedorn, who 
was recently appointed to handle 
the Association’s work in Los An- 
geles. 

The Pasadena Chapter meets 
monthly at 175 No. Los Robles. 



Receive Chinese Army Commissions 




Consul General Dr. Yu Tsune-ehi presents first lieutenant com- 
missions to five staff members of the Chinese Blood Bank in New York 
City, who will leave shortly for Yunnan Province. Left to right: Jean, 
Chum Liu, Dr. Luetta Chen, Adet Lin, Betty Eng and Ruth Derr. 



5 Chinese Women 
Become Officers 

After numerous delays Miss Adet 
Lin, daughter of Dr. Lin Yutang, 
should leave for India and China 
within a matter of hours of the 
time this appears in print. 

Miss Lin, a staff member of the 
Chinese Blood Bank, was commis- 
sioned a first lieutenant in the Chi- 
nese Army Medical Service this 
week and is headed for Yunnan 
Province. There she, with four 
other young women likewise com- 
missioned, will set up a blood bank 
at the request of Lt. Gen. Joseph 
W. Stilwell. 

In the absence of appropi'iate 
Chinese Army uniforms the five 
women will wear olive drab supplied 
by the Army of the United States. 
They differ in those issued to the 
Wacs in that the cap insignia is a 
white star on a blue field. 

Those commissioned were, in ad- 
dition to Miss Lin, Dr. Luetta 
Chem, Miss Betty Eng, Mrs. Jean 
Chun Liu and Miss Ruth Derr, an 
American born 

Meanwhile Lt. Lin’s distinguished 
author-father, who left Chungking 
last Dec. 19 and stopped off in 
Kunming for what was to have 
been a brief stay before proceed- 
ing on to meet his daughter in Cal- 
cutta, has reversed his direction 
and flown to Kweilin where he is 
to stay until some time in Feb- 
ruary. Then he will take the jour 
,ney as planned, and after seeing 
Lt. Lin, he will probably browse 

•ound India long enough to gather 



material for a book, then fly on to 
America and write it along with 
much based on material from his 
present China visit. 



HONGKONG-CANTON RAILWAY 
The Berlin Radio, broadcasting 
a dispatch from Shanghai, said that 
l'ail traffic between Hongkong arid 
Canton, in southern China, was re- 
opened at the end of September 
after having been halted six years, 
press dispatches reported this week. 



When writing old friends of the 
Far East, tell them about the 
Shanghai Evening Post and Mer- 
cury, American Edition. 




Sound American Insurance 
Protection for Risks Abroad 

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Page Four 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, January, l! h 19 kk 



AMERICAN EDITION 

®l;t S^angiiai fciipnittg ipoat 
anil iBrrntrg 

Published weekly by the Post-Mercury Co., Inc... 
101 5th Ave., New York 3, N. Y. Tel. ALgonquin 4-4300 
Cornelius V. Starr, President 



Randall Gould, Editor 
Henry Cavendish, News Editor 



Earl H. Leaf, Associate Editor 
F. b; Opper, Associate Editor 
Editor Chungking Edition 



Subscription rate, $3 
rates on application 
U.ass matter Mar. 2; 
New York, under the 
rerponsibility for ret>- 



i year postpaid ; 10c a copy. Advertising 
to Business Manager. Entered as Second 
, 1943, at the Post Office at New York, 
let of Mar. 3, 1879. The Editor assumes no 
n of or payment for unsolicited manuscript. 



The Hang-Hirohito Movement 

It can hardly have been the notable success we 
scored in "reforming” Germany that inspires so 
much assurance that we can settle Japan's hash 
permanently by a Hang-the-Kaiser program di- 
rected at Hirohito. 

Nevertheless, dissent is not lacking against the 
official United Nations line toward the Japanese 
imperial house. By endorsing that line in a speech 
at Chicago Dec. 29, former Ambassador Grew only 
stirred new objection. 

Last Sunday's PM, published in New York City, 
devoted a double spread to an article headed: 
“Warmaker-Profiteer Hirohito Gets Support From 
Allied Groups As Japan's Postwar Leader.” In 
this Ramon Lavalle. an Argentine diplomat who 
was in Tokyo through 1942, assails the theory of 
survival of the Japanese imperial house as boding 
no good for “the fight we are making for a demo- 
cratic world.” He quotes Mr. Grew as saying that 
Shinto and its emperor-worship can become an as- 
set if freed from military power, and the London 
journalist Frederick Kuh as in turn quoting a Brit- 
ish expert on Par Eastern affairs to the effect 
that "any British government would normally dis- 
like as radical a disturbance of the status quo as 
the substitution of an unstable republic for the 
present throne in Japan." 

The issue is in essence whether it is for the best 
interest of the expected victors, Japan's present 
opponents, to conserve and try to use to their own 
purposes an important instrument of powers in 
Japan. That of course carries with it a presump- 
tion that this power (the Japanese throne) can be 
so used. 

We are inclined to think that the most that can 
be said of an y theory .of- cocsew 



Indiana, Mr. Keenan went out to toil for a quarter- 
century in developing what became the largest 
steel plant in the British Empire. 

Not the least of American contributions in this 
work was a thing rather punishing to our national 
pride. It is said that though Jamshedjee Tata 
picked American steel men for what they had to 
give him, he concluded that the hovels of America’s 
steel towns were nothing for India to pattern after 
— so he went home and built a town as much un- 
like them as possible, with wide streets, lawns, 
gardens and parks. But at any rate Mr. Keenan 
and his associates did help to make all this. That is 
a matter for pride, as some parts of our home 
example are not. 



Sir Anthony George 

“Tony” George, who died' a suicide in Boston last 
Sunday, was a true war casualty. There can be no 
doubt that his act was a direct result of depression 
arising from his experiences in Shanghai where, as 
British consul general, he went through the first 
eight months of the hostilities with Japan. Before 
repatriation he contracted illness which unques- 
tionably was a major factor in the ultimate 
tragedy. What we said on "Readjustment,” in the 
Post's Gripsholm extra edition, applied to those who 
went home earlier as well as to the even less for- 
tunate folk who had to await a second repatriation. 

Sir Anthony Hastings George, K.C.M.G., to give 
him his full formal title, had had a distinguished 
career. He started in China as student interpreter 
in 1908 and during the course of 34 years’ service 
he served at consulates in Hankow, Nanking, 
Shanghai, Peiping, Tientsin and elsewhere. . Dec- 
orated in 1938, he was made a knight last spring. 
At the time of his death he was still relatively 
young, 58, and in active service as consul general 
at Boston. 

We need not here stress the sense of loss which 
his many friends feel, or the deprivation which his 
passing means not only personally but because of 
the termination of work always directed to the best 
interests of oth^r Countries as well as Britain (for 



The Tokyo f 



leivpoint 



use the emperor is that it might lead to results. 
There is no proof at this time that it certainly 
could. The whole situation is full of imponderables 
but oh a few points there is fairly general agree- 
ment. One is that the Japanese throne is an ex- 
tremely powerful instrument, another is that the 
present emperor is personally of a type which 
might easily lend itself to employment toward 
constructive peaceful ends, and a third is that we 
aren't very proud of our past record in tearing 
down other people's governments and setting up 
our own models. On this last point it should like- 
wise be borne in mind that several countries, them- 
selves having various sorts of governments, are 
involved in defeating Japan (Soviet Russia may be 
added to their number before the end comes) and 
if we have to start from scratch it may be a little 
hard to agree on a model to confer on such Japa- 
nese as then remain. 

We feel it is safe to say that if a war guilt in- 
vestigation gives conclusive proof that Hirohito 
had a personal major responsibility for the tragedy 
that came upon us, his number will be up. But at 
present there is a reasonable doubt on this personal 
guilt. And even if his personal guilt is established 
and puhishment inflicted accordingly, it still might 
be better to conserve the throne. We wouldn't let 
the Japanese have it as a favor to them, in such 
case, but to ourselves if we felt it served our 
purposes. 

Those who would blast away at Hirohito and the 
institution he represents, out of hand, do so on the 
basis cjf a program said to be hard-boiled. But 
there ip nothing more hard-boiled than jiu-jitsu, 
which conquers by employing another's strength to 
his undoing. 



he was international in his friendships and inter- 
ests). If one additional thought may be offered, it 
is that again to remember our duty to show every 
thoughtful consideration to those returned from 
Far East suffering. 



Inconsistent 

Tokyo’s radio revelations are often downright 
fascinating. But there is sometimes a regrettable 
lack of consistency about them. Take for example 
that item in the year-end review which stated that 
“only the old and the weak are given fuel for heat- 
ing purposes” under wartime conditions in Japan. 
From what we conceive to be the Japanese point 
of view, this simply doesn’t make sense. 

Why should the old and weak be given fuel ? 
They contribute nothing to the building of a glor- 
ious New Order in East Asia, In fact, they are a 
drag on it. Tokyo has made amply clear that every 
good Nihon-jin of whatever category, should be 
glad to suffer any hardship, and indeed lay down 
his life for the Empire effort. 

Can the old and the weak, seeing their sons 
mowed down on the battlefield, derive any real 
satisfaction by pampering in this hour of crisis? 
We doubt it. Policy should be film in this as in 
other matters; there should be no compromise. If 
the old and the weak can’t take it now there is very 
little use in giving them help, for things are going 
to be even tougher before long. 




EMPEROR AND SHINTO 

To the Editor: 

Mr. Woodhead’s article on Jan. 7 
piovokes me to take issue with him 
on two points. First as to whether, 
if in fact the Emperor of Japan 
was opposed to going to war with 
the U. S. A. and Britain, this en- 
titles him to be called a “peace- 
seeking ruler to the very end.” Sec- 
ond as to whether Mr. Woodhead 
and Mr. Grew are right in believing 



Americans in India 

India! is usually thought of as an almost exclusive- 
ly British domain. That this idea is far from the 
whole truth is beginning to be realized by a great 
many jjmericans who have had their first taste of 
India because it is now China’s new front dooryard. 
Last aiftumn a bit of readable evidence came off 
the presses in the form of a book called “A Steel 
Man iri India,” by John L. Keenan who was for 
many years general manager of the great Tata 
Steel and Iron Co. of Bombay and Jamshedpur. 

Mr. I^eenan died a few days ago in a U. S. Army 
hospital in China but several other Americans are 
carrying on, in conjunction with Indian capital and 
enterprise, the tremendous work which he did so 
much to" set up. Starting as a blast furnace man in 



More Land For the Nipponese 

A Japanese spokesman is quoted as declaring 
that Japan has no desire for more land in China. 

But Japan is going to have more land in China — 
or, one might put it, less land more permanently. 
In months to come, a great many Japanese are 
likely to take up permanent abode not on, but un- 
der, Chinese soil. 

It is a grim thought, that they who came as con- 
querors seeking to engulf a mighty land should 
settle finally for individual rights to coffin-room. 
But they asked for it, however blindly. 



Whimsical statement by the youthful colonel of 
an American paratroop battalion in the South Pa- 
cific: “When the Japanese run into one of our 
patrols, they quickly lose their social security.” 



WHAT DO YOU THINK? 



CHINA AS A BRIDGE 
(Christian Science Monitor) 

In fundamental respects China is the most nat- 
ural bridge between East and West, between the 
white and yellow races. Her entertainment of de- 
mocratic ideas and the degree of local self-govern- 
ment already developed; her honoring of the student 
as contrasted with Japan's honoring of the warrior; 
the stabilizing influences of her higher concepts of 
family life; her deeper sense of civilization as com- 
pared with the mechanical veneer Japan boasts. 

But above and beyond these is the degree to 
which China has accepted Christianity. The leaven- 
ing effect of Christian teaching and the work of de- 
voted missionaries may prove a greater bond be- 
tween East and West than any political or com- 
mercial influence. 



that Shintoism could become 
constructive factor under a peace- 
seeking ruler.” 

Mr. Woodhead writes as if Japa- 
nese aggression against China did 
not constitute aggression; as if she. 
or the Emperor, could have claimed 
to be "peace-seeking” had they not 
attacked us. Il was the imperialist- 
minded assumption that the con- 
quest and domination of Asiatic 
and African peoples does not 
stitute aggression which led to the 
present world situation and which, 
if persisted in, must lead to bigger 
and better wars in Asia in the fu- 
ture. How can we expect China to 
trust us now, or to cooperate 
us in the future, either politically 
or economically, if we take the line 
that the ruler of Japan was “peace- 
seeking” so long as Japan confined 
her energies to conquering China 
and did now attack the Anglo- 
Saxon Power 
As regards the second point. It 
seems to me a fallacy to believe 
that Japan could retain Shintoism 
and the Imperial absolutism which 
is its essence, and yet become a 
peaceful power. This belief ignores 
the basic political" realities. Imperi- 
al autocracy has survived in Japan 
because Japan has a semi-feudal 
economic and social system, and 
because those who have a vested 
interest in that system know that 
they can preserve it only by main- 
tenance of the myth of the Em- 
peror's divinity. That system makes 
foreign conquest the only solution 
for Japan's perpetual agrarian cri- 
sis and recurring economic crises. 
That system has survived because 
the myth of the Emperor’s divinity 
(Shintoism) constitutes a bulwarl 
against the democratic demand fo; 
self-government and internal re 
forms. 



culiar economic, political and social 
system. Suffice it to say that she 
cannot retain a religion which 
teaches her people that the Em- 
peror is a god who should rule over 
the whole world, and that it is 
blasphemy as well as treason to 
question his absolute authority, and 
yet become a participant in a free 
and peaceful world. 

FRED UTLEY. 

New York City. 



PRES. HARRISON CREW 

To the Editor: 

■epatriate from the Pootung 



internment camp, Shanghai, may I 
refer to a .factual cnci appealing 
on page 6 of your issue of Dec. 31, 
The crew of the President Harrison 
were not repatriated, as stated. 
They are still in the Pootung camp, 
or, a least, were there Sept. 19, 1943. 
I think this deserves correction in 
the interest of accuracy. 

V. R. BUTTS. 

Toronto, Canada. 



■WHO’S WHO’ GOOD IDEA 

To the Editor: 

Again I must express how I ap- 
preciate our good fortune in having- 
such a paper as yours. As soon as 
it arrives all other things cease to 
exist, and I read every word from 
cover to cover. 

I think the compilation of a 
“Who's Who” of Far Eastern old 
time residents by H. G. W. Wood- 
head, C.B.E., a marvellous idea, and 
hope to pui-ohase a copy when it is 
published. 

MRS. R. L. EVANS. 
West Hill, Ont. 



10 YEARS IN HANGCHOW 
To the Editor: 

How do you do it? Every number 
of the Post is equally interesting 
gives news of still more old 
friends and associates from China. 
I never stop till I have devoured 
entire contents, advertisements 
and all, and get more thrills than 



Imperial autocracy is also what 
makes it possible for the Army to 
control all Japanese governments. 
So long as it endures the people of 
Japan cannot acquire political or 
civil liberties or in any way control 
their government. And so long as 
the people are important there 
must always be the danger, and 
usually the probability, of aggres- 
sive elements in the ruling class 
acquiring control of the govern- 



nent. 



The personal character, views and 
desires of the Emperor are of mi- 
nor importance if of any import- 
ance at all. For he too is a pris- 
oner of the system; a puppet or a 
sacred image who acts according to 
the dictates of the most powerful 
wing of the ruling class. Whoever 
"has the Emperor in his keeping” 
rules Japan. 

There is no space here to write 
a complete account of Japan’s pe- ' 



be counted. 

Perhaps my interest is accounted 
for by the fact that I lived in Hang- 
chow for 40 years and knew so 
many of the old timers from 1893 
on, and had a share in seeing a 
mission boarding school of 40 or 50 
ragamuffins grow into the Hang- 
chow Christian College, a coeduca- 
tional institution with nearly a 
thousand students in 1934. 

I am now living at the address 
given below with the family of my 
daughter, Mrs. J. B. Omohundro. 
Mr. Omohundro is also an Old 
China Hand, having been in China 
from 1920 to 1931, residing at dif- 
ferent times in Shanghai, Nanking, 
Hangchow, Peiping and Tientsin. 
Jack, the oldest son, is in the Ma- 
rines somewhere in the South Pa- 
cific. Stuart is in junior high and 
Julianne in the fifth grade. 

There are many Old China Hands 
i this area, particularly in Pasa- 
;na. We can get together on most 
any occasion, and on short notice, 
dozen or more and even 40 or 50 
people all of whom knew °ach 
other in China. 

E. L. MATTOX. 

501 Grove Place, 

Glendale 6, Calif. 



rox. 



Friday, January lk, 1944 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Five 



Far East 
Books 



CHINA HANDBOOK 1937-1943, 
compiled by the Chinese Ministry 
of Information. The Macmillan 
Co., New York. $5. (Publication 
Jan. 18.) 

Since 1912, the one most out- 
standingly valuable source of basic 
material on China has been the an- 
' nual "China Yearbook" edited by a 
Briton — our own Shanghai-now- 
New York columnist H. G. Wood- 
head, C.B.E. Pearl Harbor stopped 
the yearbook and gave Mr. Wood- 
head" a nasty jail experience from 
which he was happily delivered, 
but for repatriation, and of course 
his yearbook could not go on in 
exile from the land he had so long 
and. well recorded. 

The only Chinese-edited work at 
all comparable was the Chinese 
Year Book of the Council of Inter- 
national Affairs. It had its points 
but was not a competitor with the 
Woodhead work. 

A Distinguished Job 
But the China Handbook which 
first came off the press in India 
last summer, and which United 
States publication now makes avail- 
able to an immensely larger circle 
of readers, is a distinguished job 
comparable at all points with the 
China Yearbook. There is resem- 
blance in more than name — even 
the two-column page is strikingly 
similar to the format originally 
chosen by Mr. Woodhead. But it 
is not this reviewer’s feeling that 
a charge of imitation could be fair- 
ly lodged. Only a few weeks ago, 
in Chungking, I raised this point 
with one of the editors of the vol- 
ume and was convinced that the 
similarities were coincidental and 
a result simply of efforts to suit an 
identical purpose. 

To Dr. Hollington K. Tong, Mis- 
souri-educated newspaper 
Vice Minister of Information and 
editor-in-chief of this book, must of 
course go primary credit for its 
many excellences. "Holly” is known 
to thousands of Americans who 
realize how completely it is true 
that here is no figurehead, but 
man who works hard 






nyd ay - 



— t he — 



-ta 



achieve much from little. Advisory 
editors are Dr. Tong's immediate 
assistant H. P. Tseng, Prof. Mau- 
rice E. Votaw who was borrowed 
some years ago from the University 
of Shanghai and somehow never 
was sent back, and Su Kung-ching. 
The members of the editorial board 
are: James Shen, Stanway Cheng, 
Samuel Chao, Chu F,u-sung, Haw- 
thorne Cheng, Fabian Chow, Frank 
Tao and Z. B. Toong. 

Booklets Published First 

In Chungking itself this book has 
been known chiefly from the small 
booklets which were its original 
constituent elements and which 
were along available — and these not 
too readily so — to the ordinary per- 
son. Hardly more than a score of 
the Calucutta. edition flew up "over 
the hump” to the capital, and how 
jealously these have been guarded 
may be imagined. Now the entire 
volume, complete with map, color- 
. plates and even some revisions and 
edditions, conies freely on the 
American market. It must take a 
place on the shelves of everyone 
pretending to any up-to-date knowl- 
edge of China. 

There are about a thousand pages 
divided into 25 chapters including 
treatment of such subjects as the 
Kuomintang (Frank W. Price’s 
translation of the San Min Chu I 
is in this chapter), government 
structure, foreign relations, public 
finance, communications, courts 
and prisons, military affairs, the 
Sino-Japanese hostilities brought to 
the middle of 1943, education and 
research, industry and labor, min- 
eral resources, money and banking, 
agricultural economy, price and 
commodity control, public health 
and medicine, relief activities, for- 
eign missions, Chungking, associa- 
tions and societies, a government 
directory including foreign diplo- 
matic representatives, and a Chi- 
nese Who's Who of tremendous 

Gives Official Story 

It would be false to say that the 
picture of China as given in this 
book is beyond any argument. No 
picture of China is that. We can- 
not look in a National Government 
source for what the ordinary for- 
eigner would regard as adequate 
treatment of the subject of the 
minority political parties, or of in- 
flation, or of the artificial foreign 
exchange rate. But even the sever- 
est critic must admit that this book 
is not "baloney”' in any of its as- 
pects. Where there is question, we 
get the official story, and that is 
fair enough in a book clearly bear- | 



Liang Explains 
New Standards 
; Of Censorship 

It is particularly important, for 
a nation in the process of revolu- 
tion and reconstruction, to set up 
"new standards for freedom of 
speech," according to Minister of 
Information Liang Han-tsao, who 
commented on the twin problem of 
speech and censorship at a foreign 
press conference in Chungking re- 
cently. 

Maintaining that sound public 
opinion can prevail only when the 
■citizens hold common views, he 
reasoned, therefore, that the “guar- 
antee of freedom of speech as pro- 
vided for in modern constitutions 
is not altogether unconditional and 
unrestricted rather the doctrine of 
indirect legal protection of .such 
freedom is generally adopted to 
meet the current requirements of 
the nation.” 

Unfortunate Results 

Citing examples of results achiev- 
ed through censorship, the Infor- 
mation Minister said, according to 
the Chinese News Service: 

"At the beginning of the Battle 
of Shanghai in 1932, owing to the 
inefficiency of censorship, war cor- 
respondents often released dis- 
patches on the conditions at the 
front, giving the exact locations 
and detailed descriptions of mili- 
tary objectives including even the 
commander’s headquarters. Such 
information was undoubtedly of 
great value to the enemy, who was 
thereby enabled to inflict, consider- 
able damage on us through bomb- 
ing. After vigorous censorship was 
enforced such materials for the 
enemy’s intelligence service were 
greatly reduced in quantity. 

"We realize,” he continued, "that 
no system can be perfect or stereo- 
typed. Chinese censorship is, of 
course, no exception. In accordance 
with President Chiang’s instruc- 
tions. the present system has been 
scrupulously examined. 

To Ask Opinions 

"The Ministry of Information will 
solicit the opinions of the cultural 
and press circles regarding the 
amendment of the existing regula- 
-i ^pto re any recommendations 
will be made to "lhe~T3bvernmei 
for enacting a new censorship law 
which is simpler, more concise and 
flexible. 

"We hope that the new censor- 
ship will be observed by the whole 
nation and that a solid foundation 
of constitutional government will 
be laid by promoting the develop- 
ment of sound public opinion.” 



Chinese Engineers Study TV A Project 




Representatives of the Universal Trading Corp., including four engineers, pictured in Tennessee while 
visiting a TVA dam. The Chinese group, headed by S. I). Ren, vice president of Universal Trading, is 
conducting an intensive study of the entire TVA project by way of preparing for some of China's postwar 
reconstruction problems. Left to right: S. Y. Ma, C. II. T’ang, S. D. Ren, P. W. Tsou, U. K. Chan, C. Tsang, 



P. I. Propaganda . 
Backfires on Japs 

Japenese propagandists this week 
tried to give the impression that 
the puppet Philippine Government 
had been "recognized” by the Vati- 
can but the Japanese propaganda 
dispatch itself, as transmitted by 
the Domei Agency, revealed that 
the Vatican had merely acknowl- 
edged receipt of a "communication” 
announcing the "induction” of Pup- 
pet President Jose P. Laurel. Lau- 
rel assumed the presidency of the 
puppet regime on Oct. 14. 

“The newly-born Philippine Re- 
public was recognized by yet an- 
other sovereign state,” the Domei 
Agency declared in English-lan- 
guage wireless dispatches which 
United States Government moni- 
tors intercepted both from Pacific 
and European transmissions. 

President Jose P. Laurel received 
a message from the Vatican,” the 
Domei dispatch added, “expressing 
the sincere thanks of Pope Pius 
XII for receipt of a communication 
on the occasion of the former’s in- 
duction as President of the Repub- 
lic of the Philippines.’*' - 

The "message,” according to 
Domei, was handed the puppet gov- 
ernment by .Monsignor Pugrielmo 
Piani, Apostolic Delegate in the 
Philippines, and was quoted as fol- 

“His Eminence, Cardinal Luigi 
Maglione, Secretary of State of His 
Holiness, through the Apostolic 
Delegate to Japan is given instruc- 
tions to assure Your Excellency 
that the Vatican received your 
generous telegram announcing your 
induction as president of the 
Philippines and to transmit to Your 
Excellency the most sincere thanks 
conditions were excellent. 



ing the Information Ministry im- 
print. 

Dr. Tong and his associates have 
ndeed made an historic contribu- 
tion to knowledge, at a moment 
when it was especially welcome. 
— R. G. 



Chinese Engineers 
Study TVA asModel 

( Continued from page 1) 
culture, in the opinion jf Mr, Ren. 

"Take flood control. If we could 
control floods on our Yellow River, 
it would greatly increase our food 
supply. Development of our pow 
would expand our food processing 
industry. Conservation of soil — 
China must have it if we are to sup- 
port our great and growing popula- 
tion. 'Fertilizers are greatly needed 
in China and they need to be cheap- 
er fertilizers. Forestry conservatii 
— we need it to prevent erosion of 
China’s agricultural lands. 

Several Dams Visited 

"As we see it, private concerns 
cannot carry on useful experiments 
the way TVA is. We find that TVA 
is extending aid to all the county 
farm demonstration agents in 125 
counties of its area as part of its 
agricultural program.” 

The group visited several of the 
TVA dams, powerhouses, 

perimentation stations. 

Since returning to New York, Mr. 
Ren and the Universal Trading 
Corp. engineers have been in con- 
stant touch with various TVA de- 
partments, collecting further mate- 
rials and continuing to obtain in- 
formation. 

"As a Government agency we 
are looking ahead in order to pre- 
pare ourselves,” Mr. Ren empha- 
sized, "for possible postwar pur- 
chasing.” 

After the group’s findings are 
complete a study will be submitted 
to the Chinese Government in 
Chungking in a series of reports. 



3d Exchange Delay 
Held Fault of Japs 

(Continued from, page 1) 
convinced, he said, that half the 
prisoners were Nazi or Fascist at 
heart but they were all being treat- 
ed democratically. 

Awaiting Japan’s Reaction 
Meanwhile, the Shanghai Eve- 
ning Post learned that Washington 
officials were still awaiting Japan’s 
reaction to the recent Spanish in- 
vestigation of Japanese internment 
camps in this country. The inves- 
tigation, demanded by Japan be- 
fore any further repatriation talks, 
were conducted, revaeled that camp 
conditions were excellent. 

As far as the Post could deter- 
mine, no additional progress has 
been made in plans for a second 
British repatriation. 

Dr. Lipphard said he was confi- 
dent, as a result of his tour, that 
the firm yet just attitude shown by 
Amei'ican authorities in handling 
the problems of prison camps would 
go a long way toward inculcating a 
lasting spirit of democrary in those 
who have known nothing but to- 
talitarism. 

Books Reach Prisoners 
At the same time the War Pris- 
oners Aid of the Y/MCA at 347 Mad- 
ison Ave. announced that at least 
two groups of Allied military pris- 
oners of war in Japan have re- 
ceived and are making good use of 
books and musical instruments for 
them in the Far East. 

Royal Scots imprisoned at Osaka 
said the music has "enlivened many 
dull hours.” A group of Netherlands 
prisoners near Kobe said that 
‘reading is our only entertain- 
ment." 

War Prisoners Aid officials 



thought it probable that if ship- 
ments had reached these two camps 
deliveries were also being made to 
other camps in Japan. 



REMAINS IN JAPAN 

Miss Sarah M. Couch, a mission- 
ary in Japan for the Reformed 
Church in America, is still there 
and has elected to remain, accord- 
ing to the Board of Foreign Mis- 
sions. She is confined in the Sumire 
camp near Tokyo. 



Max Polin Returns 
From Kunming Trip 

Max Polin, veteran Old China 
Hand formerly in the oil business 
at Shanghai and also a CNAC di- 
rector, has just returned by air 
from China after several months 
in Kunming as head of the air 
transport office maintained there 
by the Foreign Economic Adminis- 
tration. 

Mr- Polin reports that the Chi- 



nese are beginning to feel grateful 
over recent considerable increases 
in incoming cargo, brought by the 
"Burma Road of the air” jointly 
maintained by the U. S. Army Air 
Transport Service and CNAC 
freight-carriers. 

President Roosevelt recently 
commented on this increase and 
Mr. Polin confirms that it is a fact, 
though of course precise figures 
cannot be made public. It appears 
that operations have both expand- 
ed and improved, with planes fly- 
ing clear around the clock. 

Leaving Kunming on Dec. 22, 
Mr. Polin first traveled by CNAC, 
then by British flying boat, then by 
American Army planes, and fi- 
nally by Pan-American Airways. 
He was thus able to make a quick 
trip and yet have time to stop off 
and transact considerable business 
>ne point. After a brief visit in. 
v York City, he proceeded to 
Washington early this week. 



Read the Shangliai Evening Post 
and Mercury and tell your Far East 
friends about it. 



«&&&■ assist- sssc ^ «««* 



| Season’s Greetings 

4 To My Many Friends 

to whom I shall gladly render 

| INSURANCE SERVICE 

M as formerly in Shanghai 

I KARL B. HILL 

Field Supervisor 

Occidential Life Insurance Company of California 
| La Jolla 10 Arcade Building; California 




The war dollars you are earning today can become 
your Commando Dollars to invade the Future, to seek 
out and hold for you and your loved ones that security 
for which you are now striving. 

War days are hectic ones — full of work and anxiety — 
but when victory is won, when peace comes, you will 
wish to relax a bit and enjoy a better balance between 
work and play. You will want then that fixed guaran- 
teed monthly income, which perhaps you have been 
trying to work out for yourself. Your Commando Dollars 
can secure it for you— not too much money but a self- 
pension arrangement, payable to yourself at any time 
after you reach age 55. 

The USLife has just such a plan, which combines a 
retirement income provision for oneself with life insur- 
ance protection for a dependent family. Under its pro- 
visions. a man or woman is assured of reaching old age 
with a guaranteed income, and meanwhile full life 
insurance protection for dependents. If you will com- 
municate with us, without obligation of course, we shall 
be glad to show you how you can convert your present 
dollars into COMMANDO DOLLARS so that you can 
enjoy them when you will need them most. 



1850 




1943 



The United States Life I nsurance Co. 

IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



Page Six 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, January, 1J/, l^kh 



U. S. Prisoners 
Without Mail 
For 20 Months 

American soldiers — about 1200 — 
interned in one Japanese prisoner 
of war camp have not received mail 
since, May, 1942, according to Inter- 
national Red Cross reports made 
public last week by Sen. Elbert D. 
Thomas, Democrat, of Utah, chair- 
man of a special Senate committee 
on war prisoner treatment. 

However, the IRC in reporting 
the visits of its representatives to 
this and two other camps, described 
conditions as “satisfactory." 

Christmas dinner for the prison- 
ers was toeing planned at the 
Shanghai camp when the report 
was made, Dec. 15. 

"Owing to high cost of commodi- 
ties and difficulties in securing sup- 
plies, the celebration will be on 
smaller scale than last year," it 
said. "Planning dinner consisting 
of good soup, pot roast with vege- 
tables, pies, fruit, coffee and cigar- 
ettes.” 

Clothing, Heat Limited 
Although winter clothing was 
needed and heating was limited, ac- 
cording to the Shanghai report con- 
ditions were "generally very satis- 
factory” and "health good.” 

The Haiphong Road camp was 
also described as “highly satisfac- 
tory in every respect.” 

At the Mukden camp in Man- 
chukuo, where there are 16 Amer 
ican officers, 511 noncommissioned 
officers and 647 privates, condi- 
tions were reported in some detail. 
Most of these men were transferred 
from the Philippines, particularly 
Bataan and Corregidor. 

The men are housed in thi 
two-storied brick buildings, with 
separate hospital, canteen, bath- 
house and utility buildings. The 
barracks are heated and electric 
lighted, fitted with bunks and straw 
mattresses, supplied with blankets, 
sheets, pillow cases -and covers, 
with mosquito nets in summer. 

Food includes flour, cornmeal, 
fish, fat, vegetables, soybeans, ap- 
ples, tangerines, salt, some spices 
and tea. Prisoners are said to be 
satisfied with the food but find the 
diet monotonous. 

When they arrived in camp about 
800 were very ill but “thanks to 



_ _ 

Army headquarters, General Army 
Hospital and the Red Cross Hospi- 
tal, their health has greatly im- 
proved and can be considered very 
good now.” 

Medical examinations daily, also 
dental care, are available — and all 
prisoners have been inoculated 
against diseases. 

The prisoners have to work every 
day, except Sunday and national 
holidays, at camp maintenance and 
administration, in factories as cob- 
blers, tailors, in metal and wood 
working shops— for which they get 
paid, although the amount w 
specified in the IRC report. 

Enlisted men can obtain four cig- 
arettes a day from the canteen, 
well as sweets, toilet articles and 
stationery. The profits are reported 
expended by the prisoners. 

Books Wanted 

The greatest need of the 
articles for mental recreation, edu- 
cational books of any sort, partic- 
ularly for' learning languages, also 
mechanical, agricultural and medi- 
cal textbooks. 

Privates are permitted „to mail 
three cards a year, others more, 
cording to rank. 

A previous report by the Amer- 
ican Red Cross on Japanese-main- 
land camps, estimated that there 
were over 1000 Americans, in Au- 
gust, 1942, in the nine camps 
around the city of Osaka. 

Most of the camps were said to be 
of new construction, enclosed with 
plank boards about 10 feet high, 
tidy, clean and free from vermin. 

Food is prepared by Army cooks 
among the pi'isoners and is fairly 
varied. Although the nutritive value 
is reportedly 3000 calories a day, 
the majority of the prisoners are 
losing weight. 

Clothing and footwear is provided 
by the Japanese Army. Toilet and 
bathing facilities are primitive but 
appear to be adequate. Religious ac- 
tivities .are limited and reading 
matter scarce. 

There is a considerable amount 
of sickness but there are indica- 
tions that the situation is improv- 
ing. Each camp has a good infirm- 
ary and all cases of serious illness 
are treated in adjacent hospitals. 
No dental facilities are provided al- 
though prisoners may visit dentists 
in the neaiby towns. 

Privates and non-commissioned 
officers are required to work with 
pay ranging from 10 to 35 sen 
($.025 to $.09) a day. 



At Chungking Microphone 




— Chinese News Service. 

Every Sunday morning, “Fritz” Opper, editor of the Chungking Edi- 
tion of the Shanghai Evening Post and Mercury, broadcasts from 
Chungking a roundup of the Chinese war picture during the previous 
week. His report carried by the Blue Network in this country as the 
windup of the Network's “Weekly War Journal,” broadcast from/ 12 to 
12:30 p.m. (Eastern War Time). Above, Mr. Opper is seen at the micro- 
phone of Station XGOY in Chungking, point of origin of the program. 



Requests Received 
For Internee News 



Gripsholm repatriates who have 
information about the persons list- 
ed below are asked to write to the 
inquiries, whose names and ad- 
dresses are also given: 

Address of Harry H. Cameron, 
Gripsholm repatriate; sought jby 

nr 11 



whose offices mail from iMaj. H. C. 
L. Tersin is being held. 

Address of Paul T. Steintorf, 
Gripsholm repatriate; sought by the 
Shanghai Evening Post in whose 
offices mail from Maj. H. C. L. 
Tersin is being held. 

News of H. E. Harris, formerly 
at 261 Kiangse Rd., Shanghai; 
sought by John F. Griffin, Hotel 
Imperial, Broadway at 32nd St., 
New York City. 

News of Donald Gunn (incorrect- 
ly spelled “Quinn" in last week’s 
issue), manager of Heacock, Inc., 
of Manila; sought by Mrs. C. Ray- 
mond Bordeaux, Rt. 6, Box 146, 
Olympia, Wash. 

News of Mr. and Mrs. Sidney 
Barnett and daughter; Ben Ohnick; 
Mr. and Mrs. Sam Gaches; sought 
by Mrs. C. Raymond Bordeaux, Rt. 
6, Box 146, Olympia, Wash. 

News of three brothers, Harry 
Tuttleman of the Shanghai Power 
Co., Maurice Tuttleman of the 
China Realty Co., and Sam Tuttle- 
man of American Express, all liv- 
ing in Shanghai; sought by their 
sister, Mrs. C. Wayne Hood, c/o 
Chief Pharm. C. W. Hood, USN, 
Camp Dispensary, Hadnot Point, 
Camp Le Jeunne, New River, N. C. 

News of Thomas Hoggarth, for- 
merly representing Burrough, Well- 
come & Co., Chartered Bank Build- 
ing, the Bund, Shanghai; sought 
by Sub. Lt. C. P. Allan. WRCNS, 
37 Beechwood Ave., Ottawa, Ont, 
Canada. 

News of Morris Tucker, thought 
to be interned in Shanghai, sought 
by his cousin, Lou Conn, Bassano, 
Alberta, Canada. 

News of T. Henry Loach, British 
internee at Pootung, Shanghai; 
sought by his wife, Mrs. T. H. 
Loach, East Road, Richmond, Mass. 

News of Klement V. Vanin, Rus- 
sian, bookkeeper at Suhoneff’s Fur 
Store, 907 Ave. Joffre, Shanghai, 
and formerly employed by the Na- 
tional City Bank; sought by his 
daughter, Mrs. Anna Taube (wife 
of Carl Taube, advisor to General- 
issimo Chiang Kai-shek), 2589 Park 
Villa Drive, San Diego, Calif. 

News of Miss Elsa Stephen, Brit- 
ish teacher in Hongkong; sought by 
her cousin, Miss F. Selman, 1066 
12th Ave., Vancouver, B. C.. Canada. 

News of Mr. Moran, stepson of 
Sir Allen Mossop, formerly with 
BAT, reported to be interned in 
Pootung; sought by his father, T. 
J. Felix Moran, 4627 Condor Ave., 
S. W., Portland 1, Ore. 

News of Mr. and Mrs. Clifford 



Flook (Shanghai Telephone Co.) 
and Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Lawler and 
baby (revenue inspector, Municipal 
Council, Shanghai); sought by Mrs. 
Ruth Hayes, 175 Short Hills Ave., 
Springfield, N. J. 

News of Joseph L. Flannery and 
family, formerly of Shanghai and 
reported interned in Manila; sought 
by L. Kampf, 60 Bayview Ave., 
Salem, Mass. 

News of J. W. Morcher, treasurer 
and comptroller of Shanghai Mu- 
‘ :ipal Council; sought by Mrs. J. 



ood, Cal 



lywood, Calif. 

News of the following Tientsin 
people — Emil Fisher and M. Collins, 
French Consul-General; sought by 
Mr. and Mrs. Percy Finch, Hote. 
Algonquin, West 44th St., New Yorit 
City. 

News of Dr. and Mrs. H. K. 
Kneedler; sought by the Shanghai 
Evening Post in whose offices mail 
addressed" to them is being held. 

News of two Frenchmen, M. Be- 
noist and Major Onno, tooth of 
Shanghai; sought by Mr. and Mrs. 
Percy Finch, Hotel Algonquin, 
West 44th St., New York City. 

News of Mrs. T. I. Chapman, for- 
merly of Manila believed to be liv- 
ing in Boston; sought by Mrs. D. D. 
Yoder, 416 Smith St., Seattle 9, 
Wash. 

News of Mr. and Mrs. S'anford 
Ladic, and their three children, in- 
terned in Manila; sought by Mrs. 
William Abrams, 2010 Hopkins PI., 
Chicago 20, 111. 

News of Miss Susie Pitcher of 
Manila; sought by Jonah Pitcher, 
944 Anin, Detroit, Mich. 

News of Deaconess Kate Shaw, 
sent by Episcopal diocese of Chi- 
cago to Bontoc, tout caught in 
Manila; sought toy Mrs, E. S. Clark, 
c/o Fred Gaertner, Detroit News, 
Detroit, Mich. 

News of Col. Robert Hoffman, 
Capt. Vern L. Greenwood, and Sgt. 
Allan Sweet, all of Manila; sought 
by R. S, Turrel, Home Service 
Chairman, American Red Cross, 
Croswell, Mich. 

News of Dean Fangler and Mrs. 
'F’angler (Harriet) from Far East 
University, Manila; sought by Fred 
Gaertner, Detroit News, Detroit, 
Mich. 

News of Lt. Comdr. Joseph La 
Monte Zundell, Medical Corps, 
USMC; sought by Mrs. Joseph La 
Monte Zundell, 745 Balfour Road, 
Grosse Pointe Park 30, Mich. 

News of Mr. and Mrs. Jack Tib- 
betts of Manila; sought by Mrs. E. 
N. Jinks, 12667 Griggs, Detroit 4, 
Mich. 

News of Edwin Stanley Stevens, 
former prison warden of Singa- 
pore, and information of the Chang 
Kwa prison camp for British pris- 
oners; sought toy Mr. and Mrs. Her- 
bert Stevens, 19847 St. Francis Ave., 
R.R. 2, Farmington, Mich. 

News of Fritz and Grete Scfaul- 
man, and their child, last heard of 
in Bacolod, Occid, Negros, Philip- 
pines; sought by Mrs. Max R. Lin- 
ton, 5677 Packard St., Los Angeles, 
Calif., and by Dr. Anny Baumann, 
115 East 61st St., New York City. 



Los Angeles Baptists Honor 
Repatriated Missionaries 



( Post Special Correspondence ) 

LOS ANGELES. — Gripsholm mis- 
sionaries in Southern California 
Were honored by the First Baptist 
Church of Los Angeles with a din- 
ner a few days ago, followed by 
an open meeting which packed 
Frances Chapel. 

Introduced were Dr. and Mrs. 
Raymond E. Stannard from the 
Christian Hospital, Shanghai; the 
Rev' Mr. and Mrs. P. C. Melrose 
of-.Nodoa, Hainan (Presbyterian 
Board); Miss Gertrude - Waterman 
of the Mothercraft School of Shang- 
hai ; Miss Lois A. Ely, “living link" 
of the Los Angeles Wilshire Chris- 
tine Church, stationed in Nan- 
king; Dr. Sterling S. Beath and 
Dr. Victor Hanson of the Univer- 
sity of Shanghai. Also included were 
Miss Viola C. Hill of Ningpo and 
Shaohsing and Dr. and Mrs. Na- 
than Bercovitz of the Presbyterian 
Mission, Hainan, who returned on 
the first trip of the Gripsholm. 

Dr. Bercovitz spoke of health 
conditions under Japanese occupa- 
tion; Miss Hill gave the highlights 
of the first trip; Mis. Melrose de- 
scribed conditions on the island of 
Hainan where activities of foreign- 
ers were restricted as early as 
March ’41; Dr. Hanson talked of the 
educational programs in intern- 
ment camps and Dr. Beath of the 
trip home, with its opportunity for 
study and conference. 

The question period brought out 
the classified basis of the repatri- 
ation, such as first, those requested 
by the American Government (in- 
cluding those whose previous atti- 



tude made it unsafe for them to re- 
main), then those in bad health, 
women and children, men who had 
sent their wives home when first 
advised to do so, etc. 

The greatest hardship for in- 
ternees, all speakers agreed, was 
the lack of nourishing and palat^ 
able food, particularly of vitamins. 
The death rate in civilian camps 
was said to be not unduly higtu^ 

Asked whether any Japanese 
Christians were encountered, Dr, 
Beath said yes, and that these men 
alleviated- the lot of prisoners so 
far as they dared. Japanese offi- 
cers not definitely Christian who 
had attended foreign schools Were 
also helpful. Educational programs 
carried on in camp were not inter- 
fered with and in general inter- 
nees were left to themselves. 



Baptists Conducting 
‘Gripsholm Meetings’ 

( Religious News Service ) 

A series of 60 "Gripsholm meet- 
ings," sponsored by the Northern 
Baptist denomination, are being 
held in major cities across the na- 
tion during January and February/ 
The speakers, all of whom were held, 
by the Japanese in various intern- 
ment camps in Japan and Occupied; 
China, will be missionary repatrL 
ates who returned on the MS Grips] 
holm in December. 

The series has been divided into) 
five circuits. A different team ofl 
speakers will tour each circuit. ] 
State and city promotional direc- 
tors of the denomination will be- 
responsible for furthering meetings! 
in their area. 



Gray, of Hongkong Telegraph, 
Sends News from Australia 



Gwen Dew, author of "Prisoner 
of the Japs," recently received a 
letter from Stuart Gray, of Adel- 
aide, Australia, former editor of the 
Hongkong Telegraph. Mr. Gray left 
the Crown Colony the day before 
war broke out and, says Miss Dew, 
by a "series- of miracle s and g ood . 
j ossU- -reach ed Australia . 

"We have quite a few ex-Hong- 
kong women and their families in 
Adelaide,” writes Mr. Gray. “Re- 
cently two or three of them got 
their first letters from their hus- 
bands. But most have been disap- 
pointed. Mrs. Jeffreys is still pa- 
tiently waiting for direct informa- 
tion of “Jeff.” She has received as- 
surance he is alive however. It has 
now been confirmed that Harry 
Millington, fiance of Pauline Jef- 
freys, was killed during the fight- 
ing. The other brother, Leslie, who 
is the fiance of Betty Jeffreys, is 
a POW in Japan. Mrs. Millington 



has heard from both Leslie and MrJ 
Millington. 

“We receive a wonderful assort-; 
meht of news every month regard- 
ing the internees and conditions inj 
Hongkong and other occupied parts! 
of China. It is collected by the East' 
Asian Residents’ Assn., whose head-’ 
quarters are in Sydney. Stanl ey^ 
Dodw. ell, (u.iiiJr iatpan ot Dodwellj 
Co., and ex-member of the Leg- 
islative Council, is the Chair: 
and leading light in the organiza- 
tion. The news is run in bulletin! 
form, and is circulated among all! 
Hongkong women here every 
month. 

“Of course you remember Harold! 
Guard, chief of the United Press 
Bureau before George Baxter took: 
over He was transferred to Singa-j 
pore and did a marvelous job of re- 
porting the war there before finally! 
escaping. He is now an accredited; 
war correspondent in the South-1 
west Pacific with the U. S. forces 
and passed through Adelaide some 
weeks ago.” 



k.. * k k k ★ ★ ★ ★ * k 



L. 



QAISING money is not an easy task . . . 

as we all know. But if anyone with a 
good cause appeals to us and we believe 
in it because we know it is right, we try 
to help him if humanly possible. Well, 
our government is doing just that. Ask- 
ing us to help it raise money. The cause: 
to give the boys and men the urgently- 
needed equipment to fight a war we must 
win. You know that cause is right. Won’t 
you help all you can by buying War Bonds 
and Stamps? 




************ 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Seven 




Protestant 
(Groups Form 
Union in China 

. ( Religious Netvs Service) 
Every phase of Protestant activ- 
ity in Japan is now being coordi- 
nated through eight "boards" func- 
tioning under the two-year-old 
United Church of Christ in Japan, 
according to an authoritative re- 
port prepared by a group of mis- 
sionary repatriates recently arrived 
>n this country aboard the exchange 
— j^ p- Gripsholm. The report, issued 
Tip New York, was compiled at the 
request of the Committee on East 
^.sia of the Foreign Missions Con- 
"ference'. 

The Church of Christ in Japan, 
4®.he report emphasizes, is an "out- 
and-out" union representing 42 dif- 
ferent church groups. One of the 
“ist major denominations to affili- 
ate with the united church was the 
_ .pan Seikokwai (Anglican-Episco- 
fal) Church. Only the Seventh-Day 
.dventists and a small number of 
ical independent churches remain 
itside the framework of the union, 
ey function under local police 
.risdiction. 

Status Not Clear 
iThe exact relationship of the 
VICA, the YWCA, the WCTU, the 
Bible Society, the Railway 
tCA, and the Christian Educa- 
Jial Association to the Church of 
Irist is not clear at present, the 
lort states. It adds, however, 
At these bodies are believed to be 
■gressively” carrying on their 

■ k at home and among Japanese 

■ the Continent. 

Bike the Roman Catholic Chm-ch, 
united Protestant Church has 
len granted a charter by the J apa- 
Department of Education. 
>f the Greek Orthodox 
s not known, other than 
■he fact that it has not received a 
Jharter because of “internal diffi- 
Jilties.” 

■ Establishment of the Protestant 
Taited church, the repatriates ad- 
| was "not wholly a spontaneous 
fclopment from within." Much 
,de work,” they agree, had been 
> within the Protestant commu- 
I preparing the way for union, 
I outside circumstances and in- 

liiii gisauit baataasd mip p< ^- 



union, the report points 
t some 50 different denomina- 
puiblications were "ekeing 
precarious existence minister- 
total Protestant constitu- 
Jcy of only 225,000.” These have 
i>ow been reduced to eight: one of- 
ficial church paper, one publication 
{'pr Christian culture and training, 
one for women and the home, one 
for young people, one for Sunday 
School workers, one for children, 
one for general evangelism, and a 
theological journal. Similar unifi- 
cation and elimination of overlap- 
ting has been accomplished in the 
piucational and evangelistic fields. 

Vives Take Pulpit 
[ Because of the severe shortage of 
manpower in Japan, the Govern- 
ment has ordered Protestant and 
itholic clergymen, and even Budd- 
it and Shinto priests, into some 
rt time essential war work, the 
Jp^rt reveals. In this predicament, 
missionaries disclose, many 
s of Protestant pastors are 
c| tcupying their husbands’ pulpits. 
( f the score or more women who 
I ive been ordained in the Japanese 
C hurch, a number conduct funerals, 
< fficiate at marriage ceremonies, 
s dminister the sacraments, and 
i >me hold down regular pastorates. 

1 The work of the Japan Bible So- 
ciety, formed in 1938 by the amal- 
gamation of the Japanese units of 
the British and Foreign Bibb 
clety, the National Bible Society of 
S Icotland, and the American Bible 
flociety, is continuing despite de- 
creased paper allotments and the 
1 ^ck of manpower. 

j (Last year the Society published a 
r ,ew edition of the Old Testament 
V 'hich sold out shortly after print- 
1 rig. 

• Thirty-nine Protestant mission- 
aries still remain in Japan. Of this 
t umber 10 are Germans, seven are 
I 'inns, six are British one is Cana- 
c ian, and 15 are American. 



Drastic Price Rises Are Shown as Inflation 
Casts Its Menacing Shadow Athwart China 




METAL PRODUCTS 



PRODUCERS’ GOODS 



FUELS AND LIGHT 



MANUFACTURED GOODS 
MINERAL PRODUCTS 



The accompanying charts give a graphic (portrayal 
of the rise of 'prices in China with the progress of 
inflationary trends since 1937. In }>oth charts, the 
index number ,1 is based on cost of living prices pre- 
ailing during 'the period from July, 1936, to June, 
1937. In chart at left, the prices of Tent, food, fuel 
and light, and clothing /are seen rising. j&s (high /as 300 
.943; while the— ch art at right shov.-s, successively,— 
the rise in prices of iall foods land raw (materials, con- 
sumers’ goods, mineral products, manufactured goods, 
fuels and light, producers’ goods, and metal products, 
rising to nearly 400 in the latter classification. 




> CONSUMERS GOODS 



ALL FOODS 
AND RAW MATERIALS 



(.Continued from page 1) 
character. There was a time when 
the exchange rate gave a measur- 
ing-stick as to various things but 
that is no longer true; certainly 
the present rate is no indicator of 
the present inflation. 

Black Market Rate 

Even the black market rate of 
the present inflation. It is signifi- 
cant that on Dec. 1 the Chinese 
Currency Stabilization Board, which 
originally controlled exchange lev- 
els by buying and selling, and on 
Which America and Britain were 
represented, was dissolved and a 
new Chinese Exchange Control 
Commission took over the task of 
maintaining a level now held only 
by Government order. 

Even the black market rate of 
the Chinese dollar, lately ruling 
around 85-1 but sometimes 100-1 or 
more for American bank notes at 
Kunming, is not regarded by ex- 
perts as a true indicator of its 
present worth. The black market 
is being fought by the National 
Government and its use is mostly 
limited to persons smuggling goods 
into China and requiring foreign 
exchange for their purchase, or to 
those in need of money for over- 
seas spending in other ways such 
as for personal travel or living ex- 
pense. (U. S. currency is not ordi- 
narily used as a “hedge' against 
Chinese inflation — people turn mor< 
readily to land.) 

What the true rate of an unre 
stricted Chinese dollar should be i 
debatable. Experts a.t Chengtu have 
estimated 270, one economist set it 
as high as 500, and a figure of 100-1 
is regarded by a number of foreign 
authorities as not far off the line 
if the inflation of American money 



CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING 

RATE: 25 words or less — $1.00. Each additional 10 words — 25c 

ddress’. American Edition, The Shanghai Evening Post & Mercury, ■ 
101 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 

PERSONAL 




ot Mr, and Mrs. Robert D. K. 
daughter Johanna — who are in- 
_ Shanghai — would be greatly ap- 



W'ANTED 



WANTED — Cantonese Dictionary. Meyer- 
Wempc preferred. Please write Etta Whit- 
r.e •. Box 234, Southampton, N. Y. 

Don't talk: Buy War Bonds 
TODAY! 



taken into consideration along 
with that of Chinese money, and 
holesale commodity prices in 
America and China are used as 
basis of comparison. 

It may be asked what excuse the 
Chinese Government may have for 
holding to an official 20-1 rate if it 
is even possible to suggest that 
400-1 is within the realm of rea- 
son as a true rate, and when there 
is a black market rate holding near 
100-1 despite every effort at 
squelching such trade? One answer 
given by Chungking officials is that 
to alter the rate publicly would be 
to hurt the people’s confidence still 
further. Another is that China does 
not wish to deplete commodities 
still more, under blockade condi- 
tions, by giving possessors of for- 
eign money more Chinese buying- 
power. 

Subsidies Granted 

Even so, the National Govern- 
ment has been yielding at various 
points to the extent of granting 
"subsidies” to preferred categories. 
Thus diplomats and journalists get 
a 50% subsidy, making their rate an 
effective 30-1. Famine relief funds 
from abroad have been matched by 
the Government, giving an effective 
40-1 rate. A major complainant 
over the 20-1 rate has been the 
U. S. Army, and it is reported that 
an even larger subsidy may pres- 
ently give its purchases virtually a 
black market rate — which Army 
personnel already get because the 
Army some time ago began paying 
in American banknotes in order 
that the black market could be 
patronized. 

Clearly China's inflation is not 
now measured by foreign exchange 
because of official controls of the 
exchange. But various people have 
been compiling figures on a basis 
of price rises, and more and more 
publicity on these is beginning to 
build up outside China if not in. 
A recent visitor. Eric Sevareid of 
Columbia Broadcasting, writes in 
the Jan. 3 New Republic concern- 
ing an inflation which he terms 
“indeed alarming" and says that 
before last autumn’s People's Po- 
litical Council it was stated that in 
some provinces prices had multi- 



plied by 250 since 1937 — 25,000 per 
cent. 

A recent issue of Time said : 
“This autumn the cost of living 
is 164 times what it was when 
China's war began in 1937. A 
year ago t( was 80 times the pre- 
war level . . ." also mentioning "a 
sensationally unbalanced budget — 
now 45 times the prewar budget, 
while revenues coyer less than one- 
fifth of the outlay.” 

Graphs dramatically show the 
rise in prices, first, during 1937 and 
1938, relatively slowly, then with 
greater tempo in 1939 and 1940 and 
mounting with dizzy speed in the 
subsequent years. The result is such 
prices as $1800 for a pair of shoes 
(cheaper can be had) and $3000 for 
a bottle of Scotch (many make out 
nicely without). Ricksha coolies 
thumb great wads of bills, many of 
$10 denomination or larger, and the 
white-collar class shivers and 
starves — chief sufferer in a situa- 
tion which has hurt the peasant 



The National City Bank 

of New York 

Head Office: 55 Wall Street 



Capital, Surplus and Un- 
divided Profits $211,553,596 



Deposits 

( Figuru 



$3,733,649,246 

f December 31 , IQ43) 



65 Branches throughout Greater 
, New Yqrk 



Branches and Correspondent Banks 
in principal cities throughout 
the world 



less than the townsman, and which 
in some cases of such extremes As 
laborers and speculators has actu- 
ally brought boom times. 

Figures on wholesale commodi- 
ties at Chungking show that with 
1.00 as base at the start of 1937, 
an average for all commodities 
treated (including food, clothing, 
metals, building materials, fuels 
and light) shows a rise to 1.10 for 
the year, to 1.33 for 1938, to 2.15 for 
1939, to 5.95 for 1940, to 16.86 for 
1941. to 50.97 far 1942, and in 1943 
to 85.32 in January, 92.30 in Febru- 
ary, 95,.29 in March, 100.87 in April. 
112.33 in May, 127.30 in June, 144.69 
in July and 163.85 in August, It is 
significant that clothing materials 
in the final month weighed espe- 
cially heavy with a figure of 316.13. 
Fuel and light was 301.40 in that 
month, while foods, naturally most 
frequently cited, were relatively low 
with 120.93. 

Price Rises 

Contributing factors in this sit- 
uation have included hoarding and 
speculation, and a blockade which 
has all but shut off the legal im- 
port of most goods from either 
abroad or the occupied areas. 
Nevertheless even in Chungking 
the shops freely display rubber- 
soled shoes and other items origi- 
nating at such points as Shanghai. 

It is believed that prices are 
likely to come down on the run 
even ahead of the receipt of much 
consumers’ goods from the outside 
world as soon as it is known that 
the blockade has been broken by 
some such event as the reopening 
of the Burma Road, due to the fact 
that many of the jacked-up prices 
represent machinations by specula- 
tors. 

Nippon Prepares 
For Allied Attacks 

(Continued from page 1) 

Malaya have been strengthened 
while additional planes have been 
sent in. Many Japanese have left 
Hongkong and Canton and the 
Japanese Government is now en- 
couraging them to get out. Puppet 
officials are busy buying up U. S. 
dollars, British pounds and Nation- 
al Government currency as a hedge 
against the day of-' defeat. 

Many puppets have sunk their 
money into wharves, farms, houses 
and other real estate. 

There- is nervousness and uncer- 
tainty all through the occupied re- 
gions .so. far as the. Japanese anil- 
puppets are concerned. The reports, 
however, continue without a single 
exception to paint a picture of the 
utmost confidence — overconfidence 
actually — among the Chinese popu- 
lation as a whole. 



Amery Blames Bengal 
In Part for Famine 

L. S. Amery, Britain’s secretary 
of state for India, was quoted in 
London press dispatches this week 
as saying the famine which has 
ravaged Bengal was forseen a year 
ago. He ascribed partial respon- 
sibility to the Provincial Govern- 
ments failure to join the heads 
of other provinces in working out 
a plan to meet the food shortage. 

Mr. Amery renewed the British 
Government's pledge to give India 
self-government after the war. “We 
made our offer” (of independence), 
he said, “the most generous that 
any nation has ever made, not be- 
cause we were afraid nor because 
we were concerned to liquidate 
the proud heritage of our past 
achievement, but because we be- 
lieve in freedom as that inspiring 
and vivifying principle by which 
the British Commonwealth lives." 



'W^ayfoong 

Hongkong& Shanghai 
Banking Corporation 

72 Wall Street 
New York, 5, N. Y. 

• 

361 California Street 
San Francisco 
Chungking, China 

Temporary Head Qliiee 

9, Gracechurch 
Street 
London 



Page Eight 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, January, 14, 194 



AS A BRITON SEES IT 

A Baltimore Tragedy — “Tony” George 

By H. G. \V. YVoodhead, C~B.E. 



case of 



S CORES of friends of all ■na- 
tionalities, not only in the 
United States, hut also in Great 
Britain and the Far East, must 
have been shocked by the news of 
the tragic death of Sir Anthony H. 
George, • British Consul General at 
Boston, on Sunday last. Sir An- 
thony, who recently had been un- 
dergoing treatment for nervous 
trouble, was in Balitmore. enroute 
to his native land on sick leave, 
and met his death by a fall from 
the fourth-floor window of a local 
hotel, in circumstances which left 
no doubt tlhat it 
suicide. 

It is no exaggeration to say that 
there was no better-known or me ' 
generally popular British official 
the Far East than “Tony" George— 
as he was affectionately known to 
most of his friends. I had the privi- 
lege of his friendship from very 
soon after his arrival in Peking, 
as a student, as a Chancery official, 
as private secretary to the British 
(Minister, as Superintending Consul 
at Tientsin, and also during the 
years when he gave up regular 
Consular work for the duties of 
Commercial Secretary and Coun- 
sellor. Most of his career in the 
Far East was spent in this branch 
of the service, either at Peiping 
or Shanghai. 

I N 1938 he was appointed Com- 
mercial Counsellor, which was 
the senior post of the kind in 
China, and early in 1940 he suc- 
ceeded Sir Herbert Phillips as Brit- 
ish Consul General at Shanghai, by 
far the most responsible consular 
post in the British Service in the 
Far East. He was still holding that 
post in the British Service in the 
the Pacific, and I recall that on the 
morning of (Dec. 8, 1941, when 
1 had gone into hiding, leaving only 
a telephone number with my serv- 
ant, I was rung up to be told that 
the British Consul General had put 
through an urgent phone call to 
my apartment. When I was able to 
ring up the Consulate lines had al- 
ready been interrupted, and it was 



tion ship, that I learned that he had 
tried to warn me of my danger, 



when the Japanese entered the In- 
ternational Settlement. 

"Tony” George was interned with 
his staff, first at the Cathay Hotel, 
later at Cathay Mansions, and left 
for England on the repatriation 
ship, Kamakura Mam, in August, 
1942. When we met on this ship he 
was a changed man. Most of the 
old sparkle had gone, and he 
so he told me, suffering from that 
depressing complaint known 
sprue. He had by no means recov- 
ered when we reached England, but 
after a brief holiday, accepted the 
appointment of Consul 'General at 
Boston, where, I believe, he was 
in fair way towards making him- 
self as popular with the local com- 
munity as he had been with that of 
Shanghai. 

P < 

private income “Tony” George 
acquired a priceless collection of 
Chinese paintings, porcelains, ivo- 
ries, rugs, and other works of art, 
with which his residences both in 
Peiping and Shanghai were taste- 
fully adorned. During his short 
term as Consul General there can 
have been few if any worthwhile 
movements, organizations, of com- 
mittees which did not receive his 
patronage and support. He- was in 
great demand for speeches, which 
were usually witty and always in- 
teresting, at all kinds of gaher- 
ings. He owned race ponies both in 
Shanghai and in Peiping, and sel- 
dom allowed a day to pass without 
vigorous exercise — - games of 
"squash” in the winter, and of ten- 
nis, at which he was a fine per- 
former, in the summer. The strain 
of his official duties, which was 
very great at this period owing to 
the increasing tension in Anglo- 
Japanese relations did not prevent 
him from social contacts with all 
sections of the British community. 

That he had been undergoing hos- 
pital treatment at Boston, and 
should have been ordered home on 
sick leave, suggests that he never 
fully recovered from the illness and 
nerve-strain of the past three years. 
By his untimely death the British 
Foreign Office has lost the serv=" 
ices of an able and experienced 



ly months iater, on the repairia- "Consular official; amTmahy Ameri- 



cans, as well as Britons in this 
country, have lost a personal friend, 



Out Where We Live 



By GRACE COOK ; 



A fter-holidays chores are 
prety well done now. On 
Twelfth Night we banished the toys 
from the living room, undressed the 
tree and bore it out. Next day. we 
vacuumed the rug and packed away 
the lights, the pet ornaments, the 
carol books. 

For some time now the new, 
clean engagement book, doubling as 
a job book, has been challenging us 
this year to keep those jobs up to 
schedule. Systematic people have 
filed away their Christmas lists; if 
they gave stockings this year, they 
can make it handkerchiefs next 
without a qualm of doubt. 

But here goes for a post-Christ- 
mas job I've been putting off. In 
my stocking I found, by request, a 
nice new address book. I was get- 
ting desperate. Arrows led up and 
down the margins of the old one. 
The overflow W's had hopped over 
where the Q's were not. Odd cards 
and scraps of envelopes were 
clipped on here and there. Some 
of the people in that book I could 
scarcely remember. But the main 
trouble was that people, especially 
Old China Hands, don’t stay out. 

C OMES NOW moving day into 
the beautiful new book — eli- 
mination day for the casual few 
who never mattered much and now- 
are lost to view; a sad little memo- 
rial day for that other few marked 
“died, 19 — ”; but for the most part 
a Thanksgiving Day mixed with 
nostalgia for good friends and good 
days spent with them. 

Aemmer, Rudolf, Lake Louise, Al- 
berta, heads my alphabet. Shall I 
put Rudolf in again? Not that 1' 
likely again to cross Victoria Pa: 
but just for old times' sake. Rudolf 
was the guide who took us over the 
glacier, cut our ice steps, cooked 
our food in the hut at the top of 
the pass, filled us with pride by his 
quiet approval, his willingness to 
take. us up again. I never got back 
to where dawn snow swirls rose- 
tinted round jagged rocks at the 
top of the world. And Rudolf, per- 
haps, has gone home to Switzer- 
land. But I shall put him in. 
Amlie. Mr. and Mrs. Hans, Somer- 



ton, Ariz. That’s Milly Mitchell, 
late of Honlulu, Shanghai. Peiping, 
Hankow, in the days of the revolu- 
tion, later of Moscow and Madrid; 
that’s Hans whom she married in 
Spain, late commander of the Lin- 
coln Battalion, now head of a camp 
for migratory workers. Milly and 
Hans, who were so good to us when 
we came, dazed and homeless, 
through their Golden Gate in 1941. 

Alcott, Carroll, WYW, Cincinnati 
— that was before his fight, I 
guess; anyway, I can't get Cincin- 
nati on my little set; but in he 
goes — he who met us on Pier 7 
in Manila, 1927, and who so raised 
my stock with SAS, when the awed 
young would ask, “Do you know 
Carroll Alcott?" 



—not so many 



O N DOWN the A’ 
but lots of B’s. 

Benedict, Ruth, Los Angeles. 
Ruth, won’t you please stick to this 
last address a while, for the sake 
of my spotless new book? You take 
up pages in the old one. 

Burton Helen, 2 Ta Tien Hsi 
Ching, Peiping — have to change 
that to New York, out of her note 
since the Gripsholm. Thanks for 
that, Helen, and for coffee in your 
moonlit courtyard, 1941. (But that 
picture in Life doesn’t do you 
justice.) 

Also, Burton, Wilbur, of Indiana 
— off and on of Shanghai since 
met on the American Court beat, 
1926; late of the New York Times, 
but now in jail somewhere for his 
irreconcilable politics. 

Two Broadbents, too: Charles 

and Edith Johannesburg, Trans- 
vaal. But Charles, our Oxford 
philosopher, is in the army now, 
and how fare Edith and the two 
small girls? They gave the pleasant- 
est parties, in their little Route 
Boissezon house. . . . 

The other Broadbent, Capt. A. V.. 
Ravensdeane, Edgerton. Hudders- 
field — and that's only part of one 
of those English addresses — dates 
from an earlier army. He it was 
w'no gave us shelter Peace Night, 
1919, when the YMCA Ford broke 
an axle down the road fr 



George Killed 
In Dive From 
Hotel Window 

Sir Anthony Hastings George, 
K.C.M.G., British consul general at 
Boston for the last year, plunged 
to his death from a fourth floor 
room at the Lord Baltimore Hotel 
in Baltimore, Md., this week. His 
death was pronounced a suicide by 
Dr. Henry C. Wollenweber, assist- 
ant medical examiner. 

Sir Anthony was the British con- 
sul general in Shanghai when the 
war started, and was interned by 
the Japanese eight months before 
his release was effected through a 
diplomatic exchange. He spent 34 
of his*35 years in the British < 
sular service at various posts in 
China, including Hankow. Nanking, 
Peiping, Tientsin, and other places. 
He first entered the consular serv- 
ice in 1908 as a student interpreter. 

58 Years Old 

According to Baltimore police, Sir 
Anthony, who was 58 years old. was 
seen shortly after 4 p.fii. Jan. 9 
standing on the outer ledge of the 
window of his room at the hotel. 
Suddenly, observers reported, his 
body hurtled downward, breaking 
through an awning in front of a 
drug store in the first floor of the 
hotel building. 

British consular officials in Bos- 
ton explained the consul general 
in Baltimore preparatory to 
leaving for England for a rest. He 
had contracted amoebic dysentery 
while in custody of the Japanese 
Shanghai, it was said, and had 
never recovered from this. 

Knighted Last Year 
Sir Anthony, who was unmarried, 
as born Nov. 3. 1886, the son of 
William Edward George, J.P., 
Downside, Stoke Bishop, Bristol. 
He was educated at Malvern, and 
1908 passed the competitive ex- 
aminations for the consular service. 
In 1938, he was made a Companion 
of St. Michael and St. George, and 
-ly last year was made a Knight 
of the order. 

Sir Anthony was British delegate 
to the China Customs Tariff Com- 
mission in 1922, and representative 
from China at the coronation of 
King George in 1937. 

Long Ch ina Career 
Mrs. Herbert Hoover, wife of ex- 
President Hoover, who died unex- 
pectedly last week in New York 
of a heart attack, had a long ca- 
reer in China. 

■Shortly after their marriage in 
1899 the Hoovers sailed for China, 
where Mr. Hoover became imperial 
director of mines. For a dozen 
years Mrs. Hoover set up house- 
keeping in one far-flung place after 
another — Peking, Tientsin, Tong 
Shan, Tokyo, Kalgorli and Broken 
Hill, Australia; Mandalay. 

At the end of the last war the 
Hoovers bought a permanent home 
Palo Alto, Calif., recently main- 
taining an apartment at New 
York's Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, 
here they spent about six months 
a year. 

Surviving Mrs. Hoover are her 
husband and two sons, Herbert, Jr., 
a radio engineer, and Allan Henry, 
a rancher, both of California. 

Received Dewey’s News 
William Wootten, 68, who as a 
telegrapher for the Associated 
Press in the early days of his 
career, received the first news of 
Adml. Dewey’s capture of Manila, 
died in Los Angeles Dec. 5 of a 
heart ailment. Mr. Wootten, for- 
merly manager for International 
News Service on the Pacific Coast, 
was one of the nation’s best known 
news wire chiefs. 



POW camp he commanded. His 
prisoners put on a show for us. 

And so on: Baumhart — that's 

Gerry Sartain, who first went out 
to China with me. 1926. Boehringer 
— that’s Carl, who had the sports 
desk on the old China Press that 
summer; nice boy; wonder where 
he is. Bryant — that’s Percy, who 
taught me to write copy, what little 
I know; dead a long time now. 
Boyd, A. H. — that’s the English cou- 
ple who lived in the next door 
“rabbit hutch” on Ave. Joffre, 
the summer their little girl and 
ours were four. Wonder how Pat’s 
growing up in bomb-torn England. 
Barnes, Fresno. California — that’s 
a college friend, one of the best; the 
baby I remember is a lieutenant in 
the South Pacific now. . . . 

-Like that it goes on— a long, 
but not a thankless job. For 
us ex-wanderers more than most, 
an address book is a precious thing. 
If your self-esteem slips, ever, look 
it over: here are people you value 
who also value you. It helps. 



Conferring in W ashington 




— Philippine Department o/ Information. 

When Lt. Marcos B. Roees, of the U. (S. (Second Armored Corps, 
stopped recently in Washington on Ihis way to his new station at the 
Military Intelligence Training Center, Camp Ritchie, Md., he (called on 
Vice President Sergio Osmena at the Philippine Commonwealth head- 
quarters. 



Keenan Dies; Ran 
India Steel Plant 

John L. Keenan, 54, former gen- 
eral manager of the Tata Steel and 
Iron Co., of Bombay and Jamshed- 
pur, India, died last week in a 
U. S. Army hospital in Kunming, 
the State Department announced. 

Mr. Keenan, who returned to the 
Unied States from India in 1938, 
had been in China for more than a 
year on a State Department mis- 
sion. 

A blast furnace man in Indiana, 



he was recruited by the Tata Co. 
after the tradition of its founder, 
who visited the United States in 
search of experienced men to estab- 
lish a steel industry. He went to the 
jungles as blast furnace superin 
tendent in 1913 and soon became 
general manager. 

Mr. Keenan’s experiences and the 
fabulous growth of the Tata Co. 
are described in his autobiography, 
"A Steel Man in India," published) 
in New York last October. 

Surviving are his wife, Mrs. Helen 
Gallagher Keenan, and a daughter| 
Mary Jacques Keenan. 



The ASIA LIFE’S Work 
In Its Chosen Field 
Has Been 

Temporarily Interrupted 
By the War 



★ 



The Company now writes no new insurance 
but through it office at 38 First Model Dis- 
trict, Chungking, clients residing in unoccupied 
China are being served and through the courtesy 
of Starr, Park, and Freeman, Inc., 101 Fifth 
Avenue, New York City, arrangements have- 
been made to assist such of the company’s pol- 
icyholders as find communications with New 
York more convenient. 

Mansfield Freeman, President. 




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• 

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AMERICAN EDITION 



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JA.M / j 



ftanijfttiij 

utib pernmj 




NEW YORK, N. Y„ JANUARY 21, 1944 




P.I. Internees’ 
Lot Improving, 
Forster States 



By BUTII BENEDICT 



LOS ANGELES -Americans in- 
terned in the Philippines will have 
more favorable living conditions for 
the next few months at least, states 
-tflKTrles H. Forster, American Red 
Cross representative there since 
1924, who returned on the last 
Gripsholm with his wife and son, 
Clifton. 

Mr. Forster, Shanghai Americans 
will remember, visited that city to 
establish Red Cross recreation cen- 
ters for the armed forces in 1932 
and again in 1937 when he organ- 
ized the evacuation of American 
women and children. He later ar- 
ranged the evacuation of 3800 
British women from Hongkong. 
Although he was not allowed to 
function as a Red Cross official 
after the Japanese occupation he 
was able to keep in touch with 
Americans in and outside Philip- 
pine internment camps and collec- 
ted much information on which he 
has now reported to the U. S. Gov- 
ernment and the Red Cross. 

Mr. Forster is confident of tem- 
porary alleviation in living condi- 
tions for Americans in these 
Islands first because these months 
are the most favorable in climate, 
more vegetables and fruits are 
grown and hens lay more eggs. 
Equally important is the arrival of 
the second shipment of Red Cr 
supplies, approximately $750,000 
worth of food, clothes, medical 
. supplies and comfort articles. 

M consignment was canned on 
psholr, 

unuj i 

Shimadzu, v : m ot the 

Japanese Red Cross and head of 
the prisoners bureau of Japan 
which looks after internees. Mr. 
Forster has known Mr. Shimadzu 
for years and believes he will carry 
out his promise not only to visit 
all internment and prison camps 
but to see that everything gets 
through to its proper destination. 



Islands Not Forgotten 

Americans in the Islands often 
complained to Mr. Forster that the 
Red Cross and Washington had 
forgotten them. Of course he could 
assure them to the contrary but it 
was not till he got to Washington 
and saw the files of correspondence 
that he realized the tremendous 
pressure exerted upon the Japanese 
Government by the American Gov- 
ernment and Red Cross to establish 
a regular relief .service. 

Such outside help is absolutely 
necessary he feels and complete 
repatriation should be achieved as 
soon as possible. Conditions are 
livable but far from pleasant. 
Every effort is being made to ship 
supplies regularly. 

There have been no atrocities in 
the handling of internees but con- 
siderable hardship has been in-, 
flicted through inefficient or care- 
less Japanese management. This 
was most noticeable in the re- 
(Please turn to page 7) 



China Theater 
Meld Toughest 
Mg Polish Are 

( Chinese News Service ) 

CHUNGKING- A man who has 
fought for more than three years 
on the most bitterly contested air 
fronts of the world from Warsaw 
to Changteh— and finds China the 
toughest of them all — left this 
theater last week for the un- 
wanted peace and quiet of an air 
attache's desk job, according to an 
article in the current issue of the 
Shanghai Evening Post and Mer- 
cuiy. Chungking Edition, written 
by Stuart Gelder. 

The flier is Maj. Witold Urban- 
owicz of the Polish Air Force, a 
veteran of the underdog Polish de- 
fense of the German blitz of 1939 
and of the Battle of Britain of 
1940. For the last two months he 
has been flying with the 14th U. S. 
Air Force against the Japanese. 

"I came here for a rest from a 
desk job in Washington," the ar- 
ticle quotes Maj. Urbanowicz as 
saying. “Now I go back to Wash- 
ington and probably then to London 
with two great and valuable lessons 
learned here in China. The first 
is that Japanese pilots are defi- 
nitely inferior to the Americans 
who, with the Chinese, have clear 
qualitative superiority. The second 
is that I, who have fought, in Po- 
land and Britain, understand that 
China is the toughest theater of all. 
The men who can fight here can 
fight anywhere and can beat any- 
one anywhere in the world. 

Chinese Will Bln 

“Gen. Chennault is an outstand- 
ing strategist and tactician, and he 
! and his comrades taught me 50 
I j e "nt more than I knew before 

I.ghters and bombers arriv- here 
the enemy wili be beaten decisive- 
ly" 

Maj. Urbanowicz was assistant 
Polish air attache in Washington 
when he asked for a transfer to 
China and active service last Oc- 
tober. He is the first foreign vol- ; 
unteer to fly in the skies of China 
with the 14th Air Force. Gen. 
Chennault lost no time in giving 
the Polish ace his wish to see active 
service. 

The Major fought throughout the 
Battle of Changteh, shooting down 
two Japanese Zeros, damaging 
others 'arid destroying 14 troop- 
laden launches on Tungting Lake. 
He dropped food and ammunition 
day after day tq the besieged gar- 
rison in Changteh and accompanied 
bombers on scores of missions. 

Singlehanded he fought off six 
Zeros, one day and fqund himself 
120 utiles from his base with his 
gas almost exhausted. He made it 
in the dark with his enginecough- 
ing. 

Son Born in Washington 

On Christmas Day at an advance 
airfield, as he was about to take 
off. he heard tnal his young wife, 

. Jadwiga, had given birth to a child 
in Washington. For more than two 
weeks he did not know whether'* he 
was the father of a boy or girl — 
the child is a boy. Reeqntly the 

(Please tarn to Page 6) 



A Too-Obliging Jap 'Obliges 5 
One Too Many Jap Generals 



One of the lighter stories to come 
out of the recent Gripsholm repatri- 
ation exchange — though a story 
with its unhappy side, too — has 
just reached New York, after hav- 
ing been relayed from Goa and 
Chungking. The story was told by 
Mrs. Selma Payne, formerly of 
Shanghai, whose husband, Harry 
Payne, died about a year ago. 

Immediately upon Mr. Payne's 
death, Mrs. Payne related at Goa 
after the exchange formalities were 
completed, a Japanese civilian who 
coveted the Payne apartment in 
Grosvenor House rushed to the gen- 
darmerie and sought permission to 
take it over. To strengthen his 
case he said he was making the ap- 
plication for a certain general who 



did not wish his name to appear in 
the transaction. 

The civilian received the coveted 
permission to take over the apart- 
ment, Mrs. Payne recalled, but 
afterwards the gendarmerie chief- 
anxious to keep well in the military 
eye — went around to the general’s 
headquarters and expressed hope 
that the quiet retreat pleased the 
general and his lady love. 

The Japanese civilian promptly 
disappeared from public view, ac- 
cording to Mrs. Payne, and was re- 
ported to have joined his ancestors 
at the general's orders. The story, 
published in the Chungking Edition 
of the Shanghai Evening Post and 
Mercury, was just received in New 
York this week with initial airmail 
copies of the new Post Edition. 



On the Propaganda Front 




[New Far East 
Office Created 
In State Dept. 



% 



The Japanese caption on this propaganda plant from Manila 
describes the above picture as portraying a group of Filipino youths 
(center, in uniforms) preparing to sail for Japan to take up studies 
designed to fit them as future leaders in their homeland. In the fore- 
ground, Filipino girls wave Japanese flags, according to Nippon's cap- 
tion writers. The picture was brought from Manila by Raymond P. 
Cronin, of the Associated Press, who was interned there for a time 
and recently repatriated aboard the Gripsholm. 



ii the Wash! rnrt 
Evening Fust 



I Men 



ui, Shanghai 



Guadalcanal Alibi Displays 

Enemy's Propaganda at Work £ 



WASHINGTON— As result of the 
State Department reorganization 
announced by Secretary Hull a few 
days ago in order No. 1218, Stanley 
K. Hornbeck has been made chief 
of a new Office of Far Eastern 
Affairs. 

This organ replaces the former 
Division of Far Eastern Affairs 
whose head, Joseph W- Ballantine, 
is made assistant chief. 

Thus resuming charge of an ac- 
tive administrative post, Mr. Horn- 
beck at the same time gives up ti- 
tle to a post now eliminated, that 
of Far East adviser in a. former 
group of three advisers on politi- 
cal relations. His former personal- 
assistant now becomes special as- 
sistant in the- newly created office. 

Under Mr. Hornbeck the office 
is divided according to regions. 
The China section is to be headed 
by John Carter Vincent as chief, 
with Edward Stanton as his assist- 
ant. The Philippine section comes 
under Frank Lockhart, who has 
been chief of the Office of Philip- 
pine- Affairs; this will also have 
jurisdiction over any other Pacific 
islands under American sovereign- 
ty. Lawrence Salisbury is acting 
chief of a Southwest Pacific divi- 
sion taking in Thailand and Indo- 
china. Erie R. Dickover heads a 
Japan section. 

Far East Authority 
For years a leading American 
on Far East matters, 



Japan's alibi on Guadalcanal as offered through the official Domei 
news agency to English-language newspapers still published in 
Shanghai, Manila, Tokyo, Hongkong and other main occupied points 
has been obtained by the Shanghai Evening Post and Mercury from 
Japanese-occupied territory. ❖ 

It represents the Japanese hold- 1 gn m • fi/inillnM 

ing of Guadalcanal (spelled "Guad- f f (iff ft 
alcanar” by Domei) as merely a 
temporary operation designed to 
keep American forces from inter- 
fering with main defense bases 
meanwhile being established far- 
ther back. When these bases had 
been set up, says Domei, the Jap- 
anese “vanguard units . • . were 
quietly transferred from Guadal- 
canal' Island and Buna to complete 
the chagrin of the enemy” — this 
chagrin initially stemming from 
the sacrifice of “over 10,000 much- 
touted Marines" killed on Guadal- 
canal by “the dauntless Japanese 
troops.” 

Retreat Called “Transfer” 

This story was made as an an- 
nouncement from Imperial Head- 
quarters "regarding the transfer of 
Imperial troops from Guadalcanal' 

Island and the Buna area in New 
Guinea to important Japanese 
bases established in the outer peri- 
meter of the zone of operations in 
the South Pacific which rocked the 
world and confused the anti-Axis 
nations." 

As a particularly interesting ex- 
ample of Japan’s new and con- 
siderably improved propaganda 
technique, contrasting with the 
crude and often childish boastings 
( Please turn to paje 7) 



Added Groups 
For I . S. Study 



This news tip, received recently 
by the Shanghai Evening Post and 
Mercury, gave direction this week 
to what is apparently a broad-scale 
movement of Chinese students to 
this country to study American 
technic. The Students range from 
those on the customary scholar- 
ships and working for degrees to 
those on lend-lease arrangements 
who are simply studying technical 
methods. 

Situation Obscure 
Little, however, is being said 
about the new arrivals; due in part, 
apparently, to the fact that they 
are under such widespread sponsor- 
ship. Several groups of non-degree 
candidates, comprising around 200 
to each group, have come under the 
(Please turn to page 6) 



joined the faculty of the University 
of Wisconsin in 1907. Between 1909 
and 1913 he was an instructor in 
Chinese Government colleges, re- 
turning to serve various American 
universities, but in 1919 having his 
first experience in broader fields 
when he became technical expert 
to the Far Eastern Division of the 
American Commission to Negotiate 

He served the government in va- 
rious capacities usually in connec- 
tion with China or the Far East 
generally, and from 1928 to 1937 he 
Was chief of the State Depart- 
ment’s Division of Par Eastern Af- 
fairs. Since 1937 he has been ad- 
viser on political relations. He has 
written numerous articles and 
some books on international law, 
politics and trade. 

Mr. Ballantine has had extensive 
Far East consular and diplomatic 
service in Japan, Manchuria and 
China, his last assignment in that 
area having started in March, 1941, 
as counsellor to the American Em- 
bassy in China. Even his life’s be- 
ginning had a flavor of the Orient 
as he was born at Ahmednagar, 
India. Like Mr. Hornbeck he is 
widely known among Far East- 
erners. 

Mr. Hiss has been acting a® a 
personal assistant to Mr. Hornbeck 
(Please turn to page 51 



Intense Interest in Far East 
Found bv Tsiang in the West 



Post Will Publish 
Repatriation Report 

A copy of the complete report 
issued by the State Department 
in Washington last week, and 
dealing comprehensively with 
repatriation, internment condi- 
tions in the Far East, the status 
of prisoners of war, and the 
shipment of relief supplies, lias 
just been obtained by the 
Shanghai Evening Post and 
Mercury and will be published 
next week. Persons interested in 
extra copies should reserve 
them immediately, Circulation 
Dept., 101 Fifth Avenue, New 
York 3, N. Y. 



Unprecedented interest in Far 
East postwar possibilities is now 
evident among the Pacific Coast 
states, T. F. Tsiang discovered dur- 
ing the course of a recent western 
trip. Interviewed by the Shanghai 
Evening Post in New York this 
week, Mr. Tsiang— director of the 
Far East section of the United Na- 
tions Relief and Rehabilitation Ad- 
ministration-expressed himself as 
surprised by the intelligent plan- 
ning now in progress. He was espe- 
cially struck by the interest shown 
in the state of Washington under 
the guidance of young, alert Gov. 
Arthur B. Langlie. 

Another interesting feature ob- 
served by Mr. Tsiang was the con- 
siderable number of Chinese serv- 



ing in important West Coast posi- 
tions. Kaiser’s shipbuilding oper- 
tions employ several Chinese in key 
capacities, Mr. Tsiang found, and 
Mr. Kaiser explained that he fav- 
ored these men because they stuck 
to their work and intended to make 
it a lifetime occupation (perhaps 
carrying it on later in China) 
whereas the average American was 
more transient and drifting. 

Chinese were teaching in impor- 
tant western educational institu- 
tions, Mr. Tsiang discovered, and 
their subjects were by no means 
always China or the Far East iri 
general. Instead he found them 
instructing in various scientific 
studies as well, and in one case (at 
the University of California) a 
(.Please turn to page 6) 




Page Two 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday , January 2. 



tmv 



Pvt. T. H. Razlag of the WAC 
— better known to former OCH's as 
Christine Diemer of Reuter's in 
Shanghai— has completed her basic 
training at Daytona Beach. Fla., 
and is now stationed at Fort Ogle- 
thorpe. Ga. 

George Krainukov, former China 
newsreel man. is now cameraman 
with the Army and Navy Publish- 
ing Co. of Baton Rouge, where he 
is associated with Frank Burton, 
former business manager of the 
Shanghai Evening Post- 

Philip Lin will lecture on “The 
Music of the Chinese" at the Uni- 
versity- of Pennsylvania Museum in 
Philadelphia at 3 p.m. Jan. 23. On 
the same series, Weng Hsing-Ching 
will discuss “The Techniques of 
Chinese Painting" at 3 p.m. Jan. 30. 

Dr. Wu Yi-fang, president of 
Ginling College, Chengtu, who has 
been in the United States for the 
Chinese Government and for the 
Christian Colleges, has gone to 
Washington preparatory to return- 
ing by plane to China. 

Mrs. Y. T. Zee New (Mrs. W. S.) 
has returned to New York after a 
few days in Chicago. While in 
Chicago, Mrs. New attended the 
jubilee meeting of the Foreign 
Missions Conference and was a 
speaker at the women’s luncheon. 

Two Santo Tomas internees, 
Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Koesling, were 
able through repatriate friends to 
deliver a linen set as a belated 
Christmas present to Mrs. Koes- 
ling's parents, Mr. and Mrs. R. 
t). Ka.ufman of Des Moines. 

Royal Leonard, formerly pilot for 
the Generalissimo and more re- 
cently with CNAC, has had an 
operation and is convalescing under 
the care of Mrs. Leonard at their 
home. 1751 McCollum St., Los 
Angeles. 

Mr. and Mrs. R. M. White, who 
spent a month in Washington visit- 
ing their daughter, Mrs. Brandon 
Wentworth, are now visiting friends 
in the Kansas City area. Then- 
permanent address is c/o Presby- 
terian Board of Foreign Missions, 
156 Fifth Ave., New York 10. 

A considerable shortage of cheap 
blue cloth is reported in Hongkong, 
as Japanese civilians who flocked 
to the Colony are busy buying it up 
and making it into coolie gowns. 
Their purpose- to make their es- 

"" -• - the forth-. 



Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Connely, 
formerly Baptist missionaries in 
Tsining, Shantung, are now making 
their headquarters at 823 Academy 
Ave., St. Louis, Mo. They recently 
had visiting them the Rev. Mr. and 
Mrs. L. C. Osborn, of Tamingfu, 
and Dr. Hinkhouse, of Peiping. 

Jack Belden, former China cor- 
respondent, is making a good re- 
covery at Doctor’s Hospital, New 
York City, from his leg wound 
suffered in the line of journalistic 
duty in Italy. The cast has been 
removed and he is trying crutches 
and a brace. 

Dramatization of the life of Neh- 
ru and India by Richard J. Walsh, 
editor of Asia and the Americas, 
will be broadcast as an Indian In- 
dependence Day program Sunday 
Evening, Jan. 23, at 11:30 p.m. 
Eastern War Time over WtEAF in 
New York. 

Dr. C. M. Li, one of six economic 
experts sent by the Chinese Govern- 
ment to the United States to study 
postwar problems, spoke to the For- 
eign Trade Assn, at the Fairmont 
Hotel in San Francisco on ‘Jan. 17 
On the subject of "Chinese-Ameri- 
<|an Trade in Postwar." 
j Harold Denny, New York Times 
correspondent, predicted in a dis- 
patch from Madrid this week the 
eventual entry of Portugal into 
the war in order to regain Timor 
from the Japanese, and obtain a 
spat at the Peace Conference 
table. 

’ Continuing a series of 12 lecture- 
discussions for teachers . held on 
Thursday afternoons at the Girls 
High Auditorium, 17th and Spring 
Garden sts., Brooklyn, Irma Alex- 
ander will discuss “The USSR — 
r JJhe Land and the People” on Jan. 
27. 

j Onetime Shanghai hand Lt. L. B. 
Qresswell, well known Marine 
Whose wife was leader of the 
Marine Ladies basketball team in 
Shanghai, is a lieutenant ' col- 
onel just back from Guadalcanal 
and now at Quantico, Va., as com- 
mandant of the Reserve Officers 
Glass, Marine Corps Schools. 

Mrs. Z. T. Infr has returned to 
her home in Managua, Nicaragua, 
where she is recovering satisfac- 
torily from an operation which 
was performed in Costa Rica. Mr. 
Ing is Chinese consul general in 
Nicaragua. Before going there he 




Faithful words are often not 
pleasant: pleasant words are often 
not faithful. 

Lao Tzu, trad. B.C. 6W 



was connected with the Chinese 
Embassy in Washington. 

A. F. Ollerdessen is hurrying to 
finish business matters that have 
kept him in New York since his ar- 
rival on the Gripsholm, so that he 
and Mrs. Ollerdessen may go to 
San Francisco next week. The 
couple have been staying at the 
Biltmore, and visited relatives in 
Boston over the holidays. 

Henry F. Misselwitz, author and 
lecturer on the Far East and for- 
mei-ely correspondent for the New 
York Times in China, has been ap- 
pointed chairman of the Pacific 
Ocean Problems section of the 
Commonwealth Club in San Fran- 
cisco. He is the president of the 
China Tiffin Club in San Francisco 
and resides in San Carlos. 

The China Institute has an- 
nounced that Dr. Yang Shu-chia 
has joined the staff. Dr. Yang, who 
is an economist interested in post- 
war economic reconstruction in 
China, served for several years as 
manager of the T,ungtai branch 
of the Kiangsu Farmer's Bank and 
was later connected with the Bu- 
reau of Kiangsu Province. 

The U. S. Army's Seventh Service 
Command recently announced that 
the University of Minnesota, one of 
the 91 universities in this country 
-whidtha-d been closed • T.. 

American evacuee students because 
of military experiments could now 
accept such students when they 
have been cleared by the office of 
the Army Provost Marshal General. 

One of the most popular lecturers 
on China in northern California 
has been Frank Nipp of the Chi- 
nese News Service. Mr. Nipp re- 
cently spoke to the Oakland Com- 
mandery of the Knights Templar 
on “China After the Cairo Confer- 
ence," and at the First Presby- 
terian Church of Oakland on "What 
China Expects in 1944." 

The engagement of Miss Eliza- 
beth Mitchell-Innes Horne to Sgt. 
Maj. Geoffrey Harold Ian Dann, 
Warrant Officer. Royal Hussars, 
British Army, of Oxford England, 
has been announced by Miss 
Horne's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Don- 
ald Horne, of Pelham Manor, N. Y. 
Sgt. Maj. Dann has been on active 
service in India. 

The first copy of the Shanghai 
Evening Post’s Chungking Edition 
to reach New York by regular pos- 
tal service arrived last week. It 
was the second issue, dated Nov. 7. 
the inaugural issue of Oct. 31 still 
being on the way. The issue just 
received came by airmail and bore 
postage stamps to the value of 
NCS50.40. 

President Chiang Kai-shek in- 
spected the first group of student 
volunteers for the Chinese Army at 
at a training camp near Chungking 
last week. Five hundred volunteers 
from universities and middle 
schools in Free China already have 
been assembled at the camp, and 
preparations are being made to ac- 
commodate 5000. A three-month 
training course has been outlined. 

Mr. and Mrs. George E. Baxter, 
formerly of Shanghai and Hong- 
kong, are temporarily staying at 
2411 Depauw St., Orlando, Fla., ex- 
pecting ultimately to reach San 
Francisco. Mrs. Baxter, after 18 
months in Chapei, was repatriated 
last December while Mr. Baxter, 
former United Press Bureau man- 
ager in Hongkong, came home on 
the first Gripsholm. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Smith, for 60 
years in Anhwei and Hupeh, write 
from their home in Saginaw, Mich., 
that their son, Maj. W. J. Smith, 
14th Army Air Force, has been, cit- 
ed to receive the Legion of Merit 
medal for special service, and is 
now assigned to write the history 



of the 14th. Maj. Smith was a pro- 
fessor of history before entering 
the Army. 

On the first anniversary of the 
signing of the Sino-American and 
Sino-British treaties ending extra- 
territoriality, Dr. H. H. Kung, vice 
president of the Executive Yuan, 
broadcast a message over Govern- 
ment Station XGOY in Chungking 
last week, declaring China had 
made considerable progress in her 
war effort as an equal partner in 
the United Nations during the last 
year. 

A “grab bag” party, sponsored 
by the All-China Troop Comfort- 
ing Assn, in honor of United Na- 
tions armed forces in Chungking, 
was held at Broadcasting House in 
Chungking last week. NC$350,000 
worth of presents, donated by citi- 
zens of Chungking, were given 
away. Entertainment features w 
contributed by Chinese talent 
well as by American, British and 
French guests. 

Dr. V. K. Wellington Koo. Chinese 
Ambassador to Great Britain, 
among speakers at a United Aid to 
China Fund meeting in London. 
Commenting on the military situ- 
ation, he said that while the Chin- 
ese hardly expected the defeat of 
Japan in the immediate future, it 
would be "a great comfort and en- 
couragement to them to see our 
common enemy in Europe finally 
defeated before the end of the 
present year." 

Dr. Hau Te-pang has received 
honorary membership in the So- 
ciety of Chemical Industry for 
the yeoman work he did in helping 
to gear China’s chemical industry 
along modern lines in the face of 
Japanese invasion, according to a 
report in the China Institute Bulle- 
tin. Dr. Hou is vice president and 
engineer in chief of Yungli Chemi- 
cal Industries, Ltd., and a member 
of the Committee on Wartime 
Planning for Chinese Students in 
the U. S. 

Election of three new members 
to its board of directors is an- 
nounced by the East and West 
Assn. The new members are Prof. 
Ruth Benedict, of Columbia Uni- 
versity, now on leave: Francis E. 
Rivers, who, as a recently elected 
judge in the City Court of the 
City of New York, holds the high- 
est salaried public post ever held 
by a Negro in the United States, 
and Mark Starr, educational direc- 
tor of the International Ladies’ 
Garment Workers' Union. 

L, Deming Tilton, director of 
planning for the San Francisco 
Pay Pl.-inning Commission, was 
j. : • ■Unhee— gi ven by GhL'J^- 

iown I,.-: ci s at the Far East Cafe. 
After the dinner a meeting was 
held at the Wah Ying Club where 
Mr. Tilton spoke on the "Master 
Plan for San Francisco." Various 
suggestions were made by Chinese 
leaders on the part Chinatown lead- 
ers will play in postwar planning 
for San Francisco. Those attending 
were Misses Dorothy Gee, Jane 
Kwong Lee, Charles Leong, William 
J. C. Chow, Charles J. Jung, Henry 
Shue Tom, Leland Kimlau, Oliver 
Chang, Ira Lee, Howard Low, Sam 
Lee and George Ong. 

Many Chinese who could not 
claim relief from ordinary Red 
Cross funds in China are being 
helped by Baptist relief funds, 
write Dr. and Mrs. John Davies, 
Baptist missionaries, from East 
China, adding: "It is a heavy re- 
sponsibility to decide what people 
seem most worth saving t for we 
cannot help all who need help. We 
are giving a great deal of time to 
the work of Foochow International 
Red Cross Committee. The Chung- 
king representatives of the Church 
Committee for China Relief send 
us about NC$300,000 per month 
which we distribute among six re- 
lief committees in Fukien Province 
and six committees in Chekiang 
Province. In addition we distribute 
large consignments of medical sup- 
plies among 40 hospitals and 
schools.” 

After many months spent in the 
northern interior of China with the 
Chinese Red Cross Medical Relief 
Corps, Lillian Leung returned to 
Chungking in May. 1493, and be- 
came the bride of Frank Tao, ac- 
cording to news just received in 
New York. Gen. Lu gave the bride 
away, and Dr. Rappe, minister of 
Grace Divinity Church in Chung- 
king, performed the marriage. Mrs. 
Tao is the daughter of the Rev. 
Mr. M. F. Leung of the Chinese 
Presbyterian Church, and Mrs. 
Leung df Victoria, B. C. She re- 
ceived her early education in Vic- 
toria, and attended the School of 
Nursing at the University of To- 
ronto. After a graduate course at 
Columbia University in New York, 
she left fof China in 1940. Mr. and 
Mrs. Tao are now making their 
home in Chungking where Mrs. 
Tao helps her husband with his 
work in the International Depart- 
ment of the Ministry of Informa- 
tion. 



Problems of Refugee Schools 
Are Described by Dr. Kirk 



The tremendous difficulties en- 
countered by refugee colleges and 
universities in West China were 
described this week by Dr. Flor- 
ence A. Kirk, who is in New York 
awaiting passage to return to her 
work as head of the English De- 
partment of G i n 1 in g College, 
Chengtu, Szechuen. Her task will 
be a little like “making bricks 
without straw,” she intimated when 
asked if she planned any new pro- 
gram for her department. 

By the time the refugee univer- 
sities arrived in Free China, Dr. 
Kirk reported, the supply of books 
and texts was so low that it was 
necessary to produce them locally. 
All books used by the English De- 
partment, for example, were pre- 
pared under Dr. Kirk’s supervision 
and printed by printers who did 
not know English. 

Dr. Kirk will add to the supply 
of source materials by taking with 
her when she returns the micro- 
films of a number of plays of the 
period of Fletcher's "The Faithful 
Shepherdess,” on which she wrote 
the dissertation for her Ph. D. de- 
gree. 

Returned Two Years Ago 

Dr. Kirk returned from £hina a 
little more than two years ago to 
take her doctorate in English lit- 
erature at Northwestern Univer- 
sity. This is in line w;ith the policy 
of keeping standards in the Chi- 
nese universities as high as pos- 
sible. This policy has been fostered, 
too, by the Chinese Government by 
requiring that students take 80 out 
of 132 hours’ work in the major 
field of study. Dr. Kirk said that 
in spite of the difficulties, English 
is the second most popular major 
at Ginling College. 

Added to the book shortage 
there is a paper shortage, she said. 
Paper which Dr. Kirk bought 
for $7 a hundred sheets just be- 
fore she left China a little more 
than two years ago now sells for 
from $2 to §5 per sheet. “How 
many essays can one student af- 
ford to write?" is a question of no 
small importance these days. 

Dr. Kirk came to New York from 
her home in Saskatoon, Sask., Can- 
ada, where she spent a few weeks 
with her sister, Miss Lillian Kirk, 
recently returned from Chengtu. 
Dr. Kirk heard from her sister an 
excit in.: «t ; --ry • the iatter'-> '}|t- 
months' crip to GariaSa. - 

After a three weeks 1 wait in 
Chungking, Miss Kirk was delayed 
in Bombay for four months. Final- 




Dr. Florence Kirk 

ly the trip started on a freighter 
which soon developed engine trou- 
ble necessitating a three weeks’ 
stay in Perth, Australia. Starting 
out from Perth, the freighter was 
forced back just before it crossed 
the international dateline to Well- 
ington, New Zealand, for another 
delay of three weeks. A second 
time just after passing the date- 
line, the ship was forced back. 

Two Days of Suspense 
Miss Kirk reported that the most 
exciting period was for two days 
when the freighter was afloat 
without the engines running, at the 
mercy of Japanese submarines. 
When the ship got into Welling- 
ton the second time, the captain 
■ged Miss Kirk to change ships. 
Crossing and recrossing the inter- 
national dateline had given her 
two Good Fridays and no Easter 
Monday! Sire finally reached Los 
Angeles on an American Navy ship 
i 16 days from Wellington. 

While Dr. Kirk's trip to Canada 
and the U. S. was less eventful, it 
not without excitement. The 
plane which took her from Chung- 
king to Hongkong (before Peail 
Harbor) flew at 16,000 feet over 
Japanese-occupied ter r itor y at 
night, and between Hongkong and 



;> in <>n the return trip, and by 

| plane from India' to Chungking 
I and Chengtu. 



Bishop Tsu is First Chinese 
To Preach at Trinity Church 



The Right Rev. Y. Y. Tsu, of 
K.unming, Protestant Episcopal 
Bishop of Yunan and Kweichow 
Provinces, preached the sermon and 
conducted the baptismal services at 
Trinity Church in New York City 
last Sunday. This was the first 
time in the history of Trinity 
Church that a Chinese Bishop occu- 
pied the pulpit. 

The baptismal, of Mrs. Lily Wong, 
for more than 20 years a resident 
of the city, was conducted in Chi- 
nese and attended by over 100 men 
and women, including representa- 
tives of the Chinese Consulate and 
the Chinese colony in New York. 

In his sermon. Bishop Tsu ex- 
pressed the gratitude of the Chi- 
nese people for America's support 
of the Christian Church in China. 
He also related a number of inci- 
dents which revealed. China's un- 
flagging efforts to carry on the 
Christian Church, even during the 

The work of the churches is go- 
ing forward in Occupied China de- 
spite great difficulties, the Bishop 
declared. While in Free China the 
clergy, laymen and Government of- 
ficials are uniting to support and 
strengthen the work of the Chris- 
tian Church, he said. 

More Clerics, Less Experts 
Are Called China’s Need 

CHICAGO (RNS> — The foreign 
missions enterprise must provide 
more “consecrated preachers and 



pastors” and fewer “experts." Dr. 
Y. Y. Tsu, Anglican Bishop of the 
missionary district of Yunnan- 
Kweichow, China, declared here in 
addressing the opening session of 
the 50th annual Jubilee Convention 
of the 'Foreign Missions Conference 
of North America. Sixty denomina- 
tions of the United States and Can- 
ada, sponsoring 122 mission groups, 
were represented. 

“We don’t want experts in 
China,” Dr. Tsu declared. “Of 
course, we will welcome a few ac- 
knowledged authorities in educa- 
tion, religion, and science, but China 
will produce her own experts in 
every field.” 




Active Representation 
throughout South America 
EXPORTERS ❖ IMPORTERS 
SALES AGENTS 

50 CHURCH STREFT 
New York City 



150 W. 52d St. 

New York 
Circle 6-2123 



As You Knew It 



220 Canal Ft. 

New York 
WOrth 2-68150 



COCKTAIL BAR and RESTAURANT 



OPEN TILL 4 A.M. 



Friday, January 21, 19 If If 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST aND MERCURY 



Page Three 



WASHINGTON WAUA WAUA 



IIINA CARSON 



My New Year resolutions 
Are safely packed away. 

Oh. what a good girl I was 
For almost a day-! 

When Lars Warner (Cables) was 
in Shanghai, he liked to linger at 
the dinner table and generalize on 
world happiness. He is fighting 
now in Australia and is still inter- 
ested in: problems of the universe. 

"I wish there could be more con- 
cern about home morale,” he wrote. 
“Strikes, race riots, rising prices, 
international greediness, intoler- 
ance, and perhaps 
another war. To 
what sort of a 
world are we re- 
turning?” 

I took this ques- 
tion to Walter H. 

Judd in the House 
of Representatives. 

He is an idealist 
with plenty of good 
horse-sense, and he 
is, as you probably 
know, an Old 
China Hand. 

"The world to- 
morrow,” said Mr. 

Judd, "can be bet- Erna Cargon 
ter than ever be- 
fore. Whether it is or not de- 
pends on ourselves.” 

Mr. Judd believes that one of the 
most encouraging factors in the 
whole picture is that there are still 
so many persons living who went 
through the last war, and there- 
fore remember so acutely the trag- 
edy of not carrying on after vic- 
tory. 

“Last time we came home and 
thought we had the job done. We 
took off our uniforms and instead 
of becoming citizens and continu- 
ing the fight, became just ex- 
soldiers." 

To back his belief that the only 
answer to a decent world is perma- 
nent peace, Mr. Judd has given his 
ardent support to such bills as the 
Fulbright resolution which favors 
_"T he creating of ann^opriate inter- 

a just and mstlng see among the 

The earnest congressman from 
Minnesota said, "We cannot escape 
the world, or rule the world, or buy 
the world. Is there any course left 
except a genuinely cooperative ef- 
fort to achieve, with our allies, an 
organized security?" 

Assorted News: 

Not long ago, two American boys 
took part in a swimming meet at 
the SAS. Last week, these same 
boys participated in a swimming 
meet in this country. They are Rob- 
ert Rosse, son of Mr. and Mrs.lM. 
E. Rosse, who is taking the Navy 
V-12 course at Union College, and 
Frank Lilley Jr., son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Frank Lilley, Standard Vacu- 
um, who is taking the same course 
at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. 

Earl M a 1 1 i c e, Peiping and 
Washington, is now a full colonel. 

Mrs. Kenneth Yearns and Mrs. 
Samuel Fletcher are off to India 
to join their Department of State 
husbands. 

When’ Mrs. George Flynn told 
her children to go out and play two 
years ago they said, "Who is going 
to take care of us?” Today they 
are as independent as though they 
had never seen an amah or aiyah. 
George is in Madras with Caltex. 
Larry and the children are at Man- 
hattan Beach where, with true 
California spirit, they have a swim- 
ming pool in their yard. "All the 
youngsters in the neighborhood 
come,” says Larry, "but having 
four to start with, a few more do 
not matter." China guests of the 
Flynns have included B. E. But- 
land, Bahrein; Jeanette Butland, 
now living in Manhattan Beach; 
Charles Thomson, India; Marion 
Thomson, Texas; Harry Bernard, 
India. Also seen around town — Max- 
ine Manney, Bess Cardwell, Helen 
Young, all of Shanghai; Col. and 
Mrs. Beers, Tientsin. 

John F. Stone, Department of 
State, has been assigned to Lon- 
don. Mrs. Stone (“Garry") is keep- 
ing her job with the American Red 
Cross. 

The third child of Mr. and Mrs. 
W. W. Richards of Atlanta, Ga., 
has been named Holly because she 
was born in December. Mrs. Rich- 
ards is the daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. Orrin DeMotte Walker and 
she worked at one time for North 
China Standard in Peiping. 

Seen Around Town: 

Mons Halberg, down from New 
York on a little sulphur business— 
his deep, pleasant laugh not de- 



stroyed by his harrowing escape 
from Burma. 

T. Hermann, Shanghai, with 
helpful information for his Gov- 
ernment. 

William Christian, BAT. comes 
from Richmond but it took more 
than his southern accent to merit, 
"There is one man who under- 
stands the Japanese.” 

Richard Summers of the Panama 
Canal region, home on a short 
leave with his parents, “Doc" and 
Mis. Summers of Hongkong. 

Lt. Comdr. Earl Kincaid (China 
and the Philippines) in town for a 
brief visit with his wife and daugh- 
ter, from a place which would be 
censored quicker than you can say, 
"The marines have landed in 
Tokyo.” 

Walter Mitchell, with a China 
and Manchuria career of newspa- 
per work and engineering, catching 
up on things American. 

Judge and Mrs. Cornell Franklin, 
having a reunion with relatives. 

Last Chance: 

Nearly every Far Easterner must 
know by now that if he owns prop- 
erty in the Orient valued at $10,000 
or more he must file a return with 
the U. S. Government. Last week 
letters came asking: 

"I thought Dec. 1 was the dead- 
line for filing returns.” 

“My possessions in China are 
valued at $8000. Must I submit a 
report?" 

“I own no real estate in China 
but I did leave linens and Silver 
valued around $600. Do I file a re- 
turn?” 

The law office of Roy Glynn All- 
man was again invaded and after 
much talk of sections and statutes 
and acts, Mr. Allman gave this 
simplified information : 

1. The deadline for filing reports 
has been extended to Feb. 1. 

2. Owners of property valued at 
$10,000 or more must file a report. 
The penalty for not filing is severe 
—a fine of S10.000 or. "if a natural 
person, may be imprisoned for not 
More than 10 years, or both. . 

•Th. - mplete penalty is found n. 
the i emulations of Public Ctrctih; 
No. 22 issued by the I* ft T • 
ury Department, Foreign Control 
Division. 

3. Owners of possessions valued 
at less than $10,000 are not com- 
pelled to file but are encouraged to 
do so. According to Mr. Allman, 
one of the officials of the Frozen 
Funds Division of the U. S. Treas- 
ury stated that when the claims 
were filed for losses by individuals 
and corporations, unquestionably 
the court or commission which de- 
termines those claims will consult 
the files of the Frozen Funds Divi- 
sion to see if a report was made. 

At Home: 

"We'd love to have our friends 
come to see us.” The invitation is 
issued by Mr. and Mrs. M. E. Rosse 
who have moved from Virginia to 
Washington, 3505 Davis St., N.W., 
telephone Ordway 8680. 

Catherine Kelly with a full time 
war job and Alex Kelly with the 
finance section of the British Em- 
bassy are Washington residents. In 
Peiping, Mr. Kelly was manager 
of the Hongkong and Shanghai 
Bank. 

Neville Merritt is off to London. 
Mrs. Merritt has taken a charming 
house at Wallingford, Conn., right 
on the campus of the famous. 
Choates school. Her daughter-in- 
law and grandchild are with her. 
Neville Jr. is a lieutenant in the 
Air Force. Nowell goes to Yale. 

It took an American school- 
teacher five months to travel from 
New York to Chengtu recently, and 
not one incident marred the trip. 
Upon reaching Chengt u, she 
climbed into a ricksha and off came 
a wheel. Girl, coolie, bag and bag- 
gage scrambled merrily in the 
winter slush. 



Japanese Are Warned 
On Importation of Rice 

The Japanese people have been 
warned by Fumio Goto, state min- 
ister and vice governor of Japan's 
totalitarian party, the Imperial 
Rule Assistance Assn., that "it is 
entirely impossible for us to be de- 
pendent on the import of rice,” it 
was reported this week to the Of- 
fice of War Information. 

“Foodstuffs must be produced 
within the nation and self-suffici- 
ency must be maintained thorough- 
ly," said Goto in a speech broad- 
cast to Japanese areas by the 
Tokyo Radio and recorded by Uni- 
ted States Government monitors. 




War phans Specially Trained 
As Cooks for 14th Air Force 



Mrs. Williams 
Shot;Condition 
Called Serious 

Mrs. Adele Williams, wife of 
Frank Starr Williams, long asso- 
ciated with the Departments of 
State and Commerce in the Far 
East, was shot late this week in 
Chicago by an unidentified woman, 
according to a special dispatch to 
the New York Times. 

Mr. Williams started his career 
in 1911 as an instructor of agricul- 
ture and chemistry at the Canton 
Christian College, later joining the 
faculty of Soochow University. In 
1918 he went into business with 
the American Trading Co. in Shang- 
hai. In 1922 he became associated 
with the A. W. Olsen Co., Tientsin. 

In Government Service 

He entered government service 
in 1923 as representative of the 
Department of Commerce in Shang- 
hai, later going to Bangkok and 
Singapore. Mr. Williams was com- 
mercial attache at the American 
Embassy in Tokyo from 1933 to 
1937, and is now an attache of the 
State Department in Washington. 
He was married to the present Mrs. 
Williams in 1937 shortly after her 
divorce from Edgar Born. 

The story of the Chicago shoot- 
ing was told by Mrs. Patricia 
Goodbody, 28, a daughter of Mrs. 
Williams by a previous marriage, 
who was with her mother at the 
time of the tragedy and who nar- 
rowly escaped a shot fired at her. 
The two women, according to Mrs. 
Goodbody, had been in their apart- 
ment about 20 minutes on the eve- 
ning of Jan. 19 — having found it 
unlocked upon their return — when 
a woman stepped out from behind 
the bathroom door. 

Shot from Bathroom 

The shot that nearly hit Mi’s. 
Goodbody was fired in the bath- 
room, "Then the woman ran out 
of the bathroom,” Mrs. Goodbody 
said. "I heard at least two shots. 
I ran out, and saw my mother ly- 
ing o n the floor. I ran to the hall 
screaming for help.” 

Mrs. Williams was taken to St. 
Luke's Hospital, whett- it was 
found that the bullet had pene- 
trated her head at the r; ght front 
and was imbedded in the skull. 
Her condition was reported to be 




CANADIAN WHEAT FOR INDIA 

An Ottawa dispatch to the New 
York Times last week quoted 
Prime Minister W. L. Mackenzie 
King as announcing that shipment 
of the gift of 100,000 tons of wheat 
from Canada to India to relieve 
famine conditions there had been 
arranged. 



By FREDERICK B. OPPER 

CHUNGKING (By Radio)— Your 
correspondent was busy on the 
Chungking food front last week 
and takes great pleasure in report- 
ing on the cleanest kitchen in 
China, the best food and the most 
attractively served dinner yet. 

To introduce this subject it is 
necessary to say that the U.S. Air 
Forces need cooks and boys badly 
and J. L. Huang, director general of 
the war area service corps, went to 
work to provide them. He set up 
a school for cooks and boys in the 
surburbs of Chungking and took 
boys between 15 and 20 years of 
age from one of Mme. Chiang’s 
orphanages as pupils- 

3 Months’ Instruction 

The boys are given instruction 
for three months in how to prepare 
food, how to serve it, how to make 
beds, to shine shoes, sew up holes 
in clothing, clean a room properly 
and otherwise be the perfect 
Jeeves. They are also taught some 
English of the kind they will use 
in their work. Above all they are 
taught two things of which most 
servants in the vicinity are com- 
pletely ignorant — one, why they do 
the things they are told to do and 
two, cleanliness. 

The result is these boys have 
great pride in what they realize is 
a good job well done. They have 
great self-respect and they have 
the basic training to be good serv- 
ants now and go on to be good 
employers themselves someday.-. 

The kitchen through which I was 
taken was immaculate. It is no 
exaggeration to say that one could 
eat from . the floor. Every finger- 
nail was clean; hair was cut short; 
clothes and utensils were spotless. 
The grounds were so clean that I 
was ashamed to throw a cigarette 
butt on them. 

The food we had was excellent— 
hor d'oeuvres, soup, pork chops, hot 
muffins and, believe it or not, 
baked Alaska and served by boys 
who knew the difference between 
a knife and a tea cup. 

Sample Conversation 

G.-n. Hiring was telling us ab.mi 
the -school when there came a 
knock at the door. A small boy of 
I about 15 entered and said that they 
wanted to demonsuale their newly 
acquired English. One boy pre- 
tended to be an American flier 
while the other took the role of a 
room boy. 

“Boy,” cried the flier, “why have 
you not today cleaned beneath my 
bed?” 

“Oh sir,” said the other “yester- 
day I cleaned and today I have 
taken away your laundry.” 

“AH right,” said the actor-flier 
"Now I will leave.” 

“When will you return, sir,” 



quarried his Man Friday. 

“I do not know myself, perhaps 
I shall be late," was the rejoinder. 

A not unlikely conversation in 
the main, we thought. 

Needless to say one by one the 
newspaper men along sidled up to 
Gen. Huang in the manner of some- 
one about to let him in on some 
scotch just off the boat. 

“How's chances of getting some 
of these boys for the Press Hostel,” 
they asked. 

Demand Great 

“Not a chance,” said Gen. Huang. 
“We need all we can get ourselves. 
We could use 500 tomorrow if we 
had them and we can train only 
120 every three months— figure it 
out.” 

It might be added that the boys 
have been taught not to squeeze 
and that they sincerely feel that 
serving (Sen, Chennault’s fliers 
makes them real contributors to 
the war effort. 

In fact I have seldom seen such 
pride and self respect in any com- 
parable group. 

Hospitals Repay 
Shanghai Internee 

Max Herskovitz, formerly in- 
terned in Chapei, Shanghai, has the 
distinction of being the first indi- 
vidual to receive reimbursement 
for hospital expenses in China 
from the Blue Cross plan sponsor- 
ed by 250 hospitals In the New 
York area, according to the Asso- 
ciated Hospital Service. Last week 
Mr. Herskovitz received a check 
for $67 which is equivalent to his 
bill of $8500 in Chinese Nanking 
currency. 

One hot day last July, as a mem- 
ber of the heavy duty squad, he 
was helping to remove bricks from 
the foundations of a building of 
China University in Shanghai, 
which had been bombed in 1937 by 
the Japanese. Suddenly he was 
taken ill. The interned doctors 
could not diagnose his case but 
felt he needed hospital attention 

Mr. Hessknyi? : -tells the -fe’, tew- 
ing story: “There happened to be 
a woman going from the camp to 
the Country Hospital for some 
operation. She had applied for 
permission 10 days before. Luckily 
the Japanese granted permission 
for me instantly ffnd I went along 
with her.” 

After tests and X-rays under the 
supervision of Chinese and Ger- 
man refugee doctors, it was de- 
cided that his trouble was due to 
the poor food he had had in camp 
and for seven weeks he enjoyed 
regular hospital food and slowly, 
regained his health. 



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Underwriters Corporation 

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Page Four 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, January 21, 19 kk 



AMERICAN EDITION 

fcueniitg ^nal 
anil fflprmrg 

Published weekly by the Post-Mercury Co., Ipc... 
101 5th Ave., New York 3, N. Y. Tel. ALgonquin 4-4300 
Cornelius V. Starr, President 



Randall Gould, Editor 
Henry Cavendish, News Editor 

Earl H. Leaf, Associate Editor 
F. B. Opper, Associate Editor 
' Editor Chungking Edition 

Subscription rate. S3 a year postpaidi lOc atopy. A( ] 
rates .on application to Business Manager Entere t a. 
I?..,',, matter Mar 22, 1943. at the Post Office at Ne 
Ne« York U under the Act of Mar. 3. 1S79. The Editor - 
rerponsibility for return of or paymer 



liclted manuscript. 



We’re Not Easing Off 

it is well to look ahead, to the future time of 
peace as to the immediate problems of war. Yet 
the casual reader is likely to misinterpret that por- 
tion of President Roosevelt’s budget speech in which 
he forecast a .partial demobilization of American 
forces while we are still working on Japan. 

We are sure that the President has no idea of a 
slackened effort against a still undefeated Japan. 
He simply estimates that once the European fight 
is over we shall have such strength at our disposal 
that there will hardly be room to use it in its en- 
tirety against Japan— or at any rate, we shall have 
the lick-Japan situation so well in hand that we can 
begin the hard road of return to a peacetime basis. 

It’s not our desire to criticize the President in his 
estimate. But for three reasons we feel that his ut- 
terance had unfortunate aspects. First— altogether 
too many people are ready to be “complacent 
(much-overused word, we admit, yet hard to sub- 
stitute) and to feel that they can quit helping to 
win the war if indeed such people even started. 
Second— Japan’s calculation has been that the de- 
mocracies lacked staying power, and that the Far 
East war will finally end in a compromise leaving 
■her effective ruler of the Orient. Third— China 
should have no ground for discouragement as to our 
determined intentions. 

Complacency must not overwhelm us. Japan must 
be completely, decisively whipped. Whatever our 
desires to get back to a peace footing, we must 
keep in mind that no peace can be subject to more 
tlu! tentative planning and preparation while 

'S st ill in the r ing ^ 



Philippine Guerillas 

An offer of amnesty to armed Filipino patriots 
sisting the Jose Laurel regime is being withdrawn 
, Jan. 25, according to the Japanese-controlled 
anila Radio. After the date mentioned, it is said 
ia t “the Government will take drastic action to 
rce the guerillas to surrender.” 

It is hard to get detailed reports on what is hap- 
>ning in the Philippines, but it had been our im- 
■ession, backed by the obvious probabilities, that 
,me pretty drastic action had already been taken. 
ie trouble is that while the Japanese have no 
•eat difficulty in enforcing discipline upon Fili- 
nos bound to the big towns, it is a very tough 
:signment to chase down guerillas. They found it 
in China. The Philippines must be even tougher 
cause of climate and geography. 

Recent repatriates confirmed earlier reports that 
me Americans are doing guerilla work in the Phil- 
pines. Their lot is bound to be harder than that 
people born and bred to the Islands, but the fact 
iat they have survived this long without capture 
lows that the spirit of resistance among the peo- 
e at large has not been broken by either Japanese 
mishment or Japanese blandishments. 

Whatever may or may not have been the state of 
ind of the big-town people under the “New Deal 
.r the Philippines" program, we'll take a bet that 
,e folk of the barrios know the score on Japan, 
hey have their feet deep-rooted in the soil. It was 
lie ‘that the former regime did not improve their 
! as much as it might, but unless Japan has 
holly reversed her economic attitude on exploited 
•eas the too has not been faring as well lately as 
>rmerly. There lies the strength of continued 
uerilla resistance in hope of the day of deliver- 
ice promised by Gen. MacArthur. 



Stirling Fessenden 

Ever since Pearl Harbor we have been receiving 
frequent inquiries about Stirling Fessenden. Now 
comes sad word that he died last September in 
Shanghai, the city which he did much to build into 
world prominence. It is part of the terrible irony 
of our times that his passing came at Shanghai's 
darkest period when the international character of 
the city had gone into complete total eclipse. 

Mr. Fessenden was known to thousands who 
never met him. Because he headed the Shanghai 
Municipal Council .in a period of predominately 
British influence, many did not realize he was an 
American; others, worse, mistakenly deemed him 
a renegade American. Because he was at the top 



of a city ruled by foreign "big business’’ rather than I 
popular suffrage which would have meant Chinese | 
control, many regarded him as a die-hard anti- 
pathetic to and disliked by the Chinese; again there 
was error. 

The fact was that while Mr. Fessenden worked 
well with the British and was supported by foreign 
big business, he remained essentially American and 
was liked by his Chinese associates. He knew the 
Chinese and liked them. In fact, he had a lawyer’s 
shrewd appraisal of human character as manifested 
among various nationalities; that served him and 
the community through a great many delicate nego- 
tiations where Mr. Fessenden’s part was little or 
not at all known to the general public. 

Though the years brought withdrawal from ac- 
tive work they also brought better understanding of 
Mr. Fessenden and his services. He had done a 
good deal to oppose Japanese encroachment in 
Shanghai but even the Japanese recognized his 
fairness and honesty. That no doubt played a part 
in securing for him, during the war days, a some- 
what preferential treatment required by the state 
of his health. It will be some comfort to his friends 
to know that when Death called, it found him in his 
own Shanghai home. ' 



China's Postwar Production Methods 

Reports from various sources indicate that a 
rather considerable movement of young Chinese to 
the United States is under way. While these youths 
intend to study, they mostly do not come within 
the academic classification formerly applying to 
“Chinese students" who came here for university 
work. Many of the new arrivals will go into mills 
and factories, or at least to technical schools. They 
want to learn how to make things that China needs. 
Those who sent them are preparing for the post- 
war period. 

That period should see a great and sudden ex- 
pansion of China's productive power. China needs 
to know American skills as a means of accomplish- 
ing her tremendous rehabilitation program now tak- 
ing shape. The United States is not the only coun- 
try with things to teach China, but American large- 
scale production certainly sets a model in many 
vital fields. Likewise, we should be more in posi- 
tion to send machinery to China after the war than 
most other countries. 

It is to be hoped that China’s industrial students 
will come with minds open not only for the things 
we have done right, but likewise to note whatever 
we have d.one wrong. Recently we noted how Jam- 
shedjec Tats; at India chose- to_f allow American steel 
technique while rejecting the mess we have made 
of the sqpial side of our depressing steel towns. 
Shanghai of the prewar period had some fearful 
slums as a conspicuous feature of her industrial 
exhibit. There is in any Far Eastern country a 
tendency to exploit — often in the worst sense — man- 
power rather than machinery. Now, is the time to 
give thought to the point that it is not only more 
humane, but actually more efficient, to employ 
Chinese as other labor skilfully, with due regard to 
the social side as a means of reducing turnover and 
improving competence. 

Those who watched the efforts of Miss Eleanor 
Hinder in the Industrial Section of the SMC will re- 
call with amused admiration how one energetic 
Australian lady labored, with marked success, to 
convince Chinese factory owners of Shanghai that 
safety precautions, a more balanced diet, and other 
enlightened methods of treating their workers were 
not matters exclusively of official compulsion but 
things which could profit all concerned including 
themselves. U. S. iHarkson tells us how the Hazel- 
wood workers, under American direction, found 
that cleanliness was wholesome and fun and worth 
spreading as a gospel in their own homes. Nan- 
king’s factory legislation was a good beginning in 
its field. All these things suffered interruption due 
to war, but this can have valuable fruit if it brings 
consideration and a utilized opportunity for study. 
China may someday become one of the great indus- 
trial nations of the world. In this, as in her natural 
field of large-scale agriculture, China can in due 
course be a model. 



'Hump' Traffic Increases 

In remarking recently that “the Burma aid sup- 
ply route is wonderful but it is not a full replace- 
ment of land transport" we spoke the truth — but 
we are happy to learn that it is now much less the 
truth than we thought it was. During the past few 
weeks there has been a remarkable stepping-up of 
air freight handled “over the hump," we find from 
the testimony of a man just back from work in a 
position which had him completely in the know. 
Even today the record high figure of freight for 
December (a military secret of course) js not up to 
the highest monthly totals for the Burma Road, 
but it compares favorably. And as the airborne 
material is more carefully selected than was that 
sent over the road, the effective result is no doubt 
today at an all-time high. 

The writer saw this situation developing when 
he came out of China last November and it is im- 
possible to accprd too high praise to the men who 
brought it about. 



Bait-Shy 





MISS UTLEY’S LETTER 
A typographical error in Miss 
Utley’s letter of last week substi- 
tuted the word “important” for 
mpotent” in a passage which 
should have read: "And so long as 
the people are impotent there must 
always be the danger, and usually 
the probability, of aggressive ele- 
ments in the ruling class acquiring 
control of the government.” 

EDITOR.* 

NEWS OF THE BLARES 

To the Editor: 

Perhaps you would be interested 
in knowing that Hugh Blake has 
just recently received his promo- 
tion to lieutenant commander and 
in the Southwest Pacific. He 
sends glowing descriptions of the 
wonderful food "down under.” And, 
aside from hard work, seems to be 
enjoying life as much as ever. 

I am at home and training to be 
Red Cross Nurse's Aide, and 
would like to say "hello" for both 
us to all our friends back there 
in New York. 

KAY BLAKE. 

Hollywood, Calif. 

40 YEARS IN P. I. 

To the Editor: 

am pleased to learn that the 
Gripsholm has brought home safely 
thousands of Americans, though I 
failed to find my friend, Montague 
Lord, among them. 

Montague Lord for the past 40 
years has been in the Philippines 
and was with the Hawaiian Sugar 
Planter's Assn, in Manila. He was 
reported interned at Santo Tomas. 

Would you be kind enough to 
print this note in your Post Box 
i that friends of his who might 
have been aboard the Gripsholm 
could write to me? 

WANG CHIU-AN. 
Mass. General Hospital, 

Boston, Mass. 

WARMING CHEERS 
To the Editor: 

You have a fine paper! May the 
courage and fortitude which estab- 
lished the first edition some years 
back in Shanghai, and which in- 
spired the “resurrection" of the 
Shanghai Evening Post once again, 
continue in the days ahead; and 
iay the paper grow, in numbers as 
ell as in size and circulation. 

MRS. RUTH BRUCE BAKER. 

OUR NEWS CONSOLING 
To the Editor: 

You certainly are giving us a lot 
of information. Especially is the 
news regarding the repatriates full 
and consoling. Let us hope every 
effort possible may be put forth to 
have all our American and British 
friends brought back to us. There 
must be another boat, and soon. 
There is grave danger in delay, in 
many ways. Help us all you can. 

As I am a librarian in Dallas 



College, having been for 15 years 
librarian in the University of 
Shanghai, I take great pride in 
placing your fine paper out before 
our students. Both students and 
professors read it with great in- 
terest. I am indeed proud to talk 
with them about it. 

LILLIAN THOMASON. 
Dallas, Texas. 

FJKIi I’ 

To the Edi • 

I would like to take this oppor- 
tunity to say how much I enjoy 
your paper, and how many of my 
friends and acquaintances I have 
found mentioned in it. I only wish 
more Old China Hands from Pei- 
ping would write to you, so we 
others could get in touch with 
them'. 

MARGUERITE E. CAMPBELL. 
Chicago, 111. ’ 

HER FAVORITE 

To the Editor: 

We were among the repatriates 
on the Gripsholm which arrived in 
New York in December and we 
would like to take thi? opportunity 
to offer our heartfelt thanks to the 
Post for the warm welcome we 
were given after our long, long 
journey. 

MISS E. BEATRICE LAWLER. 
Detroit, Mich. 

J. L. BRICK SOUGHT 

To the Editor: 

I wonder if some of your readers 
may know the whereabouts of my 
parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Brick. 
The last I heard of them was Oct. 
7. 1941 — and at that time they were 
in Shanghai. Since then, not even 
the Red Cross has been able to 
locate them. 

MRS. L. T. FLETTRICH. 
c/o Station WLW, 

New Orleans, La. 

REAL AMERICANISM 

To the Editor: 

I am pleased to see that Old 
China Hands, and recent repatri- 
ates who have the greatest reason 
to hate the Japanese, are among 
the first to plead for tolerance for 
loyal Japanese- Americans. 

That's showing the way to real 
Americanism. 

BILL HOSOKAWA, 
Des Moines, Iowa. 

GLAD FRIENDS ARE SAFE 

To the Editor: 

I was glad indeed to read in 
your last issue that R. McCulloch 
Dick and F. Theo Rogers of the 
Free Press are alive and also that 
Roy C. Bennett of the Bulletin 
lives. They must have undergone 
very severe treatment in the dun- 
geons of old Fort Santiago where 
Rizal was kept and where many 
Filipino prisoners were kept before 



Friday , January 21, lBkk 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Five 



Far East 
Books 



SHARK’S FINS AND MILLET, by 
Ilona Ralf Sues. Little. Brown & 
Co.. Boston. $3. 

Ralf Sues is a lively observant 
Polish lady who left Geneva and 
the League for China about a dec- 
ade ago armed with a cat, a cam- 
era. a typewriter, “a remnant of 
love for the human being and a 
bagful of seasoned skepticism." 
She went to Canton and Shanghai, 
got ipjf ft- Chinese politics at Nan- 
king" and Hankow, and finally visit- 
ed Red areas where for the first 
time she found spiritual satisfaction. 
Somewhat reluctantly she decided 
not to move with the National 
Government a second time when it 
went to Chungking in 1938. Though 
she paused at Hongkong on her 
way out, it has now been some 
years since she was in the Far East 
and this record of her experiences 
— though finished off with a chap- 
ter designed to bring the reader in 
measure up to date — is thus a little 
odd in its timing since the close of 
its first-hand record runs back 
some half-dozen years. 

Neverthless Miss Sues has so 
much about people 'still in the 
•China news that her personalities 
mak e interesting reading, while 
.rtidkt of the problems of democracy, 
bureaucracy, nepotism; squeeze and 
so on have not greatly altered 
through the interim. 

. . Social Consciousness 
'Miss Sues’ recording of actual 
events witnessed seems often out 
of drawing in the light of later 
events, it is true. Such Chinese as 
may find themselves stung by her 
sometimes acid phrases will retort 
that she played much less part in 
the long record than the unin- 
formed reader might imagine from 
her book. But none can deny that 
she shows both courage and social 
consciousness. She interviewed Tu 
Yueh-sen on opium, made a strenu- 
ous effort to cope with political 
forces entirely beyond her, fought 
for freedom as she saw it and dis- 
covered at Yenan that the Chinese 
people should not have to wait and 
earn democracy — “given a chance, 
kt'.i'y n ride; stood and practiced i* " 
W- , , ,, „ . Hands wlrt find • * . - v 

Mo- :-n - nas a sinewed way of 
summing up people entertainingly 
and sometimes with a bittter spice 
of malice. Examples: 

W. H. Donald (her idol) — "quick 
reaction, candid self-criticism, 
good-humored admission of his pec- 
cadilloes . . . re-enacting Shaw’s 
Pygmalion in China with the world 
for a setting, Madame as Eliza, 
and himself as Professor Higgins." 

Tu Yueh-sen — "a combination of 
A1 Capone and Rockefeller.” 

J. <L. Huan g — “round, smiling 
face and Boy Scout mentality . . . 
the Chiangs’ number-one office 
boy.” 

H. L. Timperley— “with his hand- 
some young face, white hair, blue 
eyes, lithe elegance and refined 
tastes . . . like a marquis from the 
court of Louis XV. who had 
dropped in on this brutal century 
by mistake.” 

Hollington K. Tong (at Nanking) 
— "pathetic in his fear of being 
hurled into the horors of corrupt 
officialdom . . . want (as) an hon- 
est man at the head of publicity.” 
The Soong Sisters 
'The Soong Sisters, an alleged 
saying quoted from the masses — 
"one loves money, one loves China, 
one loves glory.” 

Madame Chiang— "ambitious, 
temperamental, subtle, believing in 
building from the top downwards.” 
Madame Sun — "a patient revolu- 
tionary, ready to accept martydom, 
if need be." 

Agnes Smedley — “whenever she 
pronounced the word ’Kuomintang’ 
it sounded like swearing.” 

There is no difficulty in discern- 
ing where Miss Sues’ sympathies 
lay. Her reformist urge found 
scant response anywhere in the Na- 
tional Government and she made 
no secret of her sentiments when 
she found what she deemed stuffed 
shirts, or worse. 

But Miss Sues’ heart seems to 
this reviewer to have been in the 
right place. She likes those who 
eat millet rather than those who 
get banquet shark’s fins but that 
does not make her a fanatic, or 
against all the people on top simply 
because they're on top. 

One of her best stories relates 
how Mme. Chiang was left the 
task of receiving the German am- 
bassador when he took Japan's 
peace terms to Hankow. After sit- 
ting silent through his recital, she 
gave him a gracious smile and 
asked solicitously: “And how is 
your family, dear Dr. Traut- 
mann?” — R. G. 



Chinese Chary 
On Roosevelt’s 
Budget Speech 

Chinese quarters appeared ex- 
tremely chary this week of ex- 
pressing reaction to President 
Roosevelt’s budget message to Con- 
gress last week in which Mr. 
Roosevelt said: 

“If hostilities end on one major 
front before they end on other 
fronts, large scale demobilization 
adjustments will be possible and 
necessary while we are still fight- 
ing a major war.” 

(A Washington dispatch to the 
New York Herald Tribune — head- 
lined "Roosevelt Expects Demobiliz- 
ing While U.S. Still Fights Japan” 
— pointed out: “Mr. Roosevelt did 
not join specifically in predictions 
that Germany would toe defeated 
in 1944, but he emphasized through- 
out his budget message to Congress 
that demobilization ’begins long be- 
fore hostilities end’ and that the 
nation is approaching the demobil- 
ization period. The message also 
made it clear that once Germany 
is defeated a much smaller force 
will be required to complete the 
job against Japan.” 

Arouses Resentment 

(A comment by Prime Minister 
Churchill in a broadcast speech 
of March 22, and bearing somewhat 
‘similar implications to the Presi- 
dent’s remarks, aroused widespread 
Chinese resentment. At that time, 
Mr. Churchill said: “The war 

against Japan will demand a very 
different arrangement of our 
forces from what it is at present. 
There will certainly be large num- 
bers of British and also no doubt 
United States soldiers whom it will 
not be physically possible to em- 
ploy across the vast distances and 
poor communications of the Japa- 
nese war . . . However vigorously 
the war against Japan is prose- 
cuted, there will certainly be a 
partial demobilization following on 
the defeat of Hitler . . .” The out- 
cry of Chinese objections to the 
suggestion of “partial demobiliza- 
tion” had its aftermath in the 
Prime Minister’s subsequent ad- 
dress before a- joint session of 
Congress in which he said: “Let no 
one sugg.--.’ !h:.: we British have 
not at least as great an interest 
as the United States in the unstint- 
ing and relentless waging of war 
against Japan, ’) 

President Roosevelt's renewal, in 
his budget message, of the partial 
demobilization suggestion found 
Chungking still silent several days 
after the message's delivery. A 
radio message from the Shanghai 
Evening Post’s Chungking Edition 
late this week reported: “Roose- 
velt’s demobilization sentence 
showed up late, and as yet there 
is no comment or reaction." More- 
over, sources close to the Chinese 
Embassy in Washington had noth- 
ing to say in response to queries 
for the Chungking reaction. 

Perhaps “Legitimate” 

Dr. C. L. Hsia, director of the 
Chinese News Service,- expressed a 
guarded personal opinion in an in- 
terview with the Post, however. He 
pointed o.ut that mere were two 
ways of looking at the matter of 
demobilization. First, he comment- 
ed, a certain amount of demobil- 
ization “may be quite legitimate 
without in any way lessening the 
intensity of the war against 
Japan." As an example, he said “in 
the invasion of the low countries 
apparently our British Allies are 
expecting the Americans to par- 
ticipate quite extensively.” 

As for the Pacific theater. Dr. 
Hsia said that with the Chinese 
armies bearing the brunt of the 
land operations it might not be 
necessary for China to have the 
assistance of large United Nations' 
land armies. There would be need 
for technicians in various lines, 



Prisoner in Shanghai 
Still Wants to Travel 

Some real travelling at the 
close of the war is the plan of 
Cpl. Carroll E. Trego, Marine 
radio operator on Wake Island 
when it was captured, and now 
in prison camp in Shanghai. But 
the travelling will be in Amer- 
ica, according to a letter re- 
ceived by Cpl. Trego’s mother, 
Mrs. Mayme Trego of Beverly 
Hills, Calif., in which he tells 
her to “be ready to start just as 
soon as I get home.” 

Peoria heads his list of 
places to revisit! Next comes 
Pennsylvania, from which he 
says he hopes to “leisurely find 
the way back to California.” 

Describing life in prison camp, 
he says: “We have recieved box- 
es from the American Red 
Cross and we get quite a few 
things from the International 
Red Cross every month. About 
the only thing that 1 really miss 
is my pipe and some good pipe 
tobacco.” 



but the major need would toe for 
naval and air force assistance. 
Partial demobilization in such cir- 
cumstances, Dr. Hsia said, might 
then be considered quite reason- 
able. 

But the second type of demobil- 
ization. he emphasized, was con- 
tained in blunt statements of Eng- 
land and America demobilizing 
after Germany is defeated. "That 
kind of demobilization is distaste- 
ful to the Chinese,” he said, stress- 
ing in conclusion that his remarks 
were not to be construed as 
criticism of President Roosevent in 
any sense. 

U. S. Fliers Drop 20 Tons 
On Jap Troops in Burma 

American heavy and medium 
bombers pounded <a Japanese troop 
camp at Kyaukchaw, northwest of 
Pantha, in northern Burma early 
this week with about 20 tons of 
bombs, covering the entire area. 
Adml. Lord Louis Mountbatten’s 
headquarters announced. 

Later, a Chungking radiocast re- 
corded by U. S. Government moni- 
tors, said that Chinese troops had 
launched counterattatcks against 
Japanese forces that broke into 
Kucheng. in southern Anhwei 
Province. 

Wants U. S.-Dictated Peace 

Nothing less than the capture of 
Tokyo and a peace dictated there 
will satisfy AdmlT William F. Hal- 
sey, Jr. “And don’t let them stop us 
until we get it,” he declared in 
Washington last week. "I’ll tell you 
there is only one definite place that 
has got to be taken, and that’s 
Tokyo.” 

Pride Will Defeat Japan , 

"I think the Jap is doped up men- 
tally by his great fear of loss of 
face,” asserted Marine Capt. W. S. 
LeFrancois in New York last week. 
“He’d rather go into battle and 
die than go home and be scorned. 
This fear will lead to the Jap’s 
eventual defeat. The humiliation of 
constant defeat will whip them.” 

N. Y. Gallery Displays 
Martha Sawyers’ Art 

An exhibition of paintings by 
Maltha Sawyers is currently at the 
Ferargil gallery in New York, 63 
E. 57th St., ending Feb. 5. 

Miss Sawyers worked through- 
out the Orient, in Penang, Singa- 
pore. Sumatra, Java, Ho-ngkong, 
Shanghai and Peiping. Included 
in the selection at Ferargil are 
“Chinese Garden,” “East and 
West,” “Chinese Guerilla Chief,” 
“North China," and “In a Chinese 
Rice Field.” 



Adel Lin Greeted at Meeting 
Of East -West Assn. In A.Y. 



Miss Adet Lin, eldest daughter of 
Lin Yu-tang, made a surprise ap- 
pearance at the meeting of the 
China Club and the East and West 
Assn, held at the Carnegie Cham- 
ber Music Hall last week. Standing 
on the platform against the back- 
ground of old-fashioned China in a 
WAC uniform with the special in- 
signia of a lieutenant of the Chi- 
nese Army, Miss Lin was an attrac- 
tive picture of modernity. 

Mrs. Lin Yu-tang, guest speaker, 
discussed the subject of modern 
woman in China, her power, free- 
dom, and importance in the home. 

Alfred Kohltoerg, who had just 
returned from a trip to Chungking 
as representative of the American 
Bureau of Medical Aid to China, 
spoke briefly on his trip, and told 



of a set of 82 posters designed as 
visual aids to the Manual of Arms 
for the Chinese Army which he 
had brought back with him and 
which were exhibited in the hall. 

Philip Lin presented Chinese se- 
lections of the "Moonlight” flute. 
A shadow play, “The Temple of the 
Golden Mountain,” was given by 
Miss Pauline Benton and William 
Boyer. 

The meeting was presided over 
by Pearl S. Buck, president of the 
East and West Assn. 

The organizing committee, com- 
posed of Misses Pauline Benton, 
Zandra Wernher, Florence Winter, 
Alfred Kohltoerg, Henry Silver and 
Mrs. G. F. Masse, met after the 
program to nominate members for 
new committees. 



IPR Council 
Sketches Plans 
For Meeting 

Arrangements for the next con- 
ference of the Institute of Pacific 
Relations — to be held early in 1945 
at a place still to be selected — were 
discussed at a meeting of the In- 
stitute's Pacific Council in Atlantic 
City, N. J., last week. The drafting 
of an agenda for the conference 
also was under consideration. 

The agenda for next year's con- 
ference covers a thorough discus- 
siop of the. treatment of Japan 
after the conclusion of hostilities, 
including disarmament, territorial 
and political changes, and the 
transition of Japan to a peacetime 
economy. The war situation in the 
Pacific, economic development in 
the Pacific area, race relations, the 
future of prewar dependent areas 
and the formation and operation 
of a collective security system in 
the Pacific will also be discussed. 

Carter Makes Report 

Among those who took part in 
the Atlantic City discussion were J. 
F. Bridgen (Australia), Edgar J. 
Tarr (Canada), Dr. Sao-Ke Alfred 
Sze (China), Philippe Baudet 
(Fighting French), Pieter Honig 
(Netherlands-Netherlands Indies). 
Walter Nash (New Zealand), Se- 
bastian Ugarte (Philippines), Lord 
Hailey (United Kingdom) and Dr. 
Philip C. Jessup (United States). 
Dr. C. L. Hsia, of the Chinese News 
Service in New York, also attended 
the gathering. 

The chairman of the Pacific 
Council, Edgar J. Tarr, of Winni- 
peg, Canada, presided. Edward C. 
Carter, secretary general of the In- 
stitute, reported on his recent trip 
to the Far East. 

The extensive research program 
of the Institute — adopted by its Re- 
search Committee — was presented 
to the Pacific Council by W. L. Hol- 
land, research secretary. Mr. Hol- 
land announced the forthcoming 
publication of the following stud- 
ies: “Australia and the Pacific,” 

by members of the Australian Insti- 
tute; “International Regulation of 
Fisheries” by L. Larry Leonard; 
“Peoples of Southeast Asia,” by 
Bruno Ltsker;- “Tire- Recent - 
noniic Development of Indo-China,' 
by Charles Robequain; “Life and 
Labour in Shanghai," by Eleanor 
Hinder, and "American Pacific 
Shipping,” by Walter Radius. 

To Be Completed 

Other studies which will be com- 
pleted later in the year include : 
“Pioneer Settlement in Southeast. 
Asia," by Karl J. Pelzer; “A Malay 
Peasant Economy,” by Raymond 
Firth; “Modern Korea,” by Andrew 
J. Crajdanzev; “Sinkiang: Gateway 
to Asia,” by Mar-tin Norms; “Chi- 
nese Government and Politics,” by 
T. S. Chien. 



201 Planes Claimed 
Of 200 Over Rahaul 



liver 



e Chi 



iiKkim 



Edition 



CHUNGKING — A high point 
in marksmanship — and hot-air — 
was reached recently when the 
Japanese radio announced that 
200 U. S. planes had raided Ra- 
baul and 201 of them had been 
shot down. No mention was 
made of the brand of saki fa- 
vored by the author of the com- 
munique and the announcer. 



State Dept. Creates 
Far Eastern Office 

( Continued from, vase X) 
for several years and he has an in- 
timate knowledge of Far East af- 
fairs. 

Mr. Vincent, Mr. Salisbury, Mr. 
Dickover, Mr. Stanton and Mr. 
Lockhart all have extensive knowl- 
edge of Far Eastern affairs and 
contact among F'ar East residents. 
Although Mr. Lockhart has been 
associated with Philippines work 
during his most recent Washington 
period, he is regarded as primarily 
a veteran of the China , field. He 
has served as consul general at 
•Hankow, Tientsin and Shanghai, 
and was also counsellor of both 
the former legation and the pres- 
ent embassy in China. He was at 
Hankow during the revolutionary 
troubles of 1927 and was caught in 
Shanghai at the time of Pearl Har- 
bor. Mr. Salisbury, who had been 
attached to the office of the Phil- 
ippines High Commissioner, was 
likewise in the Far East and came 
out with the Sayre party by sub- 
marine. 



Way jo 



on 



s 



Hongkong& Shanghai 
Banking Corporation 

72 Wall Street 

dNuw'York, . ’ 

« 

|| 361 California Street 
San Francisco 
Chungking, China 

Temporary Head Office 

9, Gracechurch 
Street 
London 




Mmr 

It Takes Time To Build 

A GOOD NAME... 

We’ve been building ours since 1850. It’s not 
merely the passage of years that inspires con - 
fidence in a name, but what has been accom- 
plished during those years, that counts. Sincerity 
of purpose, a deep understanding of basic hu- 
man needs and the desire to fulfill them — these 
are the foundation stones upon which our name 
has been built. We shall contmue to build 
on that foundation, a Company devoted to good 
service and fair treatment toward all our clients. 



1850 




1944 



The United States Life Insurance Co. 

IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



Page Six 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, January 21, 19 4 4 



Hosokawa Discusses 
Disloyalty Causes 

By BILL HOSOKAWA 

i The following article by an ex-Shanghailander of Japanese ancestry 
but loyal iu his America nism and now employed by the Des Moines Reg- 
ister u-(is inspired by Mr. Woodhead’s Dec. 31 column on what a repatri- 
ated Japanese would face on return to Japan. — EDITOR.) 

There will be, ultimately, some 18,000 in the War Relocation Au- 
thority’s Tule Lake center for those considered “disloyal” to the United 
States. I do not konw the exact percentages, but I believe about half 
or more have asked for repatriation, and the remainder while not 
seeking to go to Japan have failed to indicate, or refused to indicate, 
positive loyalty to the United States. 

Those requesting repatriation in- 
elude a complete cross-section of 
persons of Japanese blood in this 
country. Large numbers are old 
Issei, the immigrants who came 
here 30. and 40 years ago, who have 
not been back since, except for 
perhaps a short visit or two, and 
who have failed to become assimi- 
lated to the American way of life. 

They are old and tired, and seek 
only peace and quiet in their na- 
tive land. They don't read English- 
language newspapers, and think of 
Japan only as it was in their youth. 

•They have not kept up with the 
vast changes, and their disillusion- 
ment will begin only after they 
teach their homeland. Now, they 
look forward with great anticipa- 
tion to returning. 

Can’t Make a Living 

Then there are the younger 
Issei, people of middle age, often 
with families of young children. 

This group is asking repatriation 
because they feel it is not possible 
for them to make a living in this 
country. They are aliens, they do 
not understand English well, they 
have lost practically everything in 
the evacuation, and look to Japan 
for salvation. These people have a 
better understanding of conditions 
in Japan, and yet here too there is 
a considerable element of sentiment 
involved. 

Another group is the Nisei, or 
the American-born. This" is the 
saddest group of all because few of 
them profess any loyalty or love 
for Japan. Yet those that have 
asked to go to Japan have done so 
out of disillusionment in the United 
States, in bitterness over discrim- 
ination and race hatred, and per- 
haps in bitterness aga;nst the white 
T '‘ ' - — is. _DU.rely. 

ne-mtiv.- !ack of loyalty to the 
United States, and not loyalty to 
Japan. 

Bitter Disappointment Ahead 

These Nisei are the ones who will 
be most bitterly disappointed if and 
when they get to Japan. I think 
that the presence of this group is 
an indictment against the manner 
in which the United States has 
handled its minority problems, be- 
cause, we might ask, how can we 
take the gospel of democracy 
abroad when we alienate our own 
citizens to it at home. 

Then the Kibei. While the other 
groups I have mentioned are look- 
ing to Japan from a social or eco- 
nomic view, the Kibei — American- 
born but Japan-educated — are usu- 
ally vigorously pro-Japan in the 
political sense. Many of them are 
products of Japanese schools of the 
past decade or decade and a half, 

.and have very definite ideas as to 
Japan's destiny and world politics. 

Naturally they dismiss American 
news reports as propaganda, and 
their outlook regarding Japan’s 
future is quite comparable to the 
outlook of, the regimented Nazi 
youth. j r 

The last group includes minor 



children and adult members of 
families whose family ties v 
stronger than their political con- 
victions and tagged along with the 
rest. 

Only a Portion 

To get the correct perspective, 
however, it must be remembered 
that the 18,000 at Tule Lake are 
but a portion of the 110,000 persons 
of Japanese blood placed in relo- 
cation centers after the declaration 
of war. The others refuse to have 
anything to do with Japan. 

Soon after evacuation a number 
Of evacuees were sent letters by 
the Western Defense Command 
informing them that their names 
were on a list for repatriation sub- 
mitted by the Japanese Govern- 
ment. The reaction in about 
per cent of the cases was violent 
indignation, and a lot of hot letter, 
were sent in reply to the Army 
command. Many of those contacted 
were Nisei without Japanese citi- 
zenship or desire to go to Japan, 
and they considered the letters a 
dark plot to deport them. 

I do not know the whole story 
but from the makeup of those lists, 
it would seem that they were 
drawn up by Japanese consular 
agents with a view to calling over 
persons who would be of the most 
value to the Japanese Government. 
Many brilliant Nisei were included 
— writers, scientists and others. My 
younger brother - , who has never- 
been to Japan, was on the list. He 
is a Phi Beta Kappa and a writer 
of some promise. He was sore as 
hell and sent back a scorching 
reply. I was not on the list, for 
although I worked as secretary in 
the Seattle Japanese consular office 
lUohe t imer I got in thebad graces 
of the consulate after my return 
from Shanghai when I made some 
outspoken talks about Japanese 
methods in China. 

Capt. Paul Rusch must have 
made a profound impression, I 
know, when he told Nisei at a 
relocation camp in Arkansas that 
the Nisei in Japan were being 
treated as enemy aliens and sub- 
ject to strict surveillance. The 
Nisei here didn’t know, or didn't 
realize, that this was true even be- 
fore the war as we have had reason 
to know. Most Jap - Americans 
would resist any effort to force 
them out of the U. S. 



Interest in Orient 
Reported by Tsiang 

(Continued from page 1) 
Chinese was actually teaching 
Chaucer! 

Mr. Tsiang arrived in this coun- 
try on a special mission last au- 
tumn and is under instruction to 
remain through January. So at the 
end of this month, his continued 
stay, or return to Chungking, de- 
pends on orders from the National 
Government. 



Compensation 
For Colonial 
Losses Studied 

By the courtesy of the Malayan 
Assn. (Australia) the East Asian 
Residents Assn, published in a re- 
cent Bulletin extracts from a letter 
from the Secretary of State in Lon- 
don, which follow: 

“. . . It has been necessary for 
the Secretary of State, in consulta- 
tion with other departments con- 
cerned, to examine comprehensive- 
ly the whole problem of compensa- 
tion for losses resulting from en- 
emy action in different parts of 
the Empire. Many such losses have 
been incurred by persons who are 
not in a position to present claims; 
and in many other cases,* although 
claims might be presented, they 
could hot be approved or assessed 
at present. 

"It would not be equitable or ex- 
pedient for His Majesty’s Govern- 
ment to arrange for the immediate 
payment of compensation ex- gratia 
to such individuals as may be able 
to prove their losses in Malaya, 
without making similar provision 
for compensation in due course for 
all the losses, direct or indirect, 
sustained through enemy action in 
the United Kingdom and in the 
whole of the Colonial Empire, in- 
cluding losses suffered by those 
who are not able at present to 
prove or present their claims forth- 
with. 

“In these circumstances the Sec- 
retary of State regrets that no im- 
mediate payment to claimants by 
way of compensation for private 
losses can be made. I am to state, 
however that it will be the general 
aim of His Majesty's Government 
in the United Kingdom after the 
war that, with a view to the well 
being of the people, and the re- 
sumption of productive activity, 
property and goods destroyed or 
damaged in the Colonial Empire 
should be repaired and replaced to 
such extent and over such period 
of time as resources permit. 

“If the resources of any part of 
the Colonial Empire are insuffi- 
cient for this purpose to be 
achievedwithout aid, His Majesty’s 
Government in the United King- 
dom will be ready to give what 
assistance they can in conjunction 
with such common fund or organi- 
zation as may be established for 
postwar reconstruction.” 



Requests Received 
For Internee News 



China Theater Tough 
s Polish Air Ace 

( Continued from page 1) 
Polish Ambassador gave a party to 



Says 



> and 



celebrate the arrival of his 
heir. 

Maj. Urbanowicz, after being 
driven from the air over Poland, 
made his way to England and there 
he became one of the first leaders 
of the famed 303 Fighter Squadron 
that spearheaded the RAF defense 
of the British Isles against the 
Luftwaffe. He had 15 Nazi planes 
to his credit. 

“I am proud,” he is quoted 
saying, “to have fought with the 
two best schools in the world — the 
British and the American-Chinese. 



When writing old friends of the 
Far East, tell them about the 
Shanghai Evening Post and Mer- 
cury, American Edition. 



Chinese Groups 
Seek U. S. Training 

( Continued from page 1) 
auspices of various units of the Chi- 
nese Government, it is learned. Up- 
wards of 1000 are expected, and 
the traineees will be sent to such 
schools or industrial plants as will 
provide them with the practical 
training necessary to carry on the 
jobs they are being qualified for. 

The background for the student 
influx is believed to rest in various 
reports received from Chungking, 
which indicate widespread prepara- 
tions for sending students both to 
this country and to England. A 
Chungking dispatch to the Chinese 
News Service reported: 

"Three hundred and twenty-seven 
Chinese students passed competitive 
examinations for studying abroad, 
held recently under the auspices of 
the Ministry of Education in Chung- 
king. Altogether 751 students took 
part in the examination. Among 
the successful candidates 108 will 
study engineering, 30 science, seven 
medicine, 15 agriculture, 74 com- 
merce, 54 law, 28 literature and 10 
education. The majority of the suc- 
cessful candidates are Government 
employees who have been in pub- 



lic service for more than three 
years.” 

Training in England 

Another Chungking report stated 
that a recent decision by the Cen- 
tral Committee on Reconstructive 
and Educational Cooperation makes 
possible .the sending of 50 students 
every three months to England for 
technical training. Candidates must 
be graduates of technical schools 
who have had practical work for a 
year or more. All candidates com- 
pete in examinations under the 
auspices of the Ministry of Educa- 
tion. 

The Ministry is also holding 
competitive examinations for 10 
scholarships to Turkey. These stu- 
dents are being sent to Turkey by 
the Executive Yuan, three to study 
languages, two political science, 
three diplomacy and two history 
and geography. They will study 
for three years. 

Along the lines of technical train- 
ing in this country, a recent China 
Institute Bulletin, published in New 
York, carried the following: 

"The Goodyear Co. is offering a 
practical training opportunity for 12 
Chinese students to take a training 
course at .their Akron, Ohio, plant. 
This group of trainees will be com- 
posed of three chemical engineer- 
ing students, two mechanical engi- 



neering students, -two in business 
administration and accounting, and 
five in industrial management. The 
first six months are set as a trial 
period, during which time the 
trainees are expected to practice 40 
hours a week in the factory and 
attend classes for six hours weekly. 
The remuneration for this training 
will be about $200 per month for 
the trial period. 

Chemical Engineering 

“Joseph E. Seagram & Son, 
Inc., Louisville, Ky.; the Squibb In- 
stitute, New Brunswick, N. J.; the 
Container Corp. of America, Chi- 
cago, 111.; and the Whiting Corp, 
Harvey, 111., are offering to Chinese ■ 
students in chemical engineering ' 
practical training in their com- 
panies. 

"New offers for Chinese students 
in mechanical engineering for train- 
ing are given by the Caterpillar 
Tractor Co., Peoria, 111.; Interna- 
tional Harvester Co., Chicago, 111., 
and Day & Zimmerman Co., Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

“New offers for Chinese students 
in electrical engineering are given 
by the Electric Machinery Manu- 
facturing Co., Minneapolis, Minn., 
and the Carrier Corp., Syracuse, 
N. Y. 

"The Day & Zimmerman Co. is 
also offering training for the civil 
engineering students.” 



Gripsholm repatriates who have 
information about the persons list- 
ed below are asked to write to the 
inquirers, whose names and 
dresses are also given : 

News of Mr. and Mrs. Robert 
Russell; sought by Mrs. C. H. Day. 
3801 Jones St., Omaha 5, Neb. 

News of Jill Beavis, interned in 
Camp Stanley; sought by Mrs. M. 
S. Beavis, 28 Hadley Rd., Enfield, 
Middlesex, England. 

News of Mr. Zygmond Soldinski 
of the Pan American Airways, 
Hongkong, and his stepdaughter; 
sought by Miss Gwen Dew, 3 Mit- 
chell Place, New York City. 

News of Capt. and Mrs. White, 
formerly of Malaya (Mrs. White 
was Dorothy Bullen) ; sought by 
Geneva Avery, 18660 Prairie Ave., 
Detroit 21, Mich. 

News of Thomas Missman, in- 
ternee in Pootung Camp, Shanghai; 
sought by Mrs. Cloe Springer, 31 
E. 2nd St., National City, Calif. 

News of Donald Hanning, for- 
merly employed by Negros Milling 
Co. and reported prisoner at Baguio 
or Davos Gamp, Philippines; sought 
by Leo Hanning, c/o Newsday, 
Hempstead, L. I., N. Y. 

News of Mr. J. A. G. L. Smith, 
Britisher interned in Santo Tomas, 
Manila; sought by Robert A. Black, 
3 Pine Ave., Bebingham, Cheshire, 
England. 

News of Mrs. Jane E. West, and 
family, interned in Santo Tomas, 
Manila; sougiht by F. W. Kephart, 
2841 13th St., Ashland, Ky. 

News of Mrs. Bryan Stevenson 
(Bernice Jentoft) reported to have 
been in Singapore; sought by Miss 
Dorothy C. Meade, 6149 S. Whipple 
St., Chicago, 111. 

News of Mary Louise Newman, 
Britisher; Reginald V. Yarrow, 
Canadian, last seen in Shanghai; 
Arthur Coppin, who left China in 
1941 to join British forces at Singa- 
pore; sought by Cpl. Eric A. Katz, 
19140363, *87 D.R.S., Kelly 'Field, 
Texas. 

News of Dr. Leo Cromwell Thy- 
son, Medical Corps, USN, formerly 
of the American Embassy, Peiping, 
interned - in Shanghai; sought by 
Mrs. Blanche Thyson Harrison, 1445 
Park Road, N.W., Washington, 
D. C. 

News of 10 Catholic priests of 
the Capuchin Order in Kobe, orig- 
inally from Guam; sought by Mr. 
and Mrs. Ted Martin, 2993 Canton 
Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

News of George Carty, formerly 
employed as civilian in Cavite; Wal- 
ter S. Price, formerly with the 
Leyte Land Transporaation Co., 
Tacloban; Roy Allen, formerly engi- 
neer and lumberman of Iloilo; 
sought by Dexter Dowell Finley, 
3567 Hoover St., Riverside, Calif. 

News of Walter (“Wally”) 
Brown, formerly manager of 
Vogue, Gloucester Bldg., Hongkong, 
now in Samshuipo Prison Camp; 
sought by Mrs. Walter Brown, 318 
N. Gertruda Ave., Redondo Beach, 
Calif. 



Presbyterians 
At Weihsien 
Reported Well 

Members of the Presbyterian 
North China and Shantung Mis- 
sions are interned at the Weihsien 
Civil Assembly Center, according 
to a recent report from the home 
Board of Missions. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sam Dean are said 
to be well, and happy over the 
marriage of their daughter Susie 
to Andrew Wang. Mr. Dean, who 
had been custodian of the Amer- 
ican Embassy property, is a valued 
member of the engineering com- 
mittee while Mrs. Dean is serving 
as a nurse. 

Responsible for Parents 

The Rev. Mr. John D. Hayes of 
the Language School has responsi- 
bility in camp for his father and 
mother, Dr. and Mrs. Watson M. 
Hayes, who are over 80. Dr. and 
Mrs. Hayes were on the list for 
recent repatriation, but because of 
illness were allowed to remain. Mr. 
Hayes did not apply for repatria- 
tion because he thought Mrs. 
Hayes and their two children 
could return to China from the 
Philippines. However, Mrs. Hayes 
and the children were repatriated 
on the Gripsholm. 

Mrs. Lillian Jenness is in good 
health, although she is overtired. 
She has been helping to serve 
meals in the children's diet kit- 
chen. The Rev. Mr. E. L. Johnson 
is reported to be “the most handy 
man around.” His work is re- 
pairing locks. Mrs. Johnson is in 
fair health. 

Active in Religion 

The Rev. WLr? L. J. Davies of the 
Shantung Mission is in good health. 
He is in charge of the garden im- 
plements and very active in the 
religious services. Dr. Arabella 
Gault is one of the most active 
members of the medical staff of 
the Weihsien hospital. She worked 
in internal medicine until Septem- 
ber, when she took charge of the 
hospital laboratory following the 
departure of the American repatri- 
ates. Miss Helen B. McLain was 
living in a dormitory and seeme^ 
well. ^ 

Two men, Dr. Alexander N. Mac- 
Leod and the Rev. Mr. Frank R. 
Millican, who are interned at Poo- 
tung Civil Assembly Center, Shang- 
hai, are also mentioned in the re- 
port from the Presbyterian Board. 
Dr. MacLeod of Tenghsien went to 
Shanghai in the summer of 1942 
expecting to be repatriated with 
77 other Britishers who were 
Shanghai residents. However 
only seven were repatriated and 
until March, 1943, he was in the 
Columbia Country Club. At Poo- 
tung his camp duty is cleaning 
pots and pans. 

Mr. Millican was interned on 
Feb. 15, 1943. He has been teach- 
ing in "Pootung University” as the 
educational project of the internees 
is called. His name was left off the 
list for repatriation due to mis- 
understanding but he is reported 
in good spirits. 





Friday, January 21, 191f.lt 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Seven 



Burma Puppet Guadalcanal Alibi Shows 
Abandons Base Enemy Propaganda at Work 



At Singapore 

Subhas Chandra Bose. Indian 
renegade nurtured by Berlin and 
manipulated by Tokyo, has trans- 
ferred the headquarters of his so- 
called “provisional government of 
Free India.'' from Singapore to 
Burma, the Japanese Domei 
Agency said last week in an Eng- 
lish-language wireless dispatch di- 
rected to North America. 

The propaganda transmission, 
recorded by the United States For- 
eign Broadcast Intelligence Service, 
quoted a communique issued by 
Bose in which the transfer was de- 
scribed as "another important step 
in the preparations for launching 
destructive forces" against India. 

Domei added that Lt. Gen. Ma- 
sakazu Kawabe, commander-in- 
chief of Japanese forces in Burma, 
had hailed the move and declared 
that the Japanese Army in Surma 
"in the near future will make a 
clean sweep of the enemy” and 
“advance into India side by side 
with the Indian national army” — a 
force that Bose has claimed to 
have raised. 

Sheltered by Berlin 

Berlin, which gave refuge to Bose 
after his flight from India in 1941, 
echoed both the report and the 
propaganda import of the Domei 
transmission. A Berlin German- 
language broadcast to North Am- 
erica said that "a move toward 
New Delhi is impending.” 

Bombastic in Speech and promise, 
Bose has been “on the road to 
India" for some time. On Aug. 17, 
1943, he crystallized all his previous 
verbal commitments in a state- 
ment, quoted by the Tokyo Radio: 

“The Indian National Army will 
be on the road to India within two 
months.” 

More than two months later, on 
Oct. 21. he announced the “legal” 
formation in Singapore of the “Pro- 
visional government of Free India.” 
And a few days later was on the 
road to Tokyo. 

In the Japanese capital he was 
received by Emperor Hirohito and 
Premier Hideki Tojo who gave him 
“jurisdiction” over the Andaman 
and Nicobar Island? : n the Bay of 
Benenl - » "tok< of Japanese 

k of interest in ta king “Indian 
responded with a 
■ ■' 'dge to "fight on” until Japan 
was victorious. 

Central Burma Bank 

In line with their practice of 
centralizing financial control of oc- 
cupied territories, the Japanese 
have created a "central bank of 
Burma” with two Japanese finan- 
ciers as “official advisers,” accord- 
ing to a dispatch by the Japanese 
Domei Agency. 

Directed in English to North 
America and recorded by United 
States Government monitors, the 
wireless dispatch said that the first 
directors’ meeting of the projected 
bank had been held in Rangoon. 

Chuichi Shimooka, described as 
former head of the Kyoto branch 
of the Bank of Japan, and Tsuyoshi 
Ishida, head of the Burma branch 
of the Japanese Southern Regions 
Development Bank, sat in as "chief 
and deputy adviser.” President of 
the new bank, according to Domei, 
is U Ba Maung. 

P. I. Guerillas Told 
To Surrender by 25th 

On Jan. 25 an offer of amnesty 
to armed Filipino patriots resist- 
ing the puppet regime of the Is- 
lands will be withdrawn, accord- 
ing to a recent Japanese-control- 
led Manila radiocast reported to 
the OWI. 

"After that period the Govern- 
ment will take drastic action to 
force the guerillas to surrender," 
Manila warned. 



(.Continued from page 1) 
of an earlier period, extracts from 
this lengthy apologia follow: 

"It was one August day last year 
that several Japanese Army and 
Navy units landed at Buna in New 
Guinea and Guadalcanal- Island 
and a poignant drama of appalling 
bloodshed began' with their first 
contact with British .and United 
States forces. Greatly outnumbered 
and facing a strategically better 
situated, provided and equipped en- 
emy, the Japanese troops fought 
bravely and ceaselessly for six 
solid months at these farthest out- 
posts of the Greater East Asia Co- 
Prosperity Sphere. 

Roosevelt’s “Blunder” 

“Clever but not so very clever, 
President Roosevelt committed one 
of the greatest blunders of his en- 
tire career when he underestimated 
the fighting power and spirit of the 
Japanese soldiers and dispatched 
the main force of the United States 
Pacific fleet to the veritable death- 
trap that was the Solomons area. 
The small contingent of Japanese 
units on Guadalcanar and New 
Guinea offered stiff, almost unbe- 
lievable resistance against the 
United States and Australian 
forces which sacrificed men and 
materials in reckless fashion in 
desperate attempts to subdue the 
dauntless Japanese troops. 

“Naval forces dispatched to 
rescue the anti-Axis troops in these 
sectors were destroyed time and 
again whenever they approached 
within striking distance of power- 
ful Japanese air units, While the 
anti-Axis were hopelessly preoc- 
cupied in their desperate effort at 
Guadalcanar Island, Japanese oper- 
ations were progressing smoothly 
along strategic lines in New Guinea 
and the Solomon Islands where a 
series of important bases were 
established. 

“When their object was achieved, 
the vanguard units of the Japanese 
forces which hitherto successfully 
attracted the main forces of the 
enemy were quietly transferred 
from Guadalcanar Island and Buna 
to complete the chagrin of the 
enemy. The naval battles off 
Ysabel and Rennell Islands effec- 
tively camouflaged the transfer of 
operations of the Japanese units. 

’Washington authorities who 
never seem to miss the slightest 
^4^feex-t^<^CTrmoermaTIHbus propa- 
ganda against the Axis powers this 
time appeared stumped and failed 
to make use of the transfer of 
Japanese forces. It is reported 
that when American naval officials 
were questioned on the situation, 
they frankly admitted that they 
did not know anything about the 
movement of the. Japanese units. 
For once they were honest in their 
confession of utter bewilderment 
and confusion. 

U. S. Losses Claimed 

“On Guadalcanar alone, the 
enemy lost over 10,000 much-touted 
Marines brought all the way from 
the United States. Not only that, 
but during the six months from the 
First Solomons Sea Battle on Aug. 
7, 1942. to the Battle off Ysabel on 
Feb. 7, 1943, 141 enemy warships 
were sunk including six battleships, 
four airplane carriers and 36 crui- 
sers, besides 996 enemy airplanes 
shot down or destroyed aground. 

“For the price the enemy paid 
for the defense of an island barely 
75 miles long and 25 miles wide, 
one does not wonder why their 
citizens are pessimistic regarding 
the outcome of the war. Roosevelt 
may still boast of the world's 
greatest productive organization 
but how can he maintain a ship- 
building capacity sufficient to make 
up for his losses? 

“The boast of U. S. Navy Secretary 
Frank Knox that the United States 
will in the future stage more posi- 
tive offensive operations against 
Japan and that she will not even 
hesitate to launch a direct attack 
upon the mainland of Japan be- 
comes dubious as there are no , 



CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING 

RATE: 25 words or less — $1.00. Each additional 10 words — 25c 

Address . American Edition, The Shanghai Evening Post & Mercury, 
101 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 



PERSONALS 



PERSONALS 



ANYONE knowing the whereabouts of 
Mirdza Zlmjs, las known address. 422 W. 
14th St,,- Lutheran Mission. New. York City, 
please communicate with the American Red 
Cross, 'New York Chapter. 315 Lexington 
New York City, where mail from 
Anastasia Zirnis, 382 Rte. Frelupt. Apt. 5. 
S hanghai, China, is being held. 

ANYONE knowing the whereabouts of 
“eorge-Raphael Benvenuti. last known ad- 
~ ss, 609 W. 137th St. Apt. 34, New York 
y, please communicate with the Ameri- 
n Red Cross. New .York Chapter. 315 
xington Ave.. New York City, where mail 
-a Lydia- Albertine Gault. 107-19 Route 
»per Paris, Shanghai, China, is being 



ANYONE knowing the whereabouts of 
Charles Horton, last known address, c/o 
Mrs. Thelma Howard, 14 Barrow St.. New 
York City, please communicate with the 
American Red Cross, New York Chapter, 
315 Lexington Ave.. New York City, where 
mail from Agnes Horton. 236 Nathan Road, 
First Floor, Kowloon, Hongkong, is being 
held. 



NEWS of Miss Rita Adams of Patons & 
Baldwins, Shanghai, will be welcomed by 
Mrs. Adams, 947 5th Street, Santa Monica, 



Year country calls: Buy War 
and War Savings stamps! 



«*- 



Alas, Poor Puppets 
Caught in Crossfire! 

The Tokyo Radio last week 
broadcast a brief recorded 
speech by Premier Hideki Tojo 
noting first anniversary of 
the puppet Nanking govern- 
ment's declaration of war 
against the United States and 
Great Britain. Tojo outlined 
the Japanese "ideal” for a “new 
order” in Asia and called upon 
the Nanking regime for “fur- 
ther cooperation" in the war. 

CHUNGKING — China will 
“handle own Quislings,” 

Vice Minister of Foreign Af- 
fairs K. C. Wu said this week 
in denying rumors that Wang 
Ching-wei, head of the Chinese 
puppet government, would not 
be punished after the war. 



practical measures at their disposal 
to realize such operations. 

“The fact that representatives of 
President Roosevelt and Prime 
Minister Churchill are conferring 
With Chiang Kai-shek in the hin- 
terland of China as well as in New 
Delhi indicate that the enemy is 
beginning to understand the hope- 
lessness of the state of affairs in 
the Pacific theater. Obviously, the 
idea of the conference is to ap- 
pease the discontented Chiang Kai- 
shek who was 'not invited to the 
Casablanca conference and at the 
same time it indicates that the 
Anglo-Americans are up to their 
usual trick of coaxing Chiang Kai- 
shek to launch offensive operations 
in Burma.” 

Japanese Distortions 
Reported by Repatriates 

Internees repatriated by the 
Gripsholm on the second exchange, 
and neutral observers recently in 
Japan, said this week with regard 
to war news published in the Japa- 
nese newspapers and the reactions 
of the Japanese people to what 
have- really been Allied victories, 
that specific news of battles is 
generally given, but with the ac- 
cent on alleged Japanese superi- 
ority^ 

Even definite Japanese defeats 
are played up as Japanese victor- 
ies, stated Bernard Covitt, United 
Press correspondent. Mr. Covitt 
said that when American forces 
took Attu one newspaper account 
by Domei described “the heroic 
stand” of the Japanese units, and 
told how “no prisoners were taken 
by the Americans.” The impres- 
sion was given, Mr. Covitt added, 
that the Japanese “won an out- 
standing success in resisting the 
American forces.” 

Similar technique was followed 
in reporting other battles, such as 
that of the Coral Sea when the 
Japanese listed all American ships 
as sunk and covered up their own 
losses. This is especially prevalent 
at present in description of the 
Southwest Pacific fighting, when 
Japanese accounts invariably claim 
a huge number of United States 
planes shot down. The Japanese 
always . add : “From our side one 
plane failed to return to its base, 
having crash-dived its objective." 

Japanese civilians seem to regard 
their news releases with consider- 
able skepticism, it is reported. 
Japanese officials connected with 
the concentration camps often ex- 
press their disbelief in their own 
propaganda with comments such 
as, "I listened last night to the San 
Francisco radio to get a correct 
idea of what is happening to our 
side." Similar experiences are re- 
ported with Japanese officers and 
civilians in all walks of life in the 
Philippines, Shanghai and even 
Japan itself. 

Official Unimpressed 
=By Jap War Materiel 

Maj. Gen. G_. M. Barnes, of the 
Army Ordnance Department ex- 
pressed a low opinion of Japanese 
war materiel in an address before 
the Society of Automotive Engi- 
neers at Detroit last week. He said 
the enemy's infantry weapons, al- 
though light and portable, lacked 
fire power, their automotive equip- 
ment lacked strength, and that 
"their standard tank gun appears 
to be 37-millimeter.” 

“The quality margin between our 
weapons and those of the Japa- 
nese,” he predicted, “will grow 
wider as the war progresses. . . . 
This should tend to decrease their 
resistance as we move relentlessly 
step by step into the Japanese 
Empire.” 



P.I. Internees’ 
Lot Improving, 
Forster States 

( Continued from page 1) 
internment order of May 15. 1943. 

About 1500 Americans, ill, elderly, 
or mothers with young children, 
were allowed to live at home under 
“conditional release,” subject to 
periodical renewal of such privilege- 
All these were informed early in 
May that they were to be re- 
interned, irrespective of such re- 
leases. Those who could furnish 
good proof that their health would 
not permit internment were told to 
report with doctors’ certificates 
May 15. 

A large number lined up in the 
rain to apply for this extension of 
release and were kept standing all 
day. The question was complicated 
by the order that only those in bad 
physical condition could remain, 
but the active members of the 
family who had cared for them 
must be reinterned. Many, there- 
fore, who were in no shape for 
concentration camp consented to go 
rather than be separated from their 
families. 

The Japanese promised to look 
after household goods left behind 
but these were later confiscated. 
When this news Was brought to 
one householder by his servant who 
brought him his week’s supplies, 
he protested. “How did you know 
about this?” demanded the Japan- 
ese, and for some time "gate privi- 
leges" were taken away, meaning 
that internees could not speak with 
those bringing them food and cen- 
sorship of letters was more rigor- 

Mr. Forster had been allowed to 
live at home because of illness and 
Mrs. Forster was permitted to stay 
with him. Their son Clifton was 
interned at Santo Tomas until May 
when he was sent with pther young 
men to prepare additional quarters 
at Los Banos. Mr. Forster’s case 
was “recommended for investiga- 
tion,” which meant that they could 
remain in their house until the 
Japanese physician and a govern- 
ment representative could follow 
up the matter. 

Restricted Release 

Living at home, however, did not 
mean living under normal condi- 
tions. No Americans were permit- 
ted “tu Oise the large highways such 
as Dewey Ave. or the Escolta, and 
any caught thereon, even if buying 
necessary drugs or going to see a 
doctor or dentist, were subject to 
arrest. Americans had to sneak 
around in alleys and small streets, 
darting out on main thordughfares 
at their own risk. 

Of course they were not allowed 
to attend picture shows or eat in 
restaurants. One day in March, 
1943, all found on the Escolta were 
taken to Fort Santiago for investi- 
gation and held there for days 
without even such comforts as 



mosquito nets, which is pretty seri- 
ous in a malarial country. Even 
mothers were kept from their 
families. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Forster paid 
high tribute to American women 
who showed that years of soft liv- 
ing had not undermined their 
pioneer qualities. They kept their 
courage high, encouraged their hus- 
bands and families and showed 
marked ingenuity in adapting 
themselves to camp and restricted 
living conditions. 

Mrs. Forster said that after reach- 
ing this country and realizing the 
anxiety that wives here Were suf- 
fering in separation from their 
husbands in the Philippines she 
was thankful that she had been 
spared that anguish, and she felt 
that most wives who had chosen to 
share their husbands' lot even in 
internment camps were happier 
than those overseas. 

"But we must see that pur 'in- 
ternees, particularly the children, 
have food and medicine,” she said. 
"And I am recommending repatri- 
ation by families,” added her hus- 
band, "for many who need tp come 
home will not do so unless the rest 
of the family come too." 

Port Elizabeth Hospitable 

The Forsters were enthusiastic 
over the splendid hospitality shown 
Gripsholm passengers at Port 
Elizabeth, Africa. All were invitea 
to come to Feather Market for 
assistance and advice. Arrived at 
the market, a reception committee 
greeted all who entered, put them 
in touch with friends, invited them 
to luncheon and showed them the 
sights. 

Lady Walton, head of the South 
African branch of the Red Cross, 
entertained the Forsters at her 
beautiful home all the time the 
ship was in port, and that was 
typical of the welcome given all 
repatriates. One feature of life in 
Port Elizabeth is the two minutes 
daily silence at noon. Bells chime. 
Soft music is heard. People, wher- 
ever they are, bow their heads in 
reverence and remember in prayer 
all those participating in the war 
and those who have given their 
lives to create a free world- 

The Forsters are stopping for a 
time in Los Angeles where their 
daughter, Mrs. Richard Newton 
Howard, lives, and will shortly go 
on to their home in Oakland. 

Moody in N. Y. After 
Pan-American Trip 

Mark L. Moody, former auto- 
mobile distributor in Shanghai, is 
in New York on a business trip 
after stopping in Chicago, Phila- 
delphia and Washington enroute. 
Accompanied by Mrs. Moody he 
has just finished a six weeks’ 
tour of Mexico, Guatamala, Sal- 
vador. Honduras, Nicaragua and 
Costa Rica. 

“Bill” and “Bob” Moody are now 
in the U. S. Naval Reserve. "Bob” 
is an aviation cadet while “Bill” 
has been assigned to the trans- 
pacific division of Pan-American 
Airways at Treasure Island, Calif. 




AMERICAN 

ASIATIC 

UNDERWRITERS 



FEDERAL INC., U. S. A. 
★ 



I N COMMON with other American companies operating in 
the Far East, the American Asiatic Underwriters. Federal 
Inc., U. S. A., came under restrictive wartime regulations 
as result of enemy occupation. This situation of course 
transcends the fortunes of any individual enterprise. Mean- 
while, directors and officers of the America? Asiatic Under- 
writers in the United States have made continuous efforts 
to keep abreast of all available facts and prepare for the 
postwar period. In conjunction with insurance companies 
and reinsurers, they are studying their responsibilities and 
keeping the A. A. U.’s affairs in such condition that the 
moment business can be resumed they will be in position to 
deal promptly with all claims and other insurance problems. 



Page Eight 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, January 21, 19 kh 



AS A BRITON SEES IT 

Mr. Grew & Hirohito — 

Imperial Authority and Aggression in China 

By H. G. W. Woodhead, O'.B.E. 



News Received 
Of Fessenden’s 

Death in China 

(Post Special Correspondence ) 



M Y ARTICLE on this page a fortnight ago, and Mr. Grew’s address 
at Chicago, on Dec. 29, on which it was based, have pro- 
voked the criticism that I have written, and Mr. Grew has spoken, as 
if "Japanese aggression against China did not constitute aggression.” 
The space to which my article wash- 
then confined precluded my refer- 



ring. to this aspect of the issue. I 
propose to do so today. 

Mr. Grew's speech and my ar- 
ticle- were confined to dealing with 
reports that the Emperor Hirohito 
was opposed to war with the 
United States, and that he had 
been confronted with a fait accom- 
pli after extracting from his for- 
eign minister, and the military 
leaders, definite assurances that 
this would not be the result of 
signature' of the Axis Pact in De- 
cember.' 1940. 

I DO NOT THINK that Mr. Grew 
holds the view— which I cer- 
tainly do not— that the Emperor’s 
aversion from a conflict with 
America (and Great Britain) was 
based solely upon moral grounds. 
It seems more probable that he 
took a realistic view of the possi- 
bilities, and that largely because of 
Japan's commitments in China he 
deprecated embroiling his Empire 
in a war with the Anglo-Saxon 
Powers. This according to my own 
information, was not the first time 
that Hirohito had adopted this 
realistic attitude. In May. 1939, 
clashes which soon developed into 
major hositlities, occurred between 
the Kwangtung Army and Soviet 
forces on the Manchurian-Outer 
Mongolia border in the region of 
Nomanhan. These went on inter- 
mittently until the middle of Sep- 
tember, and according to Japanese 
official admissions, cost the Kwang- 
tung Army over 18,000 casualties. 
They were ended by a truce ar- 
ranged on Japanese initiative 
which left Outer Mongolia in pos- 
-session of practically all the terri- 
tory it claimed. 

Now the Kwangtung Army has 
the reputation of being the most 
aggressive of Japan's military 

cliques. I* staged the invasion of 

Manchuria. ;n 1951: tt— rcsponsi-. 



one. It may be recalled that it was 
a division . ordered to .Manchuria, 
that mutinied- in. February, 1936, 
and assassinated a number of his 
leading ministers, and that St was 
only when the Imperial authority 
was reluctantly, invoked, that the 
mutineers surrendered. 

The set-back suffered by Japan’s 
Chauvinists in 1936. was only tem- 
porary. By the beginning of 193T 
it was again in control. It had, in 
January of that year, openly defied 
the Emperor in his choice of Gen- 
eral Ugaki as Premier, flatly re- 
fusing to permit an officer of the 
required rank to serve under him 
as Minister of War. When the mil- 
itary clique staked the Lukouchiao 
incident it expected an easy walk- 
over in North China, and an inter- 
lude during which it could formu- 
late plans for the extension of 
Japanese control to the Yangtze 
Valley. All its calculations were 
upset by General Chiang Kai- 
shek's decision to make the Shang- 
hai area the major battle-ground, 
This got up the blood of the Japa- 
nese Navy — which had hitherto 
been more moderate in its attitude 
— as well as the Army. It may be 
doubted whether any attempt on 
the part of the Emperor to stop 
Sino-Japanese hostilities would 
have had the slightest effect at 
this juncture. Significant was the 
panic that occurred in Japanese 
military circles when President 
Roosevelt directed that his protest 
against the sinking of the USS 
Panay be brought to the attention 
of the Emperor. For it suggests 
that every attempt was being made 
to conceal the gravity of the situa- 
tion from Hirohito. 

L ITTLE is really known of the 
character of the present Jap- 
anese Emperor. He lives in virtual 
seclusion, and is reported to occupy 
litmseif, ; > u't from State duties' 



ble for the occupation : . < md 
attacks upon Chahar and lupei 
during the ensuing years, ft was 
undoubtedly privy to, if it did not 
actually initiate, the so-called 
"Lukouchiao incident” which 
plunged Japan and China into a 
protracted undeclared war in July. 
1937. There can be little doubt that 
its leaders favoured an all-out at- 
tack upon the USSR following 
the Nomanhan hostilities. A Mr. 
Fukuda, a liberal Japanese writer, 
who visited Manchuria a few 
weeks after the Nomanhan truce, 
stated in an article contributed to 
Oriental Affairs in April, 1941, that 
he found the railways choked with 
military supplies. And when he in- 
quired why, he was informed that 
they were never used simply be- 
cause "it was the Emperor who 
called off the fight." 

H irohito did not can off the 
fight with China, either in 
1931, or in 1937. Why? It seems 
probable that on each occasion the 
Army committed his country to 
hostilities without the foreknowl- 
edge or consent either of the Em- 
peror or of his Government. Cer- 
tain it is that throughout the Man- 
churian crisis of 1931-2 the Japa- 
nese Foreign Office was constantly 
placed in a position of acute em- 
barrassment by military actions 
which were absolutely inconsistent 
with its pledges to the League. 
From that period, it is frankly ad- 
mitted by Japanese historians, the 
Army took control of Japan's for- 
eign policy. Unfortunately, also, it 
mobilized public opinion behind its 
aggression. And it may be doubted 
whether the Emperor had the pow- 
er, -even if he had the inclination, 
to call off the Kwangtung Army, 
His position vis-a-vis that Army 
was by no means a comfortable 



j with the ..lady of marine biology: 
Those of nis counsellors who havo 
been peace-minded, or liberal in 
their views, have been driven from 
office by assassination or the 
threat of it. He is certainly not as 
strong a character as his grand- 
father, Meiji. He cannot, either as 
a passive or consenting accessory 
to the Army clique's aggression, be 
exonerated from a large measure 
of responsibility therein. But there 
is at least a possibility that when 
that clique is completely destroyed 
the disillusioned people of Japan 
may rally around their Emperor 
as the symbol of national unity — 
in defeat. And if so — if it becomes 
clear that he is peace-willed, as 
well as peace-minded, it might be 
expedient to refrain from the ex- 
periment of forcibly attempting to 
convert Japan into a republic. 
That is what certain Chinese lead- 
ers advocate. But there are others, 
including General Chiang Kai-shek, 
who favour leaving it to 

“the awakened and repentant 
Japanese people to decide for 
themselves ... If the Japanese 
people should rise in revolu- 
tion to punish their war-mon- 
gers and overthrow their mili- 
tarists’ government, one should 
respect their spontaneous will, 
and allow them to choose their 
own form of government." 
Experience with republicanism in 
different parts of the world, espe- 
cially in Asia, does not suggest 
that a change from a Monarchy to 
this form of government can be 
made overnight, or that where 
democratic principles have not al- 
ready been firmly implanted, in ad- 
vance one may not find that the 
whips of an absolute Monarchy 
have been exchanged for the scor- 
pions of a pseudo-republican dicta- 
torship. 



Havana Shanghai Tiffin Club 
Honors Dignitaries at Meetin g 



The Havana Shanghai Tiffin 
Club held a special luncheon meet- 
ing to aid Chinese War Relief to 
mark the initiation of several new 
members, including Papal Nuncio 
to Cuba, Monsignor Jorge Caruana, 
to note the return to Cuba of Chi- 
nese Minister Dr. Li Ti-tsun, and to 
honor a group of guests headed by 
Army Chief Gen. Manuel Lopez 
Migoya. 

Although the regular monthly 
luncheons are at the American Club 



this one was in the office of George 
Moszkowski at American Interna- 
tional Underwriters. A Chinese 
luncheon was served to 39 people 
and all proceeds went to the war 
fund. 

A special invitation was issued to 
various Cuban dignitaries, including 
Dr. Gonzalo Guell, recently appoint- 
ed Minister to China; Col. Otalio 
Soca Ilanes, chief of the Cuban 
Army Air Corps, and Capt. Carlos 
Pascual. 



BOSTON— News of the death in 
Shanghai last September of Stirl- 
ing Fessenden, former chairman 
and later secretary general of the 
Shanghai Municipal Council, was 
received this week by friends here. 

The communication announcing 
his death contained no details as 
to the cause, or of funeral arrange- 
ments. A bachelor, Mr. Fessenden 
is survived by a brother, the Rev. 
Mr. Thomas Fessenden of Clear- 
water, Fla., as the only close rela- 
tive. In earlier years, Mr. Fes- 
senden had made tTequent trips 
back to this country, but his last 
such visit was in 1933. 

Long Public Service 

The death of Stirling Fessenden 
removes one who had rendered 
many years of public service to the 
Shanghai community. Mr. Fessen- 
den had been ailing for some years. 
After his retirement from the office 
of secretary general of the Munici- 
pal Council of the Foreign Settle- 
ment. of Shanghai his eye-sight be- 
gan to fail. Thereafter he lived a 
very secluded life, only meeting old 
friends who called to see him. 

Stirling Fessenden — who was 
born at Fort Fairfield, Me., 68 
years ago, and was a grand- 
nephew of the Fessenden who was 
Secretary of the Treasury in Lin- 
coln’s Cabinet— was graduated from 
Bowdoin College in 1896, and adopt- 
ed law as his profession. He first 
went out to Shanghai, however, in 
a business capacity, as a member 
of the staff of the American Trad- 
ing Co. 

It was only about the time that 
the U. S. Court for China was es- 
tablished, in 1907, that he gave up 
business for his former profession, 
entering into partnership with the 
late T. R. Jernigan, who had re- 
mained in Shanghai after serving 
as American consul general under 
the Cleveland administration. 

Court Inaugural 

Mr. Jernigan and Mr. Fessenden 
were among the few local American 
attorneys who survived the purge 
that followed Judge Wilfrey’s arri- 
j vs.l :n Shangha i to in augurate the 
U. S. Court in 1906. For gathered 
at Shanghai at the time were the 
scum of the American legal pro- 
fession in the Far East— men who 
had made Manila and Hawaii too 
hot for them, or had actually been 
disbarred from practising in Amer- 
ican possessions. 

On the death of Mr. Jernigan, 
Mr. Fessenden carried on the prac- 
tice. It must have been in the early 
1920s that he was elected a mem- 
ber of the Shanghai Municipal 
Council, of which body he was 
chairman in 1925. The British and 
other communities in the Settle- 
ment owed a great debt of grati- 
tude to him for the firmness and 
courage with which he handled the 
crisis that resulted from the so- 
called “May 30th Incident." 

His life was often threatened 
and on several occasions attempt- 
ed. He remained chairman until 
some time later, but found that the 
call upon his time made it impos- 
sible for him to retain that office, 
and pursue his legal practice. So 
highly were his services valued by 
his colleagues that when he inti- 
mated his intention of withdrawing 
from the Council they decided io 
offer him the position of secretary 
general, a post equivalent to that 
of a city manager in the United 
States. It was a highly paid office, 
and carried with it considerable 
power and responsibility. 

Mr. Fessenden retained this post 
until the middle of 1939, and dur- 
ing his term of office had to han- 
dle such crisis as local Sino-Japa- 
nese hostilities in 1932, and in 1937. 

Marks of Appreciation 

He was a tower of strength to 
successive Council chairmen — Brit- 
ish and American — and his services 
to the community elicited numer- 
ous marks of appreciation from 
Chinese and foreigners alike. 

When American. British and 
other foreign troops were sent to 
Shanghai as units of an interna- 
tional defense force in 1927, the 
American Marines and the British 
"Green Howards” became “sworn 
brothers.” Among other things, the 
British Battalion helped the Ma- 
rines to organize a drum and fife 
band. When the American units 
left Shanghai the local American 
community presented them with a 
set of drums and fifes, privately 
subscribed for. which were known 
as the “Fessenden drums and fifes” 
in honor of the American chair- 
man of the Council. 

It fell to Mr. Fessenden not only 
to supervise the municipal adminis- 



CN.4C Pilot 




— Acme. 

Capt. Harold Chinn, senior pilot 
of the China National Aviation 
Corp., has flown “seven DFS’s 
worth” of >var materials from In- 
dia to China. That, in Army par- 
lence, means 420 flights, since 
Army airmen are awarded a Dis- 
tinguished Flying Cross for each 
60 flights. On leave from China, he 
was photographed on a visit to the 
United States. 

T. Lund-Rasmussen 
Dies Aboard Ship 

Comdr. T. Lund-Rasmussen. for- 
merly of Shanghai and for the past 
year a captain under the Maritime 
Commission, died of heart failure 
Jan. 14. aboard his ship in San 
Francisco. Interment was to be at 
Seattle. Wash. 

He is survived by his widow, the 
former Mrs. Fred ("Chutie") Pat- 
stone, R. R. 1, Box 247, Port Or- 
chard, Wash. 

“Ras," as he was affectionately 
known to scores of Far East 
friends afloat and ashore, was put 
in command of one of the new Lib- 
erty ships last March after making 
a top grade of 97 in his long ex- 
amination — taken_ wh ile s'lffpring •, 
from an attack of influenza. XU 
ready a veteran of years of sea 
service, he eagerly seized the op- 
portunity to serve the United Na- 
tions cause and was unsparing in 
his demands upon his strength. 

Mrs. Lund-Rasmussen is estab- 
lished in their country place, Fair- 
holme. and presumably plans to 
continue there 

Killed in India 

1st Lt. Lester N. Hofheimer, 27, 
Army Air F'orces, was killed in an 
airplane crash in India early last 
month, according to word from the 
War Department received by his 
mother, Mrs. Lester Hofheimer, in 
New York. Lt. Hofheimer was a 
graduate of Phillips Exeter Acad- 
emy, Harvard College and Harvard 
Graduate School of Business Ad- 
ministration. 



R.S.PanditDies 
In Lucknow; 
Kin of Nehru 

Ranjit S. Pandit, 50, brother- 
in-law of Jawaharlal Nehru,. In- 
dia Congress Party leader, died 
last week in Lucknow, according 
to a New Delhi dispatch. 

His daughters, Chandralekha 
and Nyantara. are currently at- 
tending Wellesley College in Mas- 
sachusetts. The eldest, Chandra- 
lekha, is the first recipient of 
Wellesley’s Mei-ling Soong Foun- 
dation scholarship, established in 
June, 1942, on the 25th annivers- 
ary of Mme. Chiang Kai-shek’s 
graduation from Wellesley. 

Mr. Pandit, who was released 
from prison six months ago fol- 
lowing several heart seizures, was 
a prominent member of the Con- 
gress Party, and was interned in 
1942 during a roundup of Nation- 
alist leaders. His wife, Vijaya 
Lakshimi Pandit, sister of Nehru, 
was detained with him.. 

Envoy to New Zealand 

William C. Burdett, American 
Minister to New Zealand, died in 
Wellington last week. He was 59 
years old and had been in the dip- 
lomatic and consular service since 
1919. 

Prior to that he was with the 
American Army from 1900 to 1903 
during the Philippine Insurrection 
and was an infantry captain dur- 
ing the World War. Wounded at 
the Battle of Blanc Mont, Mr. Bur- 
dett received the Distinguished 
Service Cross and the Croix de 
Guerre. 

Korean Civic Leader 

Soeul Kim, an outstanding figure 
in Korean civic work in Hawaii, 
died on Dec. 24 in Honolulu, ac- 
cording to news reaching New 
York this week. Death followed a 
heart attack. 

Mr. Kim was one of the leading 
Korean business men of Hawaii, 
and had extensive real estate hold- 
ings. He was born in Nam Won 
Ke,un, South Chulla-do, Korean, in 
1886. and emigrated to Hawaii in 
1904. He saw service in Europe 
as a member of the AEF during 
the last war 

Surviving Mr. Kim are his 
widow, Mrs. Bok Kwan Kim, and 

Shiu ghui Resident - 

One of tb.e oldest foreign resi- 
dents of Shanghai, Mrs. Florence 
A. McCann, died there_in Septem- 
ber, 1942, according to a message 
just received through the Red 
Cross by her son, Walter McCann 
of Long Beach, Calif. Mrs, Mc- 
Cann, who was British, came to 
Shanghai at the age of two and 
was 82 at the time of her death. 

The message, sent by her 
daughter, Mrs. A. G. P. Dewing, 
was dated Sept. 13. 1943 and sent 
from 63 Great Western Rd. It re- 
ferred to a previous notification 
which, however, was not received. 
She also said that the rest of the 
family, her husband and two 
daughters, were well. Mr. Dewing 
was in the secretariat of the 
Municipal Council. 



trat.ion, but to undertake what in 
reality was a great deal of complex 
and delicate diplomatic work, both 
with the Chinese and the Japanese 
authorities. 

His poor state of health was re- 
garded by the Japanese as exempt- 
ing him from internment, and he 
spent his declining years in enemy 
occupied territory, in his own resi- 
dence. — H. G. W. W. 



F. N. Deacon 

F. N. Deacon, formerly with the 
Hongkong Light and Power Co., 
died in Camp Stanley within the 
past few months, according to in- 
formation received from the Co- 
lonial Office in London. Mrs. 
Deacon is reported to be well. 



Read the Shanghai Evening Post 
for news of internees and intern- 
ment camps in the Far East. 



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• 

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NEW YORK 3, N. Y. 



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NEW YORK. N. Y. JANUARY 28, 1944. 




Gripsholmites 
Tell P.I. Group 
Of Internment 

(Post Special Correspondence ) 

LOS ANGELES— “Americans who 
so desire should remain in the 
Philippines to show their solidarity 
with the Filipinos and bolster their 
morale,” said Dr. Jack C. Klasson, 
dental surgeon of Manila, who re- 
turned by the Gripsholrh to his wife 
and five children in Los Angeles. 

"An American at home is better 
than an American in captivity.” de- 
clared Charles H. Forster, director 
of the American Red Cross in the 
Philippines, “and if the war lasts 
too long the situation of those in- 
terned will be grave.” 

Attended by 250 

Such frank interchange of opin- 
ion enlivened the dinner of the 
Philippine Society of Southern Cal- 
ifornia, held at the Rosslyn Hotel 

The complete text of the recent 
State Department release — bearing 
on repatriation exchanges, intern- 
ment conditions, relief supplies to 
internees, prisoners of tear in the 
Far East, and kindred matters — 
is reproduced on pages 6 and 7 of 
this issue. 

and attended by over 250 who met 
for their usual monthly dinner and 
to hear the latest news from the 
Islands brought back by Gripsholm 
repatriates. 

George W. Porter, the society's 
new president, a resident of the 
Islands from 1930 to 1939, during 
which time hr wr s auditor of the 
Phil: inline. National Bank .-■'Uid 
upon Dr. Klasson to repoit. Dr. 
Klasson began by reading a letter 
from a close friend in Santo Tomas 
camp. 

“Free Gate” 

The writer said he was in good 
health, “thanks mainly to our own 
efforts and the ability to borrow 
money from the Filipinos, despite 
pressure to the contrary put upon 
them by the Nips.” The Japanese 
allowed a “free gate” — the sale of 
food to internees — because that 
kept down expenses for Japan. One 
peso a day was allowed for pris- 
oners’ fare and prices were high. 
There were enough doctors and 
nurses but not enough medicine, 
although vaccinations and innocu- 
lations were .provided by the Japa- 
nese. 

The main facts of the war's prog- 
ress were known in the camp 'de- 
spite Japan's optimistic presenta- 
tion of the “enthusiastic” coopera- 
tion of the puppet government ar 
(Please turn to page 2) 



A Welcome Sight in Hongkong’s Once-Busy Harbor 




V. S. Army Air Force— Acme 

Smoking fore and aft of the bridge and burning amidships this 520-foot vessel of Japan's merchant 
fleet was a victim of a 14th U. S. Air Force raid this week on Hongkong harbor. It also constituted pic- 
torial admission of a Tokyo radiocast which announced that Hongkong was raided by nine American 
bombers, escorted by 15 fighters. The Domei report, heard by 17. S. Government monitors, said three 
American planes were shot down. 



If 'Given Time' 
Japs Can Win, 
7o|o Declares 

When the Japanese Diet recon- 
vened last week after its New 
Year’s recess Premier Hideki To jo 
declared that Japan prefers a long 
war and called for the "expansion” 
of “national labor service” to in- 
crease production. 

Premier Tojo displayed no optim- 
ism on the outcome of the war, ac- 
cording to a Domei broadcast re- 
corded by the U. S. Foreign Broad- 
cast Intelligence Service. Although 
he said “a golden opportunity” was 
at hand to strike a "crushing blow” 
against the Allies, he warned the 
Japanese that they must be pre- 
pared “for most difficult blows that 
will become more and more severe.” 
He asserted that “unrest” in the 
| United States and "exhaustion” in 
j Britain have given both powers "a 
craving for a short war.” 

On the other hand, he said, “if 
I Japan is given time, her strategic 
(Please turn to page 5) 



‘Fritz’ Opper Thumping Chest 
At Chungking Edition Growth 

By FREDERICK B. OFFER 

CHUNGKING (By Radio)— Some 
two months ago I reported that 
the Chungking Edition of the 
Shanghai Evening Post was being 
read by between 500 and 600 per- 
sons and we promised a later re- 
port. Here it is. 

As of this week’s issue, which 
marks the first quarter year of 
publication, we have 1080 readers 
in Free China and five brave 
friends in foreign countries who 
have enough confidence in postal 
service to subscribe. While we 
realize that it is not going to cause 
any wrinkles on the brows of Wil- 
liam Randolph Hearst and Roy 
Howard nevertheless we feel pretty 
cocky about it. 

A breakdown shows that 400 of 
our subscribers live right here in 
Chungking, 310 are write-in sub- | 
scribers elsewhere throughout the 
country, 120 buy it on the news- 
stands. 225 are American Army and 
Air Force personnel at various 
bases which must remain a mili- 
tary secret, 25 go to Government 
offices, and one copy goes to In- 
dia, one to England, and three to 
the United States. 

► A pleasing thing to us is that 
every single week has seen a dozen 
or so more subscribers than the 



4641st Lunar Year 
Celebrated by Chinese 

Officially abolished under the 
Republic, the lunar New Year 
was enthusiastically celebrated 
this week by Chinese communi- 
ties from New York and San 
Francisco Chinatowns to the re- 
motest villages of the homeland. 
Tuesday, Jan. 25, which was 
New Year's Day, marked the 
start of the 4641st year as reck- 
oned by the old lunar calendar. 

Five thousand persons lined 
the streets of New York’s China- 
town to witness the traditional 
dragon parade. A New Y'ear's 
party for Chinese members of 
the U. S. armed forces was held 
at the YMCA-USO Club in the 
YMCA building in Washington. 
Chinese refreshments and 
games featured the program. 



last one. When we last reported we 
said there were readers in 10 prov- 
inces of Free China. We have add- 
ed four more to make a total of 14 
of some 18 provinces which in 
whole or in part can be said to 
constitute Free China. 



Puppets Given 
30 Properties 
Seized ht§ daps 

Fresh indications of further Japa- 
, ncse steps to load the onus of prop-' 

I erty confiscations in Shanghai on 
j the puppet Chinese were seen this 
I week in a Domei wireless dispatch i 
I which announced that 30 American 
and British properties — including 
I hotels, department stores and a 
brewery — had been “transferred” 
j from Japanese control to that of 
i the puppet "Chinese National Gov- 
[ ernment.” 

j Among the properties were listed 
the Cathay and Metropole hotels 
j (British, owned by the Sir Victor 
Sassoon interests), China Steam 
Navigation Co. (British, Butter- 
field & Swire), Imperial Chemical 
Industries (British) , Shanghai 
Brewery (British). International 
• Dispensary (American, Max Vit- 
tale), Shanghai Ice and Cold Stor- 
I age Co. (British), and the Roose- 
! velt Terminal (American, William 
| Hunt & Co.). 

Japanese Management 
| Domei added that some of the I 
properties would be “managed as 
joint Sino-Japanese concerns" with 
the Japanese furnishing the "capi- 
tal and technical and managerial 
assistance," 

Earlier, a Chungking dispatch 
from Brooks Atkinson to the New 
York Times gave evidences of in- 
creasing concern among the Japa- 
nese in Shanghai as a result of 
recent war trends. A recent ar- 
rival in Chungking, according to 
Mr. Atkinson, quoted the- Japanese | 
in Shanghai as commenting cynic- [ 
ally: “First we put Americans and 
British in concentration camps, ; 
then we put in Chinese, and finally | 

, we put in ourselves.” 

"The war has been a big mistake; 

I we are fighting for the Mitsui | 
crowd,” other Japanese are quoted i 
I as saying. “If we fight, we die; if | 
We do not fight, we die,” still ! 
others remark. 

j German merchants are reported- : 
ly especially discouraged. They i 
| are great hoarders of United States 
| currency, which can be bought 
; “under the counter" at the rate of 
I 100 puppet notes to one U. S. dol- 
lar. 

Business Reported Good 

Generally speaking, business is 
good in Shanghai according to Mr. 
Atkinson’s informant, particularly 
for neutrals who serve as middle- 
men. Some also operate the stock 
exchange, getting prices through 
South America. Many foreign 
goods are still available from the 
( Please turn to page 2) 



Once-Busy Bay 
At Honqkona 
Veiled byQuief 



(From the Chuns 



Edition, ShnnRli 



CHUNGKING— Secretary of the 
Navy Frank Knox's recent state- 
ment that one-third of Japan’s 
merchant shipping has been sunk 
or damaged by American subma- 
rines and bombers is substantiated, 
at least in part, by the few enemy 
ships seen ip Hongkong harbor, Ja- 
pan's chief • Shipping center in 
China. 

Arrivals in Free Kwangtung 
from Hongkong state that the 
once-busy harbor is now quiet and 
resembles a lake. Before the U. S. 
14th Air Force intensified its raids 
on Hongkong during the summer, 
Japanese convoys invariably called 
there both on their outward and 
homeward- journeys, they say, and 
as many as 30 ships frequently 
were seen a day. 

Now ships That enter Hongkong 
' Please turn to page 3) 



China Grants 
Certain Groups 
100 °/o Subsidy 

An upward revision of the ex- 
change supplement granted bVjthe 
Chinese Government on funds rrom 
abroad was revealed by the Chi- 
nese News Service in a dispatch 
from Chungking this week, which 
quoted Dr. H. H. Kung, Vice Pres- 
ident of the Executive Yuan and 
concurrently Chinese Minister of 
Finance, as announcing that a 100 
per cent subsidy would.be allowed 
in an extensive number of classi- 
fications. 

In New York at the same time, 
P. F. Hsia, joint manager of the 
Bank of China, announced that in- 
structions regarding the revisions 
had just been received from Chung- 
king, and had been relayed to the 
bank’s correspondents in this coun- 
try as well as to the vernacular 
press, American newspapers; and 
other interested agencies. 

Extensive Scope 

"Remittances covering the living 
expenses of practically every citi- 
zen or subject of a friendly nation 
residing in China, as well as re- 
mittances from overseas Chinese to 
cover the maintenance of their 
families in China, will receive the 
100 per cent subsidy,” Mr. Hsia 
said. He added that the new sub- 
sidy had been made effective on all 
remitttances as of Jan. 20. 

The Chinese News Service dis- 
patch quoting Dr. Kung outlined 
the scope of the subsidy extension 
as follows: 

“In the case of contributions for 
relief, mission, medical, educational, 
cultural and other philanthropic, 
purpo^-o, u,n exchange supplement 
of 100 per cent will be granted. 
Formerly, a supplement of 100 per 
cent was granted only for famine 
relief contributions, and the supple- 
ment was 50 per cent for the other 
transfers to which it applied. 

Personal Classifications 

“An exchange supplement of 100 
per cent also will be granted on ap- 
plication on the transfer from 
abroad for necessary personal re- 
quirements of funds: (1) for the 
diplomatic, consular, military and 
other official personnel of friendly 
powers; (2) for nationals of friend- 
ly powers engaged in educational, 
mission, press, and other Work in 
China; and (3) for remittances by 
Overseas Chinese for support of 
their families in China.” 

Mr. Hsia. in New York, empha- 
sized that the subsidy revision does 
not affect the official rate of ex- 
< Please turn to page 5) 



‘Guitg Ho* Chinatown Slogan; 
Bond Drive Opens With Rush 

New York's Chinatown officially 
launched its own Fourth War Loan 
campaign early this week with 
flag-decked streets, marching 
troops, a dragon dancing down 
Mott Street, Hollywood actors, Chi- 
nese Government officials and 
Mayor LaGuardia. 

Preceding a~ rally outside the 
Chinese School at 64 Mott St„ 
where Mayor LaGuardia and Dr. 

Yu Tsune-cbi, Chinese Consul Gen- 
eral were the principal speakers, a 
parade wound through the narrow 
streets of Chinatown led by Wil- 
liam Poy Lee. national president of 
the Chinese-American Citizens Al- 
liance of America, who chairmaned 
the rally. 

In the parade were soldiers of 
the 372nd Infantry Regiment and 
1 their band, members of the Chinese 
! Unit of the American Women’s Vol- 
| untary Assn., Chinese Boy Scouts 
and Girl Scouts and other groups 
! of school children. 

| Addressing the crowd of 5000 
j Mayor LaGuardia said: "The Em- 
I peror of Japan calls himself the 
son of the sun. You know what 
1 kind of a son he really is. And I 
mean just that!” he added as 
laughter greeted his remark. 

Miss Rosabel Hsu gave the Mayor 
a scroll with the slogan — “Gung 



Elderly Chinese Sets 
War Bond Example! 

In the border province of Sin- 
kiang the whole city of Tah- 
cheng turned out recently for 
three days to raise funds in re- 
sponse to the nationwide “One- 
County-One-Plane” drive. 

An old man gave about NC$235 
the first day. He gave about 
NC8295 the following day. On 
the last • day he contributed 
NCS470 more. 

When questioned, the old man 
said: “Well, there isn’t much' to 
that. I’ve been only able to give 
three days’ earnings to my 
country which, as you know, is 
far from enough." It developed 
that the old fellow was a dealer 
in vegetables and that each day 
after he sold his goods he con- 
tributed the day’s earnings. 



Ho" — “work together”— which has 
been adopted by Chinatown for the 
Fourth War Loan drive. The cere- 
i monial dragon, in gold and many, 
colors, pranced and writhed in; 
j front of the Mayor to a rhythm, 
( Please turn to page 5) / 




THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday , January 28, 19 kk 



Page Two 




Owen Lattimore is reported mov - 1 
ing to Washington shortly. 

The C. V.. Starrs are enjoying a 
Vermont holiday. 

Leonard Allen. Voice of China 
staff member, has left Chungking 
for the United States. 

Randolph Raven is in the Chi- 
nese section of the Office of War 
Information in San Francisco. 

Yu Ya-chiang, well-known Shang- 
hailander, has donated NC$30,000 
to the Kweiyang Municipal Govern- 
ment. 

A. H. Reinhardt, of Shanghai, is 
reported in Barnes Hospital, St. 
Louis, for a thorough examination 
and recuperation. 

Mrs. W.. T. Stanton has arrived 
in New York. She is staying with 
Mrs. Gurnee Cumming, 162 E. 61st 
St., NAy York City. 

F. L. Sabel, USN. retired, Grips- 
holmite, is spending a short time 
with his family in Hillsborough, 
Calif., before taking on active duty. 

Lt. Col. Evans F. Carlson may 
for a. short time be reached 
Headquarters, 4th Marine Division. 
Camp Pendleton, Oceanside, Calif. 

T. C. T'ang, manager of the New 
York Bureau of Central News 
Agency of China, has just returned 
from Chungking. 

Contributions to United China 
Relief through the Shanghai Eve- 
ning Post passed the .$2000 mark 
this week with the latest contribu- 
tion of $25 from Jean Stannard. 

The next China Tiffin is sched- 
uled for Monday, Feb. 14 at Lum 
Fong's on W. 52nd St. Reserva- 
tions may be made through Mrs. 
Ella J. Hough. MUrray Hill 6-8237. 

The Tule Lake Japanese segrega- 
tion center, commanded by the 
Army since early November, was 
restored to civil administration 
recently. 

As a climax to the celebration of 
the old Chinese New Year, the 
China War Relief Assn, will launch 
a drive for Comfort Funds for Chi- 
nese soldiers on Feb. 1. 

E. B. McGhee, secretary of the 
Shanghai Tiffin Club of Havana, 
spent December in New York, 
1 : -ing Dec. 31 for Miami and 




Puppets Given GripsholmitesTellP.I.Group 
30 Properties About Conditions in Islands 

/ — ^ 0 11 1 fynyn. 'nfinp. 11 Harry W. Coonradt, Mr. and Mis. M. 1 

Seized by Japs 



Too great care of the body and 
too great neglect of the body : 
both to be feared. 

Lao Tzu, trad. B.C. 604- 



(Continued from page 1) 
large stocks built up before the 
Pacific war. 

Sealed tins of Camel cigarettes 
cost 250 puppet currency; Johnny 
Walker whiskey about 1250. Cafes 
and cabarets keep open until mid- 
night. Fats and sugars are scarce 
although there is said to be plenty 
of most foods. 

As for Japan itself, the food sit- 
uation is reported bad, according 
to other advices reaching New 
York this week. Japanese soldiers 
in Occupied China try to avoid be- 

" nt h ° me - Japan “ e gan * ! chicken-pox and enteritis were 

suspected , f 



(.Continued from page 1) 
broadcasting of euphemistic for - 1 Johns 
mulas of "retirement to prepared 
positions for strategic reasons.” i yn j 
Many Americans, the letter stated, and 
prefer to stay in the Philippines. ^™ r - 
They want to keep up native mor- 
ale, to strengthen the bonds be- 
tween the Islands and America, 

Then, too, they want to see the 
fight. Japan must bite the dust in 
the Philippines. "Our chins are 
up. Give no quarter because of 
us," the letter ended. 






Josef 

Charles Harvey, 

H. London, Mrs. A Ulster R. 

Forbes, Mrs. Charles G. Lade, Mrs. Caro- 
lyn E. Strong. Mrs. Maude L. Hamlin, Mr. 
and Mrs. F. J. Compton, Mrs. Helen S. 
Moir. Mr. and Mrs. F. L. Barraear, Mr. 
and Mrs. J. L. Pccharich, Mrs. Ernest E. 
Simmons. Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Kendall, Mr. 
and Mrs. G. P. Sorensen, Dr. and Mrs. H. 



Mrs. Frederic G. Appleton, Mrs 
Anlis, Miss Edna Law 
Henry E. Moore. Drs. Arthui 



Mr. and Mrs. 
i Elle 



» Epidemics 
own experience, 



. Shanghai i 



j present. The hospital was always 



lyn, on “National Cultures in the 
Soviet Union.” 

Dr. Y. C. Yang visited San Fran- 
cisco last week and addressed the 
First Methodist Church of Oakland, 
Calif., on the “Coming World 
Peace." He was guest of honor at 
a luncheon given by James Shen of 
the Chinese News Service. 

Hallett Abend, former China cor- 
respondent, was on the air with 
Milton Chase of Shanghai last 
week as a "world front guest ob- 
server" of Station WLC, Cincinnati. 
Mr. Abend has been lecturing 
through the Middle West. 

Due to operations of a gremlin 
in the Post editorial department the 
name of Alger Hiss was omitted 
last week in identifying key person- 
nel in the new Office of Far East- 
ern Affairs of the State Depart- 
ment. Mr. Hiss has been named 
special assistant. 



Oldrich Mojzisek, who is touring 
the United States to investigate re- 
actions to proposals for postwar, 
trade with China, ha> been in Dal- , To » “> d Ching-wei 



Betty MilUron, S/Sgt T. 
Paul Moody, Mr. and Mrs. C. .1. Milliron, 
Mrs. James E. Davis, Mr. and Mrs. H, W. 
Caldwell, Lt. Col. and Mrs. Carroll W. 
Gale, Maj. and Mrs. Myron O. Browne, 
Mr and Mrs. Jack Brookman, Daniel F. 
Greenhouse, Paola Brookhcim. Frances 
Howard. Mr. and Mrs. Harold Stone Hull. 
Mrs. William Burrell, Mrs. W. E. Murray. 
Mr. and Mrs. G. E. Heyler, Jean Bajgre, 
Ann Clement, Mary E. MacDonald, Mrs. J. 
R. Herdman, Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Jinks. 

erguson, H. L. Fisher, Mr. and 
because cases ] Mrs - F - K - Ricker, Mrs. Fritz S. Reed, 
, . . - , Mrs. George H. White, 

merely needing rest or extra food Mrs F H Noble, Mrs. c. e. sand- 
were sent there when there were ] strom, Mrs. J. L. Parrott, Mary Reed, 
vacancies. Weevily cornmeal and i T. M. Jordan. Edith e. Harrison ll 

... ..... ., F. W. Vincent. Mr. ajid Mrs. Carl Hllda- 

Wlth a. little eailbou meat brand, Mrs. Jean Baker, Mr. and Mrs. S. 

the main staples provided for j Guggenheim, J. V. McPike, Gertrude D. 
the camp but internees contrived to \ Graham. Mrs. Frank G. Williams, Bertha, 
make -the noon meal, which they j w^H. Lawrence, litiss Eva < Cogbtu Mr 
bought and prepared for them-! and Mrs. G. S. Foikard, Edith F. Fabing, 
lives, palatable. 1 F - M - F *rben. F. J. Bayes, Dr. and Mrs. 

Mr. Forster began by s.ying that t“r»,w 

ffec- although he would like to paint a Mr. and Mrs. Waller Buckisch, Miss Mary 

rosy picture he felt that continued Bethel, Mrs. F. b. Baldwin, Mrs. j. s. 

internment would be very bad and En c r ” ei \y 0 od S 
lie hoped the exchange of internees Baldwin, 
would be facilitated. He empha- 
sized the fact that the American 
Government and the Red Cross j 
unturned 

warnings by Tokyo newspapers j alleviate conditions, 
that American air forces in China |_ Referring to the letter read by j 
had the bombing of Japan as their . .. 

main objective. a brave and Patriotic attitude but Miss 

In the meantime, the Japanese ! he believed Americans could d 

Government, convoked a two-day ! more S° od at home than in an u 
conference of its officials and ; ternment camp and that regardles 
of the wishes .of those who wanted 
to stay he felt they should be 
brought home. 

Young Filipino doctors and I hc7< 

nurses were marvelous during the Harris, Mrs. Flora Bartell, j . .. 

attack, Mr. Forster said, and their Gl ® utle ' v - Calvin, Mrs. N. Weeks, Mrs! 

casualty units acted calmly and ef- Mrs?* »-" ie J*-... . Cr “ mc . r ' 



of creating bombings and other in- .. ' . . 

cidents as proof that they are still | 
needed to preserve peace. 

Domei News Agency recently | 
said, in a French-language wireless 
to Europe, that extensive anti-air- 
craft maneuvers had been held i 
Shanghai. It followed other Axis | 
transmissions that told of increased j 
Japanese air raid precautions. 

Bombings Anticipated 
New air raid regulations, e 
tive in Japan. Korea and Formosa, I 
the dispatch continued, were aimed 
at decentralization of industry and | 
the evacuation of civilians from the 
larger cities “in case of necessity.” 

The Shanghai anti-aircraft man-, 
euvers came upon the heels of | have . ? eft no stone 



and Mrs. M. J. Gnagy, E. R. Wright, 
. H. Montgomery. Marguerite Philp, Dor- 
I othy L. Farmer, Mrs. Adam Derkum, Miss 
herine Margan, Mrs. Vicente Lira. Mr. 
- Mrs. Carson Taylor. Mrs. Henry W. 
er. Miss Clara H. Stewart, Mrs. H. Gil- 
ser. Mrs. Pauline J. Chisuin, Mr. and 
. E. E. EJser, C. W. Olson. Mrs! O. L. 



- Green, 

i Clarke, Mr. and Mrs. Austin 
| Montgomery. Mrs. Ethel F. Jamieson. Mrs. 
i C. F. McCormick, Miss Joan McCormick. 
- , Rn d Mrsi N. J. Nielsen, Mr. and Mrs. 



agents in Occupied China under thi 
direction of Masayuki Tani, envoy 
to the puppet Nanking government, 
to discuss the possibilities of win- 
ning Chinese puppets to the Japa- 
nese cause, a Tokyo radiocast dis- 
closed. 

A later broadcast reported an ex- 
change of notes between Premier 






rilie 



Edition of the Shanghai Evening 
Post and Mercury before a dinner 
of the American Bureau for Medi- 
cal Aid to China on Feb. 9. 

C. J. ("Jack”) Smith of Amer 
Asiatic Underwriters and United 
States Life in Chungking, is visiting 
in New York after flying home in 
13 days. Mrs. Smith has come on 
from California to join him. 

Mrs. Emma B. ("Mother”) Lawler 
and Miss E. Beatrice Lawler, Grips- 
holm repatriates, are in Detroit but 
after a month they may return to 
New York unless they decide to 
join California relatives. 

The Rev. Duncan McRoberts, 
field director for the China Native 
Evangelization Crusade of the Nor- 
wegian Lutheran Church, spoke to 
the Norwegian Lutheran Church 
of San Francisco on Jan. 16. 

Gen. Claire Chennault was made 
game warden in his native Ten- 
sas Parish. The Louisiana State 
Department of Conservation last 
week mailed to Chungking his 
commission and badge. 

The Rev. Mr. M. W. Rankin 
sailed early in January for Ku— 
kong, ICwangtung Province. He 
will be the only male missionary 
of the Baptist Foreign Mission 
Board in that district. 

“The Land and Its Peoples” is 
the subject of a lecture which will 
be given in the “Survey of China” 
series at the Brooklyn Institute of 
Arts and Sciences on Feb. 3 at 4 
p.m. 

H. H. Lennox, of Jardine, Mathe- 
son and Co.. Ltd., is leaving New 
York for London, enroute for India 
and China. Mrs. Lennox plans to 
join him in India as soon as 
possible. 

Mark L. Moody, in New York 
recently in connection with hi 
China film, “Ravaged Earth,” pro- 
ceeded to Chicago early this week 
and late in the week was to go 
by streamliner to his home in Los 
Angeles. 

"Rod” and “Peg” Parker are liv- 
ing in Chungking, according to 
3rd received this week fr 



las, Texas. He is proceeding on to 
New York next month with stops, 
at various points including Phila- 
delphia. 

“The Social : -iterpr elation of His- 
tory" and subject of an article in 
Harper's Magazine for December, 
1943, will speak on “Sun Yat Sen, 
the Misunderstood," on Jan. 30 at 
3 p.m. at the Henry Geoige School 
of Social Science, 30 E. 29th St., 
New York City. 

George E. Costello, Gripsholm re- 
patriate, formerly with the Can- 
adian Pacific Railway Co. in 
Shanghai, and Mrs. Costello 



to 



the first anniversary 
puppet regime’s declaration of 
against the United States and 



I David M. Thomas, Kathai 

H. Shoup, Mrs. John Asl 
, - M. Wilson. Mrs. Minnie ’ 

| Evelyn B. Miller. 

9 layton A1 >bott, Mrs. L. A. Fr 
Henshaw, Mr. and Mrs 



icroft. Miss 



nk C. 



ficiently. He paid high tribute to | Laederich^Mr^Nra'man 4 ”^ !“ 
Filipino people who believed ji nd Dexter l. Finley, Mr. Edwa’ri 



they would realize the vision of i Good , fcl L°"'- Mr. 

tred I . 

be- Mrs - Mabel A 



Edna M. Jones, 



in 1924 that the Philippines . 

come the seat of the highest civil- Ke^ ,S Rn,wi!a?V Ke II 1 *' ckie ' Robert w. 
, lotion in the Orient. | SSWWSJf 

Numerous Guests ! Frank o. Maxwell, 

fui- | "The Filipinos are loyal to Amer- I Mont *, ^ 
pan | ica. It is easy to love the Amer- 1 k os Gra<;e Neville, Miss 

of Greater East Asia based on the I icans after knowing the Japanese,” Hazel N. 'white. rS Mra"phiiTp ^! U " e ' **rs 
following three principles: to cher- the speaker declared, but warned | J"d_Mr*. John L r- 



10 Die i u Clas h 
s message "resolved t 
nponei 



Miss Jul 



ish sound thought, "to maintain | that we cannot go back and expect io r 
peace and order and to speed pro- 1 to find them the same as before | m^'e. 
duc'ti'on.” | the war. We must make greater | Waiter 

Premier Tojo’s communication I efforts to understand their culture j ol ' an 
emphasized that "the Japanese j and background if we wish a new 
Government has settled various i ° rient where genuine peace will 
prevail. 

Mrs. Vicente Lim spoke with 
feeling of Mr. Forster's tribute to 
the Filipinos and pledged their loy- 
alty George McCarthy, just ar- u Ave 
ived from Santo Tomas, spoke nua j e i ec tj, 



Summers. Mrs. G 



Mrs. Petti 

von Piontkowslci 
Hides, Miss Ed: 



Jeorgc R. inn'll 
Templeton, Mr. and 



briefly of his pleasure at 



Guests, at the speakers’ table 
eluded Mrs. R. J: Nelson, who has 
given distinguished service as an 
Army nurse and Is the wife of Lt. 



problems for the National Govern- 
ment” and declared that “we are 
move from Vancouver, B. C., to I exerting all our efforts to bring 
Los Angeles, Calif, at the end of I f inal victory over the Anglo-Amer- 
this month. They may be reached icans.” 

in care of the Canadian Pacific, \ Apparently, however the Japa- 
513 W. 6th St., Vancouver. nese haven't yet settled the “vari- 

According to Kenneth Fung, sec- ous problems" because a late 
retary of the Chinese-American I Chungking dispatch reports more 
Citizens Alliance, probably between I than 40 persons killed in Shanghai 
500 and 1000 Chinese in San Fran- ! 85 a result of an armed clash 
cisco will be eligible to become among the city’s puppet policemen. 

American citizens under the new The incident was caused by the 
amendment to the Naturalization puppet police arresting several 
Act of 1940 signed by the President j members of the puppet revenue 
on Dec. 17. J constabulary who walked into a 

* * * I Chinese theater without tickets. 

Col. Carlos P. Romulo, Minister j The revenue constabulary immedi- 
of Public Relations in the War j ately surrounded the theater with 
Cabinet of President Mauel Quezon j a squad of men who opened fire 
of the Philippines, and author of | on the police — and a bloody battle 
’I Saw the Fall of the Philippines” ensued. 

and of “Mother America,” lectured 

t the Brooklyn Academy of M.usic ! American Fliers in China 

Sic Today™ “ The ln the Pa ‘ ! Sink « Japanese Ships 

A China Day program was fea- In a new blow against Japanese j at Taiwan, Formosa, 
tured by the San Francisco Adver- sea supply lines, 14th U. S. Air [ Also at the speakers’ table were 

tising Club at its luncheon meeting | Force flj ers sank six ships, totaling j D >'- and Mrs. Jack C. Klasson, Mr. 

on Jan. 26 at the Palace Hotel. Dr. 11 > 600 tons - of£ China’s coasts early ; and Mrs. Charles H. Forster, Mr. 

Chao Lee Ming spoke on "Trade j th,s week - a communique from Lt. and Mrs. George W. Porter. Maj. 

and Investment Prospects in Post- Gen - Joseph W. Stilwell’s headquar- Gen. E. E. Booth, Mrs. Charles H. 
war China” and Bartley Crum ters announced. | Hilton, widow of Col. Hilton 

spoke on behalf of United China ! At the same time a report from 
j the Southeast Asia Command stat- 
"The Japanese Capture of SS I ® d that Allied tro °P s ambushed a 
President Harrison" was the sub- Ja . pa " es * pal ; y m the Upper Chind- 
ject of E. S. (“Eddie”) Wise , ' wm Valle y o f Burma, inflicting 
t the China Tiffin Club i ver f casualties 
east Chinese 



C. H. Minor Is Elected 
China Society Head 

The China Society of America, 
whose headquarters are at 570 Lex- 
ington Ave., recently held their an- 
of officers. Clark H. 



present. After the speeches oppoT ' British ReliVf 

tunity was given for inquiries about 1 cietv ’ Tnonm- 68 . president of the s °- 
individuals and Clifton Forster and ' ZLii Tp!, V1< ^ P yesiden ts are 
Jack Chapman spoke briefly on K K ' ?■ Lee - Wil- 

conditions in Los Banos camp i ,f^„ M ^ ad ^ Ur i? e former pres- 



ident), Philo W. Parker, and Mrs. 
Owen Roberts, who also is acting 
secretary. James A. Mackay be- 
comes treasurer. 

On the 



who is -acting president of the Fil- 
ipino Federation of America, and ; o..,„ 
Mrs. Pecson ; Dr. Adam C. Derkum, I 
acting secretary treasurer of the Y 
Philipp'ine Society; Mrs. Charles | 
Shaw, who^e husband, Lt. Comdr. | 
Shaw, is a prisoner in the Philip- i 
pines; Mrs. C. H. Pierce, whose , 
husband, Gen. Pierce, is a prisoner I 



L. Smith-Huggins and J. E. 



Your country calls: Buy Wai 
Bonds and War Savings stamps! 



j Huawng Valley. 



speaking 

of San Francisco Jan. 27. Mr. Wise, 
former district passengar agent at I ? ams 
Shanghai for the American Pr 

ident Line, just returned on the ] „ ... , 

Gripsholm, was guest of honor for utierillas III Anhwei 
the meeting, which was held at Intensifying Activities 
the Far East Cafe. | CHUNGKING (CNS)— The war of 

A new series of studies on China j resistance is being carried on in 
under the direction of the East and guerilla areas in eastern Anhwei 

....... West Assn, will be conducted by with increasing intensity, accord- 

John D. Nichols. Mrs. Nichols Annalee Whitmore Jacoby, the ing to a report from Li huang. The 



mother of Col. Donald B. Hilton, 
who was captured on Corregidor ; 
and is now a prisoner in Taiwan; ; 
Geoige J. McCarthy, Clifton Fors- 
ter, Miss Audrey Kerr; Jack Chap- ' 
while to the north- I map, Los Banos repatriate, born in 
forces made new j the Philippines and now on the 
American continent for the first 
time; Urban Derkum and Mrs. 
George N. Hurd. 

Others present were Mr. and Mrs Law- 
rence Benton, Dr. R. w. Huntsbergej), 



ELBROOICIik. 




Active Representation 
throughout South America 
EXPORTERS ❖ IMPORTERS 
SALES AGENTS 

50 CHURCH STREET 

New York Crry 



5 that Mr. Parker is assistant 
to Mr. Nichols who is director for 
the American Red Cross in China. 

Marc Slonim, Russian author and 
educator, and professor at Sarah 
Lawrence College will lecture Feb. 
3 at the -Girls High Auditorium, 
17th and Spring Garden St., Brook- 



first woman correspondent accred- ! morale of the civilians aqd soldier;. . 
ited by the U. S. Army, who will | operating in these bases of mobile 
open the series with "Impressions warfare is hjgh, says Wei Yung- 
of China and the Chinese at War.” j chen, commissioner of civil affairs 
Other speakers will include Pearl of Anhwei. Commissioner Wei has 
S. Buck, Cornelia Spencer, Chang just returned from an investigation 
Chung-yuan, Lin Mousheng, Philip | tour of guerilla bases in eastern 
Lin, J. Y. Yen and B. A. Liu. Anhwei. 



CHINESE FOOD 
As You Knew It 



150 W. 52d St. 

New York 
Circle 6-2123 




DOWNTOWN 

220 Canal FA. 

New York 
WOrth 2-6850 



COCKTAIL BAR and RESTAURANT 

OPEN TILL* 4 A.M. 



Friday, January 28, 1944 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Three 




No meeting complete without ; 
them. Without whom? The Grips- I 
holm repatriates. 

They give the stamp of distinc- ' 
tion to every gathering of Far 
Easterners; they are the main dish 
on the literary menus of all or- 
ganizations; they are quickly book- 
ed for intimate reunions on any 
free dates. It’s to be hoped that 
this popularity won't make them 
want to slip back into the seclusion 
of an internment camp. 




The Ebell Club of Los Angeles 
served 390 guests at its Gripsholm 
luncheon and a 
hundred more who 
couldn’t get tiffins 
waited to hear the 
following Old 
China Hands just 
back who spoke 
briefly : Dr. Ster- 

ling S. Beath of 
Shanghai Univer- 
sity; Chester W. 
Fritz, Shanghai 
stock broker; Wil- 
liam J. Cannon, 
member of the U. 
S. consulate staff 
in Peking, 1912-17 

Kuth BMiedlct ' V,1 ° WaS latel ‘ a 
lumber importer of 
Shanghai; the Rev. Mr. J. T. Bick- 
ford, Presbyterian missionary in 
Hopei Province; Mrs. Michael 
Kaye Learmouth, public relations 
manager for the Shanghai Tele- 
phone Co.; Ralph A. Schilling of 
the Standard Oil Co., Shanghai; 
Miss Gertrude Waterman of the 
Mothercraft School, Shanghai; Dr. 
Jack C. Klasson, dental surgeon of 
Manila and Eldred Bush, Hong- 
kong importer. 



Almost as soon as James H. Pott, 
Dean of St. John’s University, 
Shanghai, rejoined his family who 
have been waiting for him in 
Claremont, Calif., for three years, 
he was dated . by the Women's 



The China Society of Southern 
California signalized its annual 
many countries who met in con- 
ditions in the Far East as pre- 
sented by Dr. Sterling S. Beath. 

Dr. Beath has been in the Orient 
for 30 years, part of the time teach- 
ing in government schools in 
Japan and for the last 12 years in 
the College of Commerce, Shang- 
hai University. He was one of a 
group of 12 men from nearly as 
many countries who meet in con- 
ference daily during the voyage 
home and his informal talk gave 
many of its highlights. 

Japan, he said, presents the cur- 
rent conflict as a holy war, to win 
Asia for the Asiatics and achieve 
co-prosperity. Although there are 
recurrent rumors that Tojo will be 
replaced Dr. Beath believes the 
present regime will coast along on 
its early victories. 

Propaganda methods have al- 
tered. The United States was first 
pictured as already beaten but now 
the Japanese people are being urged 
to build more planes for the con- 
flict. Japan tries to prevent prof- 
iteering but the ruling classes have 
made the fortunes. 

By imposing their own paper 
money the Japanese have made 
China finance the whole war. Of 
course, the invaders exercise com- 
plete control over Shanghai, for 
"co-prosperity" means monopoly. 
Thousands are starving in Shang- 
hai. Every import that comes 
through the rigid trade barrier 
round Shanghai is inspected and 
taxed. There is miich smuggling 
but those caught are brutally 
punished. 

- • Japanese insist all foreign cul- 
ture , be removed. The allied 
Shanghai residents before intern- 
ment had to wear numbered arm- 
bands and could not attend mbvies 
or other places of amusements. It 



was thought by this to humiliate 
foreigners in the eyes of the Chi- 
nese but the latter only said, "Now 
we know our friends.” 

As for the Filipinos. Dr. Beath 
continued, there are two schools of 
thought regarding their loyalty to 
America. Some of them have 
been influenced by Japanese prom- 
ises but most are pro-United States. 

William T. Cannon of the China 
Import and Export Co., a lumber 
fimi, told a story illustrative of 
the change in the Japanese atti- 
tude under the influence of their 
war lords. 

A British resident of Tokyo a 
generation ago interested himself 
in Japanese rickshamen and erect- 
ed shelters for them. During the 
earthquake of ’’23 he was picked up 
for dead, his body added to a pile 
of corpses soaked with oil, about 
to be burned. Just then a ricksha- 
puller passing by recognized him 
and unwilling to allow this bene- 
factor to be burned in a general 
holocaust dragged him away, 
found that he still lived and reviv- 
ed him. 

Today this public-spirited Briton 
who lost his fortune in the quake 
is a prisoner of the Japanese, sep- 
arated from his friends, insuf- 
ficiently clothed and fed with no 
one to help him. 

Directors Elected 

Brief reports of the China So- 
ciety's work for the year were pre- 
sented and the following were 
elected members of the Board of 
Directors to replace those whose 
terms had expired: Dr. Theodore 
H. E. Chen, professor at USC; 
David Faries, China-born attorney, 
local head of United China Relief; 
Albert Quon, importer, and Miss 
Elsie Newton, head of Internation- 
al Institute. 

Vocal solos were given by Sun 
Nien-nen, formerly a teacher in 
Yenching University, who is now 
s udying economics in the grr. J . .t-. • 
school of USO. 

Special guests of the evening n- 1 
.i bduced by Mr. Chen, inclined 
Mrs. David Faries, Mrs. Sterling 
Beath, Dr. and Mrs. E. F. Bogardus 
and Dr. S. C. Hu. Dr. Hu heads 
China Aircraft where Chinese are 
being taught plane construction by 
instructors from Douglas Aircraft. 
They will return to China to in- 
struct others in factories over 
there. This project is sponsored 
by the Ghin’ese and American Gov- 
ernments. 

Among others present were Miss 
Myra Anderson, Dr. and Mrs. Y. S. 
Han. Mr. H. J. Openshaw, Miss 
Elsie Newton, Miss Alice Leong, 
Miss Caroline Chan, Mr. and Mrs. 
Fairchild Goodrich, Mr. and Mrs. 
Christopher Ruess, Leon Heghini-. 
an, Mr. and Mrs. Albert Quon, Dr. 
and Mrs. Sharms, Dr. and Mrs. W. 

F. Hummel, Mrs. Roland D. Hus- 
sey, Dr. H. Corbato, Miss Ruth Hol- 
lander, Mr. and Mrs. von Harniega, 
Mrs. Gregor Norman-Wilcox, Mrs. 

G. A. Glasscock, Dr. George Glea- 
son, Miss Maude Miller, Miss Mae 
Thompson, G. T. Stacey, Mr. and 
Mrs. Emory Chow and Mr. and 
Mrs. G. J. Watamull. 

Chinese Cultural Society 

Just to be unique the Chinese 
Cultural Society had no speaker 
from the Gripsholm but managed 
to collect a lot of other interesting 
people in the Junk restaurant, 
which simulates a junk dimly lit 
with Chinese lanterns lying in the 
harbor of a Chinese port. 

Among the celebrities whom 
President Harvey Parker intro- 
duced to the group was Walter 
Sutter, who has spent 33 years in 
China, traveling from Thibet to 
Indo-China and Malaya, and living 
from 1894-1900 in Peking. He has 
a remarkable collection of art ob- 
jects belonging to the Chinese Gov- 
ernment which he. is. keeping for 
the duration in his Tacoma, Wash., 
home. 

The speaker of the evening was 



Investment Adviser 

Complete Investment and Brokerage Service 

GEORGE II. BARNES 

(Formerly with I. B. C. & N. C. B. London, China, Japan) 

647 SO. SPRING STREET 
LOS ANGELES, CALIF. — TEL. TRINITY 4911 
Inquiries by mail invited 

• 

Direct private wire to New York 
Representing WYETH & CO. (Established 1893) 

NEW YORK — PASADENA — BEVERLY HILLS — SAN DIEGO 



United China Relief 



Total subscriptions 
through Shanghai 
Evening Post and 

Mercury $1,950.00 

Dr. and Mrs. C. L. Pan- 

nabeeker 25.00 

Jean Stannard 25.00 



Total $2,015.00 



Boris de Zirkoff who spoke on Chi- 
nese Buddhism with special refer- 
ence to its interpretation by the 
northern schools of China and 
Thibet. 

(Raymond Cannon, author and di- 
rector of the screen play 
"Samurai,” produced by Cavalcade 
Pictures and soon to have its pre- 
miere in San Francisco, said it was 
the first major English picture to 
have all leading parts taken by 
Chinese. 

Depicting Shintoism in the story 
of a young boy brought up as a 
Christian until he is 14 and then 
subjected to Japanese discipline, 
the play shows why the Japanese 
are fatalists. Miss Carla Laemmle, 
daughter of Mrs. Joseph Laemmle, , 
program director of the Cultural 
Society, will have a small part as 
the American girl in the story. 

Among those present were Miss 
Ruth Cornell Fuller, lecturer and 
book reviewer; Mrs. Florence How- 
ell, round-the-world traveler; Mrs. i 
M. Patty, who used to be as much 
at home in Peking as in' Holly- 
wood; Mrs. Louise McAllister-Teb- 
betts, public relations expert; Lt. 
Col. Charles W. Patton, director of 
training at the Chico Army Base, 
who has recently been front-paged 
as giving the radio directions 
which brought down safely the 
young flyer who was suddenly 
smitten with temporary psychologi- 
cal blindness. 

Also present were Mrs. Anna Lee 
Nanney, mother of Maj. Mabel Pat- 
ton of Civilian Defense in charge 
of rehabilitation; Mesdames L. Lar- 
son, M. K. Warzala, Victoria Whit- 
tane, F. LaBean and Rochelle G. 
Windham. 

At the next meeting of the Chi- 
nese Cultural Society, Fob. 21, Dr. 
S. C. Hsu of the Chinese Consulate 
will speak on: "To What Extent Is 
.‘China to Be Westernized?" 



Once-Busy Bay 
At Hongkong 
Veiled by Quiet 

( Continued from page 1) 
are mostly torpedoed or bombed 
vessels which limp straight to the 
shipyards for repairs, these ar- 
rivals reveal. As a result of pres- 
sure of work, the Japanese naval 
authorities forbid Chinese ship- 
yard workers to quit. Hongkong on 
pain of decapitation and even dur- 
ing air raids they are not allowed 
to leave their work to take shelter, 
according to these informants. 

The shipyards are full to ca- 
I pacity in accommodating damaged 
warships and merchantmen, al- 
though some of them have been 
further damaged by American 
planes during the repairs, the re- 
ports say. 

Japanese luxury liners that used 
to call at Shanghai, Honolulu, San 
Francisco and European ports are 
kept in home waters, as they are 
reserved for future use, according 
to naval sources. Instead the Jap- 
I anese are using trawlers and small 
diesel-engined vessels for coastal 
navigation and freighters are used 
1 in the southwestern Pacific. 

Elude Submarines 

By sailing close to the shore, the 
trawlers and junks have eluded 
American submarines, "although the 
U. S. 14th Air -Force has already 
extended its operations to the 
South China coast. However, some 
Chinese fishermen declare their 
junk was once visited and searched 
at sea by an American submarine 
which allowed them to go after 
being convinced that it was not a 
Japanese vessel. 

Secretary Knox's statement of 
Japanese shipping losses is also 
supported by Chinese coastal mag- 
istrates who report that less en- 
emy ships are sighted now than 
in past months. Gov. Li Han-hun 
has ordered these officials to ob- 
serve and report fully on the 
movements of Japanese ships along 
the Kwangtung coast as a contri- 
bution to allied naval intelligence. 

As a result of the recent U. S. 
34th Air Force raids on Hongkong 



transportation facilities in the for- 
mer colony are virtually at a 

I standstill, reports reaching Heng- 
yang say. 

I The situation is reported to be so 
acute that Japanese fishing boats 
are unable to go to sea. Copies of 
Japanese papers published in 
Hongkong reaching Free China 
carry a statement by the military 
governor admitting the seriousness 
of the situation and hinting that 
shipping shortages prevent the ar- 
rival of additional fuel supplies to 
the city. 

Japan Faces ‘Grave Situation/ 
Premier Warns Officials 

Premier Hideki Tojo warned 
Japanese Government leaders as- 
sembled at his official residence 
recently that “our country is faced 
with a grave situation that will de- 
cide its rise or fall, victory or de- 
feat,” according to a Tokyo radio- 
cast to Japanese areas. 

"The present situation does not 
indicate the road is to be easy,” he 
declared. Japan must establish “a 
structure of invincibility and sure 
victory” and for this reason the 
"responsibility of government offi- 
cials” is becoming “increasingly 
great.” 



3 Missionaries Free 
In Occupied China 

Three missionaries in Occupied 
China have been free to carry on 
some work, according to a recent 
report from the Presbyterian Board 
of Foreign Missions. Miss Mary 
A. Leaman, who has been living for 
two years with members of the 
German Branch of the China In- 
land Mission in Shanghai, was hot 
interned because of her age and 
physical condition, as well as her 
connection with a group which has 
not come under military super- 
vision. 

Miss Hilma Madelaire, RN,. be- 
cause of her Danish nationality, 
has been able to continue her medi- 
cal and evangelistic work in Tsing- 
tao. It. is thought that she .can 
probably obtain funds from the 
Danish Consul. Miss Maria Wag- 
ner, RN, because of her nationality, 
has been allowed to continue" to live 
in Yihsien, and carries on' rural 
i health work. 




.'.TO R K THRl 



'RODU( 



Jj 0 0 K TO 



Blast the Ii u h and smash t li c wheel! 

tcofifieed F « 



R LEADERSHIP 



LOCKHEED AIRCRAFT CO R PO R ATI O N • B U R B A N K, CALIFORNIA 




Page Four 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, January 28, 191/4 



Ail ERIC AN EDITION 

®hr gtangljai Corning IJnst 
tnt& iHrrrurg 

Published weekly by the Po^t-Mercury Co. ( Inc.. 
101 5th Ave., New York 3, N. Y. Tel. ALgonquin 4-4300; 
Cornelius V. Starr, President 

Randall Gould, Editor 
Henry Cavendish, News Editor 

Earl H. Leaf, Associate Editor 
F. B. Opper, Associate Editor 
Editor Chungking Edition 

Subscription rate. $3 a year postpaid; 10c a copy. Advertising 
rates on application to Business Manager. Entered as Second 
Class matter Mar. 22. 1943. at the Post Office at New York. 
New York, under the Act of Mar. 3, 1879. The Editor assumes no 
responsibility for return of or payment for unsolicited manuscript. 



Light For Red China 

Reports from China say that the American Army 
would like to see Uncle Sam establish a United 
States consulate at Yenan, capital of Red China— 
and place army observers there. 

The whole subject of the Chinese Communists has 
become hotter than any obvious facts warrant. We 
can't see why. It looks to us like a case of nerves 
on the part of those who are committed to a 
political settlement of China's internal differences. 
If Chungking and Yenan are sincere in seeking to 
avert civil war there should be no objection to the 
American idea. Instead it ought to be welcomed as 
a means of normalizing conditions, spreading 
friendly feeling and disseminating facts. 

Presuming that the National Government and 
the Red leaders would welcome this move to open 
a window into now blockaded territory, how about 
it ffSHt'our own point of view ? It seems a case of 
all to gain and nothing to lose. Uncle Sam wants 
to enlarge his consular contacts throughout China. 
Yenah'is an obviously important point of military 
observation. 

.Not the least advantage in this idea, from both, 
the . Chinese and the American points of view, is 
that it ought to put at rest Kuomintang complaints 
that a number of American travelers have seen Red 
China only through rose-colored glasses. Official 
observers are certainly not sentimentalists. They 
will export facts with no emotional or idealistic 
basis (we almost regret to remark). Both Kuomin- 
tahg arid Communists insist that the facts will bear 
scrutiny. Here is a chance to improve international 
understanding of i 'r.ma and at the same time, we 
.suspect," finiei;. thinS'e - smootH’' their "own 
troubled waters. 



That Restless Feeling 

Tojcy* tells the Tokyo IDiet that Japan prefers a 
long war. The United Nations he says, are feeling 
“unrest” and they entertain “a craving for a short 

Whether Japan prefers a long war or not is 
.something that is strictly up to the Japanese. Be- 
foreiong, we have reason to believe, they will begin 
to experience sensations which may cause them 
“unrest” and “craving for a short war” beside 
which nothing so far registered by Britain and the 
United States will compare. 

What To jo does not as yet understand is that 
any unrest and desire for a speed-up that exists in 
the other party is due to unsatisfied longing to 
warm the seat of his pants. 

If he has any idea we can’t wait till the time is 
ripe for dusting him and his, it would be a good 
idea to perish the thought. We can wait. We've 
waited too long already tout we can wait whatever 
more is necessary. But oh, when the time cornea— i 
Yes, it makes us restless just to think about it. 



Giving Away Other People's Property 

A number of British companies and two under 
American registry have been turned over to the 
Shanghai Chinese "puppets'' by their guides and 
friends the Japanese. Domei says that the trans- 
ferred properties include the Cathay and Metropole 
hotels, China Navigation, Imperial Chemical Indus- 
tries, Shanghai Ice and Cold Storage, Shanghai 
Brewery (British) and the International Dispensary 
and Roosevelt Terminal (American). Bill Hunt, 
who owns the latter, has word that the Japanese 
added insult to injury by auctioning off his offices 
in Shanghai on Nov. 2 of last year. 

It must be a heart-warming feeling to be so gen- 
erous with other people's property. Such a senti- 
ment might as well be indulged so long as possible, 
for the day of reckoning is likely to find the donors 
with hardly a shirt for themselves to say nothing 
of handing any out to friends. 

Just why this gesture was made is open to spec- 
ulation. Candidly, we doubt whether the Japanese 
did it just for fun. Their ideas of honor usually 
run in other and less benevolent channels. Down in 
the Philippines, we know that the Nipponese went 
to considerable trouble to change the laws and 
establish fictitious property rights in the hands of 
apparently traitorous Filipinos (who, of course, 
may only be putting on an act) in the apparent 
hope that once the war is over there will be a 



legalistic tangle through which they can profit and 
the true owners be frustrated. Maybe the same in 
Shanghai, x 

Unfortunately for any such scheming, it isn't' 
the American plan to be bogged down in fairy tales 
of that sort. We know who attacked Pearl Harbor. 
We know who is responsible for the long unsavory 
train of later developments. When this war is over 
the Japanese won’t want a lawyer but a doctor. 



Chinese Exchange Rate and Subsidies 

China’s official 20-1 rate of exchange against 
American currency still stands. The National Gov- 
ernment clings to it with a gameness worthy* of a 
better cause. But gradually the effective rate, as 
distinguished from the sign in the front window, 
has been changing toward the realities. This is 
being effected by the device of a "subsidy” system. 

Since Jan. 20 there has been a boost in the sub- 
sidy of certain categories. Now there is in effect 
a 100 per cent subsidy (amounting in effect to a 
40-1 rate) covering the living expenses of prac- 
tically all friendly nationals living in China, as well 
as remittances from Overseas Chinese to their fam- 
ilies in China. The former level was 50 per cent, 
or an effective rate of 30-1, though the 100 per 
cent addition from the Government was given for 
famine relief contributions. 

This certainly is a help although still far from 
what is available on the black market, which is 
in turn far from the rate which would actually rep- 
resent comparative values if official controls on 
exchange were released. It is important to note, 
however, that the 20-1 rate still remains effective 
for purposes of commercial transaction. 

We are familiar with the arguments for main- 
taining this official rate, chief among which is the 
theory that confidence in the currency would be 
weakened if the Government were to give public 
acknowledgment ( through a change in the exchange 
rate) of facts aiready well known to everybody. 
There is certainly no desire on our part, or on the 
part of anyone else friendly to China, to advise any- 
thing detrimental to the Chinese people or govern- 
ment. But is it really a good thing for such an 
artificial rate to be maintained in commercial prac- 
tice? That is extremely hard to believe. 

Chinese goods are of course so high-priced un- 
der this condition as to be beyond the scope of ordi- 
nary commercial transactions. Anybody who 
spends money in China has to take a terrific beat- 
ing. and up to now this has included someone who 
is helping China above all others in her hour of 
need— the U. S. Army. The new subsidy level is 
undoubtedly a step in the right direction, and we 
look for further such steps to render U. S. Army 
and other costs in China less prohibitive. 

Perhaps we may seem unduly technical in con- 
tending that the subsidy system is not the full an- 
swer. But it is clear enough that at least up to 
the present time it has not afforded a full answer 
but on the contrary has created some additional 
dissatisfaction and pressure on the black market. 
In our opinion there is a great deal to be said for 
letting the official rate itself serve as a more ade- 
quate reflection of realities. 



Aiding the Enemy 

Elmer Davis has announced that OWI intends to 
curb further speculation as to when the war will 
end. If he gets away with that one he is a lulu. 
Every expert and pseudo-expert in sight, plus a lot 
well over the skyline, seems to feel afire with a 
God-given mission to predict how much longer we 
must fight. 

Naturally a tremendous number of people, in- 
cluding -families of boys at the front as well as 
manufacturers anxious to get the jump on competi- 
tors in peacetime “lines,” keep the steam heat 
turned to promote such guessing. So the chap who 
tries to dam the gossip is tackling a lot worse job 
tjian that of the Dutch boy who stuck his finger in 
the dyke. 

Perhaps it will help if there can be a greater 
realization of how right Elmer is. What we have 
to do is beat the daylights out of the Axis. Any- 
thing that takes our mind off that, and thereby 
weakens our effort, is giving aid and comfort to 
the enemy — and we don’t care how high the head 
we bump with that remark. 



WHAT DO YOU THINK? 



An+i-Japanese Malayans 

(New York Herald-Tribune) 

It is reported that, in the jungles of Malaya, there 
are inadequately armed and therefore not very 
active bands of Malay, Chinese, Indian and British 
guerrillas— operating as mixed forces — who out- 
number the Japanese garrison troops six to one. The 
shortage of aims is a disability which will be as 
easily remedied in time as it has been in the case of 
the Yugoslav partisans. The important feature of 
this news is the proof there is in it that the native 
population is out of sympathy with the Japanese 
conquerors. In territory occupied by forces as ruth- 
less as the Germans and the Japanese, and as ready 
to visit atrocious punishments upon country folk 
who protect guerrillas, the survival of the latter de- 
pends upon the co-operation of a population that is 
not only friendly but flawlessly staunch. 




Mac Arthur's Theater 



THE POST BOX H 



ABOUT THOMAS MILLARD 

To the Editor: 

As an old comrade of the late 
Tom Millard I am seeking informa- 
tion about his death more than a 
year ago. 

Tom was a veteran newspaper 
man when I was starting in. I had 
been an illustrator and art editor 
on Woman’s Home Companion be- 
fore going to China in 1900. Tom 
turned up from South Africa and 
I found him on our boat going to 
Nagasaki,, where I took a transport 
to Taku and Tom went on to 
Shanghai. 

It seems a pity to see him slip 
away, like this with so little furor, 
for he, was serious, ambitious and 
proud and held his head high, and 
made a good running heat in the 
press game and in the field of Far 
Eastern affairs. 

Tom was influential in getting 
the School of Journalism establish- 
ed in his own University ia. .Mis- 
souri, the first of the kind I be- 
lieve in the country, and in get- 
ting so many of its trained scholars 
sent to the Far East. We are proud 
of our American press record in 
the Far East, and Tom Millard 
was a pioneer of a notable school 
of reporters there. 

It is a pity that Dr. Williams 
who created the Missouri School of 
Journalism is not alive to give us 
a sketch of Tom's life and attain- 
ments. 

I would like more details of 
where Tom located in Seattle and 
where I can learn more about his 
last days. 

He was a consumptive and must 
have died from its lifelong effects. 
Needless to say he made nothing 
from his books — they were not the 
profitable kind — the gain was in 
internal satisfaction. 

FREDERICK McCORMICK. 
Valley Center, Calif. 

SPLENDID RESPONSE 
To the Editor: 

My inquiry concerning Comdr. 
Smith (now in Ward Road Jail, 
Shanghai, formerly at Bridge 
House) which you so kindly pub- 
lished in your widely read paper 
has met with splendid response. 1 
have received five letters, all inter- 
esting, and so very welcome to the 
family. It is like a voice from the 
dead! It has been such a joy to 
pass all this favorable information 
to his distraught family. 

MRS. THOMAS G. McCANTS. 
Mount Pleasant, S. C. 

CHUNGKING HAS SPRIG 
To the Editor: 

•I am glad Chungking now has a 
sprig from the old Post & Mercury 
tree of Shanghai to keep folks 
there in touch with things as the 
American Edition is doing for us 
here. 

PAUL DIETZ. 

Milwaukee, Wise. 

ANTI-W OODHEAD 

To the Editor: 

Being a China-born of two gen- 
erations, of London Mission in 
South China, and having lived most 
of my life in China with my parents 
so close to the Chinese leaders, I 
fail to see what benefit Mr. Wood- 
head's articles will add to our in- 
ternational friendship. In his ar- 
ticle of Jan. 21, in the last para- 
graph, where he says “Experience 
with republicanism in different 
parts of the world, especially in 
Asia . . . that where democratic 
principles have not already been 
firmly implanted in advance one 



may not find that the whips of an 
absolute monarchy have been ex- 
changed for the scorpions of a 
pseudo-republican dictatorship.” 

This expression used by a man of 
Mr. Woodhead’s calibre is particu- 
larly unfortunate at this present 
juncture. 

MRS. EUNICE R. SADLER. 
Brookline, Mass. 

YEARNS FOR CHINA BEAUTIES 

To the Editor: 

I noticed with great pleasure 
that my propaganda for your paper 
met with amazing success in South 
Africa — because it was I who drew 
Ellen Thorbecke’s attention to your 
existence, and from this spread the 
news amongst the OCH’s now resid- 
ing in South Africa. I hope that the 
same success will hold in Egypt, 
because I handed several old. issues 
to passing-through ladies of the 
Shell Co. who were formerly sta- 
tioned at Hankow (Mrs. Drew) and 
Tientsin (Mrs; Watson > . 

Grace Cook's article of Sept. 24 
concerning gold sandals and Yates 
Road underwear made me nearly 
cry, because she is still able to look 
at them from time to time, whereas 
my beauties will certainly have 
been eaten up by rats and moths — 
my camphor boxes being in storage 
on account of lack of space. 

We just learned that Mr. Graff, 
formerly of Singapore, is in Sidney, 
Australia, attached to the Belgian 
Consulate. Recently I met Sir John 
and Lady Bagnal (Singapore) who 
spent a holiday at Kenya and now 
are returning to Johannesburg, 
where he formerly worked for the 
Red Cross. 

And now, dear Evening Post, a 
prosperous New Year. Let us hope, 
even if it seems improbable, that 
we all meet again in China in 1944. 

MRS. ELO WEINBERG. 
Elizabethville. Belgian Congo. 

CHINA LOBBY 

To the Editor: 

I am one of the repatriates who 
returned on the Gripsholm. I was 
manager of the Shanghai office of 
Haskins and Sells since 1939 and 
my contact with businessmen in 
Shanghai leads mfe to believe that 
if American business is to thrive 
in China after the conclusion of 
the Pacific war, we must build a 
powerful lobby in Washington for 
the purpose of protecting our post- 
war interests in China.. 

This seems to me a worthwhile 
undertaking for your paper and 
you, who are probably able to con- 
tact former American businessmen 
in Shanghai, may be able to form 
such a lobby. I think you will find 
others who agree with me. 

THOMAS HARVEY KOERNER. 
Haskins and Sells, 

67 Broad St., 

New York City. 

OTTAWA HAS REPORTS 

To the Editor: 

I note in the Post that informa- 
tion is requested of certain persons 
still interned at Stanley, and would 
say that while enroute on the 
Gripsholm comprehensive reports 
were prepared on all camps in the 
Orient, as well as details of those 
still interned, health condition, etc. 
These have been furnished the 
Department of External Affairs. 
Ottawa, so anyone wishing news of 
friends or relatives can obtain same 
by applying to that Department at 
Ottawa. 

GEORGE E. COSTELLO, 
Canadian Pacific Railway Co., 
Vancouver, B. C., Canada. 



Friday, January 28, 19 44 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Five 




Far East 
Books 



A SHORT HISTORY OF THE 
CHINESE PEOPLE, by L. Car- 
rington Goodrich. Harper & 
Brothers, New York. $2.50. 

Many will pass lightly over the 
dedication of this book, to Robert 
K. Reishauer, identified as “first 
American casualty in the Second 
World War.” But it deserves some 
thought, for Mr. Reishauer was a 
young American scholar visiting 
Shanghai on Aug. 14, 1937, and 
among 800-odd victims of an air- 
bomb dropped by accident into the 
street by the Cathay Hotel. Even 
we of Shanghai who most sincerely 
mourned the loss of so promising 
a man were not conscious of the 
place in history now accorded him 
with justice. 

Mr. Reishauer urged the writing 
of this book upon Prof. Good- 
rich. a notable historian now as- 
sociate professor of Chinese at Col- 
lumbia Univei'sity. To attempt any 
sort of a short history on so stu- 
pendous a subject as either China 
or the Chinese people seems, at 
"first glance, a project doomed to 
fall between the two stools of su- 
perficiality and irreduceable bulk. 
But a surprisingly good job has 
been done, all the obvious handi- 
caps considered. 

Little, But Full 

Within 260 pages Prof. Good- 
rich has told the story of the Chi- 
nese from their prehistoric begin- 
nings to the present day. An in- 
valuable list of supplementai-y 
readings is included, and the au- 
thor obviously hopes that real use 
will be made of them. There are 
also 17 clear and simple maps, and 
midway through the book a group 
of 24 photographic illustrations in- 
cluding such subjects as Chinese 
art objects, such historic records 
as documents on wood of the Han 
era, and even modern man digging 
for remains of his Paleolithic fore- 
bearers in North China. 

Thus there is a combination of 
solid reading — done in a style that 
is easy to take — and extra courses 
at once stimulating, and enlighten- 
ing. 

Prof. Goodrich is often un- 
conventional in his allocations of 
space. He may dismiss the "burn- 
ing of the books" with a mere men- 
tion yet go into considerable detail 
on the subject of tea. After all, 
everyone has some degree of per- 
sonal contact with tea! — and a pop- 
ular audience is clearly sought, 
though never at the expense of 
fundamental scholarship, for the 
Goodrich handling of facts is never 
trivial or catchpenny. 

On Calligraphy 

Not everyone will agree on the 
desirability of boiling down this or 
that item. But it is a delight for any 
student of things Chinese, however 
superficial may be the reader's at- 
tainments', to run Into a deliberate 
devotion of space to a paragraph 
on Chinese calligraphy by Sun 
Kuo-t’ing of the T’ang dynasty . . .” 
“Of the wonders of shtt^fa (art of 
writing) I have seen many and 
many a one. Here, a drop of 
crystal dew hangs its ear on the tip 
of a needle; there,' the rumbling of 
thunder hails down a shower of 
stones. I have seen flocks of queen- 
swans floating on their stately 
wings, or a frantic stampede rush- 
ing off at terrific speed. Sometimes 
in the lines a flaming phoenix 
dances a lordly dance, or a sinuous 
serpent wriggles with speckled 
fright . . . Some strokes seem as 
heavy as the falling banks of 
clouds, others as light as the wings 
of a cicada.” Nobody can read the 
whole passage without becoming a 
little excited over an art which 
may have left him inert before, and 
I say Prof. Goodrich is right 
to take time in even a short book 
for such an achievement. 

This reviewer quarrels with one 
point of condensation. The final 
chapter, on the Chinese republic, is 
only four pages long including a 
one-paragraph postscript after 
Pearl Harbor. That does seem nig- 
gardly. Readers who have gone so 
far deserve at least a trifle more 
chance to get a start at under- 
standing recent events. — R.G. 

“Gung Ho!”, a booklet which tells 
In text and pictures the develop- 
ment of the cooperative movement 
in China, has recently been pub- 
lished toy Indusco, 425 Fourth Ave., 
New York 16. 

“Prisoners of the Japs," by Gwen 
Dew, published in New York laSi 
year by Alfred A. Knopf, is plannee, 
for early spring publication in 
England. 



China Grants 
Certain Groups 
100% Subsidy 

( Continued from page 1) 
change, which remains at approxi- 
mately 20-to-l. Nor does it affect 
the procedure by which funds are 
remitted to China. 

Thus, for example, if a remitter 
in this country wishes to send 
NC$1000 to a correspondent in 
China coming under one of the 
provisions of the subsidy revision 
he may apply for and obtain the 
desired remittance. The beneficiary 
in China, however, will receive a 
100 per cent subsidy along with the 
remittance at the time he or she 
obtains the money on the China 
end of the transaction. Thus, the 
beneficiary will receive NC$2000. 
The subsidy, it is explained, is 
paid from a special fund deposited 
with Central Bank of China for the 
purpose. 

Businesses Unaffected 
Mr. Hsia emphasized that the ex- 
change rate for remitting money 
to make investments, buy property, 
or carry on commercial transac- 
tions in China is not affected 
the current subsidy revision, these 
classifications not being affected 
by the Chungking announcement. 

“This applies to living expenses," 
he explained. "Commercial trans- 
actions and investments are not in- 
cluded.” 

First indication that a more lib- 
eral subsidy allowance was being 
contemplated by the Chinese Gov- 
ernment for foreign remittances 
was contained in a Chungking 
Radio broadcast Dec. 29, which 
was picked up by United States 
Government monitors and circu- 
lated toy the OWI. At that time, 
however, the position was obscure, 
the Chungking broadcast merely 
stating that "the Chinese Govern- 
ment will double its financial 
sistance to foreign missions cut 
off from their home bases by the 
war.” Missions benefitting, it was 
stated, would include the Swiss, 
Danish, Norwegian and those of 
other nationalities. 

"The outbreak of the European 
war,” the Chungking Radio said, 
according to the OWI, “severed 
many missionaries from their 
sources of home funds, and their 
support was largely taken over by 
contributions from America, Great 
Britain, and other Allied countries 
and administered by the National 
Christian Council of China. 

Press Intimation 
"The Chinese Government had 
been giving a 50 per cent supple- 
• ent to funds coming into China 
>r mission work and a 100 per 
cent supplement for the funds from 
foreign missions now.” 

First intimation that the subsidy 
revision might benefit other than 
missionary agencies, however, was 
Contained in a Chungking dispatch 
to the Associated Press Jan. 20, 
which stated: "Americans living in 
China will benefit from a modifi- 
cation of the 20-to-l official ex- 
change rate of Chinese for Amer- 
ican dollars to provide a 100 per 
cent supplement on transfer of 
some funds from abroad. The Min- 
istry of Finance announced the 
change, which would give mission- 
aries, diplomats, military and con- 
sular officials and correspondents 
40, instead of 20 (30 in some cases), 
Chinese dollars for each United 
States dollar sent to them." 

On account of a delay in com- 
munications between this country 
and China, the news of the subsidy 
revision was not officially known 
here until several days after it had 
actually become effective. 




Author Sues Blasts 
Gen.Ho ininterview 

( A hot attack on China's War 
Minister, Gen, Ho Ying-ch'in, was 
| contained in a New York World- 
Telegram interview given to Doug- 
las Gilbert last week by Ilona 
Ralf Sues, author of "Shark's Fins 
and Millet.” • 

Speaking of Gen. Ho, Miss Sues 
said: "He is an openly avowed iso- 
lationist whose policy of Asia for 
the Asiatics and throw out the 
damned Yankees and other whites 
differs no whit from the Japs.” 
She went on: 

“The Generalissimo plays ball 
with him, in fact he has to under 
the conditions that now prevail in 
China. But there are two things 
the United Nations could do that 
would steady his hand and clear up 
the mess. They are full and com- 
plete aid to China, the sending of 
material on a large scale, and a 
diplomatic policy which would con- 
vince — not assure — the Generalis- 
simo of China’s standing in the 
United Nations as a major and not 
as a step-child. The Cairo con- 
ference was a big step forward 
New York's Chinatown launched its Fourth War Loan drive this in _ this - but ™ ore ,'; s -needed . ; ’ 

week with a “Gung Ho" parade. Representatives of the Chinese Gov- Expressing herself as appalled at 
ernment, Treasury Department officials. Mayor LaGuardia and Holly- Publication of her book, which 
ood stars were present to hear the Chinese in New York pledge to prominently plays up her 1936-8 
raise one million dollars as their share in the war bond drive. contacts with the National Govern- 

ments publicity work, she con- 
cluded: "I am nothing but a bloody 
Pole. I can’t write English.” 



Chinatown Rushes 
To Buy War Bonds 

( Continued from page 1) 
beat out on gongs and cymbals. 

‘War has brought America and 
China closer together than ever be- 
fore," Consul General Yu said, “and 
we must do our best to bring our 
two countries even closer. We Chi- 
nese shall never fail America be- 
cause Americans have never failed 
the Chinese.” 

Shavey Lee, unofficial “Mayor of 
Chinatown,” told the children in 
the crowd: “Go home and tell your 
parents to buy a bond or wa 
stamps so you don’t lose face. 
Maj. Arthur Chan, of the Chinese 
Air Force, with six Japanese planes 
to his credit, was also among the 
speakers. 

Actors Laud Chinese 

Hollywood stars included Jean- 
ette MacDonald, Laraine Day. Zor- 
ina. Brian Donlevy and Lloyd 
Nolan. The men spoke briefly, 
praising the Chinese people 
their gallant support of the fight 
against the Japanese. 

At the end of the rally it ' 
nounced that “more than $50,000” 
had already been taken 
had already been taken in. Accord- 
ing to William Poy Lee, the com- 
munity expects to better its record 
of the Third War Loan, when the 
people of Chinatown went four 



times over their goal of $1,000,000. 
The current quota Is again set at 
$1,000,000, since Chinatown has 
been sending its dollars to fight 
Japanese aggression for several 
years before the United States en- 
tered the war. 



The National City Bank 

of New York 

Head Office: 55 Wall Street 



When writing old friends of the 
Far East, tell them about the 
Shanghai Evening Post and Mer- 
cury, American Edition. 



'Way jo 



on 



Capital, Surplus and Un- 
divided Profits $211,553,596 

Deposits ; ; $3,733,649,246 



65 Branches throughout Greater 
New York 



Branches and Correspondent Banks 
in principal cities throughout 
the world 



Hongkong& Shanghai 
! Banking Corporation 

72 Wall Street 

II New York, 5, N. Y, 

• 

|| 361 Calif ornia Street 

San Francisco 

♦ 

Chungking, China 

# 

Temporary Head Offiee 

9, Gracechnrch 
Street 
London 



American International 
Underwriters Corporation 

340 PINE STREET, SAN FRANCISCO 



1 1 1 JOHN STREET, NEW YORK 



Tojo Tells Diet Japan 
Can Win if ‘Given Time’ 

iContimied from page 1) 
postion would become . even strong- 
er, war resources in the southern 
region would be converted into' 
even more fighting power, the 
unity of the peoples of Greater 
East Asia would become more 
strengthened than it is now, and 
the position of Japan would be be- 
yond their (the Allies') powers.’ 

Premier Tojo confirmed, as Japa- 
nese broadcasts for the past many 
weeks have intimated, that Japan 
has suffered shipping losses which 
“cannot be regarded lightly.” 

“The Government is endeavoring 
to reduce” them, Domei quoted 
him, “by strengthening the sea and 
air protection, and at the same 
time adopting urgent measures 
with respect to such questions as 
transports, crew operational effi- 
ciency, loading efficiency and, espe- 
cially, acceleration of shipbuild- 
ing.” 

He closed his address by calling 
on the Diet "to deliberate and 
speedily approve the budget," 



, FOREIGN MANAGERS FOR 
THE BIRMINGHAM FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY 

of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

THE FIREMEN’S INSURANCE COMPANY 

of Newark, New Jersey 

THE FULTON FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY 

of New York 

THE HANOVER FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY 

of New York 

THE MILWAUKEE MECHANICS’ INSURANCE COMPANY 

of Milwaukee, Wisconsin 

THE NATIONAL UNION FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY 

of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

COMMERCIAL CASUALITY INSURANCE COMPANY 

of Newark, New Jersey 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, January 28, 19 



Page Sir 



State Department Outlines Facts on Exchanges 



Selections Left Procedure for Sending Financial Assistance 
To Swiss Were To U.S. Nationals in Far East Is Outlined 



Curbed by Japs 

< Fnitu »lw> Washington Bureau. Shanghai j 
Eve uim: Post and Mercury) 
WASHINGTON A comprehen- 
sive statement on the present status 
of repatriation negotiations be- j 
tween the United States and Japan | 
(through the neutral Swiss inter- 1 
mediaries). treatment of prisoners 
of war and civilian internees in 
the Far East, shipment of relief | 
supplies, and the provision of fi- 1 
nancial assistance to American na- 
tionals in the Far East was issued 
by the State Department here on 
Jan., 12. 

Highlights of the statement— in i 
which the blame for continued de- j 
lays in third exchange negotiations 
was laid squarely at the door of the I 
Japanese — were summarized in the 
Post on Jan. 14. The full text has 
now been obtained, and is repro- 
duced herewith. 



The Facts Set> Forth 
The statement, listed as No. 10, 
follows: 

Reports have reached the De- 
partment of State, as they appear , 
to have reached many of the De- j 
partment's correspondents, that 
American passengers from the , 
Philippine Islands who returned on j 
the Gripsholm in the recent ex- j 
charge of nationals with Japan j 
were selected for repatriation by | 
the Department of State. These re- 
ports are not true. 

The facts are these: 

It was only after long and diffi- 
cult negotiations that the Govern- j 
men: of the United States sue-- 
ceeaed in making with the Japa-| 
nee? Government arrangements 
for the exchange of American and 
Japanese civilian nationals which 
has just been completed. 

Japanese Interpretation 
The exchange included for the 
most part civilians who were in 
Japan, Manchuria, Chine TTong-' 






WASHINGTON — Accompanying | 
the statement and appended state- J 
ment, issued by the Department of | 
State and bearing on repatriation 
and kindred matters, was an out- 
line of the “Procedure to be Fol- ■ 
lowed in Extending Financial As- 
sistance to American Nationals in j 
Territories Where the Interests of 
the United States Are Represented 
by Switzerland.'’ 

An appended note explained : 
“Switzerland represents the inter - 1 
ests of the United States in Ger- 
many, Italy, and Japan, in terri- 
tories occupied by those countries, 
and in Bulgaria, Hungary, and 
Rumania.” 

Text of Outline 

The outline of procedure follows: 

The Department o£ State has 
completed arrangements for finan- 
cial assistance to American na- 
tionals in territories where the 
interests of the United States are 
represented by Switzerland. Those 
able to qualify for such assistance 
will be entitled to receive from the 
Swiss representatives monthly pay- 
ments corresponding to their es- 
tablished needs and the prevailing 
cost of 'living in the country con- 
cerned. All recipients will be limit- 
ed to the monthly payments estab- 
lished for their place of residence, 
regardless of their ability or the 
ability of others interested in their 
welfare to repay amounts greater 
than the sums advanced. It is 



position to offer encouragement 
for the early repatriation of Amer- 
ican citizens in Japanese custody. 
The Department wishes to empha- 
size that responsibility for this sit- 
uation rests not with the United j 
States Government but with the 
Government of Japan. In time of 
war an exchange of nationals with 
an enemy is fraught with difficul- 
ties. This is particularly true of! 



realized that a limitation upon the 
amount that American nationals 
may expend in enemy territory, 
even from their own resources, 
will entail some hardship. The con- 
servation of foreign exchange, how- 
ever, is an essential factor in the 
present economic policy of the 
United States and it is expected 
that Americans everywhere will 
willingly share with those in the 
armed forces the sacrifices that 
must be made in winning the war. | 
Based upon the latest ascertained I 
cost of living in the various conn- \ 
tries concerned, the maximum 1 
monthly payment for the head of 
a household will range from $60 to 
$130, with smaller allowances, for 
additional members of the house- [ 
hold. The monthly payments are 
subject to revisions from time to j 
time to meetj changing living cost, j 
In addition, the Swiss representa- [ 
tives are authorized to make spe- : 
cial advances for such extraordi- j 
nary expenditures as may be es- 
sential to the health or safety of j 
American nationals for medical, 
surgical, or dental care, for hospi- | 
talization, for reasonable legal de- 
fense against political or criminal j 
charges, or for a decent though j 
modest burial where such is not | 
provided by friends or relatives 
locally nor by the local' authorities. I 
For Spending Money 
Wherever prisoners of war and 
interned civilians are supported byj 
the detaining Power, it is expected 
that payments made to them will 
generally not exceed a small sum 



the United States in 1932), and to j 
apply its provisions to prisoners of 
war and, so far as its provisions J 
might be adaptable, to civilian in- j 
ternees. The Japanese Government, I 
which had signed but had not rati- I 
fied the Convention, thereupon no- . 
tified the United States Govern- 
ment that it would apply the pro- 
visions of the Convention, mittttHs ' 




sufficient to provide spending 
| money for miscellaneous personal 
needs not supplied by the detaining 
! Power. However, no payments will 
be made to officers or to persons 
j of equivalent status held as prison- 
ers of war, who receive pay under 
the convention relative to the treat- 
ment of prisoners of war, signed at 
Geneva on July 21, 1929. 

Swiss representatives charged 
with the representation of the in- 
terests of the United States will ex- 
plain to the recipients that such 
financial assistance should not be 
considered as public bounty but as 
loans from public funds to Amer- 
ican nationals finding themselves 
in an abnormal position by reason 
of the war. It is accordingly ex- 
pected that all sums advanced will 
be repaid either by the recipients 
themselves or by relatives, friends, 
business associates, employers, or 
legal representatives in the United 
States. 

Receipts embodying promises to 
repay without interest the sums 
advanced will be taken for all pay- 
ments. Private deposits to reim- 
burse the Government for sums ad- 
vanced shall be made with the De- 
partment of State. Persons wish- 
ing to make such deposits should 
indicate the names of the benefici- 
aries and should remit by postal 
money orders or certified checks 
payable to “The Secretary of State 
of the United States.” 

Department of State, 
January 12, 1944. 



first exchange, which took place 
in the Summer of 1942, over 1,300 
United States officials and non- 
officials were repatriated from the 
Far East. 

The Japanese Government refus- 
ed to apply the provisions of the 
civilian exchange arrangements to 

-ASn'erinar. c\ Hums who were cap- ' 
tured in the Philippine Islands, I 



from their families in the United 
States. 

The second exchange of Ameri- 
can and Japanese nationals hav- 
ing been completed by the return 
of the motorship Gripsholm to the 
United States on Dec. 1, 1943, the 
Department is now endeavoring to 
negotiate a third exchange of 
American and Japanese nationals 
and will continue its endeavors to 
induce the Japanese Government to 
agree to the general release for re- 
patriation of all American civilians 
in its custody. The Department 
hopes eventually to obtain Japa- 
nese agreement to further ex- 
changes at an accelerated rate so 
that all American civilians re- 
maining in Japanese custody, num- 
bering about 10,000, may have ar. 
opportunity to be repatriated at 
the earliest practicable date. 

3. Repatriation of sick and 
wounded prisoners of war 
Article 68 of the Prisoners of 
War Convention provides that: 
“Belligerents arc bound to send 
back to their own . country, regard; 
less of rank or number, seriously sick 
and seriously injured prisoners of war. 

dition where they can be transported. 

"Agreements between belligerents 
shall accordingly settle as soon as 
possible the cases of invalidity or of 
sickness, entailing direct repatriation, 
as well as the cases entailing possible 
hospitalization in a neutral country. 
While awaiting the conclusion of these 
agreements, belligerents may have 
reference to the model agreement an- 
nexed. for documentary purposes, to 
the present Convention." 

The model agreement defines the 
degree of incapacity that shall be 
considered sufficient to qualify a 
prisoner of war for repatriation. 
This Government proposed to the 
Japanese Government that the 
model agreement be observed on' a 
reciprocal basis and made insistent 
demands that the Japanese Gov- 
ernment honor the obligation im- 
posed by the Convention to repatri- 
ate sick and wounded prisoners. 
The Japanese Government replied, 
after long delay, that it could not 
make a favorable response to the 
United States Government’s pro- 
posal. The Department of State 
has formulated, in consultation 



rangements weft noi applicable to 
Americans who were in the Philip- 
pine?. Wake and Guam when those 
territories were occupied by the 
Japanese. Only after months of ne- 
gotiations did the Japanese Gov- 
ernment finally indicate that it 
would return to the United States 
in the second exchange a small 
number of civilians from the Phil- 
ippine Islands. The Japanese Gov- , 
ernn ent exercised complete con - 1 
trol over the departure, of those j 
desiring repatriation and actually 
refused to permit the repatriation ' 
of a number of Americans whose j 
inclusion in the exchange Swiss j 
representatives in charge of Amer- 
ican interests endeavored to ar- 
range on humanitarian .grounds. 

The Government of the United 
States, recognizing that all Arneri- j 
can citizens have an equal right 
to consideration, did not select in- 
dividual Americans for inclusion in 
the exchange or discriminate in any I 
other way between individual I 
j Americans desiring repatriation. | 

Since all Americans could not be 
! accommodated in one exchange, the 
Swiss representatives in charge of 
American interests in Japan and j 
Occupied China were given broad 
humanitarian directives for their 
guidance in compiling passenger 
lists for the Gripsholm. These di- 
■ srectives gave preference to (1) 
those under close arrest; (2) in- 
terned women and children; (3) 
the seriously ill; and (4) interned 
men with preference being given, 
other things being equal, to mar- 
; tied men long separated from their 
; families in the United States. The 
Japanese Government did not per- 
,jnit even these broad directives to 
be applied in the Philippine Islands 
and even in other areas it pre- 
vented their full application in re- 
spect to certain individuals. 

No Immediate Exchange 

Since the successful conclusion of 
the second exchange of nationals 
with Japan the Department of 
State has endeavored to arrange 
for a third exchange. The Japa- 
nese Government has so far re- 
fused to discuss further exchanges 
contending that it desires first to 
aeceive “clarification on certain j 
•points respecting the treatment of I 
Japanese nationals in the United ] 
States." Spanish representatives in j 
charge of Japanese interests in the | 
United States have been requested 
to supply the information requested | 
by the Japanese Government. 

As of this moment,- however, the [ 
Department of State is not in a ! 



, twice, been able io arrange with 
j Japan and hopes to be able to ar- 
I range in the future. Such exchanges 
cannot be accomplished by unilat- 
eral action. No matter what ef- 
forts are put forth by the United 
States Government, and they have 
been many and continuous, an ex- 
change cannot take place unless 
the enemy is willing to cooperate 
and deliver on its part the Ameri- 
cans in its custody. 

Since the successful termination \ 
of the second exchange of nation- 
als with Japan the Department has 
received numerous letters concern- 
ing the desire of individuals in the 
United States to expedite the re- 
patriation of their relatives and 
friends still in Japanese custody. 
Some of these letters request pref- 
erential treatment for specific in- 
dividuals. These inquiries and re- 
quests are handled as expeditiously 
as possible and every effort is 
made to insure that all persons 
who have expressed an interest in 
a particular individual still in Jap- 
anese custody is currently informed 
of developments regarding his or 
her possible repatriation. 

Relations and friends in the 
United States of American nation- 
I als still in Japanese custody may 
be assured that their Government 
will not relax its efforts to induce 
j the Japanese Government to agree 
to the release for repatriation of 
iall such Americans and to insure 
that all be given equal considera- 
| tion in such arrangements as may 
be made for their repatriation. 
Meanwhile, the Government is per- 
severing in its efforts, some of 
which are summarized in an ap- 
pended statement, to relieve the 
j situation of American nationals 
! still detained by Japan. 

An appended statement, attached 
| to statement No. 10, also was issued 
by the State Department, setting 
forth a “Summary of Steps Taken 
by the Department of State in 
Behalf of American Nationals in 
Japanese Custody.” The appended 
statement follows: 

1. Treatment of prisoners of war: 
and civilian internees 

Upon the outbreak of war be- 
tween the United States and Japan 
the United States Government, in 
an endeavor to ensure humane 
treatment for American nationals 
in Japanese hands, confirmed its 
intention to observe the Geneva 
Prisoners of War Convention (con- 
vention relative to the treatment of 
prisoners of war. signed at Geneva 
on July 27, 1929, and ratified by ! 



I might be adaptable to civilian in- 
ternees. 

j The United States Government 
has also obtained assurances from 
j the Japanese Government that it 
is applying the Geneva Red Cross 
Convention (convention for the 
amelioration of the condition of 
I tHe wounded and the sick of armies 
| in the field, which was also signed 
j at Geneva on July 27, 1929, and , 
j which .was ratified by the United 
j States in 1932 and by Japan in ! 
1934)'. 

The Conventions named above 1 
provide humanitarian standard of j 
treatment for prisoners of war. ; 
Specifically, they provide that pris- j 
oners of war shall be treated hu- | 
manely and held in honorable cap- 
tivity — not imprisoned as crim- ! 
inals. They' establish as the stand- 
ard for the shelter and diet of 
prisoners of war, the correspond- 
ing treatment of the garrison 
troops of the detaining Power and 
they establish fundamental rights 
regarding correspondence, medical 
care, clothing, pay for labor, satis- 
faction of intellectual, recreational 
and religious needs, and the con- 
tinued enjoyment of full civil stat- 
us. For persons generally referred 
to as “protected personnel,” that 
is, doctors, nurses and other sani- 
tary (medical) personnel and chap- 
lains, they povide certain special 
rights Ifnd protection. 

The Department of State is con- 
stantly alert to ensure observance 
of the Convention. Whenever it is 
learned through the Swiss Govern- 
ment, which represents American 
interests in Japan and Japanese- 
occupied territories, through the 
International Red Cross, or other- 
wise that the terms of the Conven- 
tion are not being observed, the 
United States Government, draws 
to the attention of the Japanese 
Government that Government's ob- 
ligations .under the Red Cross Con- 
vention and under its agreement to 
apply to the treatment of interned 
American nationals in Japanese 
hands the provisions of the Pris- 
oners of War Convention. 

2 . Exchange of civilians 

Negotiations between the United 
States' Government and the Japa- 
nese Government lasting more 
than a year culminated in a sec- 
ond exchange of civilians resulting 
in the repatriation of approximate- 
ly 1,240 nationals of the United 
States, including a small number 
from the Philippine Islands, and 
260 nationals of the other Ameri- 
can republics and Canada. In the 



1 1 acted negotiations it iinaiiy i 
agreed to permit the repatriation 
of only a small nurftber of Ameri- 
can civilians from the Philippines 
in the second exchange. The re- 
patriates were thus drawn almost 
entirely from Japan, Japanese-oc- 
cupied China, Hongkong and Indo- 
china. 

The Swiss representatives in the 
Far East, .under broad directives | 
issued by the United States Gov- 
ernment, compiled the list of those 
to he repatriated, giving prefer- 
ence to the following categories of 
American civilians in Japanese 
hands: (1) those under close ar- 
rest; (2) interned women and chil- 
dren; (3) the seriously ill, and (4) 
interned men, with preference be- 
ing given, other things being equal, 
to married men long separated 



fort, tv induce the Japanese Gov- 
ernment to enter into negotiatiohs 
for the exchange of sick and 
wounded prisoners of war and 
these proposals are being transmit- 
ted to the Japanese Governmeht 
in connection with proposals for 
the continuation of the repatria- 
tion of civilians. 

4. Repatriation of sanitary per- 
sonnel 

Article 9 of the Red Cross Con- 
vention provides, in part; 

■The personnel charged exclusively 
with the removal, transportation, and 
treatment of the wounded and sick, • 
as well as with the administration of 
sanitary formations and establish- 
ments, and the chaplains attached to 
armies, shall be respected and pro- 
tected under all circumstances. If 
they fall into the hands of the enemy 
(Please turn to page 7) 




Friday, January 28, 19 bb 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Seven 



State Dept. Outlines 
Facts on Exchanges 



(Continued, from page 6) 
they shall not be treated as prisoners 
of war." 

Article 12 of the same Conven- 
tion provides, in Dart: 

‘•The persons described in Article !) 
j-oay not be detained after they have 
fallen into the power of the adversary. 

"Unless there is an agreement to 
the contrary, they shall be sent back 
to the belligerent to whose service 
they are attached as soon as a way 
is open for their return and military 
exigencies permit. 

‘‘While waiting to be returned, they 
shall continue in the exercise of their 
functions under the direction of the 
adversary; they shall be assigned 
preferably to the care of the wounded 
and sick of the belligerent to whose 
service they are attached.” 

Pursuant to the provisions of Ar- 
ticle 12 of the Red Cross Conven- 
tion, it was proposed to the Japa- 
nese Government that the repatria- 
tion of the personnel protected un- 
der the Convention be begun, since 
facilities for their return to the 
United States could be made avail- 
able on the vessels employed for 
the exchange of civilian nationals. 
In order, however, not to deprive 
American prisoners of war of the 
care that they may require and 
might not otherwise receive, the 
United States Government also 
proposed to the Japanese Govern- 
ment, on a basis of reciprocity, that 
the right of repatriation be waived 
for protected personnel needed and 
permitted in prisoner of war camps 
or hospitals to render spiritual 
and medical assistance to com- 
patriots who were in the care of 
that personnel at the time of cap- 
ture. This Government further 
proposed that the selection of pro- 
tected personnel to be repatriated 
be made by the senior officer of 
the unit captured. 

The Japanese Government agreed 
in principle to the repatriation of 
protected personnel in connection 
with exchanges of civilians but re- 
served to itself the decision whether 
the retention of that personnel was 
necessary for the care of Ameri- 
can prisoners of war and civilian 
internees under Japanese control. 
The Department accordingly re- 
quested the Swiss Government to 
endeavor to arrange for the accom- 
modation of American protected^ 
personnel in future American-Jap- 
anese civilian exchange operations. 

Although it repatriated five 
nurses- from Guam ar the~time of 
the first civilian exchange, the 
Japanese Government apparently 
did not find that it had in its pow- 
er surplus American protected per- 
sonnel available for repatriation in 
the second exchange as no such, 
personnel was included in the lists 
for that exchange. However, the 
Department intends, when con- 
ducting negotiations for further ex- 
changes of civilians, to convey 
again to the Japanese Government 
the expectation of the United States 
Government that protected person- 
nel whose repatriation proves pos- 
sible will be included in future ex- 
change operations. 

5. Exchange of able-bodied pris- 
oners of war 

As indicated in a statement to 
the press dated May 25, 1943, there 
is no customarily-accepted prac- 
tice among nations nor provisions 
of international law or conventions 
for the return or exchange during 
hostilities of able-bodied members 
of the armed forces of one bel- 
ligerent who may be captured by 
the forces of an opposing belliger- 
ent. In the circumstances, there is 
no immediate prospect of obtaining 
the release and return to the Unit- 
ed States of able-bodied members 
of the American aimed forces tak- 
en prisoners of war by the Japa- 
nese. 

6. Shipment of relief supplies to 
the Far East 

Early in 1942 the American Red 
Cross in conjunction with the in- 
terested agencies of the United 
States Government made efforts to 
find a means acceptable to the 
Japanese Government of forward- 
ing to our prisoners of war and 
civilian internees in the Far East 
necessary supplies of food, medi- 
cine, clothing and comforts such 
as are regularly sent to American 
citizens in corresponding circum- 
stances in other enemy-held areas. 



A neutral vessel to carry such 
supplies to Japan was obtained 
and chartered in the summer of j 
1942. The Japanese Government, j 
however, refused to give its safe I 
conduct for the voyage of the ves- 
sel to the Far. East. In response 
to repeated representations the j 
Japanese Government indicated 
that it was unwilling for strategic 
reasons to grant any non-Japanese , 
vessel safe conduct to move in j 
Japanese waters and that it had J 
no intention of sending one of its 
own vessels to any neutral area ! 
in order to pick up relief supplies I 
for United States and Allied pris- 
oners of war and civilians as was 
suggested by the United States 
Government. Upon the receipt of 
this Japanese reply the United | 
States Government pointed out its 
expectation that the Japanese j 
would modify their position as 
soon as strategic reasons would ■ 
permit and suggested for the in- 1 
terim the immediate appointment ; 
of International Red Cross dele-' 
gates to Japanese-occupied terri- 
tory who might receive and dis- 
tribute funds in behalf of American 
nationals. This suggestion was 
eventually accepted by the Japa- [ 
nese only for Hongkong and cer- 
tain areas in Occupied China. They 
have not accepted it so far for the I 
Philippine Islands, Malaya and the [ 
Netherlands Indies. Efforts to in- 
duce the Japanese Government to i 
abandon its position against the j 
use of neutral ships to carry re- 
lief supplies into its waters were 
continued and new avenues of t 
approach were fully canvassed, in- i 
eluding the possibility of sending r 
relief supplies in transit through ; 
Soviet territory. One suggestion 
proposed the sending of supplies 
by air to some point where the j 
Japanese might lift them, with 
particular reference to medical j 
supplies which might be scarce in j 
Japan. No reply to this particular j 
proposal was ever received. An- j 
other proposal was that the Am- i 
erican Red Cross would provide I 
a cargo ship to go to some point 
in the Pacific where a Japanese 
crew might take it over in order I 
to conduct it to the ports where 
relief cargo should be discharged. 
This proposal was rejected by the ■ 
Japanese. Numerous ..other pro- ! 
posals were considered but were 
either abandoned because of ob- 
stacles interposed by other enemy 
governments or were found to be 
otherwise impossible of accom- 
plishment. 

In March, 1943, the Japanese Gov- 1 
ernment, in response to repeated , 
representations stressing its re- 1 
sponsibility to cooperate in solv- 1 
ing the problem, stated that stra- | 
tegic reasons still prevented neu- 
tral vessels from plying the Pacific | 
water’s but that it would explore 
other means of permitting the de- j 
livery of relief supplies. In the j 
following month the Japanese Gov- 
ernment stated that it might con- j 
sent to receive supplies overland 
or by sea from Soviet territory, j 
There have ensued since that time j 
long and complicated negotiations i 
with the Japanese and Soviet Gov- j 
ernments. Each detail of the nego- i 
tiations had to be dealt with 
through a long and complicated I 
procedure involving the handling | 
of communications at Tokyo, Bern, 
Washington and Moscow and in 
reverse direction through the same 
channels. Despite these difficulties, 
it has now been possible with the 
Soviet Government's cooperation to 
create, a stockpile of prisoner of 
war relief supplies on Soviet terri- 
tory. Moreover, the Soviet Govern- 
ment has given assurances that it 
will facilitate the transit through 
the Soviet Union of such relief sup- 
plies on a continuing basis when 
a satisfactory arrangement for the 
onward shipment of these supplies 
is reached between the Japanese 
and American Governments. In j 
spite of the Department's repeated | 
endeavors to bring this matter to j 
a conclusion, the Japanese Govern- | 
ment has not thus far indicated i 
the means by which it is prepared j 
to receive these supplies. The De- , 
partment is continuing its efforts ] 
in this regard, and it is hoped that j 
a definite arrangement can soon I 



V CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING 

RATE; 25 words or less — SI -00. Each additional 10 words — 25c 

Address. American Edition, The Shanghai Evening Post d. Mercury, 
’ 101 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 



PERSONALS 

CAPTAIN James McDonnei 1 C.a Hasher, 
0-330078 Headquarters Philippine Depart- 
ment, serving on Bataan in command o£ 
Filipino troops, reported by the Adjutant 
General's Office. as missing in action since 
the fall of Bataan. Any information about 
him will gratefully received by his father. 
Joseph F. Gallagher. Postmaster. Phila- 
delphia. 4, Pennsylvania. 



PERSONATES 

WILL any repatriate with news of Mr. and ! 
Mrs. E. J. O'Brien ex-employees Navy Yard [ 
Cavite reported Interned Santo Thomas j 
Manila also Lieut. William McGibony, 
U.S.N., reported unaccounted for Province 
Cebu, please communicate with Mrs. Mor- 
■:.- K. Bison. Apt. 301. 1736 18th Street.! 
\.-KS....ietO:l 0. D. C. 



f . S. " Demobilization ’ 
Fails to Excite China 

China lias no fear that the 
United States will allow the war 
against Japan to he sidetracked 
once Germany is beaten, For- 
eign Office Spokesman K. C. 
Wu said in Chungking last 
week. Dr. Wu, discussing Presi- 
dent Roosevelt’s recent state- 
ment that preliminary U. ,S. de- 
mobilization will follow the Al- 
lied defeat of Germany, said 
that (China understands that 
“Japan is lAmerica’s No. 1 en- 
emy.” He said that there is no 
official belief in Chungking that 
the United States will do any- 
thing hut carry the war out to 
a final conclusion. 

Chungking newspapers ignored 
the remark editorially, appar- 
ently taking it for granted that 
there will be no American de- 
mobilization which will in any 
way slow down the fight against 
Japan. 



be made whereby relief supplies 
will move on a continuing basis 
to all American nationals detained 
by the Japanese. 

Two Exchanges 

While the foregoing negotiations 
have been in progress it has for- 
tunately been possible to take ad- 
vantage of the two exchanges of 
civilians with the Japanese Gov- 
ernment, one in July, 1942, and the 
other in October, 1943, to send to 
o,ur nationals in the Far East an 
important quantity of relief sup- 
plies by means of the exchange 
vessels. 

Reports of the distribution of 
relief supplies which left the United 
States on the first exchange vessel 
in 1942 were in due course received ; 
from the Far East. There was j 
placed on the motor vessel Grips- j 
holm when it left this country to ! 
effect the second exchange of civil- 
ian nationals another large cargo 
of assorted relief supplies, Ameri- 
can Red Cross standard food par- j 
cels, next-of-kin parcels and mail | 
for distribution to American pris- \ 
oners of war and American civil- j 
ians interned in the Philippine Is- i 
lands, Occupied. China, Hongkong, j 
Japan, the Netherlands East In- 
dies, and Malaya. Valued at over ; 
$1,300,000 and weighing 1600 short , 
tons, these supplies include 140,000 j 
food parcels of approximately 13 j 
pounds each; 2800 cases of medical i 
supplies, including surgical iristru- 1 
ments, dressings, 7,000,000 vitamin ; 
capsules, etc., 950 cases of com- j 
fort articles for men and wo- ; 
men; 24,000,000 cigarettes; from 
20,000 to 25,000 next-of-kin parcels; 
and important supplies of clothing j 
for men and women. This entire j 
cargo was transferred to the- Jap- 1 
anese exchange vessel at Mormu- '■ 
gao and dispatched eastward. 

In addition to the shipment of 
relief supplies on the exchange ves- 
sels, and the other measures above- 
mentioned, the Department of 
State and the American Red Cross 
are continuing to give close at- 
tention to all other phases of the ] 
subject. 

7. Provision of financial assist- : 
ance to American nationals in 
the Far East 

Since the Trading with the En- I 
emy Act as amended prohibits, 
among other things, individual re- 
mittances to enemy and enemy-oc- I 



cupied or enemy-controlled terri- 
tory, unless licensed, and since the 
issuance of such licenses is con- 
trary to the policy of the Govern- 
ment, the Department of State, 
shortly after this country’s entry 
into the war, made provision for 
the extension of financial assis- 
j tance from public funds in the form 
! of loans to Americans in such ter- 
j ritories through representatives of 
I the Swiss Government representing 
j American interests there. Appended 
j to this memorandum is an informa- 
tion sheet explaining how such as- 
sistance is extended and how funds 
so advanced may be reimbursed to 
the United States Government. 
I With certain exceptions in terri- 
tories occupied or controlled by 
Japan, the enemy governments 
I have permitted payments to be 
made to qualified American na- 
tionals in the manner described, 
j The Japanese authorities, however, 
have thus far refused to permit the 
Swiss Government's representa- 
tives, in certain areas under Japa- 
j nese control, to extend financial as- 
sistance to American nationals in 
I those areas on the same basis as 
j elsewhere. The Department, there* 

| fore, has had to find other means 
[ of making funds available to Amer- 
icans in such areas. 

At Hongkong, where the Swiss 
Government has not been permit- 
ted by the Japanese Government, 
to act in behalf of American na- 
tionals, the International Red Cross 
delegate has been authorized to 
provide assistance to qualified 
American nationals there from pub- 
lic funds made available for the 
purpose by the Department. 

Immediately after the fall of the 
Philippine Islands, the Department 
endeavored to arrange for the ex- 
tension of financial assistance to 
qualified American nationals there. 
In June, 1943, the Japanese Gov- 
ernment permitted the transfer of 
$25,000, representing a contribution 
by the American Red Cross, to be 
made to the Executive Committee 
of the Santo Tomas internment 
camp at Manila, and later allowed 
the transfer of a second Red Cross 
contribution of $25,000 for the relief 
of American nationals interned in 
Manila. 

July, 1943, Agreement 
It was not until July, 1943, that 
the Japanese Government indicated 
that it would agree in principle to 
permit payments to American na- 
tionals interned in other parts of: 
the Philippine Islands, and to al- 
low further payments to the in- 
ternees at Manila. Accordingly, the 
Department in August, 1943, author- 
ized the Swiss Government to 
make remittances, in accordance 
with the need and the number of 
eligible individuals, to the Execu- 
tive Committee of the American in- 
ternment camps in the Philippine 
Islands beginning with the month 
of August or as soon as feasible 
thereafter. Funds delivered tb the 
Executive Committees under this 
authorization may be used (1) for 
the purchase of available supplies 
considered necessary to supplement 
the diet provided by the Japanese 
authorities, (2) to pay for essential 
services obtained outside of camp, 
(3) to provide each internee with a 
small amount of money for per- 
sonal use, and (4) to advance funds, 
against promissory notes if pos- 
sible, to indigent internees for de- 
livery to such members of their 
families as may be at liberty. 

The Japanese Government has re- 
cently consented to monthly trans- 



fers of United States Government 
funds to the Executive ' Committee 
of the Santo Tomas internment 
camp to be used for the relief of 
American nationals at Santo Tom- 
as, Los Banos, Baguio and Davao 
which, according to latest available 
information, are . the only civilian 
internment camps now maintained 
by the Japanese in the Philippine 
Islands. These transfers are now 
being effected from such funds on 
deposit with the Swiss Government 
for the purposes mentioned above. 

The Department's standing in- 
structions to the Swiss representa- 
tives in charge of American inter- 
ests in enemy-held areas are that 
funds provided by this Government 
may be made available to American 
prisoners of war as well as to in- 
terned American civilians fbr nec- 
essary personal expenditures in ac- 
cordance with their established 
needs over and above the food, 
shelter and other necessities pro- 
vided them by the detaining Power. 
Such assistance has already been 
made available through the local 
International Red Cross delegates 
to American prisoners of war near 
Shanghai and Hongkong. The De- 
partment of State is pressing for 
the extension to American prison- 
ers of war in the Philippine Is- 
lands of the system of financial 
assistance referred to above which 
the Japanese have agreed to make 
available to civilian internees. 

8. Prisoners of War Convention 
and Red Cross Convention 

Any person who wishes to obtain 
the complete official text- of the 
Prisoners of War Convention or 
the Red Gross Convention may do 
so by writing the Superintendent 
of Documents, Washington, D- C., 
and enclosing 10 cents for each 
copy of' the Prisoners of War Con- 
vention and .5 cents for each copy 
of the Red Cross Convention. The 
Prisoners of War Convention is 
Treaty Series No. S46 and the Red 
Cross Convention is Treaty Series 
No. 847. 

Department of State, 
January 12, 1944. 

Prospects Held Dim 
For Korean Liberty 

Mrs. A. W. Taylor, formerly of 
Seoul, Korea, told members of the 
Pan-Pacific Assn, for Mutual Un- 
derstanding at their recent annual 
meeting at the Rosslyn Hotel, Los 
Angeles, that she was not oVer- 
sanguine ajv t o the early independ- 
ence of Korea. 

China had controlled Korea, she 
said, for many years before the 
Japanese annexed the country un- 
der the pretense of granting ft a 
free government. During the time 
the Japanese have been in power 
Korea has been held in Servitude. 
No Koreans have been permitted 
to hold office, education has been 
discouraged and every effort has 
been made to render the people in- 
capable of self-government. 

There are 25,000 police to 10,000 
teachers, she stated. When exami- 
nations are held to allow Koreans 
to attend high school, out of 2000 
passing only 125 are permitted to 
enroll and those who are left out 
cannot apply elsewhere. Thus ohly 
a few are qualified to lead their 
people and although there is gen- 
uine desire for independence 
Taylor felt that for a time at least 
after the Allied victory Korea 
would be under the sphere of influ- 
ence of China. 







w 

▼ T E are happy to welcome the repatriates from 
the Far East who recently arrived on the M. S. Gripsholm. P. M. 
Anderson, formerly our General Agent in Shanghai and Manager for 
us throughout the Far East, is now Assistant Vice President in charge ‘ ; . 

of our Group Insurance Department. 

He is anxious to service, as far as possible, all his policyholders 
in the Far East. Correspondence is invited concerning policies and 
policyowners. Mr. Anderson will give personal attention to any prob- 
lems you may have. 

OCCIDENTAL LIFE 

INSURANCE COMPANY OF CALIFORNIA 

. 756 SOUTH SPRING STREET, LOS ANGELES 





Page Eight 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, January 28, 1944 




T WO groups of women I’ve lately met and been part of, I report on 
today. Probably other Far Easterners are, like me, interested in 
the people -back home, to whom we belong and among whom we strive, 
somewhat haltingly, to make ourselves a place and fit in. 

One is a PTA discussion group of mothers at the public school my 
son attends. The other is a group of trainees for industry with whom, 
days now, I myself have<* 



for thr 

been going to school. 

Both groups are vitally interested 
in the changing pattern for wom- 
en. Or is it changing, basically? 
To judge by the first group, maybe 
not. 

TRIED IT,” spoke up one 
gentle little woman, as we 
argued whether a mother could and 
should work outside her home. "I 
went to wgrk on a midnight shift 
so that I’d be home to get all 
three meals and the family wouldn’t 
suffer.” (I don't know when she 
slept.) ‘'But my husband wouldn’t 
speak to me or to the children 
either as long as I worked outside. 
So I had to quit.” 

I gasped; but “Did you ever know 
a man who teas willing for his wife 
to work?” asked a young and pretty 
mother. She herself, she said. 



out of high school, who’s taking 
this training besides working a 
night shift, because she's bored 
with her routine job and, obviously, 
smart enough to rate a better one, 
but “frozen” where she is till she 
can qualify for a higher skill. She 
was absent yesterday, and we all 
worried over our noonday coffee 
(10 cents a week for all you can 
drink with your lunch) lest the 
double job prove too much for her 
strength. 

There’s the “little locksmith” 
woman with the tired, intelligent 
face, who has run an art shop for 
years. “This is so restful she 
says, looking up at the mid-morn- 
ing break from a maze of compli- 
cated blue-prints. "It's relaxing. 
It’s so easy just to work along 
quietly, not to be responsible for 
for staying at home with her child; I anything or anybody else, not to 
but if she did want to work, if she j have to manage anything. And 
thought it right, she'd fight it out you’re doing something definite, 
with her husband. Older heads something 
were' shaken; a general murmer 

testified' ttat such a cleavage »'asj„ KSi ^ ^ there „ 

I. comradeship, there is healing 



too bad' for the children. 

Nobody 1 but me, apparently, was 
used to' Cduples, even childless ones, 
tooth of whom go out to work as a 
matter of course and come back to 
share the- home, its comforts and 
its duties as well. (These were 
mothers in a “good neighborhood” 
of modest but prosperous house- 
and-garderis, of at least middle- 
class education.) 

M ONEY loomed larger to them, 
as between husband and wife, 
than I ’ had supposed. It was to 
have a little money really her own, 
not' to have to ask for it. that the 
first' little woman wanted to work. 



job like ours. Precision instru- 
ments /are wonderful. Even 
screw /is wonderful. Why did we 
not know about these things be- 
fore. Surely, after the lacks 
vealed toy war’s demands, math 
jors will no longer be turned out 
who have never read a Vernier 
scale, nor will the young shy away 
fi'om math as “impractical.” 

For these are skills that make 
things. Now it is bomb sights: 
morrow, telescopes. Today, shell 
casings ; tomorrow, refrigerator. 
The skills are the same. The ri 
spect of the machinist for good 
tools and for his craft is a good 
V.-MUCU vl». Mftagg thing to know. I, 1, good foe won,. 

f-rerf-who Tiave spent their lives at 
kitchen sinks and must go back 



make fair di : 
income, preserving the women 1 
.^elf-respect, were far leas interest- 
ed in “expressing themselves” out- 
side the home, or in helping to win 
the war, either, than those— it ap- 
peal’s there are still plenty of them 
—^who, doing work no woman could 
be hired to do, must still play the 
suppliant to the master for every 
penny. 

The leader of the group, an un- 
married teacher interested in 
broader patterns for women, tried 
to steer the discussion to ways and 
means: how, granted husbandly 

and community approval, can 
mothers keep up interests outside? 
Part-time shifts, help by the hour 
in the home, child care centers — 
these Were suggested mainly by 
the teacher and me. I got the im- 
pression that these mothers were, 
in the main, content with home 
as their sole sphere. At least, they 
accepted it as inevitable. 



S O WHEN I started learning to 
be a factory inspector, I was 
keenly interested to see who and 
what my fellow-p.upils would be. 

It is my duty, as an honest report- 
er, to state that they strike me, 
offhand, as a more vital, varied, 
and stimulating cross-section than 
my fellow-mothers. 

Not that there aren't mothers 
among them. The smartest girl 
the group, whose instant competent 
“feel” for a micrometer the rest 
of us look on with respectful envy, 
is the mother of an 11 -week-old 
baby. Her mother takes care of 
him while she’s gone, she says. 

There it is; if mother gets out, 
grandmother, or aunt, or somebody 
stays in. I can take my paper bag 
of lunch (that proud badge of the 
worker) in my hand and run for 
my bus in the morning darkness 
only because the family will see 
that my son gets off to school, gets 
his hot lunch at noon. And it is 
noteworthy that nobody in 
class has any children between the 
11-week-old, who will sleep between 
feeds, and my 11-year-old, who goes 
off to school or playground most 
of the time I’m gone. 

Therq are several mothers of 
grown children: "My three are all 
gone now, there’s just my husband, 
it’s lonely at home. No, he wasn't 
crazy about my going to work, but I Co. 
he’s getting used to it. Yes, it’s year 
hard going home after a day’s 
work to the marketirig and dinner 
and dishes; but it’s better than not 
haviqg enough to do.” 

There is the little girl not long 



to them. It is good for women who 
spent large slices of their lives over 
typewriters — we have so many 
words! It is good for worrying 
women. Yc,u can’t compute tri- 
angles and simultaneously brood 
over Susie’s dawdling, Jimmy’s re- 
port card, or big Jim’s coldness 
when he left this morning. 

Over broom or washtub you can 
brood. This is the flaw in that 
standard prescription for the anx- 
ious: good, hard, physical labor. 
How many tears have splashed into 
dishpans because the worried mind 
was free to race along useless? But 
if you brood over calipers and pro- 
tractors, you get fired. 

And you are not tempted to 
brood, for the mind is just busy 
enough — busy not with personal de- 
cision (which, small or big, are all 
harrowed up with emotion), but 
with the impersonal rightness of 
exact science which will 'never let 
you down, with the beautiful truth 
of making something tangible and 
sure, with the shortest route to 
Stanley and Santo Tomas. For the 
insure, the over-complicated, the 
anxious, this is good medicine. 



Dr. Hsu Killed 
In Accident; 
Church Leader 

Dr. Hsu'Pao-chien, formerly re- 
search secretary of the World’s 
Committee of the YMCA in Geneva 
and outstanding Christian scholar 
and leader in China, is reported to 
have been killed on Jan. 21 in a 
truck accident between Chungking 
and Chengtu. Since the Japanese 
took over Shanghai Dr. Hsu had 
lived in Chengtu where he was 
chief editor in a literature society 
preparing materials for the Chinese 
Christian Church to be published 
at the end of the war. 

Born in Shangyu, Chekiang, on 
March 12, 1892, Dr. Hsu was grad- 
uated from Customs College, Pe- j 
king, in 1915. His graduate work 
was done in Union Theological 
Seminary and Columbia University, 
and he had a Ph.D. from Columbia. 

YMCA Secretary 

After completing his college work 
Dr. Hsu became secretary of the 
YMCA in Peking, until he came to 
the United States for further study. 

1924 to 1926 he was executive 
secretary of the Peking YMCA 
Student Work Union. He became 
lecturer at Yenching University in 
1924, and was associated with that 
nstitution for many years, becom- 
ing head of the philosophy depart- 
ment in 1927. 

In 1930 he went to Geneva as re- 
search secretary of the World’s 
Committee of the YMCA and field 
secretary of the World's Students' 
Christian Federation. He repre- 
sented the Christians of China in 
world conferences in recent years, 
including those in Jerusalem and 
Madras. Upon his return to China 
he continued his work in Yenching 
■until called upon to set up a model 
community in Lichuan, Kiangsi, 
after the devastation of the Com- 
munists in that area. 

On Shanghai Faculty 

More recently he was on the fac- 
ulty of the University of Shanghai 
until it was taken ov.er by Japanese 
puppets. 

Dr. Hsu continued to toe an out- 
standing leader in protestant Chris- 
tianity in Free China. His editorial 
work jjave him close contacts with 
the Catholic group with whom he 
was collaborating in his work on 
the early church. Perhaps the last 
honor that came to him as a leader 
in the church was an invitation to 
represent Chinese Christians in a 
conference which is being planned 
for the near future in India. 

Fur and Skins Expert 

E. Kale, for over 30 years a 
Shanghai resident, has died in 
Yangchow internment camp, ac- 
cording to a letter from his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Lawrence B. King. 

Mr. Kale was an expert in furs, 
skins and general produce for Jar- 
dine, Matheson in Shanghai, and 
later opened his own importing 
firm. 

He is survived by his wife, Mrs. 
Grace Kale, and a son, Jack, who 
are in Shanghai. A daughter, Jean, 
who married Lawrence B. King, 
son of the managing director of 
Kelly & Walsh, Lfd., Shanghai, is 
in England. 



Chungking Supplying 
Chinese Communists 

The Chungking Government 
has been supplying ammunition, 
medicine and other goods to the 
Communist 18th Group Army 
despite recent friction between 
the Communists and the Gov- 
ernment forces, a Chinese mili- 
tary spokesman said this week, 
according to a United Press dis- 
patch. 

“The 18th Army is a Govern- 
ment unit and, as such, is en- 
titled to be supplied with arms,” 
the spokesman said. “The Gov- 
ernment plays the role of senior 
member of the family. Some 
members may become a little re- 
calcitrant, but the head of the 
family hopes that eventually 
things will turn out all right,” 



Hansen Headed 
School in Tokyo 

Dr. Allen Oscar Hansen, 63, for- 
mer principal of the American 
School, Tokyo, and associate pro- 
fessor of education at City College, 
7 York City, died at his home 
on Jan. 20. He was found dead 
when college officials called to in- 
quire why he had not reported for 
his classes. 

Dr. Hansen was bom in Bagbo, 
Sweden. He completed his under- 
graduate work in 1912 at Culver- 
Stockton College, Cantor, Mo., 
taught these and received his MA 
1916. In 1924 he went to the 
American School in Tokyo where 
was principal from 1924 to 
1926. In 1926 he returned to receive 
Ph.D. from Columbia Uni- 
versity. Then he occupied various 
positions, in Rutgers University, 



Peabody College and Western State 
College, Colorado. 

A specialist in the history and 
philosophy of education, Dr. Han- 
sen wrote a number of books, in- 
cluding "Curriculum Reorganiza- 
tion and Educational Research” 
and “Liberalism and American 
Education in the 18th Century.” 

He was a member of the Asiatic 
Society, the National Society for 
the Study of Education, the Pan- 
Pacific Club, the American Assn, 
for the Advancement of Science, 
the American Assn, of University 
Professors, Phi Delta Kappa and 
Kappa Delta Pi. 

Surviving is his wife, Mrs. Ida 
Bernice Miller Hansen, who was in 
Washington at the time of his 
death. 

Lawrence E. Bradsher 

Lawrence E. (“Brad”) Bradsher, 
50, for a number of years with the 
J. P. Taylor Tobacco Co. in Shang- 
hai. died last week in Goldsboro, 
N. C., where he had been superin- 
tendent of that branch of the com- 
pany. 

Mr. Bradsher, a native of Rox- 
boro, N. C., was a veteran of the 
First World War. In 1918, as a 
first lieutenant, he commanded 
Company C of the 119th Infantry 
in France, leading in the charge at 
the breaking of the Hindenburg 
Line. He was wounded in action 
and presented with the Purple 
Heart. 



Dies of Injuries 

Mrs. Adele Williams, 55, shot by 
an unidentified woman in Chicago 
last week, died shortly after the 
shooting at St. Lukes Hospital in 
Chicago. Mrs. Williams was the 
wife of Frank Starr Williams, long 
associated with the Departments of 
Commerce and State in the Far 
East. 



T HERE IS a fellowship in these 
workrooms, on the crowded 
buses at workers' (not shoppers’) 
hours, which is hard to write of 
without sounding snobbish. The 
common man, little people, simple 
folk — all these are condescending 
phrases. But anyone who has 
stepped from the world of super- 
salesmen and pse.udo-hostesses into 
machine shop or drafting-room 
knows what I mean. This is real. 
It is good for us to toe here. 



EXECUTIVE IN JAPAN 
Michael C. Zederbaum, 63, for a 
number of years in charge of build- 
ing and operation of the Otis Eleva- 
tor plant in Tokyo — which served all 
of Japan and China before the war 
— died this week or a heart attack 
in his Park Ave. apartment in New 
York City. He had been with the 
Otis concern for 40 years. 

Mr. Zederbaum was born in Aus- 
tria and received an engineering 
degree there. During the first 
World War he worked with the Otis 
i Chicago. He was for 15 
supervisor of manufacturing 
for the same concern In Paris, Ber- 
lin and Naples. He went from Eu- 
rope to Japan a few years before 
the outbreak of the present hos- 
tilities. 



Mary Jones Dies; 
Taught in Huchow 

Miss Mary I. Jones, 62, Grips- 
holm repatriate and since 1907 a 
Baptist missionary in China, died 
suddenly on Jan. 10, enroute to 
visit a friend from her home in 
Norristown, Pa. Miss Jones was 
suffering from the results of her 
confinement in Shanghai, tout was 
fairly well the day of the trip. She 
had been knitting and as the train 
came to a station she folded her 
work away — and died. 

After teaching for a number of 
years in this country, Miss Jones 
was appointed to Huchow, Chekiang 
Province, China. Much of her work 
was among young married women 
with children and she built up the 
Memorial School of Mothercraft in 
Huchow, which has become a model 
for many schools in other parts 
of China. Her school served as a 
laboratory for training girls to go 
out as teachers in nursery school: 
In 1937 the Huchow school wa 
forced to evacuate to Shanghai 
where work was carried on for 
some time in cooperation with the 
Christian Cooperative M i d d 1 
School there. 

Miss Jones adopted three Chinese 
daughters who were brought up 
without being separated from their 
Chinese environment. She returned 
to the U. S. in the second repatria- 
tion, arriving on the Gripsholm i 
December. 




It Takes Time To Build 

A GOOD NAME... 

We’ve been building ours since 1850. It’s not 
merely the passage of years that inspires con- 
fidence in a name, but xohat has been accom- 
plished during those years, that counts. Sincerity 
of purpose, a deep understanding of basic hu- 
man needs and the desire to fulfill them — these 
are the foundation stones upon which our name 
has been built. We shall continue to build 
on that foundation, a Company devoted to good 
service and fair treatment toward all our clients. 



1850 




1944 



The United States Lite Insurance Co. 

IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



SUBSCRIPTION FORM 



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NEW YORK 3, N. Y. 



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hanghAi 



China-America 
Trade Group 
Formed Here 

An analysis of the myriad factors 
involved in negotiation of a com- 
mercial treaty between the United 
States and China was listed this 
week as one of the first projects 
to be undertaken by the newly or- 
ganized China-American Council of 
Commerce and Industry. 

Official Washington has been re- 
ticent to comment for publication 
on the subject, but it has been 
known the State Department has 
been occupied for some months 
with the details of negotiating a 
treaty, or treaties, to govern post- 
extrality trade relations between 
this country and China. 

Washington Office 

Plans for the study and analysis 
were outlined briefly by Mildred 
B. Hughes, executive secretary of 
the new Council, with the dis- 
closure that an office would be 
opened in Washington within the 
next three weeks. Shortly there- 
after, she said, work will be started 
by an industrial analysis and re- 
search division. 

Formation of the China-Ameri- 
can Council was announced earlier 
in the week in a statement indicat- 
ing the organization’s purpose was 
to interest American business in 
the postwar development of China. 
Headquarters are- in New York at 
30 Rockefeller Plaza. 

Heading the Council are Thomas 
J. Watson . president of -.Interna- 
TTon 

chai man ' of he board, and Col. 
Rich,' Pattftioon, Jr., former 

Assistant Secretary of Commerce, 
as president. Other officers are 
Charles R. Hook, president of 
American Rolling Mills Co., and 
Walter S. Mack. Jr., president of 
Pepsi-Cola Co., vice presidents; 
James G. Blaine, president of Ma- 
rine Midland Trust Co., treasurer; 
Wayne Johnson, international cor- 
poration attorney, chairman of the 
Executive Committee, and Miss 
Hughes, who has long been active 
in promoting Amei ican-Chinese 
friendship, executive secretary. 

Objectives Stated 

The inaugural announcement de- 
clared that the future economic, 
industrial and commercial develop- 
ment of China is one of the most 
vital phases of world reconstruc- 
tion, and continued: 

"American private industry may 
be expected to play a leading role 
in aiding China to develop her 
natural resources and to expand 
her industries. The Council will be 
an indispensable aid to American 
business.” 

The projected services of the 
Council, some of which are already 
being developed, include analyses 
of China’s natural resources, indus- 
trial and commercial possibilities 
(Please turn to page 51 



)/ issionaries 
From Orient 
Arrive in 2V. V. 

The devastating effects of infla- 
tion on everyday life in the free 
cities of West China were upper- 
most in the minds of a group of 
missionaries who arrived in New 
York this week by way of India, 
as they went about the task of re- 
plenishing wardrobes which had 
been limited both by inflation and 
by regulations of plane travel out 
of China to India. As one nurse 
shopped for a warm coat and mar- 
veled at the amount of goods avail- 
able in the stores, she said that 
the simplest nurse's uniform cost 
at least Chinese $1000 in the city 
from which she had come. 

The trip, which brought about 
40 missionaries from China and 
India, is shrouded in mystery for 
all who did not actually make it. 
China residents came' out by plane 
at night over enemy-occupied ter- 
ritory to India where some of them 
had hoped to get a boat early in 
November. That boat had already 
gone before their arrival, so they 
waited in India. They reported the 
30-day trip as pleasant and un- 
eventful but seemed overjoyed to 
be in New York, even though they 
were welcomed by this week’s cold 
wave inadequately dressed, in some 
cases, to face the freezing winds. 

Dryden Phelps Returns 

Prominent in the China group 
was Dryden Phelps, member of t fie \ 
staff of West China Union Univer- ! 
sity in Chengtu and nephew of the J 
late William Lyon Phelps, with J 
Mrs. Phelps and. their Lvo vhil ; ren. ! 
Edith Margaret and William ' .von i 
n. From the YMCA in Kunming- 
rame Roger D. Arnold, and -om 
the American Church Mission in 
Chingcheng, Kweichow, Miss Vene- 
tia Cox, formerly of Hankow. 

The Christian Missionary Alli- 
ance was represented by the Rev. 
Mr. Francis H. Derk. The Rev. Mr. 
Charles A. Leonard, of the South- 
ern Baptist Board, who had been 
in China on a special project for 
a little more than a year, also re- 
turned with this group. Charlotte 
Trotter, Elvira Eriksen of Cheng- 
tu, Dorothy Jones of Chungking. 
Lena Nelson and Mary Shearer of 
Tzechow, and W. E. Shubert with 
his two young children, of Yutu, 
Kiangsi, represented the Methodist 
Mission. 

16 From India 

From India came 16 missionaries 
and their families. Among them 
was Bishop J. Waskom Pickett, 
also of the Methodist Mission, who 
brought his daughter, Margaret, 
from Bombay. 

Others in the group are Mr. and 
Mrs. Lesley Templin and their two 
daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret, 
of Barodo; the Rev. Mr. and Mrs. 
Paul E. Wagner and their two sons, 
Robert and Stanley, of Dhulia: Mr. 
and Mrs. Frederick G. Williams 
and their son, Malcolm, of Pakaur; 
Misses Alta Griffin of Koar, 

(Please turn to page 7) 



What Well Dressed Woman 
Leaving for China Flint Wear! 



The well dressed woman, leaving 
for China these days, will wear 
what? 

Seeking an answer to this age-old 
enigma, the Shanghai Evening Post 
and Mercury went this week to the 
best available sources for such in- 
formation, but came away with 
conflicting impressions, seemingly 
leading to little more than mascu- 
line befuddlement. 

On the one hand, there was the 
writer in the New York newspaper 
PM who outlined the wardrobe of 
"a friend of ours who is leaving for 
China in a few days.” This ward- 
robe included such items as “a 
pint of Scotch,” ‘‘a tin of 50 ciga- 
rets,” and "two pair woollen pan- 
ties.” 

On the other hand, a recent 
Overseas Newsletter of the Foreign 
Missions Conference of North 
America made no mention of such 
items beyond the general reference 
that “the present allowance from 
Calcutta free is 15 kilos, or 33 



pounds.” But the missionary list- 
ing did enjoin “a tin or two (of) 

. , . Horlicks, or Ovaltine, or coffee, 
or baking powder.” 

Any possibility of- identifying 
PM's China-bound friend was 
blocked by the PM writer’s parting 
shot: “Our friend is neither wear- 
ing nor taking a girdle.” Miscel- 
laneous equipment for the trip, 
however, included the folowing: 
Fourteen hundred assorted vita- 
min pills, 200 aspirin tablets, one 
vial perfume, box of invisible hair- 
pins, safety pins, jar' cold cream, 
/box of face po-wder, sewing kit, 
flashlight, two sweaters, two wool 
suits, two pair shoes, four blouses, 
long black skirt for dress, pair 
cotton slacks, two cotton dresses, 
one silk dress, one pair lisle stock- 
ings, three pair rayon stockings, 1 
tiwo pair woollen stockings. 

Other items listed were two jer- 
sey rayon slips, wool undershirts, 
three pair rayon panties, three 
( Please turn to page 5) 



Only Ruins Remain in Changteh 




A column of Chinese troops is seen above entering the blasted city 
of Changteh, Hunan Province, after the city’s recapture from the Japa- 
nese last December. Eight days after the last Japanese evacuated this 
river city southwest of Tungting Lake— China’s “Rice Bowl”— there 
was nothing but shattered walls, broken tiles and ashes. 



Guerillas Waging 
Warfare in Malaya 

Guyi'i lias are operatic. - .- in Ma- 
lay:!, led hv BritUi> officers who 
survived the fall of .Singapore, 
the Hev. Mr. Marcus Cheng, Chi- 
nese Christian who escaped 
from Singapore last week said, 
according to a Chungking dis- 
patch. 

Consisting mainly of Chinese 
troops, with some British, Aus- 
tralians and Indians, the guer- 
illas outnumber the Japanese 
forces six to one, Mr. Cheng 
declared. Japanese troops who 
seized Singapore were transfer- 
red and Malaya is garrisoned 
mainly with sailors who lost 
their ships. 

Unless Malaya, is recovered 
within another year or so, Mr. 
Cheng pointed out, most Allied 
prisoners would die of slow tor- 
ture or starvation. Thousands 
of natives have died due to lack 
of food and Australians receive 
only two bowls of rice a day. 



Dr. Wei Reaches 
Chinese Capital 

Dr. Wei Tao-ming, Chinese Am- 
bassador, who left Wahington a 
' short time ago for a visit to 
Chungking, has reached the capital, 
the Chinese News Service reported 
this week; 

At a press interview. Dr. Wei was 
reported as paying tribute to the 
high morale of his countrymen de- 
spite material difficulties, which he 
attributed to the Japanese block- 
ade. Once the blockade is ended, 
he observed, China’s spiralling 
prices will automatically cease and 
her economic condition should take 
a turn for the better. 

The Washington envoy was re- 
ceived by President Chiang, and on 
the same day he called on Dr. H. 
H. Kung, Vice President of the 
Executive Yuan and concurrently 
Minister of Finance, and Dr. T. V. 
Soong. Minister of Foreign Affairs. 

Considerable speculation that Dr. 
Wei was being recalled by his gov- 
ernment was aroused by bis de- 
parture from Washington. But the 
Chinese News Service reported 
significantly that he was "expected 
to return to his post after the (cur- 
rent) consultations." 

CULTURAL CENTER 

Plans for the establishment in 
New York of a Chinese cultural 
center were disclosed this week by 
the China Institute with announce- 
ment of the purchase of the five 
story residence at 125-27 E. 65th 
St. 



T oky o Alar med 
By Air Threat 

By rilhUgWO- it •ITIill 

Radio) Byery 

Japanese in Tokyo is afraid of Al- 
lied air attacks. The Government 
is devoting a great share of its at- 
tention to home defense measures 
and a determined American bomb- 
ing of the main Japanese islands 
would have unbelievably far-reach- 
ing results in shaking Japanese 
confidence in the Tojo government. 

That is the judgment of a Chi- 
nese student who spent a year in 
Tokyo, Japan, Kobe, and other 
Japanese cities posing as adherent 
of Wang Ching-wei and who has 
just returned here. 

His story appeared last week un- 
der three column headlines in the 
Chungking Edition of the Shanghai 
Evening Post, written by Guenther 
Stein, correspondent here of the 
Christian Science Monitor. 

While the student's name cannot 
be disclosed .nor the means and 
route by which he made his way to 
the capital of wartime China, he is 
vouched for as a reliable witness. 
Allied Raids “Certain” 

He says that all Japanese are 
bent now on protecting themselves 
against what they believe are the 
certain Allied raids which will come 
this summer. There is little con- 
fidence in Government measures 
(Please turn to page 7) 



P. I. Atrocities 
Veil Trend On 
3rd Exchange 

The Government's disclosure of 
Japanese atrocities in the Philip- 
pines as evidenced by the "death 
march” of American and Filipino 
soldiers from Mariveles Airfield 
on Bataan to Camp O’Donnell in 
April. 1942 produced, this week, at 
least the demonstrable conclusion 
that further negotiations for a 
third exchange of American and 
Japanese civilian internees have 
reached, for the moment, a com- 
plete deadlock. 

i A deadlock in the negotiations 
had been reported in authoritative 
Washington quarters for several 
weeks, but always with the pro- 
viso: that the Government was 

awaiting Tokyo reaction to the in- 
spection of internment centers and 
prisoner of war camps in this coun- 
try, made by neutral Spanish in- 
termediaries in January at the in- 
sistence of the Japanese.) 

Demand for Facts 
The atrocity disclosures, made 
public by the War and Navy De- 
partments, and revealing the Japa- 
j nese had tortured and killed at 
1 least 5200 American and many 
more thousands of Filipino soldiers 
after the fall of Bataan and Cor- 
regidor, also raised such a wave of 
public protest and indignation that 
Sen. Dennis Chavez of-New Mexico 
announced late in the week a deler 
gation of New Mexicans would ~.r 
rive in Washington oh Feb. 10 to 

jyr;’’.e ■ oncerning Japanese 
atrocities in the Philippines. 

(UpwE ; v/i 8U0 National Guards- 
I men from New Mexico are reported 
to have been among the American 
prisoners taken by the Japanese.) 

Aside from .the eertainty of at 
least a temporary disruption in 
third exchange negotiations, specu- 
lation in Far Eastern quarters fol- 
lowing the Washington announce- 
ment turned on possible motives of 
the Government in making the dis- 
closures. 

Conflicting Views 
Along these lines there were at 
least two sharply defined views: 

1. The U. S. Government, realiz- 
ing a deadlock had been reached, 
bared the story of barbaric atroci- 
ties as a strategic move designed to 
blast the Japanese from their in- 
transigeance, and force them — 
through the swinging of Japanese 
public opinion itself — to resume the 
negotiations. It would be hoped, 
by the same line of reasoning, that 
the Tokyo warlords would at the 
same time be forced by home pres- 
sure to provide better treatment 
for Allied prisoners of war now 
held in the Far East. 

(This view was taken up at the 
midweek by the Washington press, 
with publication of a number of 
(Please turn to page 6) 



(■■'ipsholni Kepalriates Feted 
At Asia House Dinner in L.A. 



(Post Special Correspondence ) 

LOS ANGELES— Proving its keen 
interest in the Far East, Asia House 
of Southern California turned out 
150 strong to greet old friends, espe- 
cially those returned on the second 
Gripsholm trip, at its annual dinner 
recently held at the Hollywood Ath- 
letic Club. 

Repatriates present were Mrs. 
Michael Kaye Learmauth of the 
Chapei Camp, advertising manager 
of the Shanghai Telephone Co.; 
Mrs. Harry Arnhold, wife of the 
former chairman of the Shanghai 
Municipal Council; John J. Bren- 
neman, Pootung Camp, hide and 
leather taipan of Shanghai and 
former adviser to the Chinese Gov- 
ernment; George J. McCarthy, 
Oriental passenger traffic manager 
for the American President Lines; 
Ralph A. Schilling, executive of the 
Standard Oil Co.; Chester A. Fritz 
of the firm of Swan, Culbertson 
and Fritz, investment brokers; Wil- 
liam ’J. Cannon of the China Im- 



port and Export Co., and Morley C. 
Reid of the Eastman Kodak Co. 

Miss Florence Herbert, popular 
soprano, opened the evening’s pro- 
gram with a group of songs, and 
then came brief messages from five 
repatriates. 

George McCarthy gave a descrip- 
tion of conditions in Santo Tomas. 
Manila, where he was interned. He 
paid high tribute to the fine quali- 
ties of the men and women held 
there and stirred his hearers to a 
realization of the necessity of get- 
ting them out. "I say it with as 
much kindness as possible,” he 
ended, “but in all earnestness, we 
must beat down every vestige of 
Japanese militarism. Then, and 
not till then, will it be time to talk 
of peace.” 

John Brenneman told of the diet 
in Pootung — “fine for reducing, I 
j went down 40 pounds before my 
knees buckled under me. One man 
lost 60 pounds.” His description of 
meals in camp made those who 
(Please tarn to page 3) 




Page Tv>o 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



' Friday , February Jf, 19 If If 






%H£W£ tmp 



Rowena Jordan and young son 
are now in Mill Valley, Calif. 

Capt. Murdo Campbell is with the 
Moller Line in Calcutta. 

The Agent-General for India and 
Mrs. Menon are visiting Chengtu. 

Paul T. Steintorf, Gripsholm re- 
patriate, is working with the State 
Department. 

Wilhelmina Kuyf has moved 
from New York to 626 W. Alle- 
gheny Ave., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 

John H. Bernhard is residing at 
the Hotel Occidental in Washing- 
ton. 

Capt. and Mis. Fred Sabel have 
moved from Hillsborough to Ross, 
Marin County, Calif. 

H. U. Pearce is now living at 30 
Fredrick Ave., Atherton, Menlo 
Park, Calif. 




King Hwuy of Liang said: 
examining the government of the 



Louise E. Sailer (Mrs. R. C-), neighboring kingdoms, I do not 
formerly of New York, is now at jj n) j there is any prince who 
4220 Alton PI., N.W., Washington. employs his nlin d ;vs I do. And 
Dr. and Mrs. H. D. Kneedler of j yet t |J e p eop j e 0 f the neighboring 
kingdoms do not decrease, nor do 
i my people increase. How is this?” 
Mencius replied, 
j is fond of war. . . 

Book of Mencius, B.C. 373- 



and West. She gives two lectures, is now in the U. S. with the Min- 
one on postwar federation and the istry of War Transports in Wash- 
other a general talk on China. | ington. His wife and two daugh- 
The address of “Sandy" Collins, ters, Diana and Heather, who have 
formerly of Shanghai, has been re- been living in Barbados, met him 
quested from the Shanghai Evening i in New York. Heather Gillespie 
Post. If you know it, please help joined the British WRNS while in 
Mr, Collins receive mail from New York. . 

China by sending it to the Post, j Maj. D. E. MacKenzie, whose 
r - r • , .i present headquarters ’ 

Liu Liang-mo has recently made [ 
a tour of private schools, includ- 
ing Hotchkiss, Peddie, St. Marks, 



Emma Willard, Phillips Exeter and 
Horace Mann, speaking on China 
under the auspices of the Speaker 
Bureau of United China Relief. 



Manila are now at 212 West Lin- 
coln Ave., Barrington, 111. 



Monroe Sweetland has been as- 1 
signed to overseas duty, probably 
in the Orient, with the Red Cross. 

Morley C. Reid (Eastman Kodak) 
has settled down with his family in 
Alhambra, Calif., for a short rest. 

Lewis Brace, for 18 years in 
China with the APC, is now a Brit- 
ish naval lieutenant in Trinidad. 

Capt. Roy McNair, assistant U. S. 
military attache, is back in Chung- 
king after a trip to the Northwest. 

The 17.5 kilometer-long Kinghsin 
Canal in eastern Honan has been 
opened. 

Mr. and Mrs. E. A. (“Ed”) Nelson 
have returned to their home in 
Menlo Park, Calif. 

Mr. and Mrs. L. L. Farnsworth 
are enjoying a stay at Carmel, 
Calif. 

Joe Quinn, formerly of Haskins 
and Sells, Shanghai, and lately 
with Texas Oil Co., India, is vaca- 
tioning in Berkeley, Calif. 

Hunter College of the City of 
New York lists a course on “Amer- 
ica's Relations with the Far East,” 
beginning Feb. 9. 

Oldrich Mojzisek, touring Amer- 
ica on a Far East trade postwar 
planning mission, is at the Willard 
in Washington. 

Roy L. Creighton, Gripsholm re- 
patriate, and Mrs. Creighton are 
living at 16 Appleby Rd., Wellesley 
81, Mass. 



James A. Collins of the China Ex- 
port and Import Lumber Co. 
Shanghai, is in Government woii 
Australia. 

David McGavin, formerly 
Shanghai, is now with the National 
Bible Society of Scotland in Glas- 
gow. 

Dr. Daniel J. Collins, Glens Falls, 
N. Y., is now associated with 
the Homer Folks Hospital at One- 
onta, N. Y. 

Willard Goodwin, of the Amer- 
ican President Lines, is in Bombay, 
as are Leon Frost and Harvey 
Decker. 

Comdr. C. R. Jeffs, of the 
Yangzte patrol, is now a captain, 
stationed at a naval war college in 
the U. S. 

S/Sgt. Paul H. Bordwell, Jr. 
(SAS ’40), has returned from duty 
overseas and is now attending Of- 
ficers’ Candidate School at Miami 
Beach. 

Newton Chiang, now at Yale Uni- 
versity Divinity School, has an ar- 
ticle “Girl Scouts of China in War- 
time” in American Girl,. Girl Scout 
magazine, for February. 



The Walton School’s Junior Di- 
vision group in New York was re- 
cently entertained at International 
House by the Chinese students’ 
club of Columbia University. 

A West Coast office of the East 



The Brooklyn Institute of Arts 
and Sciences has arranged a series 
of 12 lectures as a “Survey of 
China.” The lectures take place on 
Thursday afternoons at 4 p.m. 
They began Feb. 2 and continue 
through April 27. 

The Berkeley public schools, Cal- 
ifornia, have arranged for the serv- 
ices for the spring semester of 
Fook Tim Chan, one of three am- 
bassadors of Chinese culture 
brought to this country by the 
State Department. 

Alda Grayson, formerly of Peip- 
ing and Shantung, asks for the 
recipe for “ ‘san yueh' coated with 
sugar, nice and hot and pulling 
into threads as they do it in Peip- 
ing and Shantung." She now lives 
Majesty j in Rutherfordton, N. C. 

The China Tiffin Club will meet 
the second Monday of the month, 
Feb. 14, at 12:30 p.m. at Lum 



India, 

formerly with the National 
I City Bank Of New York in Kobe, 
j Dairen, Harbin and India. Before 
his marriage he was in Shanghai 
j and Peiping, and Mrs. MacKenzie 
spent four years as a nurse in the 
PUMC, Peiping. Mrs. MacKenzie is 
living in New Haven, Conn. 

Dr. T. S. Tsiang, former Chinese 
Ambassador to Soviet Russia and 
China's chief delegate to UNRRA, 
in an address at the recent Metro- 
politan Opera’s Victory Rally, stated 
that "the Japanese cannot be trust- 
ed with the weapons of war” and 
"must not be given the least chance 
or possibility of ever again repeat- 
ing Bataan. 



in the Sentinel issues of July 10 
and 17, has been reprinted in 
pamphlet form by the Committee 
on Japanese-Americans of the 
Women’s International League of 
Peace and Freedom. The League':? 
headquarters are in Philadelphia. 
The Hosokawa editorial was en- 
titled, “Looking Toward the Fu- 



ture. 



the South Pacific that “Bill" 
Painter is “somewhere out there” 
now doing a “hazardous but mag- 
nificient job.” 

Bill Hosokawa, formerly of 
Shanghai and more recently editor 
the weekly Heart Mountain 
Sentinel, is working on the copy 
desk of the Des Moines Register. 

M. W. Rankin, Jr., plans to enter 
Baylor Medical College in Hous- 
ton in March. He hopes to return 
to China as a medical missionary 
when his training is completed. 

Karl Esklund, recently returned 
from Chungking where he repre- 
sented the United Press, has joined 
OWI in New York City on the 
Danish desk. 



Miss Frances Donaldson, who 
spent the holidays visiting relatives 
in Kentucky, has returned to New 
York and is making her home at 
the Henry Hudson Hotel. 

Mrs. Percy Finch (Barbara Mil- 
ler) is now with the Reuters News 
Agency in New York. She has post- 
poned a trip to California wt 
she had expected to visit her 
mother. 

Ben S. Lang of the National City 
Bank, who has seen service in Cal- 
cutta, China, and the Philippines, 
has left Havana to join the U. S. 
Navy. Mrs. Lang returned with 
him to the States. 

Dr. Everett A. Tunnicliff, advisor 
in veterinary science to the Minis- 
try of Agriculture and Forestry, 
returning to Chungking after 
visit to Lanchow, the Chinese News 
Service reported last week. 

A new list of missionaries still 
remaining in enemy-occupied ter- 
ritories in the Far East is being 
prepared by the Committee on East 
Asia of the Foreign Missions Con- 
ference of North America. 



Mrs. John Lester, Alan, Barbara 
and Geoffrey, are settled happily 
in a “summer cottage” in Caulfield, 
B. C., near Victoria. They returned 
from Santo Tomas on the Grips- 
holm in December 

A total of 785 Chinese students 
have applied to the Education Min- 
: stry in Chungking for permission 
to take the examinations prelimin- 
inary to studying in the United 
states. 

The National General Mobiliza- 
tion Council has begun an examii 
ation of storehouses owned by 
Chungking banks to determine if 
nroscribed goods are concealed 
them. 

The Chungking Edition 



and West Assn, has been opened Shanghai Evening Post headlined 
at 17 E. Carrillo St., Santa Bar- the recent arrival in Chungking of 
bara, Calif., with Hermann Hage- 1 seven u - S. Army nurses: “Dann 
dorn as director. j American Nurses Arrive in China 

Mr. and Mrs. Raymond W. Frame to Smooth Fevered Brows.” 
of the China Inland Mission are in | Chinese students in the U. S. 
Vancouver, B. C., and may be ad- j being invited to volunteer their 
dressed at the headquarters, 1646 1 servi ces as escorts to Chinese 
Ave. W., in that city. Force officers when they are 

A “New Friends Club” has been j ,eav f flom their training fields and 
organized in Chungking. Prof. ! Miss Bess ' e Hollows, Gripsholm 
Harold Cross, of China’s Postgrad- ! re P atl > at e, is spending a few days 
uate Journalism School, was speak- I m New Yoik where she is making 
er at the inaugural meeting. j a re PO''t to the Methodist Board 

Lt. Acheson E. Lueey, 1932 war- | Missions based on her experience 
time “Voice of Soochow Creek” on I with the mission in China, 
the Shanghai air, is in New York ! The Fo Sg Museum of Art at Har- 
after a period of navy service in j vard University in Cambridge, 
Europe. Mass., has on erhibit until Feb. 

Mrs. “Mel” Southwick, whose hus- I -f 5 Chinese sculpture, bronzes, and 



“Al” Palmer, formerly of th< 
Shanghai Club, has been transfer- 
red from an Italian prison camp 
to the Reich. Mail can be sent to 
him postage free, with name and 
address of the sender in the upper 
left hand corner of the envelope Lt. 
Comdr. A. B. Palmer RNR, POW 
3227/37, Germany, c/o International 
Red Cross, Geneva, Switzerland 
Mrs. W. D. Murray, whose hus- 
band is at Stanley Camp, Hong- 



Fong’s, 150 W. 52nd St., New York j writes that their daughter 

City. Reservations may be made | G,lllan Jff 81 !® Murray, is studying 
ith Mrs. Ella Hough, MUrray Hill j fo1 a de St ee , at ^ cG ! Gm ‘ 
I -versity in Montreal. Another for- 



6-8237. 

Thomas Harvey Koer 



, * „ i mer Shanghai Cathedral School 
, iormei- . , e — 



ly manage, of tlie Shanghai office Hm™! is studying for 

of Haskins 4 Sells, svho returned , I* 1 ' *“» bo,h J”* 



1 the Gripsholm, is' now connected j ,lv J « lbs ^ V i ct “ rl * Colle ® e 



with the New York office of the 
firm at 67 Broad St., New York 
City. 



Wallis, British repatri- 
ate from Shanghai, is now mana- 
ger of the Toronto Central Divi- 
sion of the Confederation Life 
Assn. With his wife and younger 
sons, Mr. Wallis lives in Toronto. 
The eldest son is overseas with the 
Air Force as a pilot officer, and 
the daughter- is in the same serv- 
ice on Western Air Command 
the Pacific. 



Mac Fisher and “Bill” Powell 
the latter a son of J. W. Powell, 
ormer editor of the China. Weekly 
Review) have left the Chungking 
office of the OWI, the former go- 
ing to Kunming and the latter to 
Kweilin. 

Officials of the war relocation 
center at Heart Mountain, Wyo„ 
reviewed recently the camp’s his- 
tory for the last year with the 

conclusion : “Heart Mountain went , , , , . - _ 

through it, growing pains and Dlb He ™y 1 

came of age in 1943." | _ e ssed the Chinese community 

Captr Werner Torr.rdthr-repatr 



Dr. and Mrs. James M. Henry 
arrived in San Francisco recently 
where the China War Relief Assn, 
held a mass meeting at the Chinese 



: 1 perfect Cantoi 



ate from Shanghai, is at present i work done b X the refugee center 
in the Marine hospital, Seattle, re- at “! D S nam University, and the 
covering from broken ribs incurred I geae ‘ al conditions in Hongkong 



the trip home, but Mrs. Torn- 
roth reports he is now improving 
and eager to be out on active duty. 



Gordon Jones, until recently in 
charge of the Canadian Business 
Mission in Chungking, was in Chi- 
cago last week to attend the Board 
of Governors meeting of Rotary 
International. He returned to Tor- 
onto immediately after the meet- 
ing to join Mrs. Jones. 

Sir Horace J. Seymour, British 
Ambassador to China, returned to 
Chungking from England. Among 

port 6 were S’ly^S^ouVwaug I 

. -u & ! in & the national culture.” accord- 



and the Canton 
Dr. R. T. Henry, newly appointed 
executive secretary of the Church 
Committee for China Relief, has 
cabled his wife from China: "Ar- 
rived safely; warm welcome. Work 
institutional; Church also. Chinese 
friends helpful.” Mrs. Henry, now 
in Moorhead, Miss., reported her 
husband had been four months in 
making the trip, one month having 
been spent at Durban, South 

The teaching of English in Jap- 
anese schools will be continued “in 
to understand the for 



tide by M. C. (“Henry”) 
Ford, “Eshaway (Goodbye) to 
Freedom in Asia,” in scheduled for 
rly publication in the Saturday 
Evening Post. “Hank,” formerly 
managing editor of the Shanghai 
Post and Mercury in 
Shanghai, was among repatriates 
on the first Gripsholm exchange. 
He reports the War Department 
piece, but an appeal to 
Byron Price, censorship chief, 
brought it through virtually intact. 



Mrs. Margaret A. Moore (known 
among her friends as "Maggie”) 
one of the first 45 (out of 300) 
selected in Pasadena, Calif., to be- 
come a Red Cross Gray Lady. She 
has completed the training course, 
and is working at the Pasadena 
Area Station Hospital as a ward 
visitor and on flower service. The 
hospital is the former Vista Del 
Arroyo Hotel, nationally famous 
resort, which was taken over by 
the Army. 

Dr. Lin Yu-tang was quoted this 
week in a broadcast from Chung- 
king to the U. S. as saying that 
before Mme. Chiang’s visit "under- 
standing was lacking.” Her trip to- 
gether with “China's gallant war of 
resistance,” has caused the Ameri- 
can people “to appreciate China 
more." In the same speech, Dr. Lin 
urged Chinese scholars and writers 



edouble their efforts to intro- 
duce Chinese art, culture and phil- 
osophy to the west. 

Kendall E. Graham, formerly of 
Socony in Shanghai, and his family, 
had their first Christmas together 
in seven years at the Graham 
home, 637 Magnolia, Long Beach, 
Calif. Maxine, now Mrs. Richard 
Richardson of Inglewood, was there 
with her two children and hus- 
band. Roger, Medical Corps, USA, 
and his wife, the former Jean 
Normington, joined the party with 
her parents, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. 
Normington. Mrs. Graham's sister 
and her husband, Mr. and Mrs. 
Frank Finch, completed the re- 



Shih-chun, secretary of the Mil 
istry of Foreign Affairs, and staff 



ig the national culture,” accord- 
ing to an announcement by Jap- 



membe,, of tSe British Embassy | Toyosaburo Kikuchi' 

Graham Stanford, London Daily JJjgE? k “ chl ' “Such courses, 
Mail correspondent on the Bur — 1 



front, reports 
atlantic Editii 
Lord Louis Mountbatten 
with great enthusiasm 

common sight on the Burma 



., are an expediency and 
the Mail's Trans- Sh ° i Uld J 101 be consida >ed an ulti- 
%he ieen That I mate objective.” U. S. Government 
T monitors recorded the broadcast, 
n drives Lt “Tommy” . Harmon, former- 
becoming All-American football star, who as 
'"' m ° ' member of the 14th U. S. Air 
“ „ I Force was shot down in a doe fiaht 

mm., h h R.haf Com- with Japanese Ze ,, os 

mittee has been approved by the on rw tn .u TI •, 

President's War Relief Control | Sta tes iJS week on a »toy^"Se 
for Amen C ? a ”” el «>W a dramatio story of the 

her m ™ ^ 0, '.' 6 ‘ !,ls:hl ' but ™ l».”l « the 

hef in China. Further information | mea ns of his escape through Oc- 
may be secured from the commit- J copied China to the safety of the 
tee at 40 East 49th St., New York ■ American lines 

, t t i Br - Donald Shuhart, American 

A, most a -onth before the oloa- “and““ 

Drive f“” d I «» of A g r,c»>- 

and Forestry, has arrived in 
United States, 
expected 



the Japanese- American Com- 
mittee for Democracy raised I Kunming fr< 
more than 42 per cent over its | via India. 



quota, according to Chairman Kan- 1 reach Chungking shortijn Dr’ _ Shu- 
zo Oguri (who has two sons in the hart will stay in China for one 
TvStW T,° P k k I year t0 supervise soil erosion con- 

TfTTl f, y T ne T e '?’ Wh ,° , U f ed I tro1 and water conservation work 
. regions along the Pearl and Kan 



band is in Calcutta having former- 
ly represented Standard Oil in 
Hankow and Hongkong, is now 
living in Harrison, N-. Y. 

Word comes from a Navy man in 



jades from the bequest of Gr 
ville Lindall Winthrop. 

Miss Hilda Yen, Chinese aviatrix 
and well-known speaker, is on a 
speaking tour of the Middle West 



to sign her clever fashion sketches 
for Shanghai newspapers with the 
nom de plume “Nutty” is now Mrs. 
W. B. Rawson, of Houston, Tex. 
Since she left Shanghai in 1937 she 
has done fashion designing and 
modeling, Fox movietone newsreel- 
ing and musical comedies. 

Gock Lock, formerly of Shang- 1 
hai and president of Wing On Co., I 
was elected chairman of the board ] 
of managers of the San Francisco | 
Chinese YMCA. Other officers ! 
elected were B. S. Fong, vice chair- j 
man; Homer Cherk, Chinese secre- J 
tary; Ira C. Lee, English secretary; ] 
and Kong Poy, treasurer. 



Rivers. 

An editorial by~ Bill Hosokaw; 
former editor of the Heart Moui 
tain Sentinel, which was published 



mo Shanghai Evening Post, is 
scheduled as one of the speakers 
of “A People’s University” under 
auspices of the East and West 
Assn. Beginning Feb. 14, five ser- 
ies of lectures on the peoples of 
ious countries will be given in 
New York. "The Peoples of the 
Pacific and Their Neighbors” will 
cover the South Pacific and the 
China Seas, including Hawaii, the 
Philippines, Australia, Melanesia, 
New Zealand, Polynesia, the Neth- 
erlands East Indies, Burma, Siam, 
Indo-China, Micronesia and Japan. 

A three-quarter length painting 
of Mme. Chiang Kai-shek, showing 
her attired in dark Chinese cos- 
tume, the figure standing out 
sharply— almost like a silhouette — 
gainst a typical Chinese back- 
ground, was exhibited at the Wash- 
ington Newspaperwomen’s Club, 
1604 20th St., N.W., in Washington, 
this week. The painting is by Anne 
Harcourt, well known in the capital 
a portrait painter, who spent 
some time in the Far East before 
coming to the United States. Miss 
Harcourt is a daughter of George 
Harcourt, English portraitist and 
member of the Royal Academy, 
and has herself exhibited at the 
Academy. 



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Friday, February If, 191fh 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Three 



| WASHINGTON WAL1A WAUA 



BY ERNA CARSON 



“Full bus. folks. Sorry, but it is 
against the law to allow anyone to 
sit in my lap. Well, OK. Just one 
more. Shove your neighbor. Every- 
body. We're all friends here!” 

“Trade Winds” is the pleasing 
name of a new room for "real Ori- 
ental food and exotic drinks” but 
the head waiter is more Waldorf- 
Astoria than Sunya. 

Walter Fowler, FEA, has return- 
ed to Washington after a stay in 
China. "You’d better hurry up and 
publish that” said a friend, "be- 
cause these boys come and go fast.” 

Recent business 
visitors in Wash- 
ington include Maj. 

Arthur Bassett, 

William Hunt. 

“Pete” Dorrance, 

Irving Brown, 

James Avents. 

Byron Stanfield, 

“Jack” Paisons. 

On Chris tmas 
day, Mrs. George 
Dear, of Manchur- 
ia and Arlington, 
was driving down 
the street, obeying 
traffic laws and 
minding her own Erna Cargon 
business. Along 
came a truck with anti-social ten- 
dencies. Result — a severely injured 
back for Mrs. Dear. She has just 
been sent home from the hospital 
and is making a good recovery. 
“Max Polin, once of Cathay Oils, 
Shanghai, now FEA, returned from 
a trip to China, reported to his 
government office in Washington, 
and departed again on a brief jaunt 
to California. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Emmert, Stan- 
dard Vacuum of Hongkong and 
Java, have gone on a business trip 
to Sedalia, Mo. 

“Look them up," said a girl from 
the south. “They are delightful and 
very' savvy (Navy slang for intel- 
ligent).” That is Capt. and Mrs. 
Willi Mosc. T-S'T. now. sta- 
tion* ‘Fashing* yr. c.r-4 botk-et , 

them . it Capt. Moses was j 

skipper Of the ' Luzon." 

Mrs. JoHn P. Dinsmore sounded 
nostalgic. "Yes, we live in Wash- 
ington, but I’d like to be back in 
China— in the good old days.” She 
and her husband, Col. Dinsmore, 
USA, lived in Tientsin. Later they 
were in the Philippines — and left 
there just in the nick of time. 

Two more ex-Philippine Island- 
ers now living in Washington are 
Mr. and Mrs. Ben D. Dorfman. 
Like most Far -Easterners, Mr. 
Dorfman acquired the travel habit 
and is now on a business trip to 
Puerto Rico. 

At a party for soldiers the other 
evening (where, incidentally, a 
surprisingly large number of men 
had been in the Orient) a busi- 
nessman gave a talk on the popu- 
lar subject of postwar living. On 
the same platform, slightly to the 
real - , sat a friend. At unexpected 
moments the audience shrieked 
with laughter, much to the aston- 
ishment and distress of the speak- 
er. What was so amusing about the 
low cost of future housing? The 
answex- — his friend had prepared a 
number of printed signs which he 
held up to the audience at selected 
intervals; such signs as, “That’s a 
Lie"— “Oh, Dear” — “Think of That" 
— “Applesaoice." 

Navy Wives: 

Just a few years ago you met 
them riding around in x-ickshas in 
Shanghai, Hankow, Chefoo. Now 
they battle the traffic in Norfolk, 
Va. — Mrs. Courtney Shands, Mrs. 
E. V. Jobe, Mrs. Donald C. Varian. 
Mrs. Francis Merkle, Mrs. “Pat” 
Trowers, Mrs. Richard Webb. 

Mi’?/ Richard S. Baron, widow of 
Lt. Comdr. Baron who lost his life 
at the fall of Cavite, is now living 
at 10204 Pierce Dr.. Silver Springs, 
Md. Mi's. Baron recently christened 
the USS Baron in honor of the 
hero who was posthumously award- 
ed the Navy Cross. 

Mis. Gx-ace Chappie, wife of W. 
G. (“Moon”) Chappie is now living 
in Annapolis. Comdr. Chappie has 
been decorated many times for his 
bx-illiant work as submarine cap- 
tain. Also residing In Annapolis is 
Mi's. Lloyd Mustin. Comdr. Mustin 
was one of the few survivors from 
his cruiser which was lost in the 
Pacific. 

Mrs. E. F. Fergaison, who is now 
Mrs. John Creighton, is living in 
Coranado, Calif. 

Mrs. Louis J. Beilis, who gave 
the talk of the year at the Hankow 
Rotary Club, is living in Norfolk, 
Va., where she is a member of the 
Red Cross Motor Ambulance Corps 



and is also teaching first aid j 
classes. ^ 

The Foreign Touch: I 

Madi as: One morning while “Ed” 
Fendlason was shaving, he heard 
a commotion in the next room, in- 
vestigated and was just in time to 
see a crow carrying two pieces of 
toast out of the window. 

Rio de Janeiro: Mrs. William 
Babcock, formerly of the Philip- 
pines, reports an interesting Grips- 
holm episode. "We had two days of | 
beautiful weather when the ship 
was in port, and Rio citizens of 
all nationalities turned out, laden 
with gifts for the wayfarers. One | 
poorly-clad civilian went ,up to J 
some towheaded children playing 
near the pier. In his hand he had j 
a big shining apple. Now. most j 
fruits are cheap in Brazil, but ap- I 
pies have to be imported from Ax-- ! 
gentine and cost eight or 10 cents j 
in American money, which is a 
large sum for a poor Bx-azilian. The 
Rio man offered the apple to a | 
small American boy and then dis- I 
appeared quietly in the crowd.” J 

Durban. South Africa: A calen- j 
dar, showing -the beautiful country 
of the Orange Free State, and list- I 
ing such holidays as Union Day, j 
Dingaans Day, arrived from Dr. A. ; 
H. Skinner who is in public health 
work. 

Tientsin: Said a repatriate, "Tient- j 
sin is like a dead city. You could j 
shoot a canyon down Victoria Road J 
or Taku Road with very little fear j 
of hurting anyone.” 

Netherland East Indies: There j 
was a lot of chuckling in Australia j 
over a report turned in by a heavy 
bomber pilot, after he blasted a I 
Japanese airstrip in occupied Neth- j 
erland East Indies. It read: “Beg [ 
to report honorable airstrip has 
lost face.” 

Waiting: Months ago Marjorie 
Hanscomb was waiting fo-r a boat j 
to Ceylon to join her BAT husband. 
She is still waiting for a boat. 

Transfer: Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. 
Smvt.h are in Victoria. B C. where I 
Mr. Smyth lias assumed his duties j 
an American Consul Both ; lobert i 
and Jane are delighted with lovely I 
Victoria. 

Homeleave: Edmund Oliver 

Clubb, who recently arrived in 
Washington from Chungking, 
where he was attached to the 
American ^Embassy, is no-w on 
home leave with his family in St. 
Paul, Minn., before returning to his 
duties with the Department of 
State. One of the highlights of Mr. 
Clubb’s life in China was opening 
a new consulate at Tihwa in west- 
ern Sinkiang. 

Newcomer: Hope and "Bill” Dra- 
per, Caltex, Manchux-ia and China, 
report “a new model right off the 
assembly line.” The baby's name 
is Thomas William Draper and he 
was born in Olympia, Wash. 

Korea in Spotlight 
At Town Hall Feb. 16 

Dr, Syngman Rhee, representa- 
tive of the Korean Provisional Gov- 
ernment in Washington, has been 
announced as one speaker on the 
program of a Korean meeting on 
Feb. 16 which will emphasize the 
potential value to the U. S. of the 
Korean people as allies against 
Japan. Emphasis also will be 
placed on the pledge of Korean in- 
dependence given at the Cairo con- 
ference, and the need for the 
American people to begin to know 
more about Korea and the Korean 
people. 

Pearl Buck will,, preside at the j 
meeting, which will be held at j 
Town Hall under auspices of the 
East and West Assn. There will 
be Korean music and pictures. 
Tickets will cost $1.10 and may be 
obtained from the Association, 40 
East 49th St.. New Yox-k, or from 
the Town Hall box affice. 

Philippine Tax Rise 
Forecast by Japanese 

A Japanese broadcast last week 
reported that the Philippine Na- 
tional Assembly had begun its task 
of raising taxes, expected to in- 
crease internal revenue by several 
million pesos a year, by increasing 
levies on forest products 100 per 
cent and by putting a stamp tax 
on mortgages, deeds of sale and 
trust, and other legal documents. 
United States Government monitors 
heard the broadcast. 

Another broadcast of the Domei 
news agency said that Jose P. 
Laurel, President of the Philippine 
puppet govex-nment, had appointed 
Emiliano Tirona as Minister of 
Labor, Health and Public Welfare. 




Gripsholmites 
Feted at Dinner 
By Calif. Group 

( Continued from page 1) 
had just dined well feel almost 
apologetic. “Hot showers? Yes, 
but so few that they were in use 
practically 24 hours of the day." 
Nevex-theless, he said, the camp 
was splendidly run by its inmates 
and there were many bright spots, 
such as weekly entertainments and 
a fine educational program. 

Mrs. Learmouth admitted that 
before internment the feminine 
portion of Shanghai had been di- 
vided into two parties — wives who 
didn’t see why business women in- 
sisted on staying out in the Far 
East and business women who 
couldn’t undex-stand why wives 
weren't home where they belonged. 
Once in internment camp, however, 
all worked together amicably. With 
washing, cleaning, cooking and 
mending there was very little time 
to bemoan one’s lot. 

Teia Manx Food Scarce 

Ralph Schilling told of the trip 
of the Teia Maru which took three 
times as many passengers as it 
could normally accommodate. Food 
was scarcer than In the camps be- 
cause it couldn’t be supplemented 
by packages or pux-chases. 

Chester Fritz said the questions 
most people asked him were: When 
will the war in the Pacific be over? 
On what basis were Americans re- 
patriated? How about business in 
postwar China? 

He refused to prophesy when 
Japan would crumble but called at- 
tention to the map which showed 
little territory" regained in over 
two years of fighting. He had no 
do,ubt as to ultimate victory but 
thought more aggx-essive tactics 
would have to be adopted, which 
he felt sure the Allies had well in 
mind. 

Repatriation followed a recog- 
nized pattern which in Shanghai 
ran along these lines: first officials 
and individuals wanted definitely 
by the .government. The latter in- 
cluded all those who might be in 
danger from the Japanese because 
of political opinions, newspa.pex-men 
and men who had been jailed by 
the Japanese. Then came the dan- 
gerously ill and aged, the women 
and children, men who had wives 
and young children at home, men 
who had sent their wives home 
en asked to do so by the govern- 
nt, American wives of aliens 
(those who had elected to waive 
inclusion in earlier categories) and 
others. 

George H. Barnes was the cheery 
toastmaster for the evening and 



Stop! Look! Listen! 
Neiv Clean-up Slogan 

Chungking citizens are look- 
ing over their shoulders these 
days before they spit, throw 
tangerine peels in the gutter, or 
casually toss dead rats into the 
streets. 

Municipal authorities recently 
put on a stern fro.wn and an- 
nounced heavy fines for those 
perpetrating such offenses. Ref- 
use boxes must he used here- 
after, the authorities declared, 
and announced that sufficient 
boxes are now available to take 
care of all fruit peelings and 
other refuse. 

Excuses that passing neigh- 
bors were responsible for the 
presence of any extinct rat 
found in the roadway will not 
hold good, it was stated. The 
occupant of the nearest house 
to the rodent will pay the fine. 



Mesdames Gardner Crance, J. K. 
Gold and Morley C. Reid with 
Joseph A. Eaton and E. F. Walker 
acted as hospitality committee, 

Mi's. Marion Chase brought an 
interesting party which included 
Dr. and Mrs. Carter Hixson. Dr. 
Hixson's father was American con- 
sul in Foochow in Cleveland’s ad- 
ministration and was instrumental 
in ending the Kuching massacre. 
Also in the group was Mrs. Rich- 
ard Scruggs, wife of Capt. Scruggs 
who is with the Navy in the South 
Pacific. Mrs. Scruggs has lived in 
Tsingtao and Shanghai. Complet- 
ing this circle were Mr. and Mrs. 
Paul Hoefler. Mr. Hoefler lived in 
Raiputana, India, for some time 
and is the author of “Afx-ica 
Speaks.” 

Mrs. F. E. McCorkle brought 
Mrs. Vernon A. Gulick and Mrs. 
Carl Gabrielson — a Yokohama trio. 
Mrs. Helen Jenkins, formerly of 
Hongkong, brought as guest Mine. 
Carisio, whose daughter, Mrs. A. 
H. Compton, was a resident of 
Hongkong. Mr. and Mrs. Maurice 
Cardwell had with them Mr. and 
Mrs. George H. Boeck. In G. Gus- 
to'n’s party were Mrs. “Pete” Kipp 



of Yokohama and Mrs. Elmer Pen- 
nell of Tokyo, also J. Dickson. Mr. 
and Mrs. Howard Rleber hosted a 
party of six. 

Old China Hands 

Other guests were Mrs. Roy 
Isaacson of Tokyo and Shanghai. 
Mrs. Janett Hamilton -Hubbard, 
Mrs. Shirley D. Thurman, Mrs. G. 
F. Harris of Manila, Mrs. Don 
Tingling of Shanghai, C. A. Armit- 
age ex-SS Tatsuta Maru, Mrs. 
Frank C. Mahin from Manila, 
Japan and China, Miss Florence W. 
Howell, director of the Chinese 
Cultural Society, Blaine Coppinger 
and Mr. and Mrs. Earl H. Taylor. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward Arnhold 
brought in their pax-ty Hans Ditis- 
heim, international banker from 
Zurich, Switzerland, a friend of Sir 
Victor Sassoon. Mr. Ditisheim’s 
firm has been prominent in finan- 
cial undertakings in the Far East. 
Mrs. Emilie Neresheimer's party 
included Mrs. Harry Arnhold, Miss 
Ruth Knudsen and Mr. and Mrs. 
S. H. Barton. Mrs. Kay Harrison 
had as her guest Mrs. Helen Bain- 
bx-idge Waldo, a world-tx-aveller 
who lectured extensively in China, 
returning to America in 1940. 

Busily swapping Far East items 
were Mrs. Enid Gracey, Mrs. Laura 
Crum, John Terry, Dr. F. B. Hud- 
son, Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Hykes, Mr. 
and Mrs. Chrisopher Keen, Jr., Dr. 
H. I. Small, Mr. and Mrs. E. Test, 
Mrs. G. B. Campbell, Miss Grace 
Neville, Mr. and Mrs. J. K. Gold, 
Mi\ and Mrs. J. R. Folks, Mr. and 
Mx-s. “Johnny" Walker, Mr. and 
Mrs. J, A. Eaton, Graeme Nicholl 
and D, Leonard. 

A lively tableful included Mr. and 
Mis. A. Krisel, Mr. and Mrs. A. 
Goldman, Mrs. L. Goldman, Mrs. 
Max Friedman and Mrs. J. J. Bren- 
neman. Mrs. Frank Baldwin had 
among her guests Mr. and Mrs. W. 
E. Haarmann and Mrs. F. J. Coo- 
per. At the Morley Reid table were 
the Misses Ruth and Helen Baker. 

Also present were Mr. and Mrs. 
L. D, Gholson, Mrs. Phyllis Hew- 
lett-Smith, T. E. Lowry, Mr. and 
Mrs. F. F. Vaughan, John Kelly, 
Mi’, and Mrs. J. D. Julien, Mrs. 
George Barnes, Mr. and Mx-s. Man- 
fred Barber, Mr. and Mrs. Horace 
Felton, Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Horton, 
Mrs. H. S. Vandell and Miss Maude 
Vandell, O. J. Todd, Mrs. G. E. 
Rider and others. 



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Page Four 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, February If, 191flf 



AMERICAN EDITION 

®be Shanghai burning (Just 

anil idprnmt 



Chungking, Washington and London object to So- 
viet "security" ideas on Mongolia, Manchuria, Ko- 
rea, even North China, Russia probably will "toe 
there with the mostest” men. 



Published weekly by the Post-Mercury Co., Inc., 
101 5th Ave., New York 3, N. Y. Tel. ALgonquin 4-4300 
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, of or payment for unsolicited manuscript. 



Russia Calls The Tune 

An interesting historic point is raised by Hallett 
Abend in his new book "My Life in China 192S- 
1941” concerning the attitude of Soviet Russia just 
before the beginning of Sino-Japanese hostilities 
still continuing — but without participation of the 
canny Soviet. 

Mr. Abend says accurately that Japan was sus- 
picious and fearful of an eventual Russo-Chinese 
rapprochement. But our information is that he goes 
off the line when he continues: 

"These suspicions and fears were heightened 
almost to the point of frenzy after the kidnap- 
ping of General Chiang Kai-shek in December 
of 1936. and the resulting truce with the Chi- 
nese Communists. The agreement which result- 
ed in the Generalissimo's release seemed to 
Tokyo to be a confirmation of its worst fears, 
and undoubtedly Japan's attack upon China, 
begun in July of 1937 at Marco Polo Bridge 
near Peiping, was partly inspired by the Japa- 
nese conviction that they must strike before 
China and Soviet Russia concluded an accord 
providing military action against the Japanese 
in North China and in Manchuria. The hitherto 
unrevealed truth is that the tendency was to- 
ward such an accord, and that negotiations 
were proceeding favorably late in April of 
1937 ...” 

The foregoing was based on what the Russians 
told Mr. Abend. But what the Russians tell people 
is not necessarily the precise truth and from sources 
directly concerned with what was going on at that 
time we have the story running along quite a dif- 
ferent line — one which seems to us more plausible, 
more in tune with Moscow's customary and ex- 
plicable theory of Russia-first, and one which toy no 
means incidentally gives a valuable warning for 
the future. 

As we have heard the story, news of the Sian 
kidnapping and the subsequent rapprochement be- 
tween Kuomintang and Communists for a United 
Front in China was precisely the thing which cooked 
Sino-Soviet negotiations proceeding smoothly up to 
that time. Why? Because at that moment, 'Soviet 
doubts as to who had to fight Japan first were set 
at rest. It had to toe China because China's Na- 
tional Government had attained union of the coun- 
try on a clear promise that Japan would toe resisted 
instead of temporized with as had been the case up 
to that time. 

Japan herself seems not to have been clear as to 
whom she would first take on. There were strong 
elements convinced that war with the U.S.S.R. had 
to be, and that China could safely be sidetracked 
•until the dreaded Soviet menace could be tackled. 
Russia, aware of this, was trying to get China to 
sign a general alliance even more sweeping than 
the. mutual protection pact sought by the Chinese. 
That was because she wanted China on her side 
if she had to fight Japan; but if China were to 
fight Japan, Riussia decidedly did not want to be 
bound to go in with China. 

Sian foretold future developments and the shrewd 
Russians sized up the situation instantly. All 
Chance for a Sino-Russian treaty with teeth in it 
^vanished. A few days after the start of the summer 
fighting, when the die was finally cast, Moscow 
signed an innocuous treaty which left her free to 
maintain a detachment persisting to the present 
day in spite of present pressure not only by China 
but toy the United States and Great Britain as well. 

What of the future? It is always hazardous to 
forecast, but there is a strong probability that Rus- 
sia will finally declare war on Japan. She will not 
do so at a time when the United Nations are still 
marking time- in the Far East as they are at pres- 
ent. That is why she has refused to let America use 
Siberia-Kamchatka air bases for bomber attack on 
Japan — she knew that as things have been and still 
are, the sequel would be a furious Japanese counter- 
attack costing her these bases and plunging her into 
a fight for which she is not ready while Germany 
remains in the ring. 

But when Allied force is thrown heavily against 
Japan Russia is likely to join in the fray at last. 
She will be a partner in victory. What disposition 
is made of territories adjoining or near to her oWn p 
eastern areas is a matter in which Russia will have 
a voice and perhaps be the decisive factor. If 



Japan's Atrocities 

Far Easterners shared the horror of our entire 
nation when the War Department a few days ago 
released news of atrocious treatment of American 
war prisoners in the Philippines. While the shock 
perhaps was less intense for us than for the pub- 
lic at large, this was for the depressing reason 
that we had been long familiar with such fruits of 
Nipponese ctilture — many of us at first-hand. Our 
civilian friends and relatives had suffered on oc- 
casion even worse treatment (if possible) than was 
so brutally administered to captured members of 
the armed forces. And during years before our 
own direct engagement in the war with Japan, 
millions of helpless Chinese had undergone every 
fiendish variation of torture and death. 

Put it all in the book. 

There will toe an accounting. 

Persons usually well informed suggest that the 
action of our authorities, and the British, in re- 
leasing the prisoners of war story at this time is 
indication that the day of Japan's accounting; has 
now drawn near. We hope that is so. 



Delay in Burma 

Some disappointment has been felt among those 
who had expected the launching of an all-out Allied 
offensive against Japanese positions in Burma as 
soon as the monsoon ended last autumn. At least 
there has recently been announcement of a British 
capture of Maungdaw, close to India on the Bay 
of Bengal, which is hailed as resumption of Wavell's 
abandoned Arakan campaign. But it does not con- 
stitue all-out operation of the sort earlier antici- 
pated by the general public. 

It can now toe said that to those on the ground, 
this state of affairs has been clear for months. 
There has been no deviation from plan, for the 
preparations for what must finally be done right 
(if at all) have entailed much more than the 
ordinary person would realize. As Lord Louis 
Mounttoatten recently told his forces, a really all- 
out Burma offensive cannot toe expected until there 
has been victory in Europe. 

But use has been made of the dry season, due to 
end about the last part of March. Operations clear- 
ing the way for the new Ledo Road in northern 
Burma have been conducted 'successfully by Chinese 
commanded by Americans, while at theTfame u ne 
there has been much force behind the British coast- 
al drive which may open the way for a Bay of 
Bengal naval blow at Rangoon. The rainy season 
would cancel off against both sides with some shade 
of benefit to the attacker. 

One final word of caution is due. We note re- 
cent publicity concerning the Ledo Road along 
which, it is promised toy enthusiastic newspaper 
desk men, “supplies will flow in a flood that will 
drown the Japs.” On the contrary the Ledo Road 
cannot possibly toe as useful as the Burma Road, 
and even the Burma Road can be thrown wide 
open with still far from what experts regard as 
the minimum supply possibilities necessary for a 
successful mainland Asia offensive. Over-enthus- 
iasm over prospects in Burma can be almost as , 
dangerous as continued inertia, though not quite. 



A Chungking-Eye View 

Fresh in from Chungking, C. J. (“Jack") Smith 
watched with interest as the editor tore a sheet 
off a memo pad and tossed it-into the wastebasket. 

"Back where you can throw paper away like 
.that," he remarked meditatively. “Whee!” 

Most of us in America not only don’t know how 
the other half lives, we've got no realization how 
about 85 per cent of the rest live, if you can call 
it living. 

We took Bro. Smith out, toasted Chungking, de- 
molished a good meal complete with real coffee, 
and by the time we got back he wouldn't have 
noticed if we'd tossed TWO sheets of paper into 
the wastebasket. Memory is short, once one gets 
to the fleshpots. 



WHAT DO YOU THINK? 



Japan's Air Strength 

(New York Times) 

Premier Tojo declares that Japan has doubled her 
plane production in the past year. This statement 
could mean much or little, according to the figures 
on which it is based. What it actually does mean 
may be tested by developments on the battlefront. 
There the Japanese have been retreating for a year, 
chiefly, as all reports agree, because of their weak- 
ness in the air. They have had to give up one air- 
field after another from the Gilberts to the Solo- 
mons and New Britain because their ground troops 
lacked plane support. Our own aerial strength has 
been steadily mounting, while that of Japan has 
apparently remained where it was, sufficient to 
assure replacements but not enough to achieve su- 
periority or even equality. It is believed that Japan 
now has about 6,000 modem places. If with these 
she cannot dominate a single front on which she is 
attacked, how can she hope to meet the tens of 
thousands of Allied planes which will be turned 
against her when Germany capitulates ? 




Report To ‘‘‘Hon. Ancestors' 



— Neic York World-Telegram. 



THE POST BOX H 



BATAAN ATROCITIES 

To the Editor: 

The tone of some of the news- 
papers regarding the newly dis- 
closed Japanese atrocities will 
alarm many of us with friends and 
relatives in the Far East. The im- 
pression conveyed by much of the’ 
comment — justified as the indigna- 
tion is — is that the only concern 
now should be to engage in a war 
of retaliation against the Japanese 
with no regard whatever to the 
continued welfare of our internee 
friends in the 'Far East. 

I am sure that that is a misrep- 
resentation of official intentions, 
which unquestionably will be to 
continue to seek the amelioration 
of the lot of our unfortunate 
friends. To this end the publicity 
given to the atrocities is not a 
futile campaign of mere denuncia- 
tion, but will be designed to bring 
home to the Japanese authorities 
and people the utter disrepute into 
which they are being dragged by 
the toleration of these scandalous 
conditions. 

E. T. NASH. 

Stamford, Conn. 

ANOTHER HONGKONGITE 

To the Editor: 

As a one-time resident of Hong- 
kong and frequent traveller 
throughout the ~ Far and Middle 
East, your journal is very much 
worth the enclosed money order. 

S. P. LANGLEY. 

Vancouver, B. C. 

LOST IN EXPLOSION 

To the Editor: 

Would you print a news item 
stating that the son of Mr. and 
Mrs. P. Donahue, of New York 
City, is believed lost in the ex- 
plosion of the tug that brought 
TNT from Green Island to the 
Blake Pier, late at night. He was 
one of a group of men that volun- 
teered for this dangerous task. 

For some unknown reason a 
British battery had not been in- 
formed of this tug’s arrival just 
opposite the Post Office. They shot 
into the moving object blowing it 
to pieces and the men on board. 
The son of the Donahues had been 
adopted by an officer of the Hong- 
kong police force, Inspector Leon- 
ard Tyler. The latter felt it keenly 
and requested me to inform the 
parents. 

I sent them a registered letter 
but it was returned marked: mov- 
ed — cannot be found. 

REV. J. E. PERDUE. 
2134 Berteau Ave., 

Chicago 18, 111. 

DIES IN P. I. CAMP 
To the Editor: 

I do not know if you remember 
my name. My husband was a di- 
rector of the BAT at Shanghai. I 
evacuated from there in 1941. I 
.used to organize a lot of charity 
for the "Foreign Unemployed” and 
was on the Committee of the Min- 
istering Children's league. My out- 
standing functions were the “Egyp- 



tian and the Spanish balls” at the 
Paramount which were great suc- 
cesses. 

I received news of "the death of 
my husband on July 14, 1942 in a 
Japanese prison camp in the Phil- 
ippines from an employee of the 
BAT who arrived on the Grips- 
hoim. I will be glad if you will 
mention it in the Post. 

Also, I would like to hear from 
any Shanghai friends. 

MRS. C. C. NEWSON. 

Htoel-GaHfonmr,- ■- ~ 

Santa Barbara, Calif. 

THREE DUTCH “WARPHANS” 
To the Editor: 

We who returned on the first 
Gripsholm often recall the sad pic- 
ture of seeing three little Dutch 
children coming out io our ship in 
Singapore on an oiltanker. They 
were hoping to find their parents 
on our ship. The parents, being 
Dutch, were not repatriated o-n our 
ship and the children were taken 
back to Singapore. 

I wonder if anyone who came 
from the Philippines could tell us 
if those three children eventually 
joined their parents who appar- 
ently were at Santo Tomas? The 
oldest girl was named Litze Hunt- 
er, and her father was Dutch 
Consul. 

MRS. W. VANDER MEER. 
1928 Madison Ave., 

Grand Rapids, Mich. 

KILLED OVER ENGLAND 
To the Editor: 

I am sure that the many friends 
of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Gailey 
(''Bill” and Mathilde) Hoffmann, 
8924 Gibson St., Los Angeles, will 
regret to learn that their only 
child, S/Sgt. Walter Gailey Hoff- 
mann, Jr., was killed in action over 
England, Jan. 13, this year. 

Sgt. Hoffmann spent his early 
years in China, and attended the 
Tientsin American School. His 
father was an executive of the 
Standard Oil Co.. 1915-1928. Walter 
Jr. had grown to be a wonderful 
specimen of manhood, tall, broad- 
shouldered, athletic and straight- 
forward, loved by all who knew 
him. He enlisted as soon as he 
reached 21 and after completing 
courses in radio and gunnery was 
assigned to a crew of a Liberator 
bomber as radio operator and gun- 
ner. He and his crew had only re- 
cently been assigned to active com- 
bat duty. He loved America. He, 
more than many of our boys who 
have never been abroad before, 
knew what his country really 
meant. He was proud to be an 
American and proud to offer his 
life for his country. 

Both parents survive him. “Bill,” 
author of a textbook on Pacific 
relations, is connected with the 
Los Angeles City Schools. Mathilde 
is with the Army Air Forces, First 
Motion Picture Unit, at Culver 
City. 

MRS. C. R. AMOS. 
240 S. Oakland Ave., 

Pasadena, Calif. 




Friday, February J/> 19 kk 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Five 



Far East 
Books 



MV LIFE IN CHINA 1926-1911, by 

Hallett Abend. Harcourt, Brace 

and Co., New York. $3. 

First writing as a free-lance 
and later working under the late 
Grover Clark on the Peking Lead- 
er, Hallett Abend developed an_ in- 
itially small connection with 'the 
New York Times into the respon- 
sible post of chief Far East cor- 
respondent through a period when 
history was made. Mr. Abend here 
presents his memoirs. Some of the 
material has been previously .cov- 
ered in earlier 'Writings but the 
complete picture now includes a 
great many points or Interest not 
only to his friends but to all in- 
terested in the Far East. 

Mr. Abend has a definite point 
of view, which has led him into at 
least his fair share of turmoil. His 
story gives generous account of his 
personal part in things. Others may 
differ at times on his assessment 
of his own importance in the j 
march of events. However, this re- | 
viewer is prepared to testify to the j 
authenticity of certain such re- 
citals, an example being Mr. 
Abend's ‘ break” of the story of the j 
Nanking atrocities. Mr. Abend got 
the startling facts ahead of others 
from Japanese sources, and made 
them available in many quarters; 
the Shanghai Evening Post and 
Mercury gained its first such in- 
formation by being given access to 
the Abend telegraph files. 

Russia’s Role 

At times Mr. Abend, like all the 
rest of us, may have gone some- 
what wrong. The Post is comment- 
ing editorially upon a point raised 
by Mr. Abend regarding Soviet 
Russian policy between the Sian 
kidnapping and the outbreak of 
Sino-Japanese hostilities. 

Much of this volume has special 
professional interest to newspaper- 
men. For example there is the 
story of how Mr. Abend for a time 
got an inside news track expressly 
because he had been at odds with 
the Chinese! This may be irksome 
to some who played ball with the 
Chinese and got no special news 
-consideration for their pains, but 
on the other hand they are likely 
to feel considerable Empathy with 
the way "Nanking flagrantly (on 
the record) misrepresented Mr. 
Abend when he moved to heal a 
breach. Fortunately this finally 
worked out with good feeling 
among those concerned. 

News Judgment a Problem 

Any foreign correspondent must 
also sympathize with the Abend 
feelings when he wanted to cover 
Japan’s attack on Manchuria while 
his home office decreed that Lind- 
bergh's China visit was bigger 
news! The Times seems on the 
whole to have been both wise and 
loyal to its representative. 

There are some interesting quo- 
tations of and judgments on im- 
portant- Far East figures. Of an j 
earlier period but still applicable ] 
is T. V. Sqong's reported comment 
on allegations (in 1935) of a split 
between the Tokyo Foreign and | 
War Ministries; T. V. said "It | 
isn't actually a split. The army has | 
always been in control. The sit,ua- | 
tion may appear to be in the hands I 
of the Foreign Office for a while; 
then the army suddenly starts ac- 
tion and the diplomats have to do 
their bidding.” 

MacArthur in History 

Closer to the present day is Mr. I 
Abend’s verdict that Gen. Mac- j 
Arthur was unduly heroized by the | 
American press— while the defense 
of Bataan and Corregidor was "a. i 
magnificent achievement,” Mac- 1 
Arthur underestimated Japanese 
strength and power, and “82% of j 
our airforce in the Philippines were 
destroyed during the first day of | 
the war— ^nd most of those planes 
were destroyed on the ground” al- 
though MacArthur knew of Pearl 
Hai'bor eight ho;urs before the de- 
struction on the ground of three- 
fourths of our Flying Fortresses in 
the Philippines began. 

In conclusion Mr. Abend makes 
the point that while good work has 
been done by the old-style corre- 
spondent, often blundering into 
jobs for which he was unprepared, 
the expert correspondent we may 
expect in future should do even 
better. His closing word is that the 
war will have been fought in vain 
if it ends without restoring press 
freedom. — R. G. 



COMPULSORY EDUCATION ! 

CHUNGKING (CNS) —A set of 1 
measures for the enforcement of | 
compulsory education for children j 
of school age and illiterate adults, j 
drafted by the Ministry of Edu- j 
cation, has been passed at a meet- j 
ing of the Executive Yuan. 



Jap Admission 
Of Rice Dearth 
Inspires China 

(From the Chungking Bureau, Shanghai 
Evening Post and .Mercury) 

CHUNGKING (By Radio) — 
Japan last year had a poor rice 
crop. That's the most important 
news from Tokyo in a long time. 
Becapse it means that Japan is go- 
ing to have, to usd more and more 
ships to bring in rice from her out- 
lying conquests in order to feed her 
war workers and keep her indus- 
trial machine grinding. 

There will be rice in ships that 
could otherwise be used for bring- 
ing ore and rubber and similar 
products to the home islands, or for 
transporting troops and equipment 
to her far flung battle lines. Oper- 
ating, as they will be ( forced to 
operate, close to the coast of the 
Asiatic continent they will be con- 
stant targets for Allied planes 
based in China. The hunting will 
be good in the months to come. 

Crop Failure Sign 

Last fall's amalgamation of the 
Japanese agricultural and com- 
merce ministries in order to force 
an increase in production is the 
basic blame to this virtual admis- 
sion of crop- failures. At the same 
time Premier Tojo’s Diet statement 
that Japanese and Manchurian ag- 
riculture will be integrated is seen 
as a clear way of saying that Man- 
churia will be plundered in order 
to give the people of Japan three 
square meals a day. 

It is remembered that as long ago 
as December, 1942, Tojo was stat- 
ing: “People must accustom them- 
selves to eating subsidiary food 
stuffs. The consumption of vital 
food stuffs has to be economized.” 
Some time ago, the Japanese ad- 
mitted; “For the past two or three 
years we have been in a state of 
perilous insufficiency. As a matter 
of fact we must depend on supplies 
from the South Seas. But in the 
light of our shipping difficulties the 
question of transportation of rice 
cannot be viewed with easy op- 
timism." 

It must be remembered that for 
many years Japan has not produced 
sufficient rice to feed her 75,000,000 
people. The difference has been 
made up from Korea and Formosa. 
In recent years whenever Japan 
had a good rice year the colonies 
lagged behind — fortunately for us. 
The result is that there is little re- 
serve in Japan today. 

Hopeful Indications 

But nobody here seriously thinks 
Japan is going to be starved into 
submission. They do think though 
that with thousands of farmers 
now in the Japanese Army, with 
thousands of other possible rice har- 
vesters employed in war plants, 
with fertilizer short, with fixed 
prices making rice production less 
attractive to possible workers than 
other jobs — with all these things 
combined— they believe that Japan's 
production of rice is growing 
steadily bad. 

As an outgrowth of that they be- 
lieve more and more ships will have 
to be used to bring rice from other 
rice-producing areas. And that in 
turn prevents those ships from be- 
ing used in more war-like endeav- 
ors, and offer's easier targets to 
the hard-flying 14th U. S. Air Force. 

Wardrobe Notes 
For China-Bound 

(Continued from page 1) 
scarves also to serve as hats, light 
wool bathrobe, two pair flannel pa- 
jamas, pigskin shoulder bag, one 
necklace, wrist-watch, ring, pair 
earrings. And for gifts: four lip- 
sticks, four paste rouges, 100 razor 
blades. 

More prosaic were the instruc- 
tions set forth in the Foreign Mis- 
sions Conference Newsletter, which 
advised bringing “strong shoes” 
with “spare soles for resoling.” 
Other items specifically mentioned 
included an extra supply of pass- 
port photos, medicines, toilet ar- 
ticles such as tooth paste and shav- 
ing soap. 

Both the PM list and the 'For- 
eign Missions Conference list were 
united on one very unromantic 
requirement: a portable typewriter, 
with extra ribbons and an adequate 
supply of notebooks and carbon 
paper. And if less glamorous than 
the PM list, the Missions Confer- 
ence notes for prospective visitors 
to China bore one canny note of 
Scottish thriftiness in the matter 
of weight allowances: 

“It is a universal practice to save 
.weight by coming in wearing extra 
clothing and with filled pockets!” 



Tivo Views of Nippon’s Needs 



MR. TOJO OF JAPAN By Taro Yashima 




His People Beg to Differ 



The Japanese rice shortage was dramatically portrayed by Taro 
Yashinra, editorial page cartoonist for the Pacific Citizen, in a recent 
issue of the publication. The Citizen is the official organ of the Japa- 
nese-American Citizens League, which has its national headquarters 
in Salt Lake City. 

China-AmericaGroupFormed 
To Analyze Trade Factors 



(Continued from page 1) 
to determine a comprehensive and 
workable program; cooperation 
with the governments of the United 
States and China, and Chinese pri- 
vate enterprise in coordinating the 
two countries' economic programs; 
appraisal of China’s commercial 
laws and economic organization; 
the protection of the equitable in- 
terests of American business, and 
the rendering of various commer- 
cial services here and in China, 
such as reports on conditions af- 
fecting trade with China and in- 
formation about commercial oppor- 
tunities. 

Julean Arnold, American com- 
mercial attache to China for many 
years, is director of the Council's 
activities on the West Coast. Of- 
fices are being established in Seat- 
tle and San Francisco, and a China 
branch will be opened in Chung- 
king. 

“Our aim is to help China ex- 
pand her industries and develop 
her resources on a basis that will 
be of greatest benefit to her and, 
at the same time, be of mutual 
benefit, not only to the individual 
American companies which will do 
business with China, but, indirectly, 
to all the people of the United 
States," the announcement con- 
cluded. 

Members of Board 

The board of directors, which 
will eventually be increased to 36 
members, includes, in addition to 
the officers, W. L. Bomer, Bristol 
Meyer Co.; W. Gibson Carey, Jr., 
Yale & Towne Manufacturing Co.; 
C. S. Ching, United States Rubber 



Chinese Students Print 
8-Page English Tabloid 

The first edition of an eight-page 
tabloid in English was published in 
Chungking last week by students 
of the Chinese Graduate School of 
Journalism, according to Dr. Hol- 
lington K. Tong, Vice Minister of 
Information and director of the 
school. 

Presses and other equipment for 
the paper were brought to Chung- 
king from India by airplane. The 
office is a bamboo and mud build- 
ing next door to the classroom, 
from which the students are pre- 
pared to move on short notice to 
bomb-proof shelters nearby. 

The newspaper is under the di- 
rection of Dean Harold L. Cross 
and a staff of journalists sent to 
China last June by Columbia Uni- 
versity’s Graduate School of Journ- 
alism and the Chinese Government. 



EXIT THE DOLLAR! 

“The virtual demise of the Unit- 
ed States dollar” in the Japanese- 
dominated Philippines was an- 
nounced recently by the Tokyo Ra- 
dio in a broadcast to the United 
States, which added that “the new 
Philippines currency will be linked 
to the yen, now accepted as the 
staple monetary unit of East Asia.” 



Co.; John L. Collyer, B. F. Good- 
rich Co.; Gano Dunn, J. G. White 
Engineering Corp.-; Ralph E. 
Flanders, Jones & Lamson Machine 
Co.; Frank J. Foley, American 
Locomotive Co.; Clyde N. King, In- 
ternational Harvester Co. 

Also Arthur Kudner, Arthur 
Kudner, Inc.; Charles P. McCor- 
mick, McCormick & Co.; James A. 
MacKay, National City Bank; H. 
R. Mallory, Cheney Brothers; 
James H. McGraw, Jr., McGraw- 
Hill Publishing Co.; George H. 
Mead, The Mead Corp.; Clark H. 
Minor, International General Elec- 
tric Co.; H. B. Nicholson, Coca- 
Cola Co.; Floyd B. Odium, Atlas 
Corp.; C. R. Palmer, Cluett, Pea- 
body & Co., Inc.; J. H. Rand, Jr., 
Remington-Rand, Inc.; Joseph C. 
Rovensky, Chase National Bank. 

Also H. L. Schultz, Standard- 
Vacuum Oil Co.; Charles L. Still- 
man, Time, Inc.; Harry M. Tilling- 
hast, R. Hoe & Co., Inc.; William 
B. Warner, McCall Corp., and Wal- 
ter H. Wheeler, Jr., Pitney-Bowes 
Postage Meter Co. 



Chang Traces 
Postwar Trade 
Possibilities 

Stressing the importance of the 
China market in American postwar 
economic planning, Chang Kia- 
ngau, former leading Chinese bank- 
er and more recently Minister of 
Communications, told the National 
Assn, of Manufacturers in New 
York City last week that American 
investments probably can be made 
either in Chinese Government en- 
terprises or in private business. 

“The Chinese Government enter- 
prises can be financed by two 
methods,” he continued, "by inter- 
governmental financing and by 
joint ownership between 'Chinese 
Government and private American 
interests. The private business in 
China can also be financed in two 
ways, either by direct investments 
or by joint enterprise between 
American and Chinese private in-' 
terests.” 

At another point in his speech 
Mr. Chang, who is in this country 
in the interest of Chinese postwar 
planning, said: 

“One of the topics that has re- 
ceived the widest interest among 
the industrialists and financiers in- 
terested in China is the question of 
government against private indus- 
tries in postwar China. To this 
question, my answer is that our 
Government has already passed 
resolutions to 'adopt the policy of 
emphasizing a simultaneous devel- 
opment of government and private 
industries’ and ‘to give private in- 
dustries encouragement and protec- 
tion of the law.’ 

“Personally, I think the future 
tendency is that most of the .public 
utilities and railroads and some of 
the heavy industries, which require 
long-term, large capital investment 
will come under the category of 
government control. The remain- 
ing industries are most likely to be 
delegated to the private interests.” 

Fei Planning Survey 
Of U. S. Chinatowns 

A model plan for surveying Chi- 
nese communities in the U. S. is 
being set up at the University of 
Chicago- under — the* drr©etk)n--of- 
Prof. Fei Hsiao'-tun, according to 
the China Institute. Prof. Fei 
and four Chinese students expect 
to complete the plan in May. The 
test survey is being made in Chi- 
cago’s Chinatown. Others will be 
made of similar communities, 
such as those in San Francisco 
and New York. 

These surveys are being undei'- 
taken in the hope that Chinese 
students in this country may 
learn more of the American com- 
munities of which the Chinatowns 
are a part. Results may also be 
of value to the Chinese Govern- 
ment in determining future policy 
with regard to overseas Chinese. 




It Takes Time To Build 

A GOOD NAME... 

We’ve been building ours since 1850. It’s not 
merely the passage of years that inspires con- 
fidence in a name, but what has been accom- 
plished during those years, that counts. Sincerity 
of purpose, a deep understanding of basic hu- 
man needs and the desire to fulfill them — these 
are the foundation stones upon which our name 
has been built. We shall continue to build 
on that foundation, a Company devoted to good 
service and fair treatment toward all our clients. 




The United States Life Insurance Co. 

IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK 



Page Six 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, February If, 191flf 



P. I. Atrocities Report on Manila Methodists 
Veil Trend On Brought Back by Gripsholmites 

3rd Exchange 



( Continued from page 1) 



Caught in Manila at the outbreak t mented so that a balanced and ade- 
of the war. Miss Florence Evans, j quate diet is available, and all are 
a missionary-nurse from Cheeloo [ reported t0 be 
University Hospital in .Qhina, I 



Requests Received 
For Internee News 



Roy Davis, 3967% S. Normandie 
j Ave., Los Angeles 37, Calif. 

| News of Mr. and Mrs. J. A. 

Jameson (Getz Bros. & Co.), of 
j Shanghai; sought by Mrs. Alice 
Lane, c/o Sgt. C. D. Lane, H & S 



j Battery, Artillery Branch, 
j Lejeune, New River, N. C. 
repatriates who hayej News of Miss Grace Rand, 






.... ...... ) repatriated on the Griiiholm. She] Those who remain at liberty u> , ed belo» 

editorials advocating this mterpre- and others returning from the Phil- Manila, it is reported, have .o 

“ 2 ° The* U. S. Government some Opines brought the first direct re- guard and may move about ; the 1 

quarters maintained on the other Methodist missionaries city on nece^ary errands without 

hand, realizing: that not only a com- there. molestation. Doctors and teachers 

. Vi,, a , di,„nnip B q' HpnH- According to these reports, mis- carry on regular work, and the ! , . 

plete but eten a h^eless^dead- -I . on , r ,. 3 « wlth othei . Americans. ! children * ot missionaries are In ! Hongkong « Shanghai 



good health.; in f ormat ion about the persons list-j po * r ted" to* be ~at~ Santo* *Tomas ; 
. ... — - — asked to write to the ... - - — 



sought by Mrs. 



Tennessee St., 



were interned on Jan. 10, 1942 in I school. 



; Corp. i 



lock had been reached i 

SSRSSS&LSSH; | Five” "days later "the j ~K3ng the period o, internment. ^ N™h £ £. S. and 

gsidiprt fhp time had arrived f or missionaries were offered release , missionary leaders have kept j n week, Newsweek Bldg.. 4_na ana 
nothing les« than a war of extermi- ! to return to work in Manila. All | contact with the churches in Ma- 1 Broadway ‘ New York Clly ' 

nation against the Japanese and ! Methodist missionaries left Santo j nila and in the provinces. Japanese ' News of Mr. and Mrs. Philip 

was proceeding to put that decision 1 Tomas, the staff of the Mary pastors have been sent by the mili- ' Witham and their small son,. An- 

into effect ° I Johnston Hospital returning to tary authorities to make contact j thony, reported to be interned in 

hv F»rlv their compound and the others go- j with Christian groups' in the Phil-: Stanley Camp, Hongkong; sought 

tv- inf pro ret a ti on was spurred ing to the buildin &s of the Harris ippines. This work is strictly mili- by Mrs. Lawrie Fryer-Smith. 34 
hv "statements made bv White j Memorial Training School. Dr. and tary duty on the part of the pas-! Ingram Ar T ~- J ~~ 1 ' TT,T 11 " 
House Secretary Stephen T. Early i Mrs ‘ Foley> ° f the Manila Union i tors and not voluntary service. The land, 
when the fitrocitv disclosures were Church - remained in Santo Tomas, Japanese designated for work with I News of Richard I. Cherrill, for- 
first made, in which he said: ‘'The | where Dr. Foley is finding oppor- j the Methodist movement are Meth-j merly with Asiatic Petroleum Co. 
time has come to release factual, 
carefully authenticated reports on 



whose names and ad- 
ire also given; Calif. 

of Mrs. Norman Ruther- 1 N „ s o( Capt . jr rea Nystrom, 
ford, last heard from in Shanghai j mastei , of l6e Adrall . al y. S. Wil- 
liams, sailing under the flag of 
... , . . .. . , the American Trading Co., re- 

Shanghai); sought by Maj. portedIy in Kow loon Prison; sought 
Pakpnham. c/o News- by w c K lingborg, Commissioner, 
Domestic Trade Department, Los 



Rutherford 



Japanese atrocities. The Govern- 
ment can no longer expect to get I 
further relief to American prison- | 
ers of war in the hands of the 
Japanese." The New York World- 
Telegram, reporting this White 
House commentary, added in a spe- 
cial Washington dispatch: 

"Mr. Early's statement caused 
speculation that there may be 
further exchange of civilian inter- 
nees between this country a 
Japan. It was pointed out that 
the past supplies of medicine, 
clothing and food for war prisoners 
sent ' 



., London, NW 11, Eng- 

s Manila Union j tors and not voluntary service. The land. 

Church, remained i 
where Dr. Foley is 

j tunity to be of real service to his j odist pastors, most of whom are ! Ltd., Hongkong, reported to be 
| fellow internees. said to have been friendly and ! terned at Shamshuipo; sought by 



The food in camp may be supple- i sympathetic. 



1 In lorn moil I News 



Angeles Chamber of Commerce. 

News of Mrs. Emil Bischoff. 
Dutch East Indies; sought by the 
Shanghai Evening Post. 

News of Capt. Arthur N. Braude, 
formerly with the Hongkong Tele- 
phone Co., and his wife and daugh- 
ter; sought by Mrs. J. H. Stubbs. 
252 Lexington Ave., New York City. 

News of Miss Margaret Early, 
formerly matron of the Shanghai 
Country Hospital; sought by Mrs. 
I. M. MacKenzie, 1017 Linden Ave., 
Victoria, B. C. 

News of Mr. and Mrs. G. S. Gar- 
rard of the Asiatic Petroleum Co- 
Shanghai; sought by Mrs. M. E. 
Hewlett. 5516 Dalhousie Rd., Van- 
couver, B. C. 

News of Mr. and Mrs. Carroll 
Livingstone and their two children, 
reported interned in Manila; sought 
by Mrs. Codrington Baynes-Reed, 
47 Victoria Park Ave., Toronto, Ont. 

News of Richard (“Dick”) Whitty. 
formerly employed by the British 
American Tobacco Co. in Shanghai 

..... . -v. nciomcu v-auij , . . . r, i and reported interned in Pootung; 

here she has found many old P ort ^ da P 1 “. at . Mll,tary C ™ p sought by Mrs. Doris Whitty, 1018 
riends and is well. Mrs. Harris j jj?!' 9 Granville St., Vancouver, B. C. Mrs. 

• •• ££,££? B?aehT'cSi? ‘ like of 

News of Mrs. George Mason T ° m y ‘ . Harvev an d 

Boye. and he, daughter. Mrs. 3. td tbX families. 

R. G. Worcester and Erl 



3. W. Davis, 1225 Juliana St., Park- 
ersburg, W. Va. 

News of Louis Dudley Jones, for- 
merly engineer in charge of the 
Tsingtao factory of the British 
American Tobacco Co., Ltd., and 
reported interned in Weihsien 
Camp; sought by Mrs. Doris Jones, 



Worry in Britain about the way she will be happy to answer any | Parksville. V.I., B.C. 



! specific inquiries addressed to h> 

| concerning Mr. Laycock. 

Word has been received from 
Mrs. Norah Harris, formerly of 
Srin House, Tsingtau. that she has 
j been moved to Weishien Camp 



News of Elsie IM. Luckman, for- 
merly of Shanghai and reported in- 
terned in Santo Tomas Camp in 
Manila; sought by Mr. and Mrs. 
Horace S. Luckman, 247 N. Adelle 
Ave., Leland, Fla. 

News of Malcolm T. Bull. 



with the BAT in 
Tientsin. Her two nephews, Ter- 
I ence and Brian Donnelly, are both 
serving in the Royal Navy. 



Crank, British civilian internees in 

an Oh,u«e Maritime Cjj- 
Toronto Canada toms ‘ s0U S ht by Lt G - F ‘ W ‘ Hud ~ 

New of William W. Pate,” for- *™r TO,*® B W Ave ” 

merly stationed at Olongapo, Zam- Victoria, 



tined for the Philippines, have ac- | 
1 their destination. 

1 . howev er, the. sin 



Embarn.s.ment Created ; '""‘"S he «*• " flt a weI1 " , M 

A. « matte, of fact, the State „ * Dertysh.re mar, who has 
Department, the Shanghai Evening , 

Post learned from entirely unof- j 



j British prisoners of war and civil- 
I ian internees in the Far East 
being treated by the Japanese has 
been allayed by the recent receipt 
of letters from prisoners and in- 
,1 »ai iiouncio • the Lon(ion Daily Mail re- 

“ Japan “aboard I P° l , ted its Transatlantic Edition 
fhe exchange ship Gripsholm. This ! aat ^ eek -. . 

avenue of ichef. in view of the Letters ju,t . received m England, 

aratement, apoarently has been the Da, ly Mail stated con a, n auch foi . mc ,., v 

clo-ed” Phrases as: "Lite tolerable,” “In , 

This intern, -etation was support-! “fS 1 '™* health" "Well and cheer- 
ed by disclosmes that relief and >»>. f»« Japs„treat us very well, 

medical supplies for American pris- sod ° n vv f r J y - , * * * 

in thp Fur iTCaot ahin- 1 A typical letter, dated April 30, 
ned* bv wav of Vladivostok six 1 1943 ' has been received by Mr. and „^ he far >i‘ly and friends of Mrs. 
montts 1 ,U11 IS ' h™ ™ ^ I Mrs. John Baird, of Hove, from Helen Marie Mam, of Redlands, 
that port® and by the additional $«>.. daughter, Mrs. Dorothea j On 1 *. fo™er . Indent of the Uni- 
lack of anv proof that medical sup- Matbias ' according to the London ve rity of Califoima at Los An- 
plies. sent by the Gripsholm on the newspaper. Mrs. Mathias has been seies. were delig ----- ua, ca r .«vi 

second exchange voyage and des- interned in Stanley Camp at Hong- tbl0l '° h the state Department that American civilian internee in Mili- 

,c- j ko ng. Her letter reported : [ she , ba s been able to bake cakes . tary Prison Camp No. 3, Philip- 

“I share a room with an elderly ! and puddings in a Japanese infr- n p i n . = . bv Col. Joseph R 

couple and am considered ^ fortu- ment cmnp in the Philippines and p a te USA Iflfk N. Decatur Rd .. 

ii.i •Visci.jstn-e of the atrocities-- i unhappy, taking the days r.s they 1 ' !,i ' pocke 1 - n .ney to boot. News of Dr. ai d n C 

boiled down to one of complete and j come.” I ‘ a i; *' Lrst _ news roceived Biason and their daughter Joan I News of Cpl. Frank Hundley, 4.th 

utter confusion with the White ! Mrs - Mathias told her parents her I Mis. Mann since December, (Mrs. Biason is a nurse, and Dr. J Marines, Philippines, for a time in 

House and the State Department ! husband, also captured by the Jap-! ® be j° in ed her husband, Ho- Biason was employed by theltogan | 1939 in charge of the motor trans- 

almost diametricallv opposed in the anese, had been transferred to • mei ' A - Mann, of Fullerton, Calif., Mining Co., Baguio, Philippines) ; j P°rt shop in the International Set- 

gene- al tenor of statements. | Japan. His parents had a letter j J n l 938 - Since the Japanese cap- | sought by Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Me- tlement, Shanghai, but later trans- 

I toiiino- w.or. dwi well.”, tul 'ed Panay Island early in 1942 j Cox-mick, 421 E. Pacific St., Apple- ferred to the Philippines where he 

word has been received from ton. Wise. wa s reported by International Red 

! had a letter from his brother, an i b * m - | News of George Carty, formerly Cross, Tokyo, to have died in the 

irtillery officer held in Japan, said, * » * [employed as civilian in Cavite, Philippines; sought by Harry Hund- 

wpVrTnfnrmPd ! the message was 200 words long, ' R- O. Scott, who is at the Chapei ! Philippines; Walter S. Price, of the I ley Middaugh. Lansford, N. Dak. 
i WfKshinp-tnn was con in coritr ast to the usual 25-word | Internment Camp with his wife and Leyte Land Transportation Co„ News of Miss Elvessa Stewart, 

l the While postcard. I daughter, has become camp barber. Tacloban, Philippines; and Roy [ formerly in charge of vocational 

Hm .S Lertion that the re^^ for I Fl ° m Japan, the letters to Eng-! * * * Allen, formerly engineer and lum- work for girls in the Philippines 

eivi’-'e out the* atrocity storv now ' land are sent tbl '°ugh Manchuria! Benny Rogard is reported through j berman of Iloilo, Philippines; j and reported interned in Santo 

w ‘h c "it j* now no lonaer ' via Russia to Turkey and Lisbon, j tbe Swiss to be in an internment j sought by Dexter Lowell Finley, Tomas, Manila; sought by Mrs. Ida 

■nn-tihio D-ot rplipf to Amprican ° n the average, they take six camp on the Shantung peninsula, j 3567 Hoover St., Riverside, Calif. | M. Marshall, Trenton, Neb., and by 
nr^nnpv^ of war n Tanan” For j months to reach Britain. ! * * * News of Rov Davis, of the Shang- ! Mrs. Ivan L. Willis, 55 E. 72nd St., 

... : * * . . I ... k ' rA ABl ' ee fow of Vancou- j hai Daily News; sought liy Mi's. | New York 21, N. Y, 

ment is understood to be that it L°/ e Goldman of Beverly , vei . B. C„ has received two letters — — 

will always persevere in its efforts Hllls - Callf -, reports that responses from her husband, forwarded to ; * 
to get relief and medical supplies ! about her husband, her from Australia, reporting that 

to prisoners of war and civilian in- . Ed Goldman, indicate he is "go- , he is safe and well" in Acpx-Ip 

ternees in the Far East. Likewise. ln £ stl ' on &- 15 m fm e spirits men-; Street Camp, Hongkong, 

the State Department’s attitude ‘ ^ ally and physically, and is at Los ; * * * 

towards further repatriation pros- Baa0s Internment Camp which lo- Commdr. C. D. Smith is in Ward 



merly with Andersen, Meyer & Co. 
in Hongkong; sought by Mrs. Win- 

| j*rp"d TC. McCombs, Honolulu Star- 
. eric Honolulu. Hawaii and by 



Argyle ^ 



★ 

* 



pect. is clearly known to be ot this ; . 1 , Fell, having 

turn l that nobody can tell what the ! lved *" the Philippines tor five 
Chances — nominal or substantial- I >"“»'« WW # < 

are for further exchanges. | _ __ „ , 

(The basis tor the apparently . a H “I> C Sworier, of the British 
hopeless attitude On relict and med- ; Government Survey Department, 
leal supplies is understood to be Hnala Lampur, Malay States, is m 
information received by other “«<>”S‘ I , c amp His sister Mrs. 
branches of the Government than Mauds M. Graham, New Westmins- 
the State Department.) * ei ) B "t“h Columbia, reports, 

Moreover, the American Red however, that no word has been 
received from him since October, 
1942. 



Cross — atrocity reports to the con- 
trary notwithstanding — is persist- 
ing in its efforts to get relief and 
jrnedieal supplies through. This was 
imaae clear by Richard F. Allen, 
vice chairman, in a speech before 
ithe North Atlantic Area Confer- 
ence of the Red Cross at Carnegie 
Hall in New York this week. 

Propaganda Discounted 
At the same time, the Post learn- 
ed from reliable sources in Wash- 



George Laycock is well, and in- 
terned in Pootung Civil Assembly, 
writes Mrs. Inez M. Baxter. 2411 
Depauw St., Orlando, Fla., where 
he is getting along nicely and 
teaching subjects. He has grown a 
beard and vows not to shave it off 
until repatriated. Mrs. Baxter says 



Road Jail, Shanghai, in good spirits 
and health, according to responses J 
to a recent inquiry published in the 
Shanghai Evening Post. 

He was first held at the prison , 
camp in Woosung, 14 miles from ' 
Shanghai, from where he and three 
others escaped. They were recap- ! 
tured in early 1942 and lodged in 
Bridge House. The Japanese there ’ 
did not mistreat Comdr. Smith and j 
during the daylight hours he had j 
the freedom of the Japanese of- j 
ficer’s apartment. He was per- 
mitted to send out for food and | 
other things. 

Comdr. Smith was transferred to I 
the Ward Road Jail some time be- 1 
fore the first repatriation where it j 
is reported that the Polish and j 
Russian guards are kind to him. | 



jngton, that recent radio broadcasts | c f tain . amount of credence is 
by American prisoners or war I Pla ced tn them b y those in charge 
themselves indicated that some sup- °f sending supplies, 
plies had been getting through: ' As for the actual current status 
Thus a broadcast of Jan. 30, over- 1 ? £ repatriation negotiations, it is 
heard by U. S. monitors, stated learned from responsible quarters 
that supplies had been received at £hat no £U . rtb< 

Camp 4 in the Philippines. And I been received from the Japanese- 
another broadcast indicated there ! during the week, and the situation 
had been reasonably good treat- remains m ithe stalemate which has 
ment and a satisfactory distribu- prevailed for the last month, 
tion of packages among prisoners As , fo J' tbe British repatriation 



Lewis Patrick Quincy, formerly | 
of Swan, Culbertson and Fritz, now j 
interned with his family in Camp i 
“C." Yangchow, Kiangsu, has writ- ! 
ten that they are well in a 25-word | 

° IOSS >'»«>' to Haul Eistz oil 

further communication has j Cba lmers Manufacturing Co., Mil- [ 
waukee, Wise. 



Mrs. Ethel Long Newman, 
terned in Santo Tomas, has - 
ten her mothe. 



in- 



Olive Long, 



at Camp' ll in the Philippines. negotiations, which have been Alpine, Texas, that she 
It is admitted that these broad- ' deadlocked for some time, the Post | well” and ‘‘in good spirits consider- j 
ca=ts are made by the Japanese j "’as informed by a responsible 1 ing everything.” She reports that [ 

Radio, and the propaganda aspects 1 source in Washington that the , she works as a receptionist i ' 
hence must be discounted. But i chief difficulty had arisen from the hospital and helps with the cook- 
while Red Cross officials steadfast- 1 refusal of the Australians— who j ing and house work about the “tiny i 
j y decline to comment, it is known ' al ' e understood to hold more Japa- ( shack” which is shared with three 
that the broadcasts have been of [ nese prisoners at the moment -than ; friends. The letter, dated Aug. 15, L 

such a nature have contained I anyone else — to release certain of j has just been received and brings | ^ 

such distinctive evidences of in- 1 'he prisoners asked for by the ! greetings for her mother's 81st 
dividualistic characteristics — that a Japanese. _ i birthday. -x- 



M/ 



1ANY TIMES IN LIFE 

you are faced with a choice . . . between 
doing what is right and what is wrong. You 
have a choice to make now. But it is one 
you cannot fail to decide: whether you wish 
to live in a free world and a happy one or 
whether you want to tremble under a reign 
of tyranny. By buying WAR BONDS and 
STAMPS, buying not just when you feel you 
must but whenever you possibly can, that 
choice you make now will reap dividends 
that will pay throughout the years to come. 



American International 
Underwriters 



* 
* + 



Friday, February If, 19 kk 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Seveti 



Radio Barrage 
Aimed at Japs 
By New Delhi 

The political war to recapture 
Southeast Asia from the Japanese 
through the medium of broadcast- 
ing has never been interrupted, ac- 
cording to a New Delhi dispatch in 
the London Sunday Times. 

Day by day, for 18 hours out of 
24, powerful transmitters of All- 
India Radio send out news and 
comment to the territories seized 
by the enemy. Each day’s schedule 
contain 19 programs, and 12 lan- 
guages and dialects are used to 
reach the people between the Bay 
of Bengal and the China Seas. 

Basic Languages 

Burmese, Malay and Siamese are 
the basic languages in the cam- 
paign says the London Times. In 
addition, four forms of Chinese— 
the official Mandarin tongue and 
the dialects of Amoy, Canton and 
Shanghai — are used to reach many 
thousands of Chinese-speaking 
British subjects throughout the 
southeast Asia area. 

In Singapore the Chinese formed 
the largest single racial element in 
the urban population and of 20,000 
radio sets registered in Malaya be- 
fore the war, about half were Chi- 
nese-owned. 

Hindustani broadcasts are ad- 
dressed to emigrants from India 
hnd Arabic is useful in reaching 
the various Mohammedan elements 
in Malaya. Then there are English 
and French as a link with both the 
colonists and the native population 
in Indo-China. 

Japanese Broadcasts 

Finally, there are broadcasts in 
Japanese, and this may well be 
the most effective attack of all, 
opines the New Delhi dispatch, 
since it is certain that most of the 
best radio sets in occupied coun- 
tries are in the hands of Japanese 
officials and military officers. 

This unceasing radio barrage is 
maintained from New Delhi’s 
Broadcasting House, while the ma- 
terial for it comes from the joint 
forces of the Central News organ- 
ization of All-India Radio and the 
Far East Bureau of the British 
Ministry of Information. 

Japan to Permit Aid 
In P.I., Says YMCA 

The plan of the War Prisoners 
Aid of the YMCA to extend its ac- 
tivities and send representatives 
into the Philippines in accordance 
with a program accepted by the 
Japanese long before recent an- 
nouncements of the treatment of 
U. S. prisoners after the fall of 
Bataan was confirmed this week. 

This arrangement would make 
the YMCA representatives the first 
outside officials to be permitted 
by the Japanese to visit the prison 
camps in the Philippines. They 
would not be allowed to take in 
food and medicine, which is the 
work of the International Red 
Cross, or to make formal reports 
of conditions, but would be able 
to supply limited quantities of 
books, athletic equipment, musical 
instruments, seeds, gardening and 
carpentry tools. The Red Cross re- 
ported some time ago that their 
representatives have not been per- 
mitted to visit the Philippines, nor 
have representatives of neutral 
Switerland been allowed to visit 
U. S. prisoners there. 

The program was developed un- 
der the leadership of Hugo Ceder- 
green, of Sweden, associate direc- 
tor of the War Prisoners Aid of 
the international YMCA which has 
headquarters in Geneva, who is in 
the United States at present. 

Delegates of the YMCA in the 
Far East are all citizens ofi Swe- 
den or Switzerland. For the last 
year they have been permitted to 
visit Allied prisoners in Japan and 
for a shorter time those held in 
Occupied China and Thailand, One 
each is located in Kobe, Shanghai, 
Hongkong, Bangkok and two in 
Tokyo. 

Names of 62 American soldiers 
who have died of disease in Japa- 
nese prison camps since the fall 
of Bataan and Corregidor have 
been released through the Inter- 
national Red Cross in Japan, ac- 
cording to a Washington dispatch 
this week. 



Hep-Cats Thrive on Pootung Jive 




— Courtesv of the musical journal “Down Beat." 

The above photograph, taken in Shanghai by Bette Richardson, 
Gripsholm repatriate, shows “Jimmy” James (extreme right) and mem- 
bers of his band serenading the American Marines when they left 
Shanghai in October, 1941. 



Interned Pootung Hep-Cats 
Form ‘‘Hottest’ Dance Band 

A report on American hep-cats in Shanghai at the time of Pearl 
Harbor is given in the Jan. 15 issue of "Down Beat," musicians’ pro- 
fessional organ, published in Chicago, under the byline of Hal P. Mills, 
of Shanghai. His story appears on the front page under a banner 
headine “Yanks Jive in Jap Prison.’’ 

Accompanying the story is a.two-4 

column photo showing "Jimmy” 



James and his band serenading the 
departing American Marines in Oct. 
1941. 

According to Mr. Mills, who left 
a hospital at Hines, 111., on the day 
this article appeared and who is 
now understood to be in New Qiv 
leans, such United States hep-cats 
as the Japs nabbed are now mostly 
in the Pootung prison camp where 
they have formed “what is describ- 
ed as the hottest dance band Shang- 
hai ever has known.” 

“Golden Opportunity" 

Although the musicians are not 
getting very wide scope for their 
talents at the moment, Mr. Mills 
expresses the personal opinion that 
Shanghai is _ u< be "a golden 
oppoi tunity town for 1 ep-cats after 



Portions c 



Mr. Mil! 



3 article fol- 



The band includes five men who 
; orchestra leaders of fame and 
j former assistant conductor of 
the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. 
The latter is Henry Francis Parks, 
of Chicago. The austere Mr. Parks 
was chosen as leader of the prison 
band, but later was deposed by 
popular demand. 

“The current leader is 1 Tommy 
Missman, whose mother, Mrs. Cloe 
Springer, resides at National City, 
Calif. Tommy is a loyal American 
but is in the good graces of his 
keepers not only because he has a 
Japanese wife, but also because he 
can sling more than a little of the 
Japanese language. Prior to being 
interned the cheerful and amiable 
Missman was leader of the crack 
dance band at Jimmy James’ New 
Winter Garden, Shanghai. 

Well Known Leaders 
"Other recognized leaders in 
prison camp band are Henry 
Nathan, who for many years ' 
leader of the Cathay Hotel Ball- 
room band, Shanghai. The Cath- 
ay Hotel, in ease you don't know, 
was the swankiest spot in Asia. 
Henry plays sax, clarinet and violin. 

“Another member is Johnny Sta- 
ley, of California. Back in 1931 Jim- 
my was imported to Shanghai to 
head the orchestra at the smart 
Little Club, then the reigning night 
spot of the city. Both Missman 
and Staley are known to many Chi- 
cago musicians. 

"Others of the prison unit aae 
Cliff Flook, ex-leader; Sonny 
Lewis, Hawaiian musician and ex- 
leader; Dick Reynolds, one-time 
maestro of the Metropole Ballroom 
band at Shanghai; Charley Jones, 
Lester Vactor, who is also the pris- 
on camp barber; Foster Vernon, Bob 
Hill, who was famous as leader of 
the old Venus Ballroom band, 

Bob Fockler, ex-leader of the Del 
Monte Cafe band. In its hey-day, 
the Del Monte was one of the 
world's most famous cabarets. 
"Fockler, however, is not in good 



CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING 

RATE: 25 words or less — $1.00. Each additional 10 words — 25c 

Address. American Edition , The Shanghai Evening Post & Mercury, 
101 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 



>_ 



PERSONALS 



PERSONALS 



REPATRIATE— any information of Ran- I 
dall and Darthy Whetzel and baby, last 
heard from on Island of Batjan in Nether- i 
lands, please contact Mrs. M. H. Breiningcr. ! r 
3424 N.E. Clackamas, Portland 13, Oregon, i i 



TONE knowing the whereabouts of Mrs. 
rrv S. Morton (Alice Gallagher Morton) 

I :er em i'l son, Richard Morton, please 
lm- iicate wUh Mrs. James B. Shaeffer, 
i 907, La Jolla, Calif. 



standing with many of the inter- 
nees. After Pearl Harbor he broad- 
cast anti-Ally programs for the | 
German station at Shanghai. True, j 
he did so with obvious lack of en- i 
thusiasm, but even so, he did ‘aid j 
and comfort the enemy.' He may i 
never be able to return to America, i 
Hausermann in Chicago 

“Another able member of the 
Pootung camp band was Fred Hau- j 
sermann, of Chicago, who recently j 
returned aboard the Gripsholm and > 
who is now in Chicago with his 
parents. Fred is in a bad fix 
physically. One lung is missing. I 

“Came the day when the lucky 
internees who were to be exchang- I 
ed were preparing to leave the 
camp. The hep-cats rallied ’round ! 
and broke into Irving Berlin's ’God | 
Bless America.' Tears were rolling 
down the cheeks of dusky Jimmy 
Brown, crack trumpet player but 
he played as never before. Others, 
too, were misty-eyed. A mighty 
cheer went up from the prisoners 
and the alarmed guards came run- 
ning from all directions, bayonets 
fixed. 

“But Tommy Missman rose to the 
occasion. Speaking in Japanese he j 
soothed the worried guards, ex- 
plaining that it was only music and | 
not an uprising. The guards were 
mollified, but directed that the 
number not be played again. It I 
hasn’t been. 

Interned at Chapei 

"Almost all of the hep-cats were im- | 
prisoned during the Big Round-up 
of Americans last February. Those ' 
with families were interned at the • 
Chapei camp. Interned there, too, j 
is Jimmy James, father of the 
Union of Musicians at Shanghai, j 
and its first honorary president. 

“Jimmy, his wife and young 
daughters, Ann and Doris, are still 
at the Chapei camp. Cliff Flook | 
and his bride are at the Chapei I 
camp. His wife was the charming j 
Stella Myers, secretary to the pub- 1 
lisher of the Shanghai Times. They | 
married shortly before Pearl Har- j 
bor. 

“Pursuing a policy of attempting j 
to win Filipino favor, the Japs have | 
not molested or interned any of the | 
200 or more Filipino musicians of I 
Shanghai. Tops in the Filipino 
field is Don Jose’s orchestra at the I 
Lido Ballroom. 

“All European refugee musicians | 
are interned in the Hongkew Dis- 
trict. 

“Music in the city’s night spots is 
furnished by Filipinos. Russians 
and Chinese. The average pay is 
about $1000 per month, Nanking 
currency, or about US$50. Al- 
most all of the musicians are in 
dire straits. 

Chinese Bomb Spots 

"Musicians who play at the large j 
Chinese ballrooms and cabarets are 1 
in constant danger. Patriotic Chi- | 
nese have a ’playful' custom of ex- [ 
ploding bombs in such spots, the I 
idea being to discourage dancing j 
and drinking while China is fight- 
ing her war for existence. Bombs | 
have been exploded in the Para- 1 
mount, Lido, Mee Koo May, Metro- 
pole and Paradise ballrooms, many 
persons being killed. 

"Gloria Andico, daughter of the 
late beloved leader, Andy Andico, 
is Shanghai's top femme leader. ; 



Andico died last year, He was a 
Filipino and a veteran of the first 
World War, during which he serv- 
ed in the U. S. Navy. 

“Beer is unobtainable in the hot 
spots, the entire output of local 
breweries going to the Jap armed 
forces. Doubtful .whiskey costs 
about US $2 per drink. The once- 
despised vodka is now in brisk de- 
mand at $1 per copy. 

“In the opinion of this writer, 
who spent 16 years in Shanghai, 
that city will be a golden opportu- 
nity town for hep-cats after the 



Tokyo Hysteria Gains 
At Air Attack Threat 

( Continued from page 1) 
but the people are doing what they 
can to strengthen their defenses. 
Everybody takes part in air raid 
drills and fire practices. The ade- 
quancy of the defense system, how- 
ever, is shown by the fact that 
prizes are given to those who can 
toss water highest from their 
buckets. 

Every story sent by Japanese cor- 
respondents in Berlin of the great 
RAF destruction of the German 
capital contains almost hysterical 
admonition of the Japanese to 
make haste swiftly. There is an 
obvious realization, slowly growing, 
that time is short, the breathing 
spell is almost over. The day of 
reckoning when the long, long 
account will be settled in full is 
nearly here. 

All-Out Production 

Japan is an armed camp, the re- 
cent arrival says. Colleges are al- 
most closed. All law and liberal 
arts courses have been closed down 
and even “useful” subjects such as 
engineering are being curtailed. 
Students, businessmen and officials 
train daily. The age-limit of the 
Army has been lowered, draftees 
with poorer and poorer physiques 
are being taken. 

Food is scarce. Distribution is 
poor. There is little shipping. 
Japan plans an all-out program of 
war production this year, designed 
to reach its height in September. 
Airplanes have absolute priority 
over everything else and the Gov- 
ernment is allowing nothing to 
stand in its way to make Japan by 
next fall as fully capable of with- 
standing Allied blows as she will 
ever be. This Chinese student warns 
that Japanese efforts in this direc- 
tion are not to be taken lightly. 
Unless there are furious and heavy 
blows against Japan she will un- 
doubtedly be stronger nine months 
from now than she is today. 

The time is now, he warns. 

Mlssioners from China, 
India Glad to Be Home 

< Continued from page 1) 
Frances Johnson of Belgaum, and 
Mildred Simonds of Fandur, Dec- 
can. 

Miss Rachel Edwardsen, of the 
Norwegian Missionary Society, 
whose home is in Norway, will re- 
main in this country for the pres- 
ent. Because of the emergency sit- 
uation she will be supported by a 
group in California. 

Robert W. Sachtjen, Burma mis- 
sionary who had been in India 
since the fall of Burma, also re- 
turned to the United States. 



JAPAN TAXING TRAVEL 

Tokyo broadcasts said last week 
that a 40-per cent passenger-rate 
increase will go into effect on 
Japan’s government-operated rail- 
ways in April, and a traveling tax 
directed especially against the more 
luxurious types of rail travel also 
will be imposed. 




The National City Bank 

of New York 

Head Office: 55 Wall Street 

Capital, Surplus and Un- 
divided Profits $211,553,596 

Deposits : ; $3,733,649,246 

(F, e ur„ a, of December 3 j, ,q 43 ) 



65 Branches throughout Greater 
New York 



Branches and Correspondent Ranks 
in principal cities throughout 
the world 






China Incident 
Causes Mitsui 
Reorganization 

A drastic reorganization of the 
gigantic Mitsui industrial-banking- 
insurance combine in Japan follow- 
ing an "economic disturbance in- 
cident” in China was announced by 
the Japanese Domei agency last 
week. 

The Japanese-language dispatch, 
directed to the controlled press of 
East Asia, did not discuss the "in- 
cident” beyond saying that it had 
resulted from acts of Mitsui’s man- 
ager at its branch in Taiyuan, 
Shansi Province. The Nazi Trans- 
ocean agency reported in a wireless 
transmission to North America pre- 
viously, however, that the Japanese 
military had expelled Mitsui from 
Shansi and imposed a 10-year pri- 
son sentence on the manager, 
whose name was given as Jasaji 
Uamoto, for violation of "economio 
control measures." 

Mitsui Dissolved 

The gravity of the "disturbance’' 
was indicated by Domei’s statement 
that it had caused the resignation 
of Tadaharu Mukai, chairman, and 
“the rest of the governing body” of 
Mitsui Bussan (Mitsui & Co., Ltd.) 
and the dissolution of “the former 
11 houses of Mitsui . . . and the Mit- 
sui general headquarters, which 
had handled charitable activities, 
personnel matters, etc.” 

Implying that Mitsui’s contribu- 
tion to the Japanese war effort had 
not been all that the Government 
desired, Domei said that under the 
reorganization “the Mitsui financial 
group plans positive entry into war 
materials production, which is the 
greatest national demand in this 
time of decisive war.” 

New Company in. Control 

In the reorganization, Mitsui Bus- 
san, whose capitalization was given 
as 395,000,000 yen, was broken into 
a number of smaller units and was 
succeeded as top holding company 
of the combine by a new unit 
named “Mitsui Head Co." The new 
company, Domei said, will have- 
general control of all Mitsui enter- 
prises "and it will be the medium 
for a positive drive toward the con- 
version of heavy industry." 

"In consequence of all this.” 
Domei added, "the future opera- 
tional policy of the Mitsui financial 
group also will be the basis for the 
attitude of all Mitsui. Under the 
system of making the Mitsui Head 
Co. the general headquarters, it 
will embrace the six direct con- 
trol subsidiary companies — Mitsui 
mining, Mitsui chemical, Mitsui 
warehouses, Mitsui trust. Mitsui life 
insurance, and the new Mitsui Bus- 
san. 



China Correspondents 
End War Fronts Tour 

CHUNGKING ( CNS) — Twenty- 
four members of the party of Chi- 
nese and foreign correspondents 
and military observers who left on 
Dec. 10 for the northern Hunan 
front have returned to Chungking 
after completing the longest tour, 
ever conducted by the Chinese 
Government for newspapermen. 

During their stopover in Kweilin, 
members of the party were guests 
of the Kwangsi Provincial Govern- 
ment. Gen. Huang Hsu-chu, chair- 
man of the Kwangsi Provincial 
Government, officially received 
members of the party at the Gov- 
ernment House and entertained 
them at a banquet. 



° n s 

Hongkong&Shanghai 
Tanking Corporation 

72 Wall Street 
New York, 5, N. Y. 

• 

361 California Street 
San Francisco 

Chungking, China 

<s> 

Temporary Head Office 

9, Gracechurcli 
Street 
London 




Page Eight 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, February J/, 1944 



AS A BllITOA SEES IT 

Japanese Atrocities — Some Suggestions 



; By H. G. W. Woodhead, C.B.E. ; 



I T HAS UNDOUBTEDLY been the policy of the British and Ameri- 
can Governments up to last week to ‘'soft-pedal” storms of Ja.pa- 
. oe atrocities. So far as I recall the British Foreign Secretary, Mr 
InthonVEden, has only once, in the Spring qf 1942, g'jen any details 
nf 1 the maltreatment of British subjects by the Japanese to the House 
of Commons. When, therefore, official statements on Japanese atroci- 
issued almost simultaneously in London and in Washington, 
^ Jmed reasonSe to aTsume that the British and American Gov- 
ernments after consultation on th e matter, had decided that no useful 
purpose would be served by any» 
further attempts to conceal 



truth from their peoples. The lea- 
sons for this decision can only be 
a matter for speculation. My own 
guess would be that both Govern- 
ments have decided that there is 
no hope of securing any improve- 
ment in the treatment of those of 
their nationals who have the mis- 
fortune to have fallen into Japa- 
nese hands, by further representa- 
tions through the Protecting Pow- 
er, or of arranging for any addi- 
tional exchanges of civilian pris- 
oners through the same medium. 

It is also a matter for specula- 
tion whether the disclosures made 
last week will have any effect in 
ameliorating the treatment of the 
victims of Japanese brutality, or 
produce the contrary effect. A 
wave of indignation has spread 
-over America and the British Em- 
pire on learning part of the facts 
about Japanese brutality. But it 
. may be doubted whether the Jap- 
anese public will be permitted to 
learn of the charges which have 
been deliberately made, after the 
most careful sifting of evidence, 
against the Mikado’s Army. Prob- 
ably all they will hear of this ter- 
rible scandar is the counter-charge 
that Japanese have been brutally 
treated by the American and Brit- 
ish forces. 

T HE American and British 
charges would, in my opinion, 
be considerably fortified if they 
were followed up by the disclosure, 
where' it has been possible to se- 
cure the information, of the names 
of the Commanders of the Japa- 
nese units responsible for these 
a ■ ■ ocitles. These men fro u the 
highest officers on the spot, lo the 
subordinates actually perpetrating 
these crimes, should be publicly 
pilloried, and left under no illusion 
as to the determination of the two 
Governments to hold them person- 
ally responsible when the day of 
reckoning arrives. The Japanese 
Commanders-in-Chief in the Philip- 
pines, Malaya, Hongkong and else- 
where should be held to strict ac- 
countability for the crimes of theii 
subordinates, just as when the day 
of victory arrives, General Matsui, 
Commander-in-Chief of the Japa- 
nese Expeditionary Force in Mid- 
.China, and General Prince Yasu- 
hiko Asaka, who commanded the 
force that occupied Nanking, in De- 
cember 1937, should be held per- 
sonally responsible for the atroci- 
ties which followed the capture of 
the Chinese Capital. 

I attach very great importance 
to getting news of the American 
and British disclosures into Japan, 
for I do not believe that every 
Japanese has yet been brutalized 
by Army propaganda. The question 
is, how is it to be done? Appar- 
ently American and British radio 
stations are still too far from the 
Japanese mainland to broadcast on 
a wave-length * which could be 
picked up on standard Japanese 
receiving sets. The only practical 
alternative, then, appears to be 
dissemination of the facts by aero- 
plane. The British and Americans 
today possess long-range and very 
fast aircraft which should be cap- 
able of short flights over Japan 
for the purpose of dropping leaf- 
lets containing a summary of their 
Governments' revelations, t h 
names of those Japanese which 
have, up to the present been listed 
as responsible for the atrocities, 
and a clear warning that they will 
be brought to trial when the hi 
of reckoning arrives. Unless I am 
quite wrong in my estimate of the 
situation, the widespread distribu- 
tion of such leaflets would come as 
a terrific shock to Japan’s urban 
population. It would learn for the 
first time of the savageries of its 
armed forces; it would lea; 
the first time, also, that then 
possibility of peace in the Far East 
until the culprits have been sur- 
rendered, tried, and where found 
guilty, appropriately punished. 

T HE EXPERIMENT is at least 
worth trying. It could do no 
harm; it might do a great deal of 
good, and start the process of un- 
dermining Japanese civilian mor- 
ale. It would certainly tax to the 



utmost the efforts of the Japanese 
Gendarmerie, Special Service Sec- 
tion, and Police, to prevent the 
truth about the Army’s conduct, 
and the intention of the Anglo- 
Saxon Powers to bring those 
sponsible to justice, from being 
read by thousands of the civilian 
population. The average Japanese 
has no idea of what is happening 
in the Pacific Theatre other than 
the spoon-fed news handed out by 
the Government. The mere fact 
that American or British planes 
could fly over his country and 
drop such leaflets would astound 
him. And it is by no means im- 
probable that the leaflets would 
fall on fertile soil. For most Japa- 
nese know from their own or their 
friends’ experiences how the Gen- 
darmerie, Special Service Section 
and Police behave to any who come 
under their notice. 

T O THE RELATIVES of the 
men and women who remain i 
Japanese hands the recent disclos- 
ures must be agonizing. They have 
been living in hope of better news 
of the treatment of their loved 
ones. In many instances, now, 
worst construction will be placed 
on the absence of news, or 
long delays in receiving it; espe- 
cially since Mr. Eden has stated 
that the Japanese authorities had 
dictated postcards and letters from 
prisoners giving the impression 
that they were in good health and 
well treated, whereas the true state 
of affairs was very different so far 
as the great majority of prisoners 
iu Japanw hands is :on< en ed 

verted to primitiv barbarism, 
which recognizes no obligations 
either of humanity or of interna- 
tional law, the American and Brit- 
ish Governments are powerless. 
The best, in fact the only, way to 
deal with such a contingency is 
for the peoples of both nations to 
dedicate themselves, and all their 
efforts and resources, anew, to the 
task of wiping out the Japanese 
Empire — to make certain that a 
few years hence nothing will re- 
main of the New Order in Greater 
East Asia, and the so-called Co- 
Prosperity Sphere but a malodor- 
ous dream. 



Chinese Mission 
Ends British Tour 

large gathering of officials 
and diplomats at London’s Pad- 
dington Station bid farewell last 
week to three members of the Chi- 
nese Mission, which toured Britain’s 
war industries, who are returning 
direct to China — -Wang Yun-wu, 
Han Li-wu and Dr. Wen Yuan-ning. 

The other members will leave 
shortly, visiting the United States 
before returning to Chungking. 

Dr. Wang Shih-chieh, head of the 
Mission, was quoted in the London 
Daily Telegraph as saying that 
what has impressed him most dur- 
ing his visit has been that the mass 
of people in Britain desire close 
association with China to continue 
after the war. 

"We have reached,” Dr. Wang 
said, “a psychological moment of 
greatest importance. It is of the 
highest importance that the United 
Nations, or at least leading powers 
of the Alliance, should set up be- 
fore the war ends a comprehensive 
machinery for the United Nations 
to work together.” 



India Is Free to Sever 
British Tie, says Halifax 

Great Britain hopes India will 
remain in the British Common- 
wealth after the war, declared Lord 
Halifax, British Ambassador to the 
United States, in an address last 
week before the National Geo- 
graphic Society in Washington. 

‘‘We hope that India, in what we 
believe to be her qwn highest in- 
terests, will wish to' remain within 
the British Commonwealth,” he 
said. "But if, after the war, her 
people can establish an agreed con- 
stitution and then desire to sever 
their partnership with us, we have 
undertaken not to overrule such 
decision.” 



E. T. Williams, 
China Official, 
Dies in Calif. 

Dr. Edward T. Williams, 89, for- | 
mer aide to the U. S. Government j 
Foreign Service in China and for | 
nearly 40 years a resident of China, j 
died last week in Berkeley, Calif, j 
Dr. Williams was professor emerit- 
us of Oriental languages at the ] 
University of California. 

He was born in Columbus, Ohio, | 
and was ordained a minister from 
Bethany College. In about 1880 he 
went lo China as a missionary 
where he served for eight years 
before going into the U. S. Consular 
Service in Shanghai. He later be- 
came Secretary of the U. S. Lega- 
tion in Peking, from which post he 
was called to Washington as assis- 
tant chief of the Far Eastern Af- 
fairs Department of the State De- 
partment in 1909. After two years 
at home he again went to China in 
government service where he re- 
mained until President ‘•Wilson re- 
called him to Washington. He ac- 
companied President Wilson to 
Paris in 1919. 

Dr. Williams was a scholar ahd 
published a number of books on 
Far Eastern affairs. He was a 
member of the American Oriental 
Society, the Royal Asiatic Society 
and a number of other organiza- 
tions. 

Surviving are his wife, Mrs. Rose 
Sickler Williams, two sons, Edwin 
T. Williams, former commissioner 
of Chinese maritime commission, 
of Berkeley, and Ci L. L. Williams 
of San Francisco; and two daugh- 
ters, Mrs. T. M. Pinch, of Long- 
wood, Fla., and Miss Gladys Wil- 
liams, of Washington. 

International Lecturer 
Augustus Francis Knudsen, 74, 
leader and lecturer in interna- 
tional theosophical circles, resi- 
dent of Shanghai 1933-38, died in 
Los Angeles, Jan. 11. 

Born in the Hawaiian Islands, 
Mr. Knudsen graduated from 
Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology as an architectural engi- 
neer, but for many years was a 
world traveller in the interests of 
the TheosOphical Society. He was. 
I prominently associated with Kro- i 
j tona Institute of Hollywood and; 
Ojai Institu.e- of this organiza- 
tion. 

Died in Hollywood 

Mrs. Lillian B. Himrod, wife of 
Edwin H. Himrod, died in Holly- 
wood, Jan. 29. Funeral services 
were held Feb. 2 at Forest Lawn. 

She and her husband were re- 
patriated on the first trip of the 
Gripsholm after about 30 years*. in 
Shanghai where both were very 
popular in £he American commun- 
ity and international circles. Mr. 
Himrod, since returning to Amer- 
ica, has been an inspector of Navy 
material, residing at 1922 No. High- 
land Ave., Hollywood. 

Russian Veteran 

Maj. Gen. Zimine died in Shang- 
hai recently of pernicious anemia, 
according to word received by his 
daughter, Mrs. S. Svensen, of San 
Francisco. After World War I Gen. 
Zimine was appointed governor 
general in Chita, Siberia and in 
1923 went to China. 

In Shanghai he devoted his time 
to disabled Russian war veterans — 
as president of their association 
and as manager, for 15 vears, of a 
home for them. Gen. Zimine was 
also president of the Ex-Officers 
Club and several other organiza- 
tions. 

Surviving are his daughter, Mrs. 
S. Svensen, of Hankow and Shang- 
hai, and his widow, who is still in 
Shanghai. 

Importer and Exporter 
William Harris Douglas, 90, im- 
porter and exporter for more than 
50 years, died last week at his Park 
Ave. home in New York City. In 
1879 Mr. Douglas went to Sydney, 
Australia, in charge of an exhibit 
at an international exhibition. He 
subsequently traveled widely in 
Australia, New Zealand and the 
Far East. Upon his return he join- 
ed the firm of James Arkell & Co., 
later becoming sole owner and de- 
veloping it into one of the largest 
export businesses in the U. S. 

As member of Congress from 1900 
to 1904, Mr. Douglas advocated 
keeping open all countries in the 
Orient to American goods. 

Methodist Missionary 
Mrs. Esther Bilbie Lewis, for 57 
years a missionary in China, died 
recently, on her 85th birthdav. in 
Evanston, 111. She was the widow 
of the Rev. Mr. Spencer Lewis, 
whom she married in 1881, a month 
before they started for China for 
the Methodist Mission- 
After studying the Chinese lan- 



Makeup Helped Yung Wang 
To Elude Japs at Hongkong 



Yung Wang, the "Helen Hayes of 
China,” recently told reporters in j 
the deanery at Bryn Mawr College j 
where she is a student, how her J 
movie career and knowledge of the- 
atrical makeup aided her escape j 
from Japanese-occupied Hongkong. 
Disguised as an old Buddhist she 
reached Chungking in 40 days, days 
of constant terror, neat maneuver- 
ing and “just good luck." 

Doll-like, 25-year-old Miss Wang 
described how she once rowed in a 
fishing barge past a Japanese-held 
island where one inadvertent sound 
would have meant death. 

“There were 31 adults and an in- 
fant-all fugitives— in the small 
boat,” she said. “An old man was 
huddled over the oars struggling to , 
move the barge as quietly as pos- i 
sible. He whispered: ‘If the baby , 



cries, we’ll have to throw him over- 
board.’ ” 

Miss Wang entered Bryn Mawr 
last fall as a hearer in English, 
sponsored by the Chinese Govern- 
ment. She also holds one of the 
college’s Chinese scolarships. 

"In spite o'f the publicity which 
has surrounded her since she came 
to this country in August, 1942,” 
Mrs. J. Howard Anderson of Bryn 
Mawr-’s publicity bureau writes the 
I Shanghai Evening Post, “she is 
j quietly interested in her studies and 
I discusses her past experience only 
| when specifically questioned. She 
plans to study here in order to be 
able to help Chinese and Americans 
! understand each other better in the 
future. Nothing I can say can give 
you an idea of her poise and 
charm.” 



guage in Chingkiang, Mr. and Mrs. 
Lewis went up the Yangtze in 1882 
to their home in Chungking. 

At various times during^their 
long career in China she and Dr. 
Lewis lived in Nanking and Pe- 
king. They spent the last 20 years 
in Chengtu where Mrs. Lewis 
taught in the middle school of 
West China Union University until 
shortly before her return to the 
United States in April, 1939. 

In accordance with her wishes, 
her body has been cremated and 
the ashes will be returned to China. 

Shanghai Residents 

Word has been received from 
Shanghai of the deaths of Mr. and 
Mrs. John. Gray, for many years 
residents of that city. Mr. Gray 
was with the Shanghai Dock and 
Engineering Co. leaving it to estab- 
lish an engineering business of his 

They are survived by two daugh- 
ters, Mrs. Mabel Bustamante, now 
in Honolulu, where her husband is 
in Civil Service at Pearl Harbor; 
and Mrs. Phyllis Baxter, reported 
still in Shanghai, whose husband 
“Bertie" is stationed with the Royal 
Signals in India. The Bustamantes 
have a son. Neil, and the Baxters 
have a son, Iai.. and'Tt <fr. ugtotfsr, • 
Heather. 



Official’s Wife Killed 

Mme. Suzanne Hubert Decoux, 
wife of Jean Decoux, Vichy gover- 
nor general of French Indo-China, 
was injured in an automobile ac- 
cident near Saigon and died a few 
hours later, the Tokyo Radio re- 
ported recently in an English-lan- 
guage broadcast to North America. 

The broadcast, recorded by United 
States monitors, said that Mme. 
Decoux had been driving from 
Saigon in the direction of Dalat 
when her car collided with a bus. 
Decoux, according to Tokyo, was 
on an inspection tour in Cambodia. 

Missionary to India 

Mrs. Hervey DeWitt Griswold, 80, 
Presbyterian missionary to India 
for nearly 40 years, died this week 
at her home in Cortland, N. Y., ac- 
cording to an announcement from 
the Presbyterian Board of Missions. 

Mrs. Griswold, the former Fannie 
Sheldon, was born in Dryden, N. Y., 
and went to India with her hus- 
band in 1890. They were assigned 
first to Jhansi where they stayed 
for four years before going to La- 
hore, where Dr. Griswold was pro- 
fessor of philosophy at Forman 
Christian College. They were re- 
tired in 1928. 

Mrs. Griswold is survived by her 
husband, two daughters and a son. 



Dr. Paravicini Dies; 
Delegate in Japan 

Dr. Fritz Paravicini, 69, chief del- 
egate of the International Red 
Cross in Japan, and resident of 
Japan for nearly 40 years, died in 
Yokohama recently, according to 
a Transocean dispatch broadcast 
by the Berlin Radio and recorded 
by Associated Press. 

Dr. Paravicini was born in 1874 
in Euenda, Glarus, Switzerland. He 
studied in Swiss universities and 
after receiving his medical degree 
served in university clinics and 
hospitals in Basle, Berne, Zurich, 
Engadine, as well as in Germany 
and England. Later he was in 
charge of a sanitorium near Zur- 
ich and practiced in Switzerland 
and Italy. 

He went to Japan in 1905 and 
lived in both Tokyo and Yoko- 
hama. From 1921 to 1928 he was 
medical officer for the British Em- 
bassy in Tokyo. During the First 
World War he visited prison camps 
on behalf of the International Red 
Cross Committee,. He was a dele- 
gate of the same committee to the 
Red Cross Conferences in 1926, 
1934 and 1937 in Tokyo. 

3tnce the begi'rmi p ■ nf the pres- 
ent war Dr. Paravlciru has super- 
vised the distribution of mail and 
other supplies to Allied prisoners 
in Japan. He sent to Geneva the 
first list of American prisoners in 
Japan. One of the shipments 
handled by Dr. Paravicini includ- 
ed more than 50,000 food parcels, 
10,000,000 cigarettes and more than 
$33,000 worth of drugs and medical 
supplies. 

Lund- Rasmussen Services 

Funeral services for Capt. T. Lund- 
Rasmussen, U. S. Maritime Com- 
mission, who died on Jan. 14 aboard 
his ship in San Francisco, were 
held on Friday, Jan. 21, in Seattle. 

Read Gets 2^ Years 
As Japanese Agent 

Corp. Arthur Clifford Read was 
sentenced to two and one-half 
years' imprisonment in U. S. Dis- 
trict Court this week, after he 
pleaded guilty to acting as a pre- 
Pearl Harbor Japanese agent with- 
out notifying the State Department. 

He admitted he lectured through- 
out the country on the Sino-Japa- 
nese war through funds supplied 
by the Japanese Government. At 
one time Corp. Read had the status 
of a brigadier general in the Chi- 
nese Army. 



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Sayre Details 
Huge Scope of 
UNRRA Task 

The tremendous scope of the pro- I 
blems faced by the United Nations 
Relief and Rehabilitation Adminis- 
tration was emphasized this week 
by Francis B. Sayre, former U. S. [ 
High Commissioner to the Philip- j 
pines and now diplomatic adviser 
to the UNRRA. 

In an address before the annual . 
meeting of the Foreign Division of I 
the Young Women's Christian Assn., j 
convened in New York, Mr. Sayre j 
painted a picture of the “stark dis- I 
tress and gripping destitution" fac- 
ing the peoples of the world as the 
result of “four and a half years of j 
fighting in Europe and six and a 
half years of fighting in Asia." In 
this time, he pointed out, the Axis 
had overrun 35 nat:ons, in which 
were living over 500,000,000 people. 
Ravages of Warfare 
“Today there are in Europe over 
20,000,000 people, in Asia a much 
larger number, driven from their 
homes by Axis armies or by the 
cruelties of war,” the farmer Philip- j 
pines official said. "Some are wan- . 
dering and homeless, others en- [ 
slaved in Axis labor gangs or im- i 
prisoned in concentration camps. 
Many of these people are weakened 
by hunger and disease. 

“The problem of displaced and 
homeless persons, many of them in 
dire need, sick in body and in mind, 
will be one of the terrible and 
dreadful aftermaths of the war. The 
world has seldom, if ever, faced 
any problem of human woe com- 
'iirn-.^nA w«.» i 
all its resources to help in meeting 
it." 

In the global handling of the 
problem, Mr. Sayre said, "goods 
must be made available and neces- . 
sary supplies planned for and pro- 
cured all over the world.” And 
while he made no specific reference 
to China, there was some signifi- 
cance in his assurance that 
“UNRRA has taken an unequivocal 
and uncompromising stand against 
every form of discrimination in the 
distribution of goods.” 

To Resume Work 
At the closing session of the an- i 
nual meeting, Mrs. Sayre, wife of ; 
the former High Commissioner, I 
•and herself formerly honorary j 
board member of the YWCA in the I 
Philippines, told of the pre-Pearl j 
Harbor work of the organization 
there, and gave reassurances that [ 
the work would be resumed “when 
the American and Filipino soldiers ■ 
go marching back” into the islands. 

She warned, moreover, t h a t j 
“when the American flag comes i 
down in the Philippines, we must J 
make sure that this is not a ges- j 
'ture that America is withdrawing 
and going home” to a narrow iso- 
lationism. And she concluded with , 
a forecast that the YWCA would 
play a major role “in the period 
of Philippine rehabilitation.” 

Mrs. C. L. Hsia, wife of Dr. Hsia, | 
director of the Chinese News Serv- 
ice in New York, and formerly j 
chairman of the National YWCA ; 
Committee of China, was another 
speaker at the closing session, dis- j 
cussing “The Chinese and th'e Post- . 
war World.” Observing that “we j 
all believe that China and the 
United States will stand or fall to- j 
gether," she added: 

“The happiness of our two na- 
tions will be intimately linked at ; 
many places in the postwar world.” | 
Wartime Expansion 
The speaker told of contemplated , 
social and political reforms, and I 
remarked that, “the success or fail- j 
ure of China in this will have a ' 
widespread effect on the rest of the 
’world." 

Miss Maud Russell, American 
secretary on the China staff, was 
the last of the Far East speakers. 
A veteran of 26 years in China, [ 
she returned from Chengtu last I 
October. She told of the constantly 
expanding work of the YWCA dur- j 
ing the last seven years of warfare, ' 
and gave repeated instances of the j 
international emphasis placed on ' 
(.Please twm to page 5) I 



Goes to Chungking 




Miss Jean Lyon has been 
signed to the Chinese Ministry of 
Information in Chungking. 

Jean Lyon Sent 
To News Post 
In Chungking 

Jean Lyon, a member of the 
press department of the Chinese 
News Service in New York, left 
by air for Chungking this week. 
She will be associated with the in- 
Tfernational department ~o CTO eThi- 



i Ministry of Information, 
der which the Chinese News Serv- 
ice functions as an agency in this 
country. 

Miss Lyon is believed to be the 
first native-born American woman 
aside from missionaries, nurses, 
and members of the Armed serv 
ices— to go to the Far East since 
Pearl Harbor. Virtually insur- 
mountable difficulties have been 
encountered in connection with the 
few attempts made to send women 
to Far Eastern posts, and the State 
Department in Washington indi- 
cated this week that no requests 
had been received from women in 
business and commercial circles for 
passports for either China or India, 
and only isolated requests from 
women in the journalistic field. 

32 Women to China 
The annual report of the Com- 
mittee on Passports and Transpor- 
tation of the Foreign Missions Con- 
( Please turn to page 3) 



Delays Retard 
Chinese Rush 
For Citizenship 

Applications for American citi- 
zenship under the Chinese exclu- 
repeal are being filed by 
Chinese in leading American cities 
in substantial but not overly large 
volume, a survey by the Shanghai 
Evening Post and Mercury dis- 
closed this week. . 

Due to the complexities always 
involved in putting a new Federal j 
statute into operation, most of the I 
applications have not yet received 
official action. However, at least 
one Chinese already has been 
granted citizenship under the new 
law. He is Edward Bing Kan, 66. 
an interpreter for the Bureau of 
Immigration and Naturalization at 
Chicago, who was sworn in Jan. 18. 
Special Circumstances 

Because his wife is an American- 
born Chinese, Mr. Kan was able to 
get his second papers immediately 
and was not required to wait the j 
two-year period prescribed for first 
papers. The same privilege is avail- 
able to all Chnese men and women 
married to American citizens and 
who legally entered this country 
prior to 1924. 

Born in Nom-ting village near 
Canton, Mr. Kan came to this coun- 
try as a child. When he married 
his American-born Chinese wife, 
Katherine, she lost her citizenship 
but regained it several years ago 
when the naturalization laws were 
changed. Quick to take advantage 
[.of the citiz en shi p o ppor t u n i t ja&_Qfs. 
fered by the Chinese exclusion re- 
peal, Mr. Kan filed his declaration 
of intention the day after President 
Roosevelt signed the bill. 

The Kans have three children: 
Margaret, a graduate nurse living 
in Minneapolis; Edward, a staff 
sergeant with the Military Intelli- 
gence at the headquarters of the 
Sixth Service Command in Chicago, 
and Mrs. Esther Lee who, with her 
husband, son and daughter, makes 
her home with her parents in Chi- 
cago. 

Factors in Delay 

Failure of more Chinese to apply 
for citizenship is attributed to sev- 
eral factors, the most important be- 
ing a fear that they will be unable 
to 'meet the educational require- 
ments. In certain areas, notably 
San Francisco, many Chinese work- 
ing in defense plants — on day shifts 
when it is difficult to get leaves of 
absence — have not yet been able to 
( Please turn to page 8) 



l . S. Citizen 




Edward Bing Kan is the first 
Chinese to receive citizenship pa- 
pers under the Exclusion repeal. 



Berkeley Plans 
Third Edition 
Of Directory 

“A China Colony in the Beauti- 
ful Berkeley Hills.” together with a 
roster of former Americans in 
China, is going to a third edition, 
according to J. D. Sarber, vice 
pfesnrenT and general manager of 
the Berkeley Chamber of Com- 
merce. 

Published under the auspices of 
the Chamber and the direction 
of Julean Arnold, formerly U. S. 
commercial attache in Shanghai, 
the booklet has become a source 
of major importance to Govern- 
ment agencies, China organizations, 
business firms and others inter- 
ested in China and American rela- 
tions with that country. 

Sent to 7000 People 

The first edition was exhausted 
almost before it was off the 
presses. With the help of Mrs. Wil- 
liam Mayer, wife of Col. Mayer, 
who was then the U. S. military at- 
tache in China, a second edition of 
5000 copies was published on May 
1, 1942. By January, 1943, it was 
necessary to issue a supplement 
containing some 2000 names which 
was sent to 7000 people. 

In sending out the supplement 
( Please turn to page 8) 



Manila Tribune Taken Over by P.t. Puppets 
Tells ( Japanese) News Enough to Gag Goat! 



By RAXDALI, GOULD 

“The Rising Sun of japan Is the 
Shining Sun of Asia.” proclaims 
the Manila Tribune jn a page-wide 
front page box each day, nowadays. 

This more than slightly debat- 
able statement is accompanied by 
an assortment of pseudo-news and 
propaganda headlines fit to gag a 
goat, or at least Dave Boguslav — 
who used to write Tribune head- 
lines in quite another spirit, until 
he got light work at Santo Tomas. 

Through means which cannot be 
revealed, the Shanghai Evening 
Post and Mercury has obtained 
temporary custody of a number of 
copies of the Tribune printed about 
a year ago. They make a morbidly 
fascinating study of journalism in 
the Japanese manner. 

Enemy “Ownership” 

Of course the Tribune is no long- 
er a Roces property. In fact, the 
Roces family itself has suffered 
terrible tragedies. Aljandro Roces, 
Jr., was shot dead by a puppet as- 
sassin and his father succumbed to 
a heart attack on hearing the news. 
The lively “T.V.T.” papers in three 
languages (English, Spanish and 
Tagalog) fell into the hands of the 
enemy. Now the ribune is pub- 
lished by “the Manila SinbumSya," 



the last word being what the Japa- 
nese used to spell as “Shimbun- 
Sha" meaning “newspaper com- 
pany. 

So ... So Grateful! 

Spelling of this sort, incidentally 
— a made-in-Japan method of using 
or misusing letters, instituted in 
Japan proper some months before 
the war began — features the pres- 
ent Tribune wherever a Japanese 
word occurs. Thus one Manuel C. 
Rivera writes in a Sunday Tribune 
Magazine of “Huzlyama,” which is 
better known as “’Fujiyama" or 
Mount Fuji, and he seems so proud 
of his adopted Japonism that he 
goes into perfect literary parox- 
ysms over what he calls “Japan, 
beautiful Japan . . . called by its 
sturdy people, Nihon . . . that glori- 
ous land of chrysanthemums.” 

An adjacent column of the same 
issue quotes an alleged former ma- 
jor of the 11th Division of the 
USAFFE, Miguel Capistrano of 
Taguig. Rizal, as feeling when the 
order for his release came “so 
grateful to the Imperial Japanese 
Army that tears stood on my eyes 
. . . (because of) the unparalleled 
generosity of the Japanese Army." 
Recent revelations of how the Jap- 
anese treated those men of Bataan 



whom they did not release give 
solid reason for gratitude though 
not for the terms in which it is 
put! 

Well known Filipino names keep 
bobbing up in the news, always 
whooping it up for Japan's New 
Deal. Remember "Arsenic” Luz, 
that fervent friend of every Amer- 
ican? The Feb. 20, 1943 Tribune 
carries a photo of him identified 
as "Arsenio N. Luz, Secretary- 
Treasurer." Kalibapi" — Kalibapi be- 
ing the Fascist pro-Japanese 
tionalist" party now calling adher- 
ents to a new "unified Philippines. 

Urging that homage be paid to 
the Tagalog poet Baltazar, Luz 
finds this "very proper and fitting 
in the midst of the tremendous so- 
cial, political and spiritual upheav- 
al of the present historical mo- 
ment, and under the inspiration 
(sic) of the New Order and the 
New Philippines. . . . Were Balag- 
tas alive today, he would surely be 
happy over the present revival and 
restoration of our basic oriental 
virtues." 

Other well known names and 
faces in the same issue include 
those of Jose B. Laurel, Jr., iden- 
tified as director of the Bureau of 
(Please turn to page 7) 



Kung Succeeds 
Soong as Bank 
Of China Head 

H. H. Kung has replaced T. V. 
Soong as chaiiman of the board of 
directors of the Bank of China. 

Sparse news dispatches, mostly 
omitted by the American press, 
brought this word from Chungking 
last Tuesday. There was little to 
elucidate what informed circles re- 
garded not merely as an item of 
financial news, but as one of the 
most sensational developments in 
Chinese politics since the Sian af- 
fair of 1936. 

First information seems to have 
been received by the United Press 
which not only conveyed the cen- 
tral fact, but included an interest- 
ing explanation of the mechanism 
employed. 

Sudden Move 

i According to the UP report, Dr. 
j Soong stepped out and Dr. Kung 
| stepped in after a sudden move by 
I which the usual board of directors 
of 12 members was supplemented 
| by 13 new member's. The dispatch 
I said that the 12 members repre- 
: sented "commercial interests” 
(though they included both Drs. 
i Kung and Soong) and the presump- 
tion was that the new group of 13 
must represent political interests, 
j At any rate they seem -to have 
been single-hearted in their devo- 
tion to the idea of putting Soong 
out and Kung in. 

The Associated Press carried . a 
story centering on the replacement, 
without comment except for a re- 
mark to the effect that tW5”'was 
apparently significant in "indica- 
tion of a trend.” Neither the UP 
nor AP stories seem to have been 
published generally, but the New 
York Herald Tribune carried a 
single paragraph about the replace- 
ment and attributed it to Chung- 
king official radio as picked up by 
U. S. Government monitors. 

Previously the Chinese News 
Service had brought in an earlier 
story saying that Drs. Kung and 
Soong were among the 12 members 
of the board elected at a directors' 
meeting last Saturday, which ap- 
proved an increase of NCS20.000.000 
in Government shares effective as 
of last year. 

Central Bank Head 
I Dr. Kung has been governor of 
the Central Bank since 1933. This 
is primarily a bank of issue, where- 
as the Bank of China which he 
| now also heads was formed pri- 
I marily to devote its energies to 
foreign trade and similar matters. 
If the two posts are to key to- 
! gether (Dr. Kung was reported 
| some time ago as having offered 
to resign from the Central Bank 
headship) they obviously form a 
most powerful unified instrument 
J for dealing with China’s foreign 
| exchange accumulation and with 
| note issue within China. Of course 
I Dr. Kung remains president of the 
Executive Yuan and Minister of 
| Finance. 

j Just where all this leaves Dr. 
Soong, on the other hand, is a mat- 
ter for speculation. Aside from the 
J Bank of China post which was con- 
sidered his strongest card, he is at 
I least titular Foreign Minister — but 
i ever since his return from Wash- 
j ington to Chungking last autumn 
j there have been persistent rumors 
that he had resigned. No official 
| announcement to this effect has 
ever been made. However, there 
are some new rumors that a 
War Economics Ministry will be 
created to give scope to his special 
I talents. 

Too “Blunt" 

A short time ago one of the most 
valued of his associates left his 
Washington headquarters and this 
j led to more stories that Dr. 
Soong's political star was obscured. 
There have been many reports that 
I he “spoke too bluntly” in conveying 
I to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek 
1 some of the difficulties he had en- 
countered in getting from the hard- 
| pressed American Government any- 
(Please turn to page 5) 





Page Two 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, February 11, 19-lflf 



HEWS tmv 



Percy Finch is now in the Mar- 
shalls covei’ing the war for Reuter. 

E>agny Carter. Scythian bronze 
expert, is spending the winter in 
Washington. 

Sir Horace J. Seymour, British 
Ambassador to China, has returned 
from London to Chungking. 

Mrs. Lucy Trone, Chapeite, is 
now living at 10 Eighth Ave., At- 
lantic Highlands, N. J. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Perry (Com- 
mercial Pacific Cable Co.) now re- 
side in Redwood City, Calif. 

Clyde Geist, a Haiphong Roadite, 
is now with Px-ess Wireless, in Chi- 
cago. 

Genial "Sandy" Burros. Pootung- 
ite, is back in New York after- 
having made a series of business 
trips about the country. 

Mr. and Mrs. William Canon are 
residing at 1775 N. Bronson St., 
Los Angeles. Mr. Canon recently 
made a trip to Washington. 

Miss Lucy Griesbach, at one trme 
employed by the American Con- 
sulate in Shanghai, is living rn 
Bogota, working in New York. 

"Peg” Gardiner, once with Chase 
Bank in Shanghai, is working as 
statistician in the Economical Wel- 
fare Bureau in Washington. 

A Valentine dance will be given 
at the Park Central Hotel in New 
York at 8:30 p.rn. on Feb. 14, under- 
auspices of the Chinese Social Club. 

Novosselye, a Russian-language 
literary magazine published in New 
York, will devote its March issue 
to China. 

Acording to a letter from Capt. 
Gordon Reynolds, Ronnie Wayne 
and Betty Haldop (Shanghai) were 
married in Poona, India. 

The next meeting of the China 
Council will be held in San Fran- 
cisco at the Far East Cafe on 
Feb. 25. 

Paul F. Kops, repatriated on the 
Gripsholm, is now an attorney in 
the Fargo-Moorhead District Office 
of the OPA in Fargo, N. D. 

, Jack Belden, ex-China newspa- 
perman wounded in Italy, has left 
a hospital in New York and is stay- 
ing with Margaret Bourke-White 
in South Dairen, Conn. 



Frank Glass of Shanghai has be- 
come managing editor of the As- 
sociated Filipino Press, an inde- 
pendent Filipino newspaper pub- 
lished in Los Angeles. 

Dr. James M. Henry, former pro- 
vost of Lingnan University, was 
the guest of honor at the annual 
Lingnan alumni dinner in San 
Francisco. 

According to a letter received 
from Doreen Gray of Nigeria, West 
Africa, Margaret Colter, formerly 
of Shanghai, is working in the 
British Consulate at Beira. 

Graeme D. Nicholl, of Los An- 
geles. will be in New York from 
Feb. 14 to 21. He can be reached 
through Ellis Knowles at the Ma- 
rine Transport Lines, 11 Broadway. 

John Cameron, formerly of the 
Peking Union Medical College, has 
just arrived from England, and is 
connected with the British Ministry 
of Supply Mission in Washington. 

Mrs. Irene ICinley is being widely 
entertained in Chicago, where she 
is the guest of her sister and 
brother-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. E. A. 
Erickson. 

' Mr. and Mrs. Fuller Malone (Bar- 
bara Malone is the daughter - of 
Mrs. Irene Kinley), are residing in 
Goldsboro, N. C„ where Barbara 
is slowly regaining her health. 



Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Pyle 
(Shanghai Power Co.) have an- 
nounced the birth of a second son, 
Lawrence, in San Diego where 
they are living. 

Patricia Allan, who authored 
“Shanghai Picture Verse,” publish- 
ed not so long ago by Kelly & 
Walsh, is now a sub-lieutenant in 
the Canadian Wrens, stationed in 
Ontario. 

• After visiting leading cities in 
the interest of promoting postwar 
China trade possibilities, Oldrich 
Mojzisek is at the Barbizon-Plaza 
in New York and expects to remain 
about two months. 

Albert Chow, San Francisco 
Chinatown coordinator for the 
Treasury Department in the Fourth 
War Loan drive, announced that an 
auction will be held in that China- 
town on Feb. 13 for the promotion 
of war bond sales. 

A Far East program including 
panel discussion on the subject of 
“How Shall We Treat Japan?” will 
be held at the Overseas Press Club 
luncheon at the Lotus Club, 110 
West 57th St., New York City, next 
Wednesday. Feb. 16. 

iBruce Smith, Gripsholm repatri- 
ate from Shanghai, has been visit- 




ble discussion in New York this 
week, conducted by and to be pub- 
lished in the Free World magazine, 
the Far Eastern participants in- 
cluding H. G. W. Woodhead, Dr. 
Chow, John Goette and Randall 
Gould. 

The Nippon Club, before its seiz- 
ure as alien property, a club for 
Japanese professional and business- 
men in New York City, has been 
purchased by Lodge No. 1 of the 
Benevolent and Paternal Order of 
Elks, according to an announce- 
ment by the Alien Property Cus- 
todian. 



The Master said, “At 15, I had 
my mind bent on learning. 

“At 30, I stood firm. 

“At 40, I had no doubts. 

“At 50, I knew the decrees of 
Heaven. 

'At 60, my ear was an obedient 
organ for the reception of truth. 

“At 70, I could follow what my 
heart desired, without transgress- 
ing what was right.” 

Confucius, B.C. 551-179. 



ing motor connections in Detroit 
and banking contacts in New York J 
as a means of reacquainting him- j 
self with conditions before proceed- 
ing home to Chester, Va. 

A new curricular planning course j 
especially for teachers on “Under- 
standing the People of China" will 
be conducted by Jacob H. Shack of | 
the New York Board of Education 
with the cooperation of the East & 
West Assn. 



Mi's. A. J. Fleming, formerly of 
the British Embassy staff in 
Shanghai, is now living in Southern 
Rhodesia, where her son is in the 
police. She is working with the 
Department of Internal Affairs at 
Salisbury. Mr. 'Fleming died in 
Shanghai just after Mrs. Fleming 
was evacuated. 

Mrs. Irene Barton, formerly of 
Shanghai, is spending a few 
months in New York at the Hotel 
Empire. Mrs. Barton was a refugee 
from France in 1940 and since her 
return to the United States has 
been living bn the West Coast, in 
Berkeley, and more recently, in 
Los Angeles. 

A program presenting Korean 
leaders in this country, entertain- 
ment based on Korean life and cul- 
ture and motion pictures, has been 
arranged for the East and West 
Assn, meeting at The Town Hall, 
123 West 43rd St., New York, on 
Feb. 16. The meeting is open to 
the public. 



Parched Chungking 
To Get Beer — Maybe 



like 



reports, 

Cliung- 



Milwaukee was ine 
this! 

But, the grapevine 
beer may soon flow ii 
king. 

Early this month, according 
to the usually reliable Ta Rung 
Pao, a special commodity store 
will open, catering especially to 
foreigners and selling luxury 
'goods including the legendary 
beverage remembered by Chung- 
kingites from a previous exis- 
tence. Coffee and cocoa will 
also he on sale, it is said, as well 
as necessities which are now 
hard to find. 

The items have been confis- 
cated from stores disregarding 
the no-luxury ban and there is 
said to be a considerable stock 
available. 

Scenes reminiscent of a world 
series when people sleep on cots 
in front of the ticket window 
the night liefore are expected to 
be enacted when the openinng 
date is announced. 



Dillon S. Myer, director of the 
War Relocation Authority, an- 
nounced in San Francisco recently 
that steps had been taken to 
strengthen internal security at the 
Tule Lake center. The steps in- 
cluded segregation of "trouble mak- 
and expansion of the police 



fore 



Marian Hurst, a Chapeite, has 
been visiting in Savannah, Ga., and 
•ill return shortly to her home in 
Maspeth, L. I. She expects to go 
to the West Coast where she will 
enter a nursing branch of war serv- 



“Jock" Harrison, formerly with 
Andei-son & Meyer and open golf 
champion of Shanghai for five 
years, is now an officer in the 
Home' Guard at Bristol, “England. 
His wife (Ruth Hedges) is running 
a nursery home there. 

William R. Kuhns, onetime head 
of the United Press Bureau at Ma- 
nila and now editor of Banking 
magazine, is editor of “The Return 
of Opportunity,” published at $3 by 
Harper and containing 150 contri- 
butions by leading economists and 
educators. 

Donald Shuhart, American ad- 
visor to the Chinese Ministry of 
Agriculture and Forestry, has ar- 
rived in China, by way of India. 
He will spend a year supervising 
soil erosion control and water con- 
servation work along the Pearl and 
Kan rivers. 

•Edwin Haward, onetime North- 
China Daily. News editor now with 
the India-Burma Assn, in London, 
writes: "I saw M. H. Steptoe this 
morning. He looks fairly well but 
he tells me that he has rather 
dangerous leg trouble which is giv- . 
ing his doctor anxiety." 



•Maj. Michael Dobervitch, of Iron- 
ton, Mich., recently mentioned in 
an Army-Navy release as being an 
escaped prisoner from the Philip- 
pines, was one of the popular young 
officers of the U. S. Fourth Ma- 
rines. News of his present where- 
abouts would be much appreciated 
by this paper. 

To maintain close and friendly 
relations with China, the Brazilian 
Government will send its first am- 
bassador to C hungk ing s hortly. 

Sehnor Joaquim Eulalio do Nasci- 
mento Silva, Brazil's Minister to 



promotion to lieutenant comman- 
der in the RCNVR.” 

Capt. Gordon Reynolds, formerly 
with the Shanghai police, is now 
with the Gurkha Rifles in India. 
Clifford Hodgman is in the same 
regiment and is a lieutenant. Capt. 
Reynolds stayed with the Bonber- 
nards (Mercantile Bank) while he 
was in Calcutta. Mr. Bonbernard 
was in Shanghai for some time and 
was in the Shanghai Scottish. 

Sgt. Ben Kuroki, 25. wearer of 
two distinguished medals and five 
air medals, was guest speaker re- 
cently for Sidney Roger. San Fran- 
cisco radio commentator. He spoke 
of his experiences in 25 bombing 
missions over North Africa and 
Italy and his presen’t fight against 
intolerance toward loyal Japanese- 
Americans. 



M. S. Owyoug. Chinese banker, 
was appointed to serve on the Rec- 
reation Commission of San Fran- 
cisco by Mayor Roger Lapham last 
week. Mr. Owyang is the first Chi- 
nese to serve on any commission 
of the city. He is connected with 
the American Trust Co., treasurer 
of the Young China newspaper 
and active in American Legion 
■cles. 



i, will be appointed Ajnbassadoi 
to China, the Chinese News Service 
reported this week in a Chungking 
dispatch. 

The Chinese people are writing 
replies to the 600 goodwill messages 
from America which were taken 
back to China by Dr. Ling Yu-tang 
last November. The American mes- 
sages were sponsored by the East 
and West Assn. The Chinese mes- 
sages will be brought back by Dr. 
Lin on his forthcoming return to 
this country. 



Harold S. Matthews, repatriated J 
from Fenchow. Shansi, on the first 
Gripsholm after 20 years with the j 
Congregational Church in North j 
China, was awarded the honorary j 
degree of Doctor of Divinity by I 
Grinnell College at the mid-year I 
convocation on Jan. 30. 

While in Lagos, enroute to Ni- 
geria, West Africa, Doreen M. Gray ! 
met Comdr. Bertie Moncrieff who j 
was with the British Naval Office j 
in Shanghai. Comdr. Moncrieff was ; 
very busy with a production the j 
Lagos Players were putting on, one j 
of Leslie Howard's plays. 

Julean Arnold, Pacific Coast rep- j 
resentative of the newly organized 
China-American Council of Com- 
merce and Industry, announced 
that offices of the council will | 
soon be established in San Fran- 
cisco. Seattle, Portland and Los 
Angeles. 

The New York chapter of the 
East and West Assn, will hold a 
meeting on Feb. 17 at 8 p. m., at 
110 E. 59th St, in honor of Chinese 
in America. In addition to the pro- 
gram there will be an old fashioned 
social to enable people to get bet- 
ter acquainted. 

The February News Letter of the 
China Aid Council presents an out- 
line of Dr. Arthur Upham Pope’s 
interest in and work for China. 
Dr. Pope, who is vice president of 
the council, is also director of the 
Iranian Institute and School for 
Asiatic Studies. 

"What Shall We Do With Ja- 
pan?" was subject of a round ta- 



The year-end review of the China 
scene, written by “Fritz” Opper, 
editor of the Chungking Edition of 
the Shanghai Evening Post and 
Mercury, and published by the 
American Edition, was reproduced 
in the January issue of China at 
War, monthly periodical distributed 
in this country by the Chinese 
News Service. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hollis H. Arnold 
have gone to Washington, where 
Mr. Arnold has accepted a Govern- 
ment appointment. Mr. Arnold re- 
turned from China recently on the 
Gripsholm and was met in New 
York ,by Mrs. Arnold who came 
east from San Mateo where she 
had been living since her return 
from China two years ago. 

From Elec. Lt. C. C. MacGregor, 
RCNVR, of the Northern Electric 
Co., Toronto, comes the following: 
“Congratulations to Hugh Wallace, 
who has skipped many champion- 
ship teams of the Shanghai Bowl- 
ing Club. Recently his abilities 
wer e suitably recognized by his 



Miss Lulu Conover, for 20 years 
a resident of China, who was in 
Shanghai when the Japanese occu- 
pied it, is now living at Carolina 
Home, Sellwood Station, Portland, 
Ore. Miss Conover taught in boys’ 
middle schools and for three years 
did secretarial work at Yenching 
University, Peiping. Her last post 
was with the Southern Presbyterian 
Mission in Kiangyin, Kiangsu. 

China has chosen delegates to the 
International Labor Conference to 
open in the United States on April 
29, according to a Chungking dis- 
patch to the Chinese News Service. 
Chu Hsueh-fan. president of the 
Chinese Assn, of Labor, will repre- 
sent labor, and O. S. Liu, a well- 
known manufacturer of cement, 
match and textile industries, will 
represent capital. 



Judge N. F. Allman was among 
former Far Easterners seen dining 
at the Mayan Cafe in New York 
recently: also “Joe” Carney, for- 
merly of the SMC. Mr. Carney and 
his wife are now living in New 
York, he being with the Treasury 
Department office. Judge Allman, 
who looks extremely well, was on 
one of his fleeting trips to New 
York. He returned to Washington 
the next day. 

For the convenience of persons 
filling out questionnaires for the 
Shanghai Evening Post and Mer- 
cury’s new Far Eastern “Who's 
Who." arrangements have been 
made to have passport size photo- 
graphs made without cost in the 
Post & Mercury office at 101 Fifth 
Ave. Anyone desiring to make an 



appointment should telephone Mr. 
Graham C. Wells at ALgonquin 
4-3290. 

P. W. Kuo, Vice Minister of Fi- 
nance and secretary of the Chinese 
Trade Commission, has been ap- 
pointed deputy director in charge 
of the secretariat of UNRRA, ac- 
cording to an annpuncement by 
Herbert H. Lehman, director gen- 
eral. Dr. Kuo received his Ph.D. 
from Columbia University in 1910, 
and was for many years president 
of Southeastern University in 
China. 

A course, "'‘Child Care Problems 
for Chinese Students," has just 
been concluded at the Child Study 
Assn, in New York. Under the 
direction of Dr. Peter Bios of the 
Institute on Personality Develop- 
ment, lectures were given by the 
following: Dr. Annie Scott, Dr. 

Chieh and Dr. Sung Huang Tsui- 
mei, Lawrence Frank, Dr. Leona 
Baumgartner, Dr, William H, Kil- 
patrick, Dr. Bios. Miss Jessie Stan- 
ton, Dr. Benjamin Spock, Miss 
Eleanor Hinder, Dr. Mary Fisher, 
•Henry R. Murphy and Dr. Alice 
Keliher. 



From Kwangtung, South China, 
the Rev. Mr. A. S. Adams. Baptist 
missionary, writes that the country 
has gone back to Chinese hand- 
made linens. He reports wool is 
very scarce and very expensive, 
“though I have seen old garments 
unpicked and the wool faded as it 
is, up for sale in the secondhand 
clothing shops which were quite a 
feature of Kityang last January." 
Stocks of foreign-style cloth are 
extremely low, and nothing to be 
had under NCS50 or NC$60 a foot. 
"It is quite fashionable to go 
around in patched garments.” he 
writes. 

The Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Harry J. 
Romig, who spent 41 years in 
Shantung Province, report that 
their son, Theodore, is now a chap- 
lain in the U. S. Army in Heng- 
yang, Hunan. Another son, Joseph, 
is in the Navy, commander of a 
mine-sweeper in the South Pacific. 
John, the oldest, is the Army Medi- 
cal Corps, now attending the School 
for Military Government, Charlottes- 
ville, Va. Arthur is associate 
pastor of Westminster Presbyterian 
Church, Dayton, Ohio. Daughter 
Ruth Lois is living with her par- 
ents near Carlisle. Pa., while her 
husband is in New Guinea with 
uic jinny An- Korces. 



The Committee for the "People 
and Books Forum” of the Junior 
East and West Assn, has arranged 
a series of four meetings to be 
held in New York City starting 
this month with a meeting on 
China. Speakers in the series in- 
clude May Lamberton Becker of 
the New York Herald Tribune 
“Books”; Kenneth Gould, editor 
“Scholastic"; Bertha Gunterman, 
juvenile editor, Longmans Green & 
Co.; Jerusha Meigs, librarian at 
Seward Park High School; Cath- 
erine O'Hara, English department, 
Washington Irving High School; 
Mabel Williams, superintendent of 
work with schools, New York Pub- 
lic Library. 



ELBROOK.INC. 




Active Representation 
throughout South America 

EXPORTERS ❖ IMPORTERS 
SALES AGENTS 



50 CHURCH STREET 
New York City 



Polks Ex-Shanghai Reporters 
Wounded— 'Trifling Scratch V 



Early in the history of the Amer- 
ican Edition, Shanghai Evening 
Post and Mercury, a story was car- 
ried recounting with pride how a 
former Shanghai staff member had 
acquitted himself with distinction 
in America’s naval air attack in 
the Southwest Pacific. 

Lt. (JG) George Polk), onetime 
Shanghai reporter, commanded the 
first aviation detachment, Amer- 
ican or Allied, to go into the Solo- 
mons. He was the first American 
or Allied pilot to land at Guadal- 
canal. He became commander of 
the only Naval Air Station in the 
Solomons and was in full charge 
at Tanambogo. Also, he had the 



Purple Heart for what he termed 
“a trifling scratch on the fore- 
head.” 

The other day, the Post received 
a letter from him, back in America. 
His first thought, as usual, was 
about the paper, and he started off 
— “Don’t let us miss an issue.” 

Then he mentioned that he was 
waiting to enter a hospital to put 
in final papers previous to going 
before a Naval Medical Retiring 
Board. Casually he went on: “I 
believe I shall be retired from the 
service for physical disabilities — 
malaria, deafness, had leg and vari- 
ous odds and ends. Oh yes, I’m 
almost blind too; forgot that item.” 




Bar & Restaurant 
Chinese Food As 
Prepared In China 



Plan Your Dinner 
Parties in Advance 



UPTOWN 
150 W. 52d St. 

New York 
Circle 6-2123 



DOWNTOWN 
220 Canal St. 

New York 
WOrth 2-6850 



i 

< 



Friday, February 11, l§kh 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Three 















dy fttvdAr /je*iec&c-6 






Now it can be told^-or can it? | America for help along educational 
Gripsholm repatriates are wonder- ] and religious lines as well as for 
ing how much of their experiences material assistance in postwar 
thev are free to tell, as the State | construction and she added that 
Department, after warning them China in general is counting on the 
to reticence, has published reports ; cooperation of mends over heie. 
of Japanese atrocities. I Dm™£ the last five years the 

~ ™ services oft the deaconess have been 

Out here we are mystified fo1 j loaned t0 Yunnan Province where 
underlying the simulta- j ghe worked with Bishop y. Y . Tsu 
who recently visited America. On 
account of impaired health Deacon- 



neous disclosure in the States and 
England. It must be something 
more than the desire to put over 
the Fourth War Loan drive and 
although we realize that the knowl- 
edge of this terrorism will inten- 
sify our war effort 

- — - -r= there is still curios- 

| ity about further 
i motives as well as 
! some resentment at 
’ not having been in- 
formed earlier. 

And speaking of 
: Gripsholm person- 

j alities, among those 
-. arriving in Los An- 

\ geles is Grant W. 
jit- Corby, from the 
\ Santo Tomas camp. 

Mr. Corby was con- 
, suiting geologist 
for the Philippine 

government. 




Kuth Benedict 



Ewald E. Selph, 



Clark had to leave China and 
went by plane to India and thence 
by freighter to a north Atlantic 
port, a four months’ trip. Restored 
by the sea-voyage she is now busy 
with speaking engagements and 
will make San Francisco her head- 
quarters for the next few weeks. 

Another China resident, Dr. Eliz- 
abeth Jenkins, formerly physician 
at Yenching University, now tak- 
ing a special course in radiology 
in Stanford School of Medicine, be- 
came Mrs. Ormond H. Nelson in 
December. Mr. Nelson is pharma- 
cist's mate on transport duty in 
the South Pacific. 

Dr. Jenkins, as she is still known 
professionally, is the daughter of 
a missionary family of Central 
China and was born in China. Her 
mother, Mrs. Edna MeCuan Jen- 
kins, is staying 



former chief deputy district attor- B,. own - s family in Kansas City, Mo., , 
ney of Los Angeles, returned with j while he is in the Army. Randolph 
his wife on the Gripsholm from I j en kins is practicing medicine : 
Manila, where he practiced law. - ~ • • 

Shanghai Harbor Master 
Other passengers coming here 
were Prentice L. Moreland with his 
son, Prentice Jr., and daughter, 

Patricia Ann. Mr. Moreland lived 
in China for 30 years and was har- 
bor master for the Chinese Mari- 
time Commission in Shanghai, 
where his children attended SAS. 



Lees Summit, Mo., and John i 
Italy as an Army chaplain. 

Coming Meetings 
The Philippine Society of South- j 
ern California will meet as usual j 
on the second Saturday of the 
month, Feb. 12, at the Rosslyn Ho- 
tel. George P. McCarthy, former 
Oriental passenger traffic manager 
of the American President Lines, 



.Vhere ms ennui cu a. . . me rtiJituran ri esiueni uiut 

Miss Lydia Johnson, ex-Shanghai I j us t returned from Santo Tomas ii. , 
YW, spent Christmas at her home I ternment camp, will be the speaker, j 
in St. Paul, Minn., . after landing j The Chinese Cultural Society will 
from the Gripsholm. but later went: welcome members and friends for 
to Washington for the World’s YW dinner at the Junk Cafe, Los An- 
Executive Committee meeting, and j geles, Feb. 23. Dr. H. C. Hsu j 
thence to New York. J of the Chinese Consulate will speak I 

Mrs. Norman Marr, the former | 0 n the subject “To what extent is j 
Miss Marjorie Smith, of Shanghai, i China westernized? - ’ 
who returned on the Gripsholm, is j Mrs. Paul Samman and daughter ; 
temporarily with her sister, Mrs. Yvonne, ex-Shanghai, have now I 
Lescault of 5536 Carlton Way, Los settled themselves at 3720 Scott St., 
— a.~ » e r o e , miA owpoota to - ram ai m tor j Sa n— Francisco, where they would | 
: time on the West Coast await- love to see their friends of China 



ing her husband's repatriation. 

Mr. Marr. a British subject, is 
still in Shanghai. They were both 
in Camp C. Yangchow, and Mrs. 
Marr was the only one from that 
camp, to come to the States. There 
were three internment camps, sep- 
arated from each other by several 
miles, at Yangchow, which is at 
the entrance to the Grand Canal. 

OCHs in Uniform 

OCHs are zealously supporting 
the war effort. It's Lt. Marguerite 
Yancey now, of the WAC and she’s 
in the public relations office of the 
Army post branch, Fort Des 
Moines, Iowa. 

Latest news from Rose Leibrand 
is that she’s a first lieutenant, a 
military intelligence officer at Baer 
Field, Fort Wayne, Ind. Part of 
her work is in Army orientation 
and she lectures every week on 
current events. 

The three sons of Dr. and Mrs. 
Alfred H. Swan, formerly of Shang- 
hai, are serving as follows: Alfred, 
AST, Stanford University, area 
study and language, Asia ; Fred- 
eric, Army flying instructor, Ran- 
dolph Field, Texas; Charles, AMM 
2/c USMR, ACU Terminal Island, 
Calif. 

Isabelle Williams, widow of the 
late '“Ed” Williams, Baldwin Loco- 
motive representative in the Far 
East, is working in the du Pont | 
ammunition plant at Pompton i 
Lakes, N. J. Aline Sholes, popular 
secretary of the International Art 
Theater of Shanghai in the good 
old days, is investigating war in- 
dustry personnel, living in her 
home in Pasadena. Irene Barton, 
who has been working with OPA 
in Los Angeles, has just dashed 
off to New York for a well-earned 
rest. Genevieve Bailey, former SAS 
teacher, is now in Rochester, N. Y., 
helping make carbines. “As an 
OCH.” she writes, ‘‘you can under- 
stand the thrill I am getting to 
be making a gun. I only wish I 
could use it!” 

Deaconess Clark 

Miss Julia A. Clark, for 30 years 
stationed with the American 
Church Mission in the Hankow dis- 
trict. is back in the States and ad- 
dressed the Woman's Auxiliary of 
Los Angeles Diocese at its annual 
convention held in St. Paul’s Cathe- 
dral last week. 

Deaconess Clark quoted President 
Chiang Kai-shek as looking to 



days. 

When the Rev, Mr, and Mrs. I 
Earl A. Hoose left China in 1938 
on account of Mr. Hoose’s poor 
health they came to Los Angeles, j 
where Mrs. Hoose is now supervis- 
ing nurse in the medical depart- 1 
ment of the Children’s Home of ! 
California, a private institution, one j 
of the two agencies which. the state 
has legalized as an adoption center. 

The Hooses went to China under 
the Methodist Board and were in 
Kiukiang the first part of their 
stay. Later Mr. Hoose was loaned 
by his mission to the American 
Bible Society and was in charge 
of it3 work in North China. 

Earl Jr. is director of public re- 
lations for the Consolidated Vultee 
Corp., Miami, and the second son, 
Harned, is an ensign, somewhere 
in China. The older daughter, Bar- 
bara, married Lt. J. J. Shepard of 
the Army Air Forces and she and 
her five-month-old baby are now 
with him in Fresno. Virginia is a 
sophomore in the University of 
Southern California. Mrs. Hoose is 
a sister of Dr. William B. Pettus of 
the School of Chinese Studies, 
Berkeley, Calif. 



Council of Churches j 
Wants Shrines Bombed 

Two state Shinto shrines, one at 
Ise, the supposed dwelling of the 
“Sun Goddess who has commission- I 
ed Japan to conquer the world" 
and one at Yasunkuni, the suppos- 
ed “dwelling of .the spirits of the 1 
deified wav dead" should be de- 
stroyed by bombs to shatter the 
Japanese belief "in the protective 
power of the divine emperor and 
his ancestors,” according to a tele- 
gram this week from the Ameri- 
can Council of Christian Churches 
to President Roosevelt. 

The telegram went on to say: 
"The Government of the United 
States has already recognized that 
the Shinto system is not ofie to be 
considered a form of religion to be 
given freedom in this land when 
the Japanese in concentration 
camps were not permitted to prac- 
tice it since its chief advocacy is 
military conquest for the emperor. 
The Japanese Government itself 
has for many years claimed that 
the state Shinto shrines were pri- 
marily patriotic symbols.” 



Famine Takes 
1,000,000-Toll 
In Kwangtung 

By FREDERICK B. OPPER 

CHUNGKING (By Radio)— 
“Bud" Adams returned last week 
from the south with a report on 
conditions in the famine regions of 
Kwangtung Province. It makes the 
reader sicken. 

He estimates that a million per- 
sons have died in Kwangtung in 
the last year from starvation and 
cholera that swept across the dy- 
ing countryside. Children have 
been sold by their parents. Honest 
farmers have turned bandits. Starv- j 
ing men and women eat bark and 
leaves to keep body and soul to- 
gether. In some towns 80 per cent 
of the population has died or has 
scattered away in vain search for 
aid elsewhere. Those areas are ten- 
anted by beggars, their homes and 
possessions having been sold long 
before for a few bowls of rice. In 
some places dying people stagger 
to the town's burial yard to fall 
and die there for they know there 
are all too few persons left to bury 
the corpses that dot streets and 
fields. Orphaned children roam the 
countryside by the dozens, living 
like beasts of the field. Dogs have 
seized and eaten many. Everywhere 
there is the smell of death. 

■‘The whole social and economic 
structure of the hard-working, pro- 
gressive people of Kwangtung has 
crumbled," "Bud’’ declared. 

Seeks Government Aid 

His mission here in China's war- 
time capital is to seek Government 
aid in preventing a repetition this 
year of the holocaust. Already the 
Chinese Government has moved to 
alleviate the suffering. Efforts will 
be made, the Government spokes- 
man said, to get trains and trucks 
to carry grain into the area, al- 
though China is notoriously short 
of transportation facilities. Money 
has been allotted for rice purchases 
and more will be set aside. Strict 
orders against speculation have 
been issued. 

The situation is desperate for 
there has been no rain in parts of 
Kwangtung for the last six months, 
the ground is as hard as concrete 
and a record low crop is a virtual 
certainty. In addition, the roads 
have been torn up to prevent a 
Japanese Invasion and it is critical 
to bring in grain from Kwangsi 
and Hunan. Exchange regulations, 
fixing the rate of American dol- 
lars at far less than the relief com- 
mittee would like to see, prevent 
further utilization of the funds 
sent from abroad. Spiraling prices 
likewise take their toll and the 
price of the staple commodity is 
already on the upward march 
again all through the area. The 
Government has moved against 
such parasites wherever possible 
and strict orders have been issued 
banning the practice. 

The underlying cause for the 
catastrophe is the war. Never, in 
the piping days of peace, did 
Kwangtung raise enough lice for 
the population. Two-thirds of all 
the grain that Kwangtung residents 
ate was imported from Indo-China 
and other foreign rice producing 
areas. The Japanese blockade has 
stopped that, the torn up roads 
and the lack of transportation fa- 
cilities have impeded the shipment 
«f rice from surplus areas. And the 
Japanese have done their best 
through smuggling and paying 
excessive rates to drain rice from 
even the famine areas to feed their 
own troops in South China. 



Worst Gale Greets 
Coatless Nurses 

Two nurses from Lusambo, 
Belgian Congo, the Misses Kath- 
ryn Eye and Mary Moore, ar- 
rived in New York recently to 
be greeted by one of the worst 
gales of the year. 

They were without warm 
coats, having been out of the 
tropics only two days. But they 
reported a trip — on which they 
were, two of four passengers— 
which was as pleasant as any 
they ever had in normal times. 

Miss Moore has been in Lu- 
samiio for J7 years, while Miss 
Eye was there for five years. 
They have been working under 
the Methodist Church. 

Jean Lyon Sent 
To Chungking 

( Continued from page 1) 
ference of North America — cover- 
ing the • period from O'ct. 1, 1942 
to Sept. 30, 1943 — indicated that 32 
women missionaries had been sent j 
to China during the year, 14 of j 
. them having been provided Trans - 1 
portation through Government 
channels, and the other 18 through 
independent channels (mostly by 
way of Lisbon or South America). 

In addition, 15 women mission- | 
aries were sent to India, six of | 
them by Government transporta - 1 
tion and nine by other (neutral) 
channels. Since Sept. 30, 10 more | 
women missionaries have been sent j 
to China, and six to India. All are 
traveling by way of Portugal and 
on neutral ships, and all were still 
on the way at latest reports. The 
Foreign Mission^ Conference has 
charge of sending out missionaries 
for most of the organized mission- 
ary groups. 

At the American Baptist Foreign 
Mission Society's headquarters in 
New York, it was reported that 
three or four of the organization’s 
women missionaries were planning 
to return to the China field, but 
that so far they had been unable to 
arrange transportation. Captains of 
many of the freighters on which 
such transportation is obtained 
were stated to be not infrequently 
opposed to taking women passen- 
gers. . 

Transportation Difficulties _ 
Some idea of the extraordinary 
difficulties encountered on the 
score of transportation alone may 
be gained from the fact that — on 
one of the routes open to the Far 
East — passengers must travel by 
ship to Chile, thence over the 
Andes by air to Buenos Aires, by 
ship to Capetown, toy ship to Dur- 
ban, by ship to India, by plane to 
Chungking, and thence by bus, 
plane, truck, or whatever mode of 
transportation is available to the 



ultimate destination in Free China. 

Moreover, transportation possi- 
bilities are automatically limited 
by virtue of the fact that air travel 
over "the hump” of the Himalayan 
Mountains is the only available 
way of bridging the gap between 
India and China, and civilian serv- 
ice over this route is limited to one 
plane a week. Moreover, preference 
for this one plane weekly is given 
to essential cargo rather than pas- 
sengers, and since cargo is com- 
puted by weight military authori- 
ties — in the making of allocations — 
are known to consider few women 
as being as valuable as the equiva- 
lent of their weight in gasoline, 
medicines, and other essential sup- 
plies. 

Military Zone 

Another major obstacle is the 
fact that China has been declared' 
a military zone since Jan. 1, 1944, 
and as a result a military permit 
is obligatory as the initial step jn 
applying for a passport from the 
State Department. This permit is 
secured for the applicant through 
the State Department, but even if 
granted no passport will be issued 
by the State Department unless as- 
surance of transportation all the • 
way to China has first been pro- 
vided. 

Notwithstanding the obstacles, 
the Shanghai Evening Post and 
Mercury was informed by a Wash- 
ington official this week that the 
St,ate Department stands ready to 
give a passport to anyone, man or 
woman, who can produce convinc- 
ing proof of his or her necessary 
status in China or India (it being 
assumed that the individual can 
leap the transportation and other 
| hurdles). More than that, the De- 
I partment is known to look with 
favor pn the sending of both wo- 
men doctors and nurses to China, 
or India. 

MILITARY MISSION 

A Chinese militai-y mission has 
arrived by plane in Great Britain, 
after a tour of the Middle East. 




You can rely on 
high quality 



CALTEX 

Petroleum Products 

Offices : CHUNGKING, CHINA 
NEW YORK, U. S. A. 

THE TEXAS COMPANY (China) Lid. 




i Wayne Coy Joins Staff 
Of Washington Post 

Wayne Coy, assistant director of 
the Bureau of the Budget, who 
was assistant to High Commission- 
er Paul V. McNutt in the Philip- 
! pines from 1937 to 1939, resigned 
j last week to join the Washington 
Post as assistant to Eugene Mayer, | 
publisher. 

| Before going to the Philippines, 

I Mr. Coy served in Indiana as a sec- 
retary to Gov. McNutt; secretary 
I and later director of the Governor’s 
Commission on Unemployment Re- 
lief; administrator of the State 
Welfare Department, and from 
1935 to 1937 as State and regional 
administrator of WPA. 

Chang’s Paintings 
Shown in Portland 

j Eighty paintings by Prof. Chang 
j'Shu-chi, of Chungking, are now on 
! exhibit, until Feb. 28, at the Art 
| Museum in Portland, Ore. On 
Saturday and Sunday of this week 
Prof. Chang will give a demonstra- 
I tion of his painting technique. 



Sy JU4 QUALITY 

On battle fronts throughout the world 100 
octane aviation gasoline, butadiene, toluene 
. . . many other special fuels, lubricants and 
chemical products made to meet wartime 
specifications are helping the United Nations 
in their fight for freedom. These “custom- 
ers” must have confidence in the petroleum 
products they select. When they choose 
Shell they know that hundreds of scientists 
and years of research back up every product 
— know that the sign of Shell is a true 
symbol of quality. 

ASIATIC PETROLEUM CORPORATION 

50 WEST 50TH ST., NEW, YORK CITY. 



Page Four 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Friday, February 11, 1944 



AMERICAN EDITION 

Slip Shanghai Eurning jlost 
anil fHprrurg 

Published weekly by the Post-Mercury Co., Inc., 
101 5th Ave.. New York 3, N. Y. Tel. ALgonquin 4-4300 
Cornelius V. Starr, President 

Randall Gould, Editor 
Henry Cavendish, News Editor 



promised to help provide revisions for the list. 
Others are being called on for aid. We suggest that 
anyone who knows of any additions or changes 
I concerning himself or others should take the ipitia- 
I tive in writing to J. D. Sarber, vice president and 
general manager, Berkeley Chamber of Commerce, 
Chamber of Commerce Building, Berkeley, Calif. 
What any of the rest of us can do is little enough 
compared with the job undertaken at very little di- 
rect benefit to itself, so far as we can see, by the 
Chamber. The least we can do is pitch in and help. 



Earl H. Leaf, Associate Editor 
F. B. Opper, Associate Editor 
Editor Chungking Edition 

Subscription rate, $3 a year postpaid: 10c a copy. Advertising 
rates on application to Business Manager. Entered as Second 
Ciass matter Mar. 22, 1943. at the Post Office at New York, 
New York, under the Act of Mar. 3. 1ST9. The Editor assumes no 
rerponsibiiity for return of or payment for unsolicited manuscript. 



Kung Wins by KO? 

In at last displacing T. V. Soong as head of the 
Bank of China, H. H. Kung has scored what seems 
on the face of it an extraordinary personal victory 
in the Chungking political-economic arena. There is 
a temptation to caption this comment, as above 
without the question mark. But in dealing with 
anything’ Chinese, caution is in order. Dr. Soong, 
like truth crushed to earth, may rise again! 

Any way one looks at it there seems no doubt but 
that the loss of the bank chairmanship must be a 
terrific blow to Dr. Soong, whether a knockout or 
not. Since he displaced Chang Kia-ngau in 1935 he 
has cherished this post as his one solid asset, jeal- 
ously guarded. Of late the foreign exchange posi- 
tion of the Bank of China must .have made it seem 
even more than ever a pearl without price, 
nr Kung, even though governor of the Central 
Bank, may have felt that a bank of issue in war- 
time is hardly more than a decoration and a head- 
ache unless united with something solidly based on 
the U. S. dollar and the pound sterling. One can 
understand how Dr. Kung might get into a frame 
ofj mind where "all or nothing" would be the watch- 
word. Recent reports that he might resign from 
the Central Bank governorship imply that the sec- 
ond alternative was at least considered. But the 
former -most happily from the viewpoint of the 
Kung camp — was how it came out. 

jlf the United Press version of the process of 
chjange is the true one, there was c ertainly nothing 
shbtle about what happened. First there were 12 
Bank of China directors, of a majority mind to sail 
alpng under the hand of Dr. Soong. Suddenly in 
cajme 13 new directors committed to overturn! Such 
a system is certainly more humane than keeping the 
oijiginal dozen and revising its majority with a 
~m p jhm eg ui Y an d~ oi t - t hat - gitn rati tire-proce dure is 
toi.be commended. 

jWhat, now, of the future of Dr. Soong ? We can 
clearly see the beamingly triumphant Dr. Kung 
forging ahead as leader of both the Bank of China 
and the Central Bank, along with the presidency of 
the Executive Yuan and heaven knows what else — 
unrivaled in complexity of function, and probably 
in. power (unless we except the War Minister) save 
by^the Generalissimo himself. But Dr. Soong's posi- 
tion is clouded, and rendered more so by persistent 
rumors now current for months that he has sent in 
his resignation as Foreign Minister. It is time -that 
no official confirmation has been forthcoming but 
the rumors have persisted, and Dr. Soong has lent 
them'currency by absenting himself from the office. 
At 'the same time a recent development in Wash- 
ington, the elimination of a trusted Soong adherent 
from his headquarters there, has been construed els 
significant of a trend said to have started with Dr. 
Soong’s very arrival in Chungking and his reported 
candor in elucidating facts as he saw them to his 
chief. 

We venture no forecasts. Despite the storms 
which have swept for years around the names of 
Kung and Soong, we believe that each has such 
strong supporters that neither can be blotted from 
the’ Chinese political scene. Dr. Kung is up, cer- 
tainly, but that does not mean of necessity that Dr. 
Soong is down; he may be merely in a period of 
transition. Unhappy always in a political situation, 
he has eternally gravitated toward economics. Cer- 
tainly the loss of the Bank of China does not look 
toward progress in the desired direction yet con- 
sider the record. IHis bank predecessor, Mr. Chang, 
did constructive work for years as minister first 
of railways and later of communications; and he is 
now a leading postwar planner with New York 
headquarters and an Executive Yuan advisership. 
Perhaps Dr. Soong doesn’t have any real business 
in China anyway. He is more international than Chi- 
nese. In the proper post and abroad once more he 
codld be useful to his nation and to the world. 



New Old China Hands List 

Compilation of a revised, more complete and more 
up-to-date list of Old China Hands is being tackled 
by the alert Berkeley Chamber of Commerce. The 
former list was a unique piece of public service for 
the benefit of Far Easterners. To go to more 
trouble and expense now in improving the record 
shows Western generosity plus, in our view which 
we know will be shared by others. 

The Shanghai Evening Post and Mercury has 



Clapper and White 

Too many of the wrong people are dying lately. 
This week we have been thinking with deep sad- 
ness about a couple of notable comrades in jour- 
nalism — William Allen White, the sage of Emporia 
whose interests spread so far that it was in distant 
and then peaceful Shanghai that we met him years 
ago, and Ray Clapper. 

Our war in the Far East led Clapper into the 
Southwest Pacific and to his death in a bomber 
collision. Ray might be alive today, enjoying life 
snugly on a big income as a successful syndicated 
columnist, except that he felt our people should 
have more first-hand word of what American boys 
are up against fighting in Asia. He went off to the 
toughest and least-known theater of them all, ex- 
cepting only China, and by a piece of that bad 
luck only too often met in war time, he paid with 
his life. 

That Clapper went where he did, for the reasons 
he did, was characteristic not only of the man as 
an individual but of something in the American 
spirit which he so well represented. Clapper had 
quiet courage, a love of facts, a desire to seek out 
the truth about things not fully understood. He 
saw the significance of the Pacific, we believe, 
both in this war and in the life of our postwar 
world. 



Technique of "Independence" 

From a technical point of view, Japan’s “inde- 
pendent state of Manchukuo" comes forcefully to 
mind as we survey Russia's new setup of 16 indi- 
vidual republics. We do not wish to suggest that 
.Moscow is putting these republics into the op- 
pressed-puppet category. No doubt they are healthy 
and happy, which was not the case with Man- 
chukuo. But neither is there any doubt, any more 
than was the case with Manchukuo, that the world 
was being more than slightly kidded. Other states 
are being asked to furnish diplomatic representa- 
tion to units which actually are not independent, 
and which must look to another capital for orders 
-on all important issues. — ' — 

This keys closely with what we suggested on 
Feb. 4 as a possible Far East development in 
whatever territory interests Russia — including, 
without a doubt, the Manchukuo aforementioned. 
Suppose, as we thought likely, that Soviet Russia 
goes into the war with Japan at some period when 
this can be done without risk as to the outcome. 
Few Far East authorities will believe that in a 
peace settlement, Russia would permit a Far East- 
ern settlement wholly along Chinese-dictated lines, 
even though America and Britain supported China. 
On the other hand there would be obvious impru- 
dence for Russia to insist on annexing Manchuria 
or parts of Mongolia, much less Korea. “ 

What has just been done in the way of setting 
up independent states is perhaps a clue. Moscow 
might readily easily back the idea of an “independ- 
ent” Manchuria, an "independent" Korea, as part 
of her own commonwealth and under Moscow’s 
thumb. At any rate we doubt that such a possi- 
bility can safely be excluded. 



Sex Simply Solved 

Lipstick kisses are to be flown overseas up to 
Valentine’s Day as V-mail’s contribution to war- 
time 'morale. Let us henceforth hear less noise 
out of those hungry wolves up beyond the hump 
in China. What do they want, egg in their beer? 
— or would they settle for just some beer? 

P. S. — We are advised that it’s necessary to re- 
pair and clean the machines after they have proc- 
essed V-mail kisses. Who said there was anybody 
to compare with the American girl? 



WHAT DO YOU THINK? 



Monarchs of the Sea? 

(Christian Science Monitor). 

The launching of the giant battleship Missouri 
must be classified under the heading of "The War 
on Japan." “The world's most formidable craft,” 
the United States Navy calls her. It is this type 
of vessel that will launch the final, clinching blows 
in the Pacific phase of this global war, in the 
opinion of most American naval strategists. . . . 
The -carrier has its specific and all-important tasks 
to perform, which it alone can carry out. But the 
carrier is vulnerable. . . . Admiral Thomas L. 

, Gatch believes “the battleship — with proper air co- 
ordination — rules the seas.” He was commander of 
the South Dakota when it made its record bag of 
Japanese planes, while protecting the carrier Enter- 
prise, and he ought to know. The Missouri, with 
its 45,000-ton sisters, Iowa, New Jersey, and Wis- 
consin, will likely get the chance to prove the 
Admiral's statement. 



Who’s Hunting Who? 




V> QUESTION- ir 
V/E HUNTING -DUCK 
on. puc* HUNT 
HONORABLE WE // 



- WHERE. Are 
, AIL THE 



New York Herald Tribune. 




WHEREABOUTS OF DR. CIIENG 
To the Editor: 

[ see in your latest edition of 
your paper reference to the Rev. : 
Mr. Marcus Cheng, formerly of 
Hunan Bible Institute at Changsha, | 
who escaped from Singapore. I 
wonder if you can give me some ' 
address for Dr. Cheng so that I , 
i write to him. I knew him and 
worked occasionally with him when 1 
I was located in Siangtan and [ 
Hengyang, Hunan. 

RAYMOND FITCH KEPLER. 

1 Otis Place, 

Buffalo 8, N. Y. 



supplies of paper and pencils on 
hand to jot down your address and 
the subscription price to those who 
are interested. There may be some 
people too poor to pay for it, but 
I haven't run into any lately. 

ALFREDA CARPENTER. 
New York City. 

TOKYO PROPAGANDA 

To the Editor: 

1 haven’t had much opportunity 






(Regretfully, the address of the 
Rev. Mr. Marcus Cheng is not avail- 
able in the Post offices. Anyone who 
has Information is requested to 
>nte Dr. Kepler. Editor.) 

HAWAII’S CHINESE 
To the Editor: 

As president of the Hawaii Chi- 
nese Civic Assn., an organization 
made up of Americans of Chinese 
ancestry, I wish to thank you for 
your part wa attaining the recent 
repeal of the Chinese exclusion 
acts. While these did not affect us 
directly, they did emphasize a. 
racial discrimination which was un- 
pleasant and un-American. 

Older members of the Chinese 
community, who have been forced 
to remain aliens, although living 
most of their lives in America, are 
equally grateful. Many are plan- 
ning to take out naturalization 
papers as soon as possible. 

! you will be interested 
to know that the Chinese com- 
munities of Hawaii, both citizens 
.nd alien, have recently completed 
. “gratitude” drive among them- 
selves, in which over a million dol- 
irth of war bonds were sold. 
This was intended to give concrete 
•vidence of their thanks to Amer- 

HUNGWAI CHINO. 



Honolulu. Hawa: 

APPROVES WOODHEAD 

To the Editor: 

I want to congratulate Mr. Wood- 
head on what he has said regard- 
ing Japanese atrocities in the Feb. 
4 issue of the Shanghai Evening 
Post and Mercury. 

JOE J- MICKLE. 

New York City. 

"PRICELESS TO READERS” 
To the Editor: 

It never ceases to amuse me. in 
morbid sort of a way, to read 
letters to the editor telling how 
.any people a given issue of -the 
Post is read by. being passed 
iround "until limp and tattered." 
At $3 a year, the paper is priceless 
to readers interested in Far East- 
srn affairs, not only for cutrent 
news but as a permanent file. 

Personally. I never let a copy out 
of my hands, but keep adequate 



China yet’ biit net 
j I find China is a poor place for .. 

poor soldier. Prices are so high 
) they are simply fantastic. Today 
| I talked to a boy who paid NCS&5000 
for a quart of Canadian Club — 
$62.50 in American money! Strange- 
ly enough, everything we find rare 
or hard to get in the States is 
plentiful here— if you have the 
$$S's. 

i Radio Tokyo is 'our regular en- 
| tertainment. They broadcast the 
latest jazz and the best music, 
beamed to us. Their news broad- 
casts are so exaggerated than even 
the GI's laugh at them. 

CPL. JOHN VANCE. 
“Somewhere in China." 

OFFERS HELP 

J To the Editor: 

The thought occurs to me to tell 
! you that I would be very glad to 
j provide any information I can 
about internees in the Pootung 
Civil Assembly Center, Shanghai. 

For some time I was connected 
with the administration of the 
camp and know most of the in- 
mates by name, if not personally. 
As I came in on the last trip of 
the Gripsholm my information is 
likely to be up-to-date. 

Anything I can do to help, I shall 
be glad to do. 

P. S. WIDDUP. 
Royal Typewriter Co., 

Export Department, 

2 Park Ave.. 

New York City. 

KEPT POSTED 

To the Editor: 

We have greatly appreciated the 
chunce to keep in touch with Fat- 
Eastern affairs through the Shang- 
hai Evening Post and to get occa- 
sional word about my brother, Paul 
Danner, still interned at Santo 
Thomas. We have recently had direct 
greetings from him brought by 
Mrs. Sourette Stevens Perkins, who 
was repatriated on the Gripsholm 
and who is now with her family in 
Santa Barbara. 

We are passing on the copies of 
your excellent paper to Mrs. Per- 
kins who is interested in learning 
more of what was going on while 
she was interned. I also loaned 
several copies to Prof. Katharine 
McLaughlin, School of Education, 
University of California at Los An- 
geles, who has relatives who are 
prisoners of the Japanese. 

W. M. DANNER, JR. 
Santa Barbara, Calif. 



i 



i 



Friday, February 11 , 1944 



THE SHANGHAI EVENING POST AND MERCURY 



Page Five 



Far East 
Books 



FRKE CHINA’S NEW DEAL. By 

Hubert Freyn. New York: Mac- 
millan. §2.50. 

This is a welcome book. Welcome 
because it answers a long-felt need 
for a fuller, if not complete, ac- 
count of China's home front, par- 
ticularly the economic front which, 
according to Generalissimo Chiang 
Kai-shek, will constitute 70 per cent 
of the factors making for victory. 
Profusely illustrated with official 
statistics and material which Hu- 
bert. Freyn gathered during his 
stay in Chungking between August, 
1940, and September, 1941, this book 
tells an inspiring story of how the 
Chinese in the midst of a devastat- 
ing war endeavored to rebuild ‘a 
new nation. 

When the Lukouchiao "Incident" 
broke out in 1937 China full re- 
alized that she must rebuild and 
fight at the same time. Rebuild so 
that she will have the weapons to 
fight with. 'Fight so that she will 
have the freedom and opportunity 
to develop her own resources and 
build up a San Min Chu I Republic 
for the good of the Chinese people, 
and also for world security and 
peace. 

This is in essence the wartime 
policy of the Chinese National Gov- 
ernment. It has received the whole- 
hearted and continued support of 
all the Chinese people regardless of 
their party affiliation. What prog- 
ress the Chinese Government and 
people have made in the field of 
economic reconstruction during 
these war years is recorded in 
great detail in Mr. Freyn’s book. 

Describes Wartime Economy 

The first part of the book deals 
with China’s national resources and 
wartimfe economy as a whole. Jt 
discusses such subjects as agricul- 
ture and animal husbandry, mining 
and mineral resources, light and 
heavy industries, industrial coop- 
eratives, ' transportation and com- 
munications, exports and imports, 
government finance and tax re- 
form, prices and living standard; 
The problem of democratization 
and centralization is also under 
review. In part two is given a full 
account of the economic develop- 
_ mpnt nf H iPfm.prit provinco B w hic h 
are either entirely or in part free 
from the enemy's penetration. The i 
later constitutes the outstanding j 
feature of the book. 

In the concluding chapter the 
author makes some bold and pro- 
phetic remarks. Discounting the 
intermittant apprehension origi- 
nating from certain quarters that ! 
China might plunge into a new | 
period of civil war, Mr. Freyn I 
states: "As China’s Final Draft j 
Constitution, to be adopted after I 
the war by the National People's 
Congress, provides elective machin- j 
ery allowing room for several par- 1 
ties, the final step to unification 
- should not be too difficult to take, i 
It- is quite possible that, as a young i 
leftist said to the writer in Chung- j 
king, ‘after the war the Communist | 
Party will be superfluous.’ ” 

U. S.-Cliina Closeness 

Mr. Freyn envisages a bright j 
future of Ghinese-American rela- j 
tionship. He says: "As the leading ; 
democracy and also as the leading j 
economic power of the world, the 
United States is bound to exert a | 
far-reaching influence on the 
growth of the Chinese nation, po- 
litically, socially, and economically. 
The Pacific w&r has brought the l 
two countries together as members 
of the United Nations and opened 
the long-predicted Age of the Pa- 
cific. After the end of hostilities 
this collaboration is bound to ex- 1 
pand in the more fruitful tasks of j 
peace.” This surely will meet the 
approval of the majority of think- j 
ing Chinese. 

Included in the appendix there 
are four official documents valuable j 
for the understanding of China’s 
wartime economic policy. . The re- I 
viewer is of the opinion, however, 
that the “Program of Armed Re- 1 
sistance and National Reconstruc- 
tion” adopted by an emer gency , 
session of the Kuomintang National 
Congress in April, 1938. should also 
be included because it is the first 
document of its kind which not . 
only laid down the basic principles i 
of China's "New Deal” but served j 
as the. most important instrumen- 
tality in rallying and solidifying all | 
sections of the nation to the sup- i 
port of the National Government's j 
difficult and stupendous war ef- 
forts. 

Of great reference use are the 24 I 
tables at the end of the book show- J 
ing the condition and progress of 
Free China's wartime economy. 
—LIN LIN. I 



Dr. Y. C. Yang 
Urges Policed 
World Peace 

Religion will be the foundation 
of any enduring world older that 
follows the present war, Dr. Y. C. 
Yang, president of Soochow Uni- 
versity, now on leave as director 
of the speakers' bureau for Chi- 
nese News Service, predicted in a 
recent interview in Houston, Texas, 
published in the Houston Chronicle. 

However, religion alone will not 
be enough to preserve order in the 
world “any more than it is enough 
alone to preserve order in a com- 
munity," Dr. Yang added, and a 
world police force of some sor t will 
still be needed. 

At Texas Conference 

Dr. Yang was the main speaker 
at a recent Texas conference of 
Methodists and later that day ad- 
dressed a luncheon meeting of the 
Houston Foreign Trade Assn, on 
“Sino-American Cooperation in the 
Postwar World.” 

American capital and industrial 
equipment will find a rich field 
in China when that reawakened 
nation starts its postwar recon- 
struction program, Dr. Yang said. 

“Until recently China’s leader- 
ship has been in the cultural field. 
Now we must adjust ourselves to 
changed conditions and develop in- 
dustrially.” 

The League of Nations failed to 
prevent this war and the wars that 
preceded it because of “too many 
reservations” among member na- 
tions and because of a "lack of 
awareness of the interdependence 
of world nations,” Dr. Yang be- 
lieves. 

"The Chinese outlook has always 
been world-wide. We loyally sup- 
ported the League of Nations and 
we will cooperate in any organiza- 
tion that may be set up for the 
peace and security of the world.” 
Crush Militarism! 

When asked by a Houston re- 
porter what China’s plans were 
for Japan, Dr. Yang - replied: 

“Japanese militarism must be 
crushed and discredited so that it 
will no longer be a menace to the 
Far East and to the world. And 
then we must give the Japanese a 
fair chance to lead a decent and 
peaceful life.” 

This will “probably” require a 
Japan's form of govern- 
ment, he said in reply to another 
question. 

But "with the spirit of militarism 
abolished I believe they can work 
it out. I beileve in the goodness! 
of human nature. That.” Dr. Yang 
added, "is one of our Chinese' 
teachings." 

Sayre Describes 
Task of UNRRA 

( Continued from page 1 ) 

the organization’s activities in 
China. 

China delegates to the gathering 
included Miss Chang Shu-yi, 
Chengtu and New York; Mrs. Hsia. 
Shanghai and New York; Miss 
Huang Siu-chi, Chengtu and Phila- 
delphia; Mrs. T. T. Lew. Shanghai 
and New York; Mrs. Ding Ping, 
Tientsin and New York; Mrs. W. S. 
New, Shanghai and New York; 
Miss Helen Nyi, Chengtu and 
Philadelphia: Miss Tsou Teh-fan, 
Kunming and Wellesley, and Miss 
Florence Wong, Hongkong and 
New York. 

Relief Board Reports 
Philippines Meeting 

The State Department issued the 
following press release on Philip- 
pines relief this week: 

“The President’s War Relief 
Control Board has been discussing 
with various persons and. agencies 
the desirability of organizing a 
single Philippines relief association 
with national leadership to coordi- 
nate efforts of many interested 
persons in this country. 

“A meeting was called (this 
week) by some of these persons 
and the Board gave permission to 
use its quarters, although it as- 
sumed no responsibility whatever 
for the meeting. 

“It has registered a Philippines 
relief organization originally organ- 
ized in Hawaii on the understand- 
ing that it would become a national 
organization. The Board will be 
glad to consider any proposals 
made to it by those who are meet- 
ing (this week).” 

5000 REACH SINKIANG 

CHUNGKING (CNS) — Five 
thousand Chinese farmers migra- 1 
ting to the Northwest are getting I 
settled in Sinkiang Province, it is 
learned here. 



Cargo Moves Over ‘the Hump 
Despite Harassing by Japs 



Three major attempts to disrupt 
the American air transport line 
over “the hump" to China, have 
been made by the Japanese recent- 
ly, according to Tillman Durdin in 
a dispatch from Northeast Assam 
to the New York Times, and all 
three have failed. 

Each try has involved moving 
fighter planes to Myitkyina and 
other North Burma airfields to in- 
tercept the unarmed cargo planes 



Over ' the Hump’ 






transports. In attacks on a field 
in Assam and another on Fort 
Hertz in extreme North Burma, 
they lost 12 planes and suffered 
greater losses in striking at air- 
fields in China. Announcing they 
had virtually wiped out the China 
air ferry, they retired and have not 
returned since. 

After this December splurge of 
Japanese attacks Col. Thomas Har- 
din, commander of “the hump” re- 
gion ordered “routine operations.” 
The day following the biggest at- 
tack the largest tonnage for any 
day was flown, 

The Japanese can harass “the 
hump” operations now, the New 
York Times correspondent con- 
tinues, but it is unlikely that they 
can produce sufficient air resources 
to disrupt the route seriously. 

However, as long as the Japanese 
hold Myitkyina. with its airfield 
perfectly located for attacks on “the 
hump" airline, they will be in a 
position to exact a. certain degree 
of damage, Mr. Durdin points out. 
The surest way to make the air 
lifeline to China safe would be to 
slice off a piece of North Burma 
and occupy Myitkyina and adjacent 
terrain with ground forces. 

Medicines Reported Reaching 
China by Way of India 

Regular American Red Cross 
shipments from India are meeting 
China’s need for X-ray plates and 



* I medical materials, according to a 
wireless report from John D. 
Nichols, director in Chungking. 

Only 20 tons reached China be- 
tween May. 1942, and November. 
1943, because of a shipping lack. 
About 135 tons accumulated in In- 
dia and 50 additional tons are now 
coming by sea from the United 
States. 

Lack of X-ray plates has hamper- 
ed medicine all over China. The 
first shipment was composed of 50 
dozen chest-size plates and 150 doz- 
en more will be available shortly. 

Other American Red Cross equip- 
ments. sulfanilimide, cocaine and 
one X-ray machine for the Central 
Hospital in Chungking. Nine more 
machines are enroute. 

The Red Cross, acting as agent, 
brings in supplies in cooperation 
with the China National Health Ad- 
ministration. 



Kung Takes Over Post 
As Bank of China Head 

( Continued from page 1) 
thing like as much help as Chung- 
king was demanding. 

Dr. Soong took over the headship 
of the Bank of China in 1935, from 
Chang Kia-ngau who had been with 
the bank since 1912. Mr. Chang 
became Minister of Railways, later 
Minister of Communications, and 
last autumn resigned to come to 
America as adviser to the Execu- 
tive Yuan with special reference to 
postwar planning. He is now es- 
tablished in New York City. 

Your country calls: Buy War- 
Bonds and War Savings stamps! 




U. S. Army Air Forces I 

Every item of equipment neces- 
sary for the maintenance and op- 
eration of the U. S. 14thi Air Force i 
must be flown into China from the ! 
outside. Here is one of the first i 
photos available of a cargo plane j 
of the Tndia-China Wing, Air Trans- 
port Command, in flight on its re- j 
turn trip from China to its home 
base in India. 

whenever they could be found in 
the maze of mountains and valleys 
that mark the route. 

About a month ago the Japanese i 
tried a. bombing offensive against ! 
the airfields used by the China 



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